python初学系列——turtle绘制七段数码管

实现效果:
(代码为下面版本二)
在这里插入图片描述我们可以先尝试实现如下形式(代码在版本一里)
(1)
在这里插入图片描述(2)
在这里插入图片描述
版本一:

    #SevenDigitsDrawV1.py
    import turtle
    def drawLine(draw):   #绘制单段数码管
        turtle.pendown() if draw else turtle.penup()
        turtle.fd(40)
        turtle.right(90)
    def drawDigit(digit): #根据数字绘制七段数码管
        drawLine(True) if digit in [2,3,4,5,6,8,9] else drawLine(False)
        drawLine(True) if digit in [0,1,3,4,5,6,7,8,9] else drawLine(False)
        drawLine(True) if digit in [0,2,3,5,6,8,9] else drawLine(False)
        drawLine(True) if digit in [0,2,6,8] else drawLine(False)
        turtle.left(90)
        drawLine(True) if digit in [0,4,5,6,8,9] else drawLine(False)
        drawLine(True) if digit in [0,2,3,5,6,7,8,9] else drawLine(False)
        drawLine(True) if digit in [0,1,2,3,4,7,8,9] else drawLine(False)
        turtle.left(180)
        turtle.penup()
        turtle.fd(20) 
    def drawDate(date):  #获得要输出的数字
        for i in date:
            drawDigit(eval(i))  #通过eval()函数将数字变为整数
    def main():
        turtle.setup(800, 350, 200, 200)
        turtle.penup()
        turtle.fd(-300)
        turtle.pensize(5)
        drawDate('20181010')
        turtle.hideturtle()
        turtle.done()
    main()

版本二:

    #SevenDigitsDrawV2.py
    import turtle, time
    def drawGap(): #绘制数码管间隔
        turtle.penup()
        turtle.fd(5)
    def drawLine(draw):   #绘制单段数码管
        drawGap()
        turtle.pendown() if draw else turtle.penup()
        turtle.fd(40)
        drawGap()
        turtle.right(90)
    def drawDigit(d): #根据数字绘制七段数码管
        drawLine(True) if d in [2,3,4,5,6,8,9] else drawLine(False)
        drawLine(True) if d in [0,1,3,4,5,6,7,8,9] else drawLine(False)
        drawLine(True) if d in [0,2,3,5,6,8,9] else drawLine(False)
        drawLine(True) if d in [0,2,6,8] else drawLine(False)
        turtle.left(90)
        drawLine(True) if d in [0,4,5,6,8,9] else drawLine(False)
        drawLine(True) if d in [0,2,3,5,6,7,8,9] else drawLine(False)
        drawLine(True) if d in [0,1,2,3,4,7,8,9] else drawLine(False)
        turtle.left(180)
        turtle.penup()
        turtle.fd(20)
    def drawDate(date):
        turtle.pencolor("red")
        for i in date:
            if i == '-':
                turtle.write('年',font=("Arial", 18, "normal"))
                turtle.pencolor("green")
                turtle.fd(40)
            elif i == '=':
                turtle.write('月',font=("Arial", 18, "normal"))
                turtle.pencolor("blue")
                turtle.fd(40)
            elif i == '+':
                turtle.write('日',font=("Arial", 18, "normal"))
            else:
                drawDigit(eval(i))
    def main():
        turtle.setup(800, 350, 200, 200)
        turtle.penup()
        turtle.fd(-350)
        turtle.pensize(5)
    #    drawDate('2018-10=10+')
        drawDate(time.strftime('%Y-%m=%d+',time.gmtime()))
        turtle.hideturtle()
        turtle.done()
    main()
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