C#实现调用打印机(打印字符串、打印绘图、打印图片),还差打印水晶报表

C#实现调用打印机(打印字符串、打印绘图、打印图片),还差打印水晶报表

目的:调用打印机的使用

缺陷:打印的对象不全(还差打印水晶报表),不能实现在插件绘图板中画什么打印什么

改进:同缺陷,希望朋友们能提供解决方案,和提供改进方案,请留言谢谢。

C# winfrom

界面(纯功能测试):

主代码:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Data;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Drawing.Printing;
using System.IO;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using System.Windows.Forms;

namespace Printer
{
    public partial class Form1 : Form
    {
        public Form1()
        {
            InitializeComponent();
        }


        private Font printFont;
        private Font titleFont;
        private StringReader streamToPrint;
        private int leftMargin = 0;

         /// <summary>
        /// 设置PrintDocument 的相关属性 调用打印机方法
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="str">要打印的字符串</param>
        public void print(string str)
        {
            try
            {
                //打印文字
                streamToPrint = new StringReader(str);
                printFont = new Font("宋体", 10);
                titleFont = new Font("宋体", 15);
                System.Drawing.Printing.PrintDocument pd = new System.Drawing.Printing.PrintDocument();
                //调用的打印机名
                pd.PrinterSettings.PrinterName = "Hewlett-Packard HP LaserJet Pro MFP M126a";
                pd.DocumentName = pd.PrinterSettings.MaximumCopies.ToString(); 
                pd.PrintPage += new System.Drawing.Printing.PrintPageEventHandler(this.pd_PrintPage);
               // pd.PrintPage += new System.Drawing.Printing.PrintPageEventHandler(this.MyPrintDocument_PrintPage);
                pd.PrintController = new System.Drawing.Printing.StandardPrintController(); 
                pd.Print();
            }
            catch(Exception ex)
            {
                MessageBox.Show(ex.ToString());
            }
        }


        /// <summary>
        /// 打印格式(字符串)
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="sender"></param>
        /// <param name="ev"></param>
        private void pd_PrintPage(object sender, System.Drawing.Printing.PrintPageEventArgs ev)
        {
            float linesPerPage = 0;
            float yPos = 0;
            int count = 0;
            float leftMargin = this.leftMargin;
            float topMargin = 0;
            String line = null;
            linesPerPage = ev.MarginBounds.Height / printFont.GetHeight(ev.Graphics);
            while (count < linesPerPage &&
            ((line = streamToPrint.ReadLine()) != null))
            {
                if (count == 0)
                {
                    yPos = topMargin + (count * printFont.GetHeight(ev.Graphics));
                    ev.Graphics.DrawString(line, titleFont, Brushes.Black, leftMargin + 10, yPos, new StringFormat());
                }
                else
                {
                    yPos = topMargin + (count * printFont.GetHeight(ev.Graphics));
                    ev.Graphics.DrawString(line, printFont, Brushes.Black, leftMargin, yPos, new StringFormat());
                }
                count++;
            }
            if (line != null)
                ev.HasMorePages = true;
            else
                ev.HasMorePages = false;

        }


        private void button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            //打印报表解决方案一:

            string ss = "菜单";
            //调用本地打印机成功:注意的问题的是打印机的名字和打印机的驱动安装
            print("主题\n------------\n被冷冷地:"+ss+"\n-------------\n说到了");


            //获取本地打印机的名字
            GetPrintName();
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 获取打印机的名字
        /// </summary>
        private void GetPrintName()
        {
            //获取本地打印机的名字
            PrintDocument print = new PrintDocument();
            string sDefault = print.PrinterSettings.PrinterName;//默认打印机名

            label1.Text = sDefault;
            
            foreach (string sPrint in PrinterSettings.InstalledPrinters)//获取所有打印机名称
            {
                listBox1.Items.Add(sPrint);
                textBox1.Text += sPrint + "\n";
                if (sPrint == sDefault)
                    listBox1.SelectedIndex = listBox1.Items.IndexOf(sPrint);

            }
        }

        private void Form1_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            // TODO:  这行代码将数据加载到表“weijiaweiDataSet.xinxibiao”中。您可以根据需要移动或删除它。
           // this.xinxibiaoTableAdapter.Fill(this.weijiaweiDataSet.xinxibiao);

            this.reportViewer1.RefreshReport();
            this.reportViewer1.RefreshReport();
        }

        private void button2_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {


            print2();

        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 设置PrintDocument 的相关属性
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="str">要打印的字符串</param>
        public void print2()
        {
            try
            {
               // streamToPrint = new StringReader(str);
                printFont = new Font("宋体", 10);
                titleFont = new Font("宋体", 15);
                System.Drawing.Printing.PrintDocument pd = new System.Drawing.Printing.PrintDocument();
                pd.PrinterSettings.PrinterName = "Hewlett-Packard HP LaserJet Pro MFP M126a";
                pd.DocumentName = pd.PrinterSettings.MaximumCopies.ToString();
                //pd.PrintPage += new System.Drawing.Printing.PrintPageEventHandler(this.pd_PrintPage);
                pd.PrintPage += new System.Drawing.Printing.PrintPageEventHandler(this.MyPrintDocument_PrintPage);
                pd.PrintController = new System.Drawing.Printing.StandardPrintController();
                pd.Print();
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                MessageBox.Show(ex.ToString());
            }
        }


        /// <summary>
        /// 打印的格式
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="sender"></param>
        /// <param name="e"></param>
        private void MyPrintDocument_PrintPage(object sender, System.Drawing.Printing.PrintPageEventArgs e)
        {
            /*如果需要改变自己 可以在new Font(new FontFamily("黑体"),11)中的“黑体”改成自己要的字体就行了,黑体 后面的数字代表字体的大小
             System.Drawing.Brushes.Blue , 170, 10 中的 System.Drawing.Brushes.Blue 为颜色,后面的为输出的位置 */
            e.Graphics.DrawString("新乡市三月软件公司入库单", new Font(new FontFamily("黑体"), 11), System.Drawing.Brushes.Black, 170, 10);
            e.Graphics.DrawString("供货商:河南科技学院", new Font(new FontFamily("黑体"), 8), System.Drawing.Brushes.Blue, 10, 12);
            //信息的名称
            e.Graphics.DrawLine(Pens.Black, 8, 30, 480, 30);
            e.Graphics.DrawString("入库单编号", new Font(new FontFamily("黑体"), 8), System.Drawing.Brushes.Black, 9, 35);
            e.Graphics.DrawString("商品名称", new Font(new FontFamily("黑体"), 8), System.Drawing.Brushes.Black, 160, 35);
            e.Graphics.DrawString("数量", new Font(new FontFamily("黑体"), 8), System.Drawing.Brushes.Black, 260, 35);
            e.Graphics.DrawString("单价", new Font(new FontFamily("黑体"), 8), System.Drawing.Brushes.Black, 330, 35);
            e.Graphics.DrawString("总金额", new Font(new FontFamily("黑体"), 8), System.Drawing.Brushes.Black, 400, 35);
            e.Graphics.DrawLine(Pens.Black, 8, 50, 480, 50);
            //产品信息
            e.Graphics.DrawString("R2011-01-2016:06:35", new Font(new FontFamily("黑体"), 8), System.Drawing.Brushes.Black, 9, 55);
            e.Graphics.DrawString("联想A460", new Font(new FontFamily("黑体"), 8), System.Drawing.Brushes.Black, 160, 55);
            e.Graphics.DrawString("100", new Font(new FontFamily("黑体"), 8), System.Drawing.Brushes.Black, 260, 55);
            e.Graphics.DrawString("200.00", new Font(new FontFamily("黑体"), 8), System.Drawing.Brushes.Black, 330, 55);
            e.Graphics.DrawString("20000.00", new Font(new FontFamily("黑体"), 8), System.Drawing.Brushes.Black, 400, 55);


            e.Graphics.DrawLine(Pens.Black, 8, 200, 480, 200);
            e.Graphics.DrawString("地址:新乡市河南科技学院信息工程学院", new Font(new FontFamily("黑体"), 8), System.Drawing.Brushes.Black, 9, 210);
            e.Graphics.DrawString("经办人:任忌", new Font(new FontFamily("黑体"), 8), System.Drawing.Brushes.Black, 220, 210);
            e.Graphics.DrawString("服务热线:15083128577", new Font(new FontFamily("黑体"), 8), System.Drawing.Brushes.Black, 320, 210);
            e.Graphics.DrawString("入库时间:" + DateTime.Now.ToString(), new Font(new FontFamily("黑体"), 8), System.Drawing.Brushes.Black, 9, 230);
        }


        private void button3_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            // printDocument1 为 打印控件
            //设置打印用的纸张 当设置为Custom的时候,可以自定义纸张的大小,还可以选择A4,A5等常用纸型
            
            //先注释和不注释来看取打印的内容   格式一测试失败

            //格式一:
           // this.printDocument1.DefaultPageSettings.PaperSize = new PaperSize("Custom", 500, 300);
            //this.printDocument1.PrintPage += new PrintPageEventHandler(this.pd_PrintPage);

            //格式二:
          //  this.printDocument1.DefaultPageSettings.PaperSize = new PaperSize("Custom", 500, 300);
          //  this.printDocument1.PrintPage += new PrintPageEventHandler(this.MyPrintDocument_PrintPage);

            //格式:菜单
           // this.printDocument1.DefaultPageSettings.PaperSize = new PaperSize("Custom", 300,500);
           // this.printDocument1.PrintPage += new PrintPageEventHandler(this.Menu);

            //打印图片
            this.printDocument1.DefaultPageSettings.PaperSize = new PaperSize("Custom", 300, 500);
            this.printDocument1.PrintPage += new PrintPageEventHandler(this.Image);


            //将写好的格式给打印预览控件以便预览
            printPreviewDialog1.Document = printDocument1;

            //显示打印预览
            DialogResult result = printPreviewDialog1.ShowDialog();
        }

        private void button4_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            print3();

        }


        /// <summary>
        /// 设置PrintDocument 的相关属性
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="str"></param>
        public void print3()
        {
            try
            {
                /*
                // streamToPrint = new StringReader(str);
                printFont = new Font("宋体", 10);
                titleFont = new Font("宋体", 15);
                System.Drawing.Printing.PrintDocument pd = new System.Drawing.Printing.PrintDocument();
                pd.PrinterSettings.PrinterName = "Hewlett-Packard HP LaserJet Pro MFP M126a";
                pd.DocumentName = pd.PrinterSettings.MaximumCopies.ToString();
                //pd.PrintPage += new System.Drawing.Printing.PrintPageEventHandler(this.pd_PrintPage);
                pd.PrintPage += new System.Drawing.Printing.PrintPageEventHandler(this.Menu);
                pd.PrintController = new System.Drawing.Printing.StandardPrintController();
                pd.Print();
                 
                 */

        

                //新建打印对象
                System.Drawing.Printing.PrintDocument pd = new System.Drawing.Printing.PrintDocument();
                //打印机名字
                pd.PrinterSettings.PrinterName = "Hewlett-Packard HP LaserJet Pro MFP M126a";
                //打印文档显示的名字
                pd.DocumentName = "订单";
                //
                //pd.PrinterSettings.MaximumCopies.ToString();

                //打印的格式
                pd.PrintPage += new System.Drawing.Printing.PrintPageEventHandler(this.Menu);

                //
                pd.PrintController = new System.Drawing.Printing.StandardPrintController();

                //开始打印
                pd.Print();
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                MessageBox.Show(ex.ToString());
            }
        }

        //绘图需要使用的数组 后期可以套用变量list
        public string[] menu = { "菜一", "菜二","中级菜单" };

        /// <summary>
        /// 打印的格式:菜单
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="sender">自定义报表(原理是绘图)</param>
        /// <param name="e"></param>
        private void Menu(object sender, System.Drawing.Printing.PrintPageEventArgs e)
        {

              //绘制(输出,文字格式(字体,大小),颜色,位置起始位置x,y轴坐标)                 
            e.Graphics.DrawString("店名", new Font(new FontFamily("黑体"), 11), System.Drawing.Brushes.Black, 138, 10);
           
            //打印两个点的坐标(颜色,坐标1,坐标2)
            e.Graphics.DrawLine(Pens.Black, 8, 30, 292, 30);


            e.Graphics.DrawString("订单号:()", new Font(new FontFamily("黑体"), 11), System.Drawing.Brushes.Black, 10, 35);

            e.Graphics.DrawString("编号", new Font(new FontFamily("黑体"), 11), System.Drawing.Brushes.Black, 10, 55);
            e.Graphics.DrawString("菜名", new Font(new FontFamily("黑体"), 11), System.Drawing.Brushes.Black, 75, 55);
            e.Graphics.DrawString("单价", new Font(new FontFamily("黑体"), 11), System.Drawing.Brushes.Black, 150, 55);
            e.Graphics.DrawString("数量", new Font(new FontFamily("黑体"), 11), System.Drawing.Brushes.Black, 200, 55);

            int i = 0;
            //循环输出变量
            foreach (string element in menu)
            {
             
                i=i+20;
                e.Graphics.DrawString(element, new Font(new FontFamily("黑体"), 11), System.Drawing.Brushes.Black, 75, 80+i);

            }


            e.Graphics.DrawLine(Pens.Black, 8, 200, 292, 200);

         }


        private void button5_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            print4();
        }

        public void print4()
        {
            try
            {

                //新建打印对象
                System.Drawing.Printing.PrintDocument pd = new System.Drawing.Printing.PrintDocument();
                //打印机名字
                pd.PrinterSettings.PrinterName = "Hewlett-Packard HP LaserJet Pro MFP M126a";
                //打印文档显示的名字
                pd.DocumentName = "订单";
                //
                //pd.PrinterSettings.MaximumCopies.ToString();

                //打印的格式
                pd.PrintPage += new System.Drawing.Printing.PrintPageEventHandler(this.Image);

                //
                pd.PrintController = new System.Drawing.Printing.StandardPrintController();

                //开始打印
                pd.Print();
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                MessageBox.Show(ex.ToString());
            }
        }


        /// <summary>
        /// 打印的格式:图片
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="sender"></param>
        /// <param name="e"></param>
        private void Image(object sender, System.Drawing.Printing.PrintPageEventArgs e)
        {
            //直接调用图片对象绘制
            e.Graphics.DrawImage(pictureBox1.Image, 20, 20);

        }

        private void button6_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            printDocument1.PrintController.OnEndPrint(printDocument1, new System.Drawing.Printing.PrintEventArgs());
        }

    }
}
 

打印出的效果:

图片没有打印

 

结合实例使用:https://download.csdn.net/download/weixin_42401291/10758685

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