Docker 安装jenkins

原创 2017年12月27日 18:49:20

Docker拉取镜像

[root@iZuf6h59snssqyqa3ka87eZ ~]# docker search jenkins
INDEX       NAME                                                   DESCRIPTION                                     STARS     OFFICIAL   AUTOMATED
docker.io   docker.io/jenkins                                      Official Jenkins Docker image                   3311      [OK]       
docker.io   docker.io/jenkins/jenkins                              The leading open source automation server       412                  
docker.io   docker.io/jenkinsci/jenkins                            Jenkins Continuous Integration and Deliver...   309                  
docker.io   docker.io/jenkinsci/blueocean                          https://jenkins.io/projects/blueocean           91                   
docker.io   docker.io/jenkinsci/jnlp-slave                         A Jenkins slave using JNLP to establish co...   72                   [OK]
docker.io   docker.io/jenkinsci/slave                              Base Jenkins slave docker image                 29                   [OK]
docker.io   docker.io/cloudbees/jenkins-enterprise                 CloudBees Jenkins Enterprise (Rolling rele...   26                   [OK]
docker.io   docker.io/aespinosa/jenkins                            Sets up a container with jenkins installed...   22                   [OK]
docker.io   docker.io/cloudbees/jenkins-operations-center          CloudBees Jenkins Operation Center (Rollin...   10                   [OK]
docker.io   docker.io/killercentury/jenkins-slave-dind             Generic Jenkins Slave with Docker Engine a...   9                    [OK]
docker.io   docker.io/openshift/jenkins-2-centos7                  A Centos7 based Jenkins v2.x image for use...   9                    
docker.io   docker.io/fabric8/jenkins-docker                       Fabric8 Jenkins Docker Image                    8                    [OK]
docker.io   docker.io/jenkins/jnlp-slave                           a Jenkins agent (FKA "slave") using JNLP t...   7                    [OK]
docker.io   docker.io/logimethods/jenkins                          To allow Docker based builds through a Doc...   5                    [OK]
docker.io   docker.io/vfarcic/jenkins-swarm-agent                  Jenkins agent based on the Swarm plugin         5                    [OK]
docker.io   docker.io/publicisworldwide/jenkins-slave              Jenkins Slave based on Oracle Linux             4                    [OK]
docker.io   docker.io/camper83/jenkins-slave-with-docker-compose   jenkins slave with docker compose               3                    [OK]
docker.io   docker.io/openshift/jenkins-1-centos7                  DEPRECATED: A Centos7 based Jenkins v1.x i...   3                    
docker.io   docker.io/yasn77/docker-jenkins-slave                  Docker Jenkins slave image using swarm plu...   3                    [OK]
docker.io   docker.io/enieuw/jenkins                               Jenkins                                         1                    [OK]
docker.io   docker.io/ansibleplaybookbundle/jenkins-apb            An APB which deploys Jenkins CI                 0                    [OK]
docker.io   docker.io/h1kkan/jenkins-docker                        ?? Extended Jenkins docker image, bundle...      0                    
docker.io   docker.io/hivesolutions/jenkins_slave                  Slave container to be used in jenkins.          0                    [OK]
docker.io   docker.io/jameseckersall/jenkins                       docker-jenkins (based on openshift jenkins...   0                    [OK]
docker.io   docker.io/unox/jenkins                                 Jenkins, with the jenkins user added to th...   0                    [OK]
[root@iZuf6h59snssqyqa3ka87eZ ~]# docker pull docker.io/jenkins
Using default tag: latest
Trying to pull repository docker.io/library/jenkins ... 
latest: Pulling from docker.io/library/jenkins
723254a2c089: Pull complete 
abe15a44e12f: Pull complete 
409a28e3cc3d: Pull complete 
503166935590: Pull complete 
043a12c29ea4: Pull complete 
303620452447: Pull complete 
c61f95baa024: Pull complete 
3f2018472a1f: Pull complete 
a25f8a69c882: Pull complete 
ef0799915650: Pull complete 
d9a52178f3f2: Pull complete 
21d8e85eda47: Pull complete 
d1a59d3cef17: Pull complete 
5736476dca56: Pull complete 
677d0ef908aa: Pull complete 
10d71ec5b7fd: Pull complete 
768022bc0860: Pull complete 
878faf994156: Pull complete 
0030f731e722: Pull complete 
13749a7f1512: Pull complete 
Digest: sha256:b80cf491f1b4e6d490441eb54ae184f74abbd9f790495367afb7b9f1b3a7f2c9

创建数据目录并运行

[root@iZuf6h59snssqyqa3ka87eZ ~]# mkdir /data
[root@iZuf6h59snssqyqa3ka87eZ ~]# cd /data
[root@iZuf6h59snssqyqa3ka87eZ data]# docker run -d --name jenkins -p 8080:8080 -v /data/jenkins:/var/jenkins_home jenkins
5ad37d2c16d283788789282be7d0374c101cea443739b03da81ea5a0cc304104
[root@iZuf6h59snssqyqa3ka87eZ data]# docker exec -it jenkins  bash
Error response from daemon: Container 5ad37d2c16d283788789282be7d0374c101cea443739b03da81ea5a0cc304104 is not running
[root@iZuf6h59snssqyqa3ka87eZ data]# docker ps -a
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE               COMMAND                  CREATED             STATUS                          PORTS               NAMES
5ad37d2c16d2        jenkins             "/bin/tini -- /usr/lo"   2 minutes ago       Exited (1) About a minute ago                       jenkins
[root@iZuf6h59snssqyqa3ka87eZ data]# docker ps 
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE               COMMAND             CREATED             STATUS              PORTS               NAMES

Docker查看日志

[root@iZuf6h59snssqyqa3ka87eZ data]# docker logs jenkins
touch: cannot touch '/var/jenkins_home/copy_reference_file.log': Permission denied
Can not write to /var/jenkins_home/copy_reference_file.log. Wrong volume permissions?

没有权限,修改目录权限

[root@iZuf6h59snssqyqa3ka87eZ data]# chown -R 1000 /var/jenkins_home
chown: cannot access ?.var/jenkins_home?. No such file or directory
[root@iZuf6h59snssqyqa3ka87eZ data]# chown -R 1000 /data/jenkins
[root@iZuf6h59snssqyqa3ka87eZ data]# docker start jenkins
jenkins
[root@iZuf6h59snssqyqa3ka87eZ data]# docker logs jenkins
touch: cannot touch '/var/jenkins_home/copy_reference_file.log': Permission denied
Can not write to /var/jenkins_home/copy_reference_file.log. Wrong volume permissions?
Running from: /usr/share/jenkins/jenkins.war
webroot: EnvVars.masterEnvVars.get("JENKINS_HOME")
Dec 27, 2017 10:05:48 AM Main deleteWinstoneTempContents
WARNING: Failed to delete the temporary Winstone file /tmp/winstone/jenkins.war
Dec 27, 2017 10:05:48 AM org.eclipse.jetty.util.log.JavaUtilLog info
INFO: Logging initialized @295ms
Dec 27, 2017 10:05:48 AM winstone.Logger logInternal
INFO: Beginning extraction from war file
Dec 27, 2017 10:05:49 AM org.eclipse.jetty.util.log.JavaUtilLog warn
WARNING: Empty contextPath
Dec 27, 2017 10:05:49 AM org.eclipse.jetty.util.log.JavaUtilLog info
INFO: jetty-9.2.z-SNAPSHOT
Dec 27, 2017 10:05:49 AM org.eclipse.jetty.util.log.JavaUtilLog info
INFO: NO JSP Support for /, did not find org.eclipse.jetty.jsp.JettyJspServlet
Jenkins home directory: /var/jenkins_home found at: EnvVars.masterEnvVars.get("JENKINS_HOME")
Dec 27, 2017 10:05:50 AM org.eclipse.jetty.util.log.JavaUtilLog info
INFO: Started w.@56ace400{/,file:/var/jenkins_home/war/,AVAILABLE}{/var/jenkins_home/war}
Dec 27, 2017 10:05:50 AM org.eclipse.jetty.util.log.JavaUtilLog info
INFO: Started ServerConnector@1c80e49b{HTTP/1.1}{0.0.0.0:8080}
Dec 27, 2017 10:05:50 AM org.eclipse.jetty.util.log.JavaUtilLog info
INFO: Started @2269ms
Dec 27, 2017 10:05:50 AM winstone.Logger logInternal
INFO: Winstone Servlet Engine v2.0 running: controlPort=disabled
Dec 27, 2017 10:05:50 AM jenkins.InitReactorRunner$1 onAttained
INFO: Started initialization
Dec 27, 2017 10:05:50 AM jenkins.InitReactorRunner$1 onAttained
INFO: Listed all plugins
Dec 27, 2017 10:05:51 AM jenkins.InitReactorRunner$1 onAttained
INFO: Prepared all plugins
Dec 27, 2017 10:05:51 AM jenkins.InitReactorRunner$1 onAttained
INFO: Started all plugins
Dec 27, 2017 10:05:51 AM jenkins.InitReactorRunner$1 onAttained
INFO: Augmented all extensions
Dec 27, 2017 10:05:51 AM jenkins.InitReactorRunner$1 onAttained
INFO: Loaded all jobs
Dec 27, 2017 10:05:51 AM jenkins.util.groovy.GroovyHookScript execute
INFO: Executing /var/jenkins_home/init.groovy.d/tcp-slave-agent-port.groovy
Dec 27, 2017 10:05:52 AM jenkins.InitReactorRunner$1 onAttained
INFO: Completed initialization
Dec 27, 2017 10:05:52 AM hudson.model.AsyncPeriodicWork$1 run
INFO: Started Download metadata
Dec 27, 2017 10:05:52 AM org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext prepareRefresh
INFO: Refreshing org.springframework.web.context.support.StaticWebApplicationContext@32200236: display name [Root WebApplicationContext]; startup date [Wed Dec 27 10:05:52 UTC 2017]; root of context hierarchy
Dec 27, 2017 10:05:52 AM org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext obtainFreshBeanFactory
INFO: Bean factory for application context [org.springframework.web.context.support.StaticWebApplicationContext@32200236]: org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory@4e3b3483
Dec 27, 2017 10:05:52 AM org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory preInstantiateSingletons
INFO: Pre-instantiating singletons in org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory@4e3b3483: defining beans [authenticationManager]; root of factory hierarchy
Dec 27, 2017 10:05:52 AM org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext prepareRefresh
INFO: Refreshing org.springframework.web.context.support.StaticWebApplicationContext@6492f218: display name [Root WebApplicationContext]; startup date [Wed Dec 27 10:05:52 UTC 2017]; root of context hierarchy
Dec 27, 2017 10:05:52 AM org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext obtainFreshBeanFactory
INFO: Bean factory for application context [org.springframework.web.context.support.StaticWebApplicationContext@6492f218]: org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory@1ffd24f2
Dec 27, 2017 10:05:52 AM org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory preInstantiateSingletons
INFO: Pre-instantiating singletons in org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory@1ffd24f2: defining beans [filter,legacy]; root of factory hierarchy
Dec 27, 2017 10:05:52 AM jenkins.install.SetupWizard init
INFO: 
*************************************************************
*************************************************************
*************************************************************
Jenkins initial setup is required. An admin user has been created and a password generated.
Please use the following password to proceed to installation:
bcd16f9176b94e7c9e8cf93a7f154540
This may also be found at: /var/jenkins_home/secrets/initialAdminPassword
*************************************************************
*************************************************************
*************************************************************
查看密码,通过http://xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx:8080访问

[root@iZuf6h59snssqyqa3ka87eZ data]# cat /data/jenkins/secrets/initialAdminPassword
bcd16f9176b94e7c9e8cf93a7f154540

进入容器

[root@iZuf6h59snssqyqa3ka87eZ data]# docker exec -it jenkins  bash
jenkins@5ad37d2c16d2:/$ java -version                                                                                                                                                                       
openjdk version "1.8.0_151"
OpenJDK Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_151-8u151-b12-1~deb9u1-b12)
OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM (build 25.151-b12, mixed mode)

jenkins@5ad37d2c16d2:/$ ps -ef|grep java
jenkins      7     1 13 10:05 ?        00:00:50 java -jar /usr/share/jenkins/jenkins.war
jenkins    691   667  0 10:12 ?        00:00:00 grep java
jenkins@5ad37d2c16d2:/$ ps -ef|grep tomcat
jenkins    693   667  0 10:12 ?        00:00:00 grep tomcat
jenkins@5ad37d2c16d2:/$ cd /usr/share/jenkins/
jenkins@5ad37d2c16d2:/usr/share/jenkins$ ls
jenkins.war  ref
jenkins@5ad37d2c16d2:/usr/share/jenkins$ kill -9 7
关闭进程 容器也关了
jenkins@5ad37d2c16d2:/usr/share/jenkins$ [root@iZuf6h59snssqyqa3ka87eZ data]# 
[root@iZuf6h59snssqyqa3ka87eZ data]# docker exec -it jenkins  bash
Error response from daemon: Container 5ad37d2c16d283788789282be7d0374c101cea443739b03da81ea5a0cc304104 is not running

重新启动

[root@iZuf6h59snssqyqa3ka87eZ data]# docker start jenkins
jenkins
[root@iZuf6h59snssqyqa3ka87eZ data]# docker exec -it jenkins  bash
jenkins@5ad37d2c16d2:/$ cd  /usr/share/jenkins/                                                                                                                                                             
jenkins@5ad37d2c16d2:/usr/share/jenkins$ ls
jenkins.war  ref
jenkins@5ad37d2c16d2:~$ exit
exit

jenkins的版本是2.6.x的

Docker拉取jenkins 2.8.2

docker pull jenkins/jenkins:lts

[root@iZuf6h59snssqyqa3ka87eZ data]# docker pull jenkins/jenkins:lts
Trying to pull repository docker.io/jenkins/jenkins ... 
lts: Pulling from docker.io/jenkins/jenkins

Docker删除镜像

[root@iZuf6h59snssqyqa3ka87eZ ~]# docker images
REPOSITORY                  TAG                 IMAGE ID            CREATED             SIZE
docker.io/jenkins/jenkins   lts                 98ce3b62f77a        13 days ago         812.6 MB
docker.io/jenkins           latest              5fc84ab0b7ad        2 weeks ago         808.9 MB
[root@iZuf6h59snssqyqa3ka87eZ ~]# docker rmi docker.io/jenkins 
Untagged: docker.io/jenkins:latest
Untagged: docker.io/jenkins@sha256:b80cf491f1b4e6d490441eb54ae184f74abbd9f790495367afb7b9f1b3a7f2c9

[root@iZuf6h59snssqyqa3ka87eZ ~]# docker images
REPOSITORY                  TAG                 IMAGE ID            CREATED             SIZE
docker.io/jenkins/jenkins   lts                 98ce3b62f77a        13 days ago         812.6 MB

Jenkins配置

Jenkins主目录默认在/root/.jenkins
可以设置JENKINS_HOME环境参数
编辑profile文件:vi /etc/profile
在最后加入:export JENKINS_HOME=xxxx
保存,退出后执行:source  /etc/profile

JAVA_HOME=/opt/jdk1.8.0_111
JRE_HOME=$JAVA_HOME/jre
JENKINS_HOME=/data/jenkins
NEXUS_HOME=nexus-2.14.2-01
PLEXUS_NEXUS_WORK=/data/sonatype-work
M2_HOME=/opt/maven/
PATH=$JAVA_HOME/bin:$JAVA_HOME/jre/bin:$M2_HOME/bin:$NEXUS_HOME/bin:$PATH
CLASSPATH=,:$JAVA_HOME/lib/dt.jar:$JAVA_HOME/lib/tools.jar
export JAVA_HOME JRE_HOME PATH CLASSPATH JENKINS_HOME M2_HOME PLEXUS_NEXUS_WORK


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