c++ jsoncpp使用toStyledString生成字符串中文乱码解决方案

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        使用jsoncpp来生成和解析json数据是很方便的。

        但是如果有的项中含有中文,那么使用toStyledString()函数生成的字符串中的中文部分将变成\u加4个16进制数字,至于这是什么编码我也没弄清楚,如果使用MultiByteToWideChar与WideCharToMultiByte或者mbstowcs与wcstombs来转码,我也试了很多种,最终全部over。

        于是我下载了jsoncpp的源码来分析(官方下载地址:http://sourceforge.net/projects/jsoncpp/files/ )。通过分析StyledWriter的writeValue函数发现他对字符串的处理通过valueToQuotedString函数进行了转义:

std::string valueToQuotedString( const char *value )
{
   // Not sure how to handle unicode...
   if (strpbrk(value, "\"\\\b\f\n\r\t") == NULL && !containsControlCharacter( value ))
      return std::string("\"") + value + "\"";
   // We have to walk value and escape any special characters.
   // Appending to std::string is not efficient, but this should be rare.
   // (Note: forward slashes are *not* rare, but I am not escaping them.)
   unsigned maxsize = strlen(value)*2 + 3; // allescaped+quotes+NULL
   std::string result;
   result.reserve(maxsize); // to avoid lots of mallocs
   result += "\"";
   for (const char* c=value; *c != 0; ++c)
   {
      switch(*c)
      {
         case '\"':
            result += "\\\"";
            break;
         case '\\':
            result += "\\\\";
            break;
         case '\b':
            result += "\\b";
            break;
         case '\f':
            result += "\\f";
            break;
         case '\n':
            result += "\\n";
            break;
         case '\r':
            result += "\\r";
            break;
         case '\t':
            result += "\\t";
            break;
         //case '/':
            // Even though \/ is considered a legal escape in JSON, a bare
            // slash is also legal, so I see no reason to escape it.
            // (I hope I am not misunderstanding something.
            // blep notes: actually escaping \/ may be useful in javascript to avoid </ 
            // sequence.
            // Should add a flag to allow this compatibility mode and prevent this 
            // sequence from occurring.
         default:
            if ( isControlCharacter( *c ) )
            {
               std::ostringstream oss;
               oss << "\\u" << std::hex << std::uppercase << std::setfill('0') << std::setw(4) << static_cast<int>(*c);
               result += oss.str();
            }
            else
            {
               result += *c;
            }
            break;
      }
   }
   result += "\"";
   return result;
}

 

        通过代码可以明白的看到default:里面处理的就是包括中文在内的字符:于是我们可以修改源代码重新编译一个自己用的库,也可以利用源代码重载一个Writer类,我利用StyledWriter的源代码重新封装一个StringWriter类:唯一改动就是将

            if ( isControlCharacter( *c ) )
            {
               std::ostringstream oss;
               oss << "\\u" << std::hex << std::uppercase << std::setfill('0') << std::setw(4) << static_cast<int>(*c);
               result += oss.str();
            }
            else
            {
               result += *c;
            }

改成:result += *c;

以下是StringWriter类的源码:

class BaseWriter : public Writer
{
public:
	BaseWriter(){}
	virtual ~BaseWriter(){}

protected:
	static bool isControlCharacter(char ch)
	{
		return ch > 0 && ch <= 0x1F;
	}

	static bool containsControlCharacter(const char* str)
	{
		while (*str)
		{
			if (isControlCharacter(*(str++)))
				return true;
		}
		return false;
	}

	static void uintToString(unsigned int value,
		char *&current)
	{
		*--current = 0;
		do
		{
			*--current = (value % 10) + '0';
			value /= 10;
		} while (value != 0);
	}

	std::string valueToString(Int value)
	{
		char buffer[32];
		char *current = buffer + sizeof(buffer);
		bool isNegative = value < 0;
		if (isNegative)
			value = -value;
		uintToString(UInt(value), current);
		if (isNegative)
			*--current = '-';
		//assert(current >= buffer);
		return current;
	}


	std::string valueToString(UInt value)
	{
		char buffer[32];
		char *current = buffer + sizeof(buffer);
		uintToString(value, current);
		//assert(current >= buffer);
		return current;
	}

	std::string valueToString(double value)
	{
		char buffer[32];
#if defined(_MSC_VER) && defined(__STDC_SECURE_LIB__) // Use secure version with visual studio 2005 to avoid warning. 
		sprintf_s(buffer, sizeof(buffer), "%#.16g", value);
#else	
		sprintf(buffer, "%#.16g", value);
#endif
		char* ch = buffer + strlen(buffer) - 1;
		if (*ch != '0') return buffer; // nothing to truncate, so save time
		while (ch > buffer && *ch == '0'){
			--ch;
		}
		char* last_nonzero = ch;
		while (ch >= buffer){
			switch (*ch){
			case '0':
			case '1':
			case '2':
			case '3':
			case '4':
			case '5':
			case '6':
			case '7':
			case '8':
			case '9':
				--ch;
				continue;
			case '.':
				// Truncate zeroes to save bytes in output, but keep one.
				*(last_nonzero + 2) = '\0';
				return buffer;
			default:
				return buffer;
			}
		}
		return buffer;
	}


	std::string valueToString(bool value)
	{
		return value ? "true" : "false";
	}

	std::string valueToQuotedString(const char *value)
	{
		// Not sure how to handle unicode...
		if (strpbrk(value, "\"\\\b\f\n\r\t") == NULL && !containsControlCharacter(value))
			return std::string("\"") + value + "\"";
		// We have to walk value and escape any special characters.
		// Appending to std::string is not efficient, but this should be rare.
		// (Note: forward slashes are *not* rare, but I am not escaping them.)
		unsigned maxsize = strlen(value) * 2 + 3; // allescaped+quotes+NULL
		std::string result;
		result.reserve(maxsize); // to avoid lots of mallocs
		result += "\"";
		for (const char* c = value; *c != 0; ++c)
		{
			switch (*c)
			{
			case '\"':
				result += "\\\"";
				break;
			case '\\':
				result += "\\\\";
				break;
			case '\b':
				result += "\\b";
				break;
			case '\f':
				result += "\\f";
				break;
			case '\n':
				result += "\\n";
				break;
			case '\r':
				result += "\\r";
				break;
			case '\t':
				result += "\\t";
				break;
				//case '/':
				// Even though \/ is considered a legal escape in JSON, a bare
				// slash is also legal, so I see no reason to escape it.
				// (I hope I am not misunderstanding something.
				// blep notes: actually escaping \/ may be useful in javascript to avoid </ 
				// sequence.
				// Should add a flag to allow this compatibility mode and prevent this 
				// sequence from occurring.
			default:
				result += *c;
				break;
			}
		}
		result += "\"";
		return result;
	}
};

class StringWriter : public BaseWriter
{
public:
	StringWriter(){}
	virtual ~StringWriter(){}

public: // overridden from Writer
	/** \brief Serialize a Value in <a HREF="http://www.json.org">JSON</a> format.
	* \param root Value to serialize.
	* \return String containing the JSON document that represents the root value.
	*/
	virtual std::string write(const Value &root)
	{
		document_ = "";
		addChildValues_ = false;
		indentString_ = "";
		writeCommentBeforeValue(root);
		writeValue(root);
		writeCommentAfterValueOnSameLine(root);
		document_ += "\n";
		return document_;
	}

private:
	void writeValue(const Value &value)
	{
		switch (value.type())
		{
		case nullValue:
			pushValue("null");
			break;
		case intValue:
			pushValue(valueToString(value.asInt()));
			break;
		case uintValue:
			pushValue(valueToString(value.asUInt()));
			break;
		case realValue:
			pushValue(valueToString(value.asDouble()));
			break;
		case stringValue:
			pushValue(valueToQuotedString(value.asCString()));
			break;
		case booleanValue:
			pushValue(valueToString(value.asBool()));
			break;
		case arrayValue:
			writeArrayValue(value);
			break;
		case objectValue:
		{
							Value::Members members(value.getMemberNames());
							if (members.empty())
								pushValue("{}");
							else
							{
								writeWithIndent("{");
								indent();
								Value::Members::iterator it = members.begin();
								while (true)
								{
									const std::string &name = *it;
									const Value &childValue = value[name];
									writeCommentBeforeValue(childValue);
									writeWithIndent(valueToQuotedString(name.c_str()));
									document_ += " : ";
									writeValue(childValue);
									if (++it == members.end())
									{
										writeCommentAfterValueOnSameLine(childValue);
										break;
									}
									document_ += ",";
									writeCommentAfterValueOnSameLine(childValue);
								}
								unindent();
								writeWithIndent("}");
							}
		}
			break;
		}
	}
	void writeArrayValue(const Value &value)
	{
		unsigned size = value.size();
		if (size == 0)
			pushValue("[]");
		else
		{
			bool isArrayMultiLine = isMultineArray(value);
			if (isArrayMultiLine)
			{
				writeWithIndent("[");
				indent();
				bool hasChildValue = !childValues_.empty();
				unsigned index = 0;
				while (true)
				{
					const Value &childValue = value[index];
					writeCommentBeforeValue(childValue);
					if (hasChildValue)
						writeWithIndent(childValues_[index]);
					else
					{
						writeIndent();
						writeValue(childValue);
					}
					if (++index == size)
					{
						writeCommentAfterValueOnSameLine(childValue);
						break;
					}
					document_ += ",";
					writeCommentAfterValueOnSameLine(childValue);
				}
				unindent();
				writeWithIndent("]");
			}
			else // output on a single line
			{
				//assert(childValues_.size() == size);
				document_ += "[ ";
				for (unsigned index = 0; index < size; ++index)
				{
					if (index > 0)
						document_ += ", ";
					document_ += childValues_[index];
				}
				document_ += " ]";
			}
		}
	}
	bool isMultineArray(const Value &value)
	{
		int size = value.size();
		bool isMultiLine = size * 3 >= rightMargin_;
		childValues_.clear();
		for (int index = 0; index < size && !isMultiLine; ++index)
		{
			const Value &childValue = value[index];
			isMultiLine = isMultiLine ||
				((childValue.isArray() || childValue.isObject()) &&
				childValue.size() > 0);
		}
		if (!isMultiLine) // check if line length > max line length
		{
			childValues_.reserve(size);
			addChildValues_ = true;
			int lineLength = 4 + (size - 1) * 2; // '[ ' + ', '*n + ' ]'
			for (int index = 0; index < size && !isMultiLine; ++index)
			{
				writeValue(value[index]);
				lineLength += int(childValues_[index].length());
				isMultiLine = isMultiLine  &&  hasCommentForValue(value[index]);
			}
			addChildValues_ = false;
			isMultiLine = isMultiLine || lineLength >= rightMargin_;
		}
		return isMultiLine;
	}
	void pushValue(const std::string &value)
	{
		if (addChildValues_)
			childValues_.push_back(value);
		else
			document_ += value;
	}
	void writeIndent()
	{
		if (!document_.empty())
		{
			char last = document_[document_.length() - 1];
			if (last == ' ')     // already indented
				return;
			if (last != '\n')    // Comments may add new-line
				document_ += '\n';
		}
		document_ += indentString_;
	}
	void writeWithIndent(const std::string &value)
	{
		writeIndent();
		document_ += value;
	}
	void indent()
	{
		indentString_ += std::string(indentSize_, ' ');
	}
	void unindent()
	{
		//assert(int(indentString_.size()) >= indentSize_);
		indentString_.resize(indentString_.size() - indentSize_);
	}
	void writeCommentBeforeValue(const Value &root)
	{
		if (!root.hasComment(commentBefore))
			return;
		document_ += normalizeEOL(root.getComment(commentBefore));
		document_ += "\n";
	}
	void writeCommentAfterValueOnSameLine(const Value &root)
	{
		if (root.hasComment(commentAfterOnSameLine))
			document_ += " " + normalizeEOL(root.getComment(commentAfterOnSameLine));

		if (root.hasComment(commentAfter))
		{
			document_ += "\n";
			document_ += normalizeEOL(root.getComment(commentAfter));
			document_ += "\n";
		}
	}
	bool hasCommentForValue(const Value &value)
	{
		return value.hasComment(commentBefore)
			|| value.hasComment(commentAfterOnSameLine)
			|| value.hasComment(commentAfter);
	}
	static std::string normalizeEOL(const std::string &text)
	{
		std::string normalized;
		normalized.reserve(text.length());
		const char *begin = text.c_str();
		const char *end = begin + text.length();
		const char *current = begin;
		while (current != end)
		{
			char c = *current++;
			if (c == '\r') // mac or dos EOL
			{
				if (*current == '\n') // convert dos EOL
					++current;
				normalized += '\n';
			}
			else // handle unix EOL & other char
				normalized += c;
		}
		return normalized;
	}

	typedef std::vector<std::string> ChildValues;

	ChildValues childValues_;
	std::string document_;
	std::string indentString_;
	int rightMargin_ = 74;
	int indentSize_ = 3;
	bool addChildValues_;
};

 

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