OpenCV使用sprintf_s实现图像文件批量读取

c++中sprintf和sprintf_s的区别:https://blog.csdn.net/qq_37221466/article/details/81140901
opencv实现多图像读取并显示:https://blog.csdn.net/qq_40525008/article/details/79446603
使用sprintf函数连续保存图片问题:https://blog.csdn.net/Lee_gc/article/details/50916661?utm_source=blogxgwz3
实现:https://www.cnblogs.com/zhuwei1988/p/5746637.html

使用sprintf_s实现将视频保存为连续帧,和将连续帧转换成视频:

#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <math.h>
#include <cv.h>
#include <highgui.h>
#define NUM_FRAME 300 //只处理前300帧,根据视频帧数可修改

void Video_to_image(char* filename)
{
printf("------------- video to image ... ----------------n");
//初始化一个视频文件捕捉器
CvCapture* capture = cvCaptureFromAVI(filename);
//获取视频信息
cvQueryFrame(capture);
int frameH    = (int) cvGetCaptureProperty(capture, CV_CAP_PROP_FRAME_HEIGHT);
int frameW    = (int) cvGetCaptureProperty(capture, CV_CAP_PROP_FRAME_WIDTH);
int fps       = (int) cvGetCaptureProperty(capture, CV_CAP_PROP_FPS);
int numFrames = (int) cvGetCaptureProperty(capture, CV_CAP_PROP_FRAME_COUNT);
printf("tvideo height : %dntvideo width : %dntfps : %dntframe numbers : %dn", frameH, frameW, fps, numFrames);
//定义和初始化变量
int i = 0;
IplImage* img = 0;
char image_name[13];
cvNamedWindow( "mainWin", CV_WINDOW_AUTOSIZE );
//读取和显示
while(1)
{
img = cvQueryFrame(capture); //获取一帧图片
cvShowImage( "mainWin", img ); //将其显示
char key = cvWaitKey(20);
sprintf(image_name, "%s%d%s", "image", ++i, ".jpg");//保存的图片名
cvSaveImage( image_name, img);   //保存一帧图片
if(i == NUM_FRAME) break;
}
cvReleaseCapture(&capture);
cvDestroyWindow("mainWin");
}

void Image_to_video()
{
int i = 0;
IplImage* img = 0;
char image_name[13];
printf("------------- image to video ... ----------------n");
//初始化视频编写器,参数根据实际视频文件修改
CvVideoWriter *writer = 0;
int isColor = 1;
int fps     = 30; // or 25
int frameW = 400; // 744 for firewire cameras
int frameH = 240; // 480 for firewire cameras
writer=cvCreateVideoWriter("out.avi",CV_FOURCC('X','V','I','D'),fps,cvSize(frameW,frameH),isColor);
printf("tvideo height : %dntvideo width : %dntfps : %dn", frameH, frameW, fps);
//创建窗口
cvNamedWindow( "mainWin", CV_WINDOW_AUTOSIZE );
while(i<NUM_FRAME)
{
sprintf(image_name, "%s%d%s", "image", ++i, ".jpg");
img = cvLoadImage(image_name);
if(!img)
{
printf("Could not load image file...n");
exit(0);
}
cvShowImage("mainWin", img);
char key = cvWaitKey(20);
cvWriteFrame(writer, img);
}
cvReleaseVideoWriter(&writer);
cvDestroyWindow("mainWin");
}

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
char filename[13] = "1.avi";
Video_to_image(filename); //视频转图片
return 0;
}
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