pytorch中的pre-train函数模型引用及修改(增减网络层,修改某层参数等)

一、pytorch中的pre-train模型

卷积神经网络的训练是耗时的,很多场合不可能每次都从随机初始化参数开始训练网络。
pytorch中自带几种常用的深度学习网络预训练模型,如VGG、ResNet等。往往为了加快学习的进度,在训练的初期我们直接加载pre-train模型中预先训练好的参数,model的加载如下所示:

import torchvision.models as models

#resnet
model = models.ResNet(pretrained=True)
model = models.resnet18(pretrained=True)
model = models.resnet34(pretrained=True)
model = models.resnet50(pretrained=True)

#vgg
model = models.VGG(pretrained=True)
model = models.vgg11(pretrained=True)
model = models.vgg16(pretrained=True)
model = models.vgg16_bn(pretrained=True)

二、预训练模型的修改

1.参数修改
对于简单的参数修改,这里以resnet预训练模型举例,resnet源代码在Github点击打开链接
resnet网络最后一层分类层fc是对1000种类型进行划分,对于自己的数据集,如果只有9类,修改的代码如下:
# coding=UTF-8
import torchvision.models as models

#调用模型
model = models.resnet50(pretrained=True)
#提取fc层中固定的参数
fc_features = model.fc.in_features
#修改类别为9
model.fc = nn.Linear(fc_features, 9)

2.增减卷积层
前一种方法只适用于简单的参数修改,有的时候我们往往要修改网络中的层次结构,这时只能用参数覆盖的方法,即自己先定义一个类似的网络,再将预训练中的参数提取到自己的网络中来。这里以resnet预训练模型举例。
# coding=UTF-8
import torchvision.models as models
import torch
import torch.nn as nn
import math
import torch.utils.model_zoo as model_zoo

class CNN(nn.Module):

    def __init__(self, block, layers, num_classes=9):
        self.inplanes = 64
        super(ResNet, self).__init__()
        self.conv1 = nn.Conv2d(3, 64, kernel_size=7, stride=2, padding=3,
                               bias=False)
        self.bn1 = nn.BatchNorm2d(64)
        self.relu = nn.ReLU(inplace=True)
        self.maxpool = nn.MaxPool2d(kernel_size=3, stride=2, padding=1)
        self.layer1 = self._make_layer(block, 64, layers[0])
        self.layer2 = self._make_layer(block, 128, layers[1], stride=2)
        self.layer3 = self._make_layer(block, 256, layers[2], stride=2)
        self.layer4 = self._make_layer(block, 512, layers[3], stride=2)
        self.avgpool = nn.AvgPool2d(7, stride=1)
        #新增一个反卷积层
        self.convtranspose1 = nn.ConvTranspose2d(2048, 2048, kernel_size=3, stride=1, padding=1, output_padding=0, groups=1, bias=False, dilation=1)
        #新增一个最大池化层
        self.maxpool2 = nn.MaxPool2d(kernel_size=3, stride=1, padding=1)
        #去掉原来的fc层,新增一个fclass层
        self.fclass = nn.Linear(2048, num_classes)

        for m in self.modules():
            if isinstance(m, nn.Conv2d):
                n = m.kernel_size[0] * m.kernel_size[1] * m.out_channels
                m.weight.data.normal_(0, math.sqrt(2. / n))
            elif isinstance(m, nn.BatchNorm2d):
                m.weight.data.fill_(1)
                m.bias.data.zero_()

    def _make_layer(self, block, planes, blocks, stride=1):
        downsample = None
        if stride != 1 or self.inplanes != planes * block.expansion:
            downsample = nn.Sequential(
                nn.Conv2d(self.inplanes, planes * block.expansion,
                          kernel_size=1, stride=stride, bias=False),
                nn.BatchNorm2d(planes * block.expansion),
            )

        layers = []
        layers.append(block(self.inplanes, planes, stride, downsample))
        self.inplanes = planes * block.expansion
        for i in range(1, blocks):
            layers.append(block(self.inplanes, planes))

        return nn.Sequential(*layers)

    def forward(self, x):
        x = self.conv1(x)
        x = self.bn1(x)
        x = self.relu(x)
        x = self.maxpool(x)

        x = self.layer1(x)
        x = self.layer2(x)
        x = self.layer3(x)
        x = self.layer4(x)

        x = self.avgpool(x)
        #新加层的forward
        x = x.view(x.size(0), -1)
        x = self.convtranspose1(x)
        x = self.maxpool2(x)
        x = x.view(x.size(0), -1)
        x = self.fclass(x)

        return x

#加载model
resnet50 = models.resnet50(pretrained=True)
cnn = CNN(Bottleneck, [3, 4, 6, 3])
#读取参数
pretrained_dict = resnet50.state_dict()
model_dict = cnn.state_dict()
# 将pretrained_dict里不属于model_dict的键剔除掉
pretrained_dict =  {k: v for k, v in pretrained_dict.items() if k in model_dict}
# 更新现有的model_dict
model_dict.update(pretrained_dict)
# 加载我们真正需要的state_dict
cnn.load_state_dict(model_dict)
# print(resnet50)
print(cnn)

以上就是相关的内容,本人刚入门的小白一枚,请轻喷~




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