阿里oss对象存储,图片上传详细流程工具包

引入阿里oss的maven

<!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/com.aliyun.oss/aliyun-sdk-oss -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.aliyun.oss</groupId>
            <artifactId>aliyun-sdk-oss</artifactId>
            <version>3.8.0</version>
        </dependency>

配置阿里云oss对象存储

public class OSSClientConstants {

    //阿里云API的外网域名
    public static final String ENDPOINT = "oss-cn-shenzhen.aliyuncs.com";//"oss-cn-shanghai.aliyuncs.com";\

    //阿里云API的密钥Access Key ID
    public static final String ACCESS_KEY_ID = "密钥Access Key ID";
    //阿里云API的密钥Access Key Secret
    public static final String ACCESS_KEY_SECRET = "密钥Access Key Secret“;
    //阿里云API的bucket名称
    public static final String BACKET_NAME = "gking-card";//"uploadpicture";
    //阿里云API的文件夹名称
    public static final String FOLDER="images/";
}
public class AliyunOSSClientUtil {

    //log日志
    private static Logger logger = Logger.getLogger(AliyunOSSClientUtil.class);
    //阿里云API的内或外网域名
    private static String ENDPOINT;
    //阿里云API的密钥Access Key ID
    private static String ACCESS_KEY_ID;
    //阿里云API的密钥Access Key Secret
    private static String ACCESS_KEY_SECRET;
    //阿里云API的bucket名称
    public static String BACKET_NAME;
    //阿里云API的文件夹名称
    public static String FOLDER;
    //初始化属性
    static{
        ENDPOINT = OSSClientConstants.ENDPOINT;
        ACCESS_KEY_ID = OSSClientConstants.ACCESS_KEY_ID;
        ACCESS_KEY_SECRET = OSSClientConstants.ACCESS_KEY_SECRET;
        BACKET_NAME = OSSClientConstants.BACKET_NAME;
        FOLDER = OSSClientConstants.FOLDER;
    }

    /**
     * 获取阿里云OSS客户端对象
     * @return ossClient
     */
    public static OSSClient getOSSClient(){
        return new OSSClient(ENDPOINT,ACCESS_KEY_ID, ACCESS_KEY_SECRET);
    }

    /**
     * 创建存储空间
     * @param ossClient      OSS连接
     * @param bucketName 存储空间
     * @return
     */
    public  static String createBucketName(OSSClient ossClient, String bucketName){
        //存储空间
        final String bucketNames=bucketName;
        if(!ossClient.doesBucketExist(bucketName)){
            //创建存储空间
            Bucket bucket=ossClient.createBucket(bucketName);
            logger.info("创建存储空间成功");
            return bucket.getName();
        }
        return bucketNames;
    }

    /**
     * 删除存储空间buckName
     * @param ossClient  oss对象
     * @param bucketName  存储空间
     */
    public static  void deleteBucket(OSSClient ossClient, String bucketName){
        ossClient.deleteBucket(bucketName);
        logger.info("删除" + bucketName + "Bucket成功");
    }

    /**
     * 创建模拟文件夹
     * @param ossClient oss连接
     * @param bucketName 存储空间
     * @param folder   模拟文件夹名如"qj_nanjing/"
     * @return  文件夹名
     */
    public  static String createFolder(OSSClient ossClient, String bucketName, String folder){
        //文件夹名
        final String keySuffixWithSlash =folder;
        //判断文件夹是否存在,不存在则创建
        if(!ossClient.doesObjectExist(bucketName, keySuffixWithSlash)){
            //创建文件夹
            ossClient.putObject(bucketName, keySuffixWithSlash, new ByteArrayInputStream(new byte[0]));
            logger.info("创建文件夹成功");
            //得到文件夹名
            OSSObject object = ossClient.getObject(bucketName, keySuffixWithSlash);
            String fileDir=object.getKey();
            return fileDir;
        }
        return keySuffixWithSlash;
    }

    /**
     * 根据key删除OSS服务器上的文件
     * @param ossClient  oss连接
     * @param bucketName  存储空间
     * @param folder  模拟文件夹名 如"qj_nanjing/"
     * @param key Bucket下的文件的路径名+文件名 如:"upload/cake.jpg"
     */
    public static void deleteFile(OSSClient ossClient, String bucketName, String folder, String key){
        ossClient.deleteObject(bucketName, folder + key);
        logger.info("删除" + bucketName + "下的文件" + folder + key + "成功");
    }

    /**
     * 上传图片至OSS
     * @param ossClient  oss连接
     * @param file 上传文件(文件全路径如:D:\\image\\cake.jpg)
     * @param bucketName  存储空间
     * @param folder 模拟文件夹名 如"qj_nanjing/"
     * @return String 返回的唯一MD5数字签名
     * */
    public static  HashMap<Object, String>  uploadObject2OSS(OSSClient ossClient, File file, String bucketName, String folder) {
        String resultStr = null;
        HashMap<Object, String> map = new HashMap<>();
        try {
            //以输入流的形式上传文件
            InputStream is = new FileInputStream(file);
            //文件名
            String fileName = file.getName();
            String urlImg="https://"+BACKET_NAME+"."+ENDPOINT+"/"+FOLDER+fileName;
            map.put("urlImg",urlImg);
            System.out.println(urlImg);
            //文件大小
            Long fileSize = file.length();
            //创建上传Object的Metadata
            ObjectMetadata metadata = new ObjectMetadata();
            //上传的文件的长度
            metadata.setContentLength(is.available());
            //指定该Object被下载时的网页的缓存行为
            metadata.setCacheControl("no-cache");
            //指定该Object下设置Header
            metadata.setHeader("Pragma", "no-cache");
            //指定该Object被下载时的内容编码格式
            metadata.setContentEncoding("utf-8");
            //文件的MIME,定义文件的类型及网页编码,决定浏览器将以什么形式、什么编码读取文件。如果用户没有指定则根据Key或文件名的扩展名生成,
            //如果没有扩展名则填默认值application/octet-stream
            metadata.setContentType(getContentType(fileName));
            //指定该Object被下载时的名称(指示MINME用户代理如何显示附加的文件,打开或下载,及文件名称)
            metadata.setContentDisposition("filename/filesize=" + fileName + "/" + fileSize + "Byte.");
            //上传文件   (上传文件流的形式)
            PutObjectResult putResult = ossClient.putObject(bucketName, folder + fileName, is, metadata);
            //解析结果
            resultStr = putResult.getETag();
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            logger.error("上传阿里云OSS服务器异常." + e.getMessage(), e);
        }
        map.put("resultStr",resultStr);
        return map;
    }

    /**
     * 通过文件名判断并获取OSS服务文件上传时文件的contentType
     * @param fileName 文件名
     * @return 文件的contentType
     */
    public static  String getContentType(String fileName){
        //文件的后缀名
        String fileExtension = fileName.substring(fileName.lastIndexOf("."));
        if(".bmp".equalsIgnoreCase(fileExtension)) {
            return "image/bmp";
        }
        if(".gif".equalsIgnoreCase(fileExtension)) {
            return "image/gif";
        }
        if(".jpeg".equalsIgnoreCase(fileExtension) || ".jpg".equalsIgnoreCase(fileExtension)  || ".png".equalsIgnoreCase(fileExtension) ) {
            return "image/jpg";
        }
        if(".html".equalsIgnoreCase(fileExtension)) {
            return "text/html";
        }
        if(".txt".equalsIgnoreCase(fileExtension)) {
            return "text/plain";
        }
        if(".vsd".equalsIgnoreCase(fileExtension)) {
            return "application/vnd.visio";
        }
        if(".ppt".equalsIgnoreCase(fileExtension) || "pptx".equalsIgnoreCase(fileExtension)) {
            return "application/vnd.ms-powerpoint";
        }
        if(".doc".equalsIgnoreCase(fileExtension) || "docx".equalsIgnoreCase(fileExtension)) {
            return "application/msword";
        }
        if(".xml".equalsIgnoreCase(fileExtension)) {
            return "text/xml";
        }
        //默认返回类型
        return "image/jpg";
    }



    public static void main(String[] args) {
        //初始化OSSClient
        OSSClient ossClient=AliyunOSSClientUtil.getOSSClient();
        //上传文件
        String files= "C:\\Users\\cxdn\\Desktop\\db76091b11f585a3dd4170efe443dfe.png";
        String[] file=files.split(",");
        for(String filename:file){
            //System.out.println("filename:"+filename);
            File filess=new File(filename);
//            String md5key = AliyunOSSClientUtil.uploadObject2OSS(ossClient, filess, BACKET_NAME, FOLDER);
            HashMap<Object, String> map = AliyunOSSClientUtil.uploadObject2OSS(ossClient, filess, BACKET_NAME, FOLDER);
            logger.info("上传后的文件MD5数字唯一签名:" + map.get("md5key"));
            //上传后的文件MD5数字唯一签名:40F4131427068E08451D37F02021473A
        }
    }

重点!!!
image/jpg jpg后缀,图片打开就可以直接看了啦
image/jpeg jpeg后缀 ,图片打开直接就是下载

在这里插入图片描述

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