【考研精品词】历年英语真题词汇精析

【2008 Text1】one-shot deal 只有一次的交易。

【真题例句】...they tend not to be one shot deals.

韦氏词典:something that happens only one time

柯林斯例句:We have to have this money year after year. It's not a one-shot deal. 
                     年复一年我们不得不拿这笔钱,这不是一场只有一次的交易。

拓展:

【deal】协议,交易;待遇;木板;数量

【one-shot】ADJ A one-shot thing is made or happens only once. 只有一次的; 一次性的

 

【2008 Text2】 rest 取决

【真题例句】Copyright rested with the journal publisher.

柯林斯:V-I If authority, a responsibility, or a decision rests with you, you have that authority or responsibility, or you are the one who will make that decision. 取决

【2010 T1】 used to/be used to

【真题例句】...newspapaers used to carry more art reviews

牛津辨析:

used to • be used to

  • 1.

    Do not confuse used to do sth with be used to sth . 不要混淆used to do sth与be used to sth。

  • 2.

    You use used to do sth to talk about something that happened regularly or was the case in the past, but is not now. used to do sth指过去惯常做某事,而现在则不了:

    I used to smoke, but I gave up a couple of years ago. 我以前抽烟,但几年前就戒掉了。

  • 3.

    You use be used to sth/to doing sth to talk about something that you are familiar with so that it no longer seems new or strange to you. be used to sth/to doing sth指习惯于、适应于:

    We’re used to the noise from the traffic now. 现在我们已经适应车辆往来的噪音了。

     

【2010 Text 2】ˌstake sth←→ˈout  清楚地界定自认为属于自己的东西

(1) to clearly mark the limits of sth that you claim is yours 清楚地界定自认为属于自己的东西

【真题例句】...companies tring to stake out exclusive rights to specific types of online transactions.

(2) to state your opinion, position, etc. on sth very clearly 明确阐述自己的看法(或立场等)

  • The President staked out his position on the issue. 总统明确阐述了他在这个问题上的立场。 

(3) to watch a place secretly, especially for signs of illegal activity 监视

  • Detectives had been staking out the house for several weeks. 侦探们已对这所房子监视了几个星期

【2010 Text 3】influential 有影响力的

【真题例句】...often called influential, who are unusually informed, persuasive, or well-connected.

柯林斯:ADJ Someone or something that is influential has a lot of influence over people or events. 有影响力的;

【拓展】

unusually: used before adjectives to emphasize that a particular quality is greater than normal (置于形容词前,用以强调)特别地,极,非常【牛津】

informed: ADJ Someone who is informed knows about a subject or what is happening in the world. 见多识广的; 了解情况的【柯林斯】

persuasive: ADJ Someone or something that is persuasive is likely to persuade a person to believe or do a particular thing. 有说服力的【柯林斯】

pervasive: ADJ Something, especially something bad, that is pervasive is present or felt throughout a place or thing. (尤指不好的事物) 无处不在的【柯林斯】

well-connected:  ADJ Someone who is well-connected has important or influential relatives or friends. 社会关系优越的【柯林斯】

【2011 T2】line up

【真题例句】McGee says leaving without a position lined up gave him time to ...

朗文:line sb/sth ←→ up to arrange for something to happen or for someone to be available for an event

安排某人/某事

因此a position lined up 翻译为[被安排好的位置]

【2013 T1】at odds

【真题例句】This top-down conception of the fashion business couldn’t be more out of date or at odds with the feverish world described in Overdressed, Elizabeth Cline’s three-year indictment of “fast fashion”.

牛津:

 BE AT ˈODDS (WITH STH) to be different from sth, when the two things should be the same (与…)有差异,相矛盾

 BE AT ˈODDS (WITH SB) (OVER/ON STH)  to disagree with sb about sth (就某事)(与某人)有分歧

【2013 T3】uniformly

uniform being the same in all its parts or among all its members

全部相同的,一致的

【2014 T4】As

prep.1. 像;2. used to describe the fact that sb/sth has a particular job or function 作为;

adv.  1.as... as...used when you are comparing two people or things, or two situations (比较时用)像…一样,如同;

         2.(指事情以同样的方式发生)和…一样 e.g. As always, he said little. 他和平时一样,少言寡语。

conj. 1. 随着;当...时 2.因为 3. 照...方式 4.used to make a comment or to add information about what you have just said 正如

         5. 尽管

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