java微信公众号上传永久素材

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本文链接:https://blog.csdn.net/weixin_42813287/article/details/89318638

微信公众号上传永久素材


微信公众号上传素材在网上找了很多但是最后只能读取本地文件,自己需求的是网络图片,自己修改了部分代码现在可以上传网络图片

//ResponseEntity 自定义返回类
public ResponseEntity MenuBarPictureAddMaterial(HttpServletRequest request, String appId, MultipartFile file) throws IOException {
		//获取AccessToken
        String accessToken = getAccessToken(request, appId);
        //桌面新建文件夹
        matterPath = "C:\\Users\\Administrator\\Desktop\\新建文件夹"
        try {
        	//上传网络图片时,先将其下载到本地
            File savedFile = new File(matterPath + file.getOriginalFilename());
            boolean isCreateSuccess = savedFile.createNewFile(); // 是否创建文件成功
            if(isCreateSuccess){      //将文件写入
                FileUtils.copyInputStreamToFile(file.getInputStream(),savedFile);
            }
            String fileType = MyFileUtil.fileType(file.getOriginalFilename());
            File file1 = new File(matterPath + file.getOriginalFilename());
            String path = "https://api.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/material/add_material?access_token=" + accessToken + "&type=" + fileType;
            String result = HttpFileUtils.fileMaterial(path,file1);
            result = result.replaceAll("[\\\\]", "");
            JSONObject resultJSON = JSONObject.parseObject(result);
            if (resultJSON != null) {
                if (resultJSON.get("media_id") != null) {
                    if(file1.exists()){
                        MyFileUtil.deleteFile(matterPath + file.getOriginalFilename());
                    }
                    return ResponseOk.create(resultJSON);
                }
                //自定义返回语句以及File工具返回文件类型
                return ResponseError.create("上传" + MyFileUtil.fileType(file.getOriginalFilename()) + "永久素材失败");
            }
            return ResponseError.create("media_id为空");
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return null;
    }
	自定义上传素材工具
public class HttpFileUtils {
	public static  String fileMaterial(String path, File file) throws IOException, 		NoSuchAlgorithmException, NoSuchProviderException, KeyManagementException {
        URL urlObj = new URL(path);
        //连接
        HttpURLConnection con = (HttpURLConnection) urlObj.openConnection();
        String result = null;
        con.setDoInput(true);

        con.setDoOutput(true);

        con.setUseCaches(false); // post方式不能使用缓存

        // 设置请求头信息
        con.setRequestProperty("Connection", "Keep-Alive");
        con.setRequestProperty("Charset", "UTF-8");
        // 设置边界
        String BOUNDARY = "----------" + System.currentTimeMillis();
        con.setRequestProperty("Content-Type",
                "multipart/form-data; boundary="
                        + BOUNDARY);

        // 请求正文信息
        // 第一部分:
        StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
        sb.append("--"); // 必须多两道线
        sb.append(BOUNDARY);
        sb.append("\r\n");
        sb.append("Content-Disposition: form-data;name=\"media\";filelength=\"" + file.length() + "\";filename=\""
                + file.getName() + "\"\r\n");
        sb.append("Content-Type:application/octet-stream\r\n\r\n");
        byte[] head = sb.toString().getBytes("utf-8");
        // 获得输出流
        OutputStream out = new DataOutputStream(con.getOutputStream());
        // 输出表头
        out.write(head);

        // 文件正文部分
        // 把文件已流文件的方式 推入到url中
        DataInputStream in = new DataInputStream(new FileInputStream(file));
        int bytes = 0;
        byte[] bufferOut = new byte[1024];
        while ((bytes = in.read(bufferOut)) != -1) {
            out.write(bufferOut, 0, bytes);
        }
        in.close();
        // 结尾部分
        byte[] foot = ("\r\n--" + BOUNDARY + "--\r\n").getBytes("utf-8");// 定义最后数据分隔线
        out.write(foot);
        out.flush();
        out.close();
        StringBuffer buffer = new StringBuffer();
        BufferedReader reader = null;
        try {
            // 定义BufferedReader输入流来读取URL的响应
            reader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(con.getInputStream()));
            String line = null;
            while ((line = reader.readLine()) != null) {
                buffer.append(line);
            }
            if (result == null) {
                result = buffer.toString();
            }
        } catch (IOException e) {
            System.out.println("发送POST请求出现异常!" + e);
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            if (reader != null) {
                reader.close();
            }
        }
        return result;
    }} 
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