redis3.0.2安装

1:下载http://download.redis.io/releases/redis-3.0.2.tar.gz

[root@web02 jifeng]# wget http://download.redis.io/releases/redis-3.0.2.tar.gz
[root@web02 jifeng]# ls
redis-3.0.2.tar.gz

2:解压

[root@web02 jifeng]# $ tar xzf redis-3.0.2.tar.gz
[root@web02 jifeng]# ls
redis-3.0.2  redis-3.0.2.tar.gz

3:编译

make MALLOC=libc

[root@web02 jifeng]# cd redis-3.0.2
[root@web02 redis-3.0.2]# ls
00-RELEASENOTES  COPYING  Makefile   redis.conf       runtest-sentinel  tests
BUGS             deps     MANIFESTO  runtest          sentinel.conf     utils
CONTRIBUTING     INSTALL  README     runtest-cluster  src
[root@web02 redis-3.0.2]# ls -ls
total 144
28 -rw-rw-r--  1 root root 26772 Jun  4 17:35 00-RELEASENOTES
 4 -rw-rw-r--  1 root root    53 Jun  4 17:35 BUGS
 4 -rw-rw-r--  1 root root  1439 Jun  4 17:35 CONTRIBUTING
 4 -rw-rw-r--  1 root root  1487 Jun  4 17:35 COPYING
 4 drwxrwxr-x  6 root root  4096 Jun  4 17:35 deps
 4 -rw-rw-r--  1 root root    11 Jun  4 17:35 INSTALL
 4 -rw-rw-r--  1 root root   151 Jun  4 17:35 Makefile
 8 -rw-rw-r--  1 root root  4223 Jun  4 17:35 MANIFESTO
 8 -rw-rw-r--  1 root root  5201 Jun  4 17:35 README
44 -rw-rw-r--  1 root root 41403 Jun  4 17:35 redis.conf
 4 -rwxrwxr-x  1 root root   271 Jun  4 17:35 runtest
 4 -rwxrwxr-x  1 root root   280 Jun  4 17:35 runtest-cluster
 4 -rwxrwxr-x  1 root root   281 Jun  4 17:35 runtest-sentinel
 8 -rw-rw-r--  1 root root  7109 Jun  4 17:35 sentinel.conf
 4 drwxrwxr-x  2 root root  4096 Jun  4 17:35 src
 4 drwxrwxr-x 10 root root  4096 Jun  4 17:35 tests
 4 drwxrwxr-x  5 root root  4096 Jun  4 17:35 utils

[root@web02 redis-3.0.2]# make MALLOC=libc
cd src && make all
make[1]: Entering directory `/home/jifeng/redis-3.0.2/src'
rm -rf redis-server redis-sentinel redis-cli redis-benchmark redis-check-dump redis-check-aof *.o *.gcda *.gcno *.gcov redis.info lcov-html
(cd ../deps && make distclean)
make[2]: Entering directory `/home/jifeng/redis-3.0.2/deps'
(cd hiredis && make clean) > /dev/null || true
(cd linenoise && make clean) > /dev/null || true
(cd lua && make clean) > /dev/null || true
(cd jemalloc && [ -f Makefile ] && make distclean) > /dev/null || true
(rm -f .make-*)
make[2]: Leaving directory `/home/jifeng/redis-3.0.2/deps'
(rm -f .make-*)
echo STD=-std=c99 -pedantic >> .make-settings
echo WARN=-Wall -W >> .make-settings
echo OPT=-O2 >> .make-settings
echo MALLOC=libc >> .make-settings
echo CFLAGS= >> .make-settings
echo LDFLAGS= >> .make-settings
echo REDIS_CFLAGS= >> .make-settings
echo REDIS_LDFLAGS= >> .make-settings
echo PREV_FINAL_CFLAGS=-std=c99 -pedantic -Wall -W -O2 -g -ggdb   -I../deps/hiredis -I../deps/linenoise -I../deps/lua/src >> .make-settings
echo PREV_FINAL_LDFLAGS=  -g -ggdb -rdynamic >> .make-settings
(cd ../deps && make hiredis linenoise lua)
make[2]: Entering directory `/home/jifeng/redis-3.0.2/deps'
(cd hiredis && make clean) > /dev/null || true
(cd linenoise && make clean) > /dev/null || true
(cd lua && make clean) > /dev/null || true
(cd jemalloc && [ -f Makefile ] && make distclean) > /dev/null || true
(rm -f .make-*)
(echo "" > .make-ldflags)
(echo "" > .make-cflags)
MAKE hiredis
cd hiredis && make static
make[3]: Entering directory `/home/jifeng/redis-3.0.2/deps/hiredis'
cc -std=c99 -pedantic -c -O3 -fPIC  -Wall -W -Wstrict-prototypes -Wwrite-strings -g -ggdb  net.c
cc -std=c99 -pedantic -c -O3 -fPIC  -Wall -W -Wstrict-prototypes -Wwrite-strings -g -ggdb  hiredis.c
cc -std=c99 -pedantic -c -O3 -fPIC  -Wall -W -Wstrict-prototypes -Wwrite-strings -g -ggdb  sds.c
cc -std=c99 -pedantic -c -O3 -fPIC  -Wall -W -Wstrict-prototypes -Wwrite-strings -g -ggdb  async.c
ar rcs libhiredis.a net.o hiredis.o sds.o async.o
make[3]: Leaving directory `/home/jifeng/redis-3.0.2/deps/hiredis'
MAKE linenoise
cd linenoise && make
make[3]: Entering directory `/home/jifeng/redis-3.0.2/deps/linenoise'
cc  -Wall -Os -g  -c linenoise.c
make[3]: Leaving directory `/home/jifeng/redis-3.0.2/deps/linenoise'
MAKE lua
cd lua/src && make all CFLAGS="-O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL " MYLDFLAGS="" AR="ar rcu"
make[3]: Entering directory `/home/jifeng/redis-3.0.2/deps/lua/src'
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL    -c -o lapi.o lapi.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL    -c -o lcode.o lcode.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL    -c -o ldebug.o ldebug.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL    -c -o ldo.o ldo.c
ldo.c: In function ‘f_parser’:
ldo.c:496: warning: unused variable ‘c’
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL    -c -o ldump.o ldump.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL    -c -o lfunc.o lfunc.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL    -c -o lgc.o lgc.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL    -c -o llex.o llex.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL    -c -o lmem.o lmem.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL    -c -o lobject.o lobject.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL    -c -o lopcodes.o lopcodes.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL    -c -o lparser.o lparser.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL    -c -o lstate.o lstate.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL    -c -o lstring.o lstring.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL    -c -o ltable.o ltable.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL    -c -o ltm.o ltm.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL    -c -o lundump.o lundump.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL    -c -o lvm.o lvm.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL    -c -o lzio.o lzio.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL    -c -o strbuf.o strbuf.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL    -c -o fpconv.o fpconv.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL    -c -o lauxlib.o lauxlib.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL    -c -o lbaselib.o lbaselib.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL    -c -o ldblib.o ldblib.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL    -c -o liolib.o liolib.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL    -c -o lmathlib.o lmathlib.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL    -c -o loslib.o loslib.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL    -c -o ltablib.o ltablib.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL    -c -o lstrlib.o lstrlib.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL    -c -o loadlib.o loadlib.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL    -c -o linit.o linit.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL    -c -o lua_cjson.o lua_cjson.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL    -c -o lua_struct.o lua_struct.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL    -c -o lua_cmsgpack.o lua_cmsgpack.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL    -c -o lua_bit.o lua_bit.c
ar rcu liblua.a lapi.o lcode.o ldebug.o ldo.o ldump.o lfunc.o lgc.o llex.o lmem.o lobject.o lopcodes.o lparser.o lstate.o lstring.o ltable.o ltm.o lundump.o lvm.o lzio.o strbuf.o fpconv.o lauxlib.o lbaselib.o ldblib.o liolib.o lmathlib.o loslib.o ltablib.o lstrlib.o loadlib.o linit.o lua_cjson.o lua_struct.o lua_cmsgpack.o lua_bit.o   # DLL needs all object files
ranlib liblua.a
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL    -c -o lua.o lua.c
cc -o lua  lua.o liblua.a -lm 
liblua.a(loslib.o): In function `os_tmpname':
loslib.c:(.text+0x35): warning: the use of `tmpnam' is dangerous, better use `mkstemp'
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL    -c -o luac.o luac.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL    -c -o print.o print.c
cc -o luac  luac.o print.o liblua.a -lm 
make[3]: Leaving directory `/home/jifeng/redis-3.0.2/deps/lua/src'
make[2]: Leaving directory `/home/jifeng/redis-3.0.2/deps'
    CC adlist.o
    CC ae.o
    CC anet.o
anet.c: In function ‘anetSockName’:
anet.c:605: warning: dereferencing pointer ‘s’ does break strict-aliasing rules
anet.c:603: note: initialized from here
anet.c:609: warning: dereferencing pointer ‘s’ does break strict-aliasing rules
anet.c:607: note: initialized from here
anet.c: In function ‘anetPeerToString’:
anet.c:566: warning: dereferencing pointer ‘s’ does break strict-aliasing rules
anet.c:564: note: initialized from here
anet.c:570: warning: dereferencing pointer ‘s’ does break strict-aliasing rules
anet.c:568: note: initialized from here
anet.c: In function ‘anetTcpAccept’:
anet.c:537: warning: dereferencing pointer ‘s’ does break strict-aliasing rules
anet.c:535: note: initialized from here
anet.c:541: warning: dereferencing pointer ‘s’ does break strict-aliasing rules
anet.c:539: note: initialized from here
    CC dict.o
    CC redis.o
    CC sds.o
    CC zmalloc.o
    CC lzf_c.o
    CC lzf_d.o
    CC pqsort.o
    CC zipmap.o
    CC sha1.o
    CC ziplist.o
    CC release.o
    CC networking.o
    CC util.o
    CC object.o
    CC db.o
db.c: In function ‘scanGenericCommand’:
db.c:428: warning: ‘pat’ may be used uninitialized in this function
db.c:429: warning: ‘patlen’ may be used uninitialized in this function
    CC replication.o
    CC rdb.o
    CC t_string.o
    CC t_list.o
    CC t_set.o
    CC t_zset.o
    CC t_hash.o
    CC config.o
    CC aof.o
    CC pubsub.o
    CC multi.o
    CC debug.o
    CC sort.o
    CC intset.o
    CC syncio.o
    CC cluster.o
    CC crc16.o
    CC endianconv.o
    CC slowlog.o
    CC scripting.o
    CC bio.o
    CC rio.o
    CC rand.o
    CC memtest.o
    CC crc64.o
    CC bitops.o
    CC sentinel.o
    CC notify.o
    CC setproctitle.o
    CC blocked.o
    CC hyperloglog.o
    CC latency.o
    CC sparkline.o
    LINK redis-server
    INSTALL redis-sentinel
    CC redis-cli.o
    LINK redis-cli
    CC redis-benchmark.o
    LINK redis-benchmark
    CC redis-check-dump.o
    LINK redis-check-dump
    CC redis-check-aof.o
    LINK redis-check-aof

Hint: It's a good idea to run 'make test' ;)

make[1]: Leaving directory `/home/jifeng/redis-3.0.2/src'


4:运行

[root@web02 redis-3.0.2]# ./src/redis-server
3442:C 19 Jun 15:12:54.222 # Warning: no config file specified, using the default config. In order to specify a config file use ./src/redis-server /path/to/redis.conf
3442:M 19 Jun 15:12:54.223 * Increased maximum number of open files to 10032 (it was originally set to 1024).
                _._                                                  
           _.-``__ ''-._                                             
      _.-``    `.  `_.  ''-._           Redis 3.0.2 (00000000/0) 64 bit
  .-`` .-```.  ```\/    _.,_ ''-._                                   
 (    '      ,       .-`  | `,    )     Running in standalone mode
 |`-._`-...-` __...-.``-._|'` _.-'|     Port: 6379
 |    `-._   `._    /     _.-'    |     PID: 3442
  `-._    `-._  `-./  _.-'    _.-'                                   
 |`-._`-._    `-.__.-'    _.-'_.-'|                                  
 |    `-._`-._        _.-'_.-'    |           http://redis.io        
  `-._    `-._`-.__.-'_.-'    _.-'                                   
 |`-._`-._    `-.__.-'    _.-'_.-'|                                  
 |    `-._`-._        _.-'_.-'    |                                  
  `-._    `-._`-.__.-'_.-'    _.-'                                   
      `-._    `-.__.-'    _.-'                                       
          `-._        _.-'                                           
              `-.__.-'                                               

3442:M 19 Jun 15:12:54.224 # Server started, Redis version 3.0.2
3442:M 19 Jun 15:12:54.224 # WARNING overcommit_memory is set to 0! Background save may fail under low memory condition. To fix this issue add 'vm.overcommit_memory = 1' to /etc/sysctl.conf and then reboot or run the command 'sysctl vm.overcommit_memory=1' for this to take effect.
3442:M 19 Jun 15:12:54.224 # WARNING you have Transparent Huge Pages (THP) support enabled in your kernel. This will create latency and memory usage issues with Redis. To fix this issue run the command 'echo never > /sys/kernel/mm/transparent_hugepage/enabled' as root, and add it to your /etc/rc.local in order to retain the setting after a reboot. Redis must be restarted after THP is disabled.
3442:M 19 Jun 15:12:54.224 * The server is now ready to accept connections on port 6379


4:启动参数redis.conf

[root@web02 redis-3.0.2]# ./src/redis-server redis.conf 
[root@web02 redis-3.0.2]# 


前面启动Redis后,总是在命令行里不断跳着各种日志,很麻烦。即便通过“&”,领其后台运行,也无济于事。这就需要修改redis.conf,以Daemo模式运行!

redis.conf参数:
daemonize:是否以后台daemon方式运行
pidfile:pid文件位置
port:监听的端口号
timeout:请求超时时间
loglevel:log信息级别
logfile:log文件位置
databases:开启数据库的数量
save * *:保存快照的频率,第一个*表示多长时间(秒级),第三个*表示执行多少次写操作。在一定时间内执行一定数量的写操作时,自动保存快照。可设置多个条件。
rdbcompression:是否使用压缩
dbfilename:数据快照文件名(只是文件名,不包括目录)
dir:数据快照的保存目录(这个是目录)
appendonly:是否开启appendonlylog,开启的话每次写操作会记一条log,这会提高数据抗风险能力,但影响效率。
appendfsync:appendonlylog如何同步到磁盘(三个选项,分别是每次写都强制调用fsync、每秒启用一次fsync、不调用fsync等待系统自己同步)
slaveof :主从配置,在redis-slave上配置master的ip port,即可。


例如,我们可以修改为如下方式:
引用
daemonize yes #守护进程模式
save 60 1000 #当时间间隔超过60秒,或存储超过1000条记录时,进行持久化。
maxmemory 256mb #分配256MB内存
 
切记,一定要设定maxmemmory,且配置大小要小于物理内存,留有足够的内存供系统使用。

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