C# xml 操作

来了解下操作XML所涉及到的几个类及之间的关系  如果大家发现少写了一些常用的方法,麻烦在评论中指出,我一定会补上的!谢谢大家

* 1 XMLElement 主要是针对节点的一些属性进行操作
* 2 XMLDocument 主要是针对节点的CUID操作
* 3 XMLNode 为抽象类,做为以上两类的基类,提供一些操作节点的方法

 

 

清楚了以上的关系在操作XML时会更清晰一点

 

二 具体操作(C#)

  以下会对Xml的结点与属性做增 删 改 查的操作也满足了实际工作中的大部分情况 

先构造一棵XML树如下,其中也涉及到了写入xml文档的操作

 

复制代码
 1         public void CreatXmlTree(string xmlPath)
 2         {
 3             XElement xElement = new XElement(
 4                 new XElement("BookStore",
 5                     new XElement("Book",
 6                         new XElement("Name", "C#入门", new XAttribute("BookName", "C#")),
 7                         new XElement("Author", "Martin", new XAttribute("Name", "Martin")),
 8                         new XElement("Adress", "上海"),
 9                         new XElement("Date", DateTime.Now.ToString("yyyy-MM-dd"))
10                         ),
11                     new XElement("Book",
12                         new XElement("Name", "WCF入门", new XAttribute("BookName", "WCF")),
13                         new XElement("Author", "Mary", new XAttribute("Name", "Mary")),
14                         new XElement("Adress", "北京"),
15                         new XElement("Date", DateTime.Now.ToString("yyyy-MM-dd"))
16                         )
17                         )
18                 );
19 
20             //需要指定编码格式,否则在读取时会抛:根级别上的数据无效。 第 1 行 位置 1异常
21             XmlWriterSettings settings = new XmlWriterSettings();
22             settings.Encoding = new UTF8Encoding(false);
23             settings.Indent = true;
24             XmlWriter xw = XmlWriter.Create(xmlPath,settings);
25             xElement.Save(xw);
26             //写入文件
27             xw.Flush();
28             xw.Close();
29         }
复制代码

 

然后得到如下的XML树

复制代码
 1 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
 2 <BookStore>
 3     <Book>
 4         <Name BookName="C#">C#入门</Name>
 5         <Author Name="Martin">Martin</Author>
 6         <Date>2013-10-11</Date>
 7         <Adress>上海</Adress>
 8         <Date>2013-10-11</Date>
 9     </Book>
10     <Book>
11         <Name BookName="WCF">WCF入门</Name>
12         <Author Name="Mary">Mary</Author>
13         <Adress>北京</Adress>
14         <Date>2013-10-11</Date>
15     </Book>
16 </BookStore>
复制代码

 

以下操作都是对生成的XML树进行操作

2.1 新增节点与属性

新增节点NewBook并增加属性Name="WPF"

复制代码
 1         public void Create(string xmlPath)
 2         {
 3             XmlDocument xmlDoc = new XmlDocument();
 4             xmlDoc.Load(xmlPath);
 5             
 6             var root = xmlDoc.DocumentElement;//取到根结点
 7             XmlNode newNode = xmlDoc.CreateNode("element", "NewBook", "");
 8             newNode.InnerText = "WPF";
 9 
10             //添加为根元素的第一层子结点
11             root.AppendChild(newNode);
12             xmlDoc.Save(xmlPath);
13         }
复制代码

 

 开篇有写操作xml节点属性主要用XmlElement对象所以取到结点后要转类型 

复制代码
 1         //属性
 2         public void CreateAttribute(string xmlPath)
 3         {
 4             XmlDocument xmlDoc = new XmlDocument();
 5             xmlDoc.Load(xmlPath);
 6             var root = xmlDoc.DocumentElement;//取到根结点
 7             XmlElement node = (XmlElement)xmlDoc.SelectSingleNode("BookStore/NewBook");
 8             node.SetAttribute("Name", "WPF");
 9             xmlDoc.Save(xmlPath);
10 
11         }
复制代码

 

 效果如下

 

2.2 删除节点与属性

复制代码
 1         public void Delete(string xmlPath)
 2         {
 3             XmlDocument xmlDoc = new XmlDocument();
 4             xmlDoc.Load(xmlPath);
 5             var root = xmlDoc.DocumentElement;//取到根结点
 6 
 7             var element = xmlDoc.SelectSingleNode("BookStore/NewBook");
 8             root.RemoveChild(element);
 9             xmlDoc.Save(xmlPath);
10         }
复制代码

删除属性

复制代码
 1         public void DeleteAttribute(string xmlPath)
 2         {
 3             XmlDocument xmlDoc = new XmlDocument();
 4             xmlDoc.Load(xmlPath);
 5             XmlElement node = (XmlElement)xmlDoc.SelectSingleNode("BookStore/NewBook");
 6             //移除指定属性
 7             node.RemoveAttribute("Name");
 8             //移除当前节点所有属性,不包括默认属性
 9             //node.RemoveAllAttributes();
10             xmlDoc.Save(xmlPath);
11         }
复制代码

 

2.3 修改节点与属性

   xml的节点默认是不允许修改的,本文也就不做处理了

  修改属性代码如下

复制代码
1         public void ModifyAttribute(string xmlPath)
2         {
3             XmlDocument xmlDoc = new XmlDocument();
4             xmlDoc.Load(xmlPath);
5             XmlElement element = (XmlElement)xmlDoc.SelectSingleNode("BookStore/NewBook");
6             element.SetAttribute("Name", "Zhang");
7             xmlDoc.Save(xmlPath);
8         }
复制代码

效果如下

2.4 获取节点与属性

复制代码
 1         public void Select(string xmlPath)
 2         {
 3             XmlDocument xmlDoc = new XmlDocument();
 4             xmlDoc.Load(xmlPath);
 5             //取根结点
 6             var root = xmlDoc.DocumentElement;//取到根结点
 7             //取指定的单个结点
 8             XmlNode oldChild = xmlDoc.SelectSingleNode("BookStore/NewBook");
 9             
10             //取指定的结点的集合
11             XmlNodeList nodes = xmlDoc.SelectNodes("BookStore/NewBook");
12 
13             //取到所有的xml结点
14             XmlNodeList nodelist = xmlDoc.GetElementsByTagName("*");
15         }
复制代码

属性

复制代码
1         public void SelectAttribute(string xmlPath)
2         {
3             XmlDocument xmlDoc = new XmlDocument();
4             xmlDoc.Load(xmlPath);
5             XmlElement element = (XmlElement)xmlDoc.SelectSingleNode("BookStore/NewBook");
6             string name = element.GetAttribute("Name");
7             Console.WriteLine(name);
8         }
复制代码

 

 

三  具体操作 (linq to XML)

 Linq to Xml 也没什么变化只操作对象改变了主要涉及的几个对象如下   注:我并没有用linq的语法去操作元素

XDocument:用于创建一个XML实例文档

XElement:用于一些节点与节点属性的基本操作

以下是对Xml的 一些简单的操作

3.1 新增节点与属性

复制代码
1         public void Create(string xmlPath)
2         {
3             XDocument xDoc = XDocument.Load(xmlPath);
4             XElement xElement = xDoc.Element("BookStore");
5             xElement.Add(new XElement("Test", new XAttribute("Name", "Zery")));
6             xDoc.Save(xmlPath);
7         }
复制代码

属性

复制代码
 1         public void CreateAttribute(string xmlPath)
 2         {
 3             XDocument xDoc = XDocument.Load(xmlPath);
 4             IEnumerable<XElement> xElement = xDoc.Element("BookStore").Elements("Book");
 5             foreach (var element in xElement)
 6             {
 7                 element.SetAttributeValue("Name", "Zery");
 8             }
 9             xDoc.Save(xmlPath);
10         }
复制代码

 

3.2 删除节点与属性

复制代码
1         public void Delete(string xmlPath)
2         {
3             XDocument xDoc = XDocument.Load(xmlPath);
4             XElement element = (XElement)xDoc.Element("BookStore").Element("Book");
5             element.Remove();
6             xDoc.Save(xmlPath);
7         }
复制代码

属性

复制代码
1         public void DeleteAttribute(string xmlPath)
2         {
3             XDocument xDoc = XDocument.Load(xmlPath);
4             //不能跨级取节点
5             XElement element = xDoc.Element("BookStore").Element("Book").Element("Name");
6             element.Attribute("BookName").Remove();
7             xDoc.Save(xmlPath);
8         }
复制代码

3.3 修改节点属性

节点.net没提供修改的方法本文也不做处理

修改属性与新增实质是同一个方法

复制代码
1         public void ModifyAttribute(string xmlPath)
2         {
3             XDocument xDoc = XDocument.Load(xmlPath);
4             XElement element = xDoc.Element("BookStore").Element("Book");
5             element.SetAttributeValue("BookName","ZeryTest");
6             xDoc.Save(xmlPath);
7         }
复制代码

 

 四 总结

  把文章写完时,又扫去了自己的一个盲区,虽然都是些简单的操作,但在实际的开中,又何尝不是由简单到复杂呢。我觉得身为程序员就应该遇到自己的盲区时,立马花时间去了解,不说要了解多深入,但至少基本的还是要知道,等到工作中真需时,只要稍微花点时间就可以了。

如果觉得文章对你有点帮助,不妨点下推荐,你的推荐让我对写文章能有更多的激情!

成长在于积累!



using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.IO;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using System.Xml;
using System.Web;
using System.Xml.Linq;
namespace XMLOperation
{
    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            /*=============Linq 读写XML==================*/
            string wxmlPath = @"F:\XmlTest\test.xml";
            XmlWriteReadLinqOperation writeReadLinq = new XmlWriteReadLinqOperation();
            // writeReadLinq.WriteXml(wxmlPath);
            writeReadLinq.CreatXmlTree(wxmlPath);


            //string xmlPath = @"F:\XML.xml";
            string xmlPath = @"C:\Users\zery.zhang\Desktop\ProjectDemo\XML.xml";
            /*
             * 1 三者之间的关系用图画出
             * 2 XMLElement 主要是针对节点的一些属性进行操作
             * 3 XMLDocument 主要是针对节点的CUID操作
             * 4 XMLNode 为抽象类,做为以上两类的基类,提供一些操作节点的方法
             */
            //===========C# to Xml==========//
            XmlOperation xmlOperation = new XmlOperation();
            //xmlOperation.Create(xmlPath);
            //xmlOperation.CreateAttribute(xmlPath);
            //xmlOperation.Delete(xmlPath);
            //xmlOperation.DeleteAttribute(xmlPath);
            //xmlOperation.Modify(xmlPath);
            //xmlOperation.ModifyAttribute(xmlPath);
            //xmlOperation.Select(xmlPath);
            //xmlOperation.SelectAttribute(xmlPath);
            /*=============Linq to Xml===========*/
            XmlOperationToLinq xOperation = new XmlOperationToLinq();
            // xOperation.Create(xmlPath);
            /*
             *1 给指定的XML节点的所有子节点增加一个节点,并增加属性
             *2 删除指定节点的子节点的指定属性
             *3
             */
            string lxmlPath = @"F:\XmlTest\test.xml";
            xOperation.Create(lxmlPath);
            xOperation.CreateAttribute(lxmlPath);
            //xperation.Delete(lxmlPath);
            //xOperation.DeleteAttribute(lxmlPath);
           // xOperation.ModifyAttribute(lxmlPath);
            /*=============C# 读写XML===============*/
            XmlWriteReadOperation writeRead = new XmlWriteReadOperation();

            Console.Read();
        }
    }
    class XmlOperation
    {
        public void Create(string xmlPath)
        {
            XmlDocument xmlDoc = new XmlDocument();
            xmlDoc.Load(xmlPath);
            var root = xmlDoc.DocumentElement;//取到根结点
            XmlNode newNode = xmlDoc.CreateNode("element", "Name", "");
            newNode.InnerText = "Zery";
            //添加为根元素的第一层子结点
            root.AppendChild(newNode);
            xmlDoc.Save(xmlPath);
        }
        //属性
        public void CreateAttribute(string xmlPath)
        {
            XmlDocument xmlDoc = new XmlDocument();
            xmlDoc.Load(xmlPath);
            XmlElement node = (XmlElement)xmlDoc.SelectSingleNode("Collection/Book");
            node.SetAttribute("Name", "C#");
            xmlDoc.Save(xmlPath);
        }
        public void Delete(string xmlPath)
        {
            XmlDocument xmlDoc = new XmlDocument();
            xmlDoc.Load(xmlPath);
            var root = xmlDoc.DocumentElement;//取到根结点
            var element = xmlDoc.SelectSingleNode("Collection/Name");
            root.RemoveChild(element);
            xmlDoc.Save(xmlPath);
        }
        public void DeleteAttribute(string xmlPath)
        {
           
            XmlDocument xmlDoc = new XmlDocument();
            xmlDoc.Load(xmlPath);
            XmlElement node = (XmlElement)xmlDoc.SelectSingleNode("Collection/Book");
            //移除指定属性
            node.RemoveAttribute("Name");
            //移除当前节点所有属性,不包括默认属性
            node.RemoveAllAttributes();
            xmlDoc.Save(xmlPath);
        }
        public void Modify(string xmlPath)
        {
            XmlDocument xmlDoc = new XmlDocument();
            xmlDoc.Load(xmlPath);
            var root = xmlDoc.DocumentElement;//取到根结点
            XmlNodeList nodeList = xmlDoc.SelectNodes("/Collection/Book");
            //xml不能直接更改结点名称,只能复制然后替换,再删除原来的结点
            foreach (XmlNode node in nodeList)
            {
                var xmlNode = (XmlElement)node;
                xmlNode.SetAttribute("ISBN", "Zery");
            }
            xmlDoc.Save(xmlPath);
        }
        public void ModifyAttribute(string xmlPath)
        {
            XmlDocument xmlDoc = new XmlDocument();
            xmlDoc.Load(xmlPath);
            XmlElement element = (XmlElement)xmlDoc.SelectSingleNode("Collection/Book");
            element.SetAttribute("Name", "Zhang");
            xmlDoc.Save(xmlPath);
        }
        public void Select(string xmlPath)
        {
            XmlDocument xmlDoc = new XmlDocument();
            xmlDoc.Load(xmlPath);
            //取根结点
            var root = xmlDoc.DocumentElement;//取到根结点
            //取指定的单个结点
            XmlNode singleNode = xmlDoc.SelectSingleNode("Collection/Book");
            //取指定的结点的集合
            XmlNodeList nodes = xmlDoc.SelectNodes("Collection/Book");
            //取到所有的xml结点
            XmlNodeList nodelist = xmlDoc.GetElementsByTagName("*");
        }
        public void SelectAttribute(string xmlPath)
        {
            XmlDocument xmlDoc = new XmlDocument();
            xmlDoc.Load(xmlPath);
            XmlElement element = (XmlElement)xmlDoc.SelectSingleNode("Collection/Book");
            string name = element.GetAttribute("Name");
         
        }
    }
    class XmlOperationToLinq
    {
        //其它操作
        public void OtherOperaton()
        {
            //加文件头
        }

        public void Create(string xmlPath)
        {
            XDocument xDoc = XDocument.Load(xmlPath);
            XElement xElement = xDoc.Element("BookStore");
            xElement.Add(new XElement("Test", new XAttribute("Name", "Zery")));
            xDoc.Save(xmlPath);
        }
        public void CreateAttribute(string xmlPath)
        {
            XDocument xDoc = XDocument.Load(xmlPath);
            IEnumerable<XElement> xElement = xDoc.Element("BookStore").Elements("Book");
            foreach (var element in xElement)
            {
                element.SetAttributeValue("Name", "Zery");
            }
            xDoc.Save(xmlPath);
        }
       
        public void Delete(string xmlPath)
        {
            XDocument xDoc = XDocument.Load(xmlPath);
            XElement element = (XElement)xDoc.Element("BookStore").Element("Book");
            element.Remove();
            xDoc.Save(xmlPath);
        }
        public void DeleteAttribute(string xmlPath)
        {
            XDocument xDoc = XDocument.Load(xmlPath);
            //不能跨级取节点
            XElement element = xDoc.Element("BookStore").Element("Book").Element("Name");
            element.Attribute("BookName").Remove();
            xDoc.Save(xmlPath);
        }
        public void ModifyAttribute(string xmlPath)
        {
            XDocument xDoc = XDocument.Load(xmlPath);
            XElement element = xDoc.Element("BookStore").Element("Book");
            element.SetAttributeValue("BookName","ZeryTest");
            xDoc.Save(xmlPath);
        }

    }
    internal class XmlWriteReadOperation
    {
    }

    class XmlWriteReadLinqOperation
    {

        public void CreatXmlTree(string xmlPath)
        {
            XElement xElement = new XElement(
                new XElement("BookStore",
                    new XElement("Book",
                        new XElement("Name", "C#入门", new XAttribute("BookName", "C#")),
                        new XElement("Author", "Martin", new XAttribute("Name", "Martin")),
                        new XElement("Adress", "上海"),
                        new XElement("Date", DateTime.Now.ToString("yyyy-MM-dd"))
                        ),
                    new XElement("Book",
                        new XElement("Name", "WCF入门", new XAttribute("BookName", "WCF")),
                        new XElement("Author", "Mary", new XAttribute("Name", "Mary")),
                        new XElement("Adress", "北京"),
                        new XElement("Date", DateTime.Now.ToString("yyyy-MM-dd"))
                        )
                        )
                );
            //需要指定编码格式,否则在读取时会抛:根级别上的数据无效。 第 1 行 位置 1异常
            XmlWriterSettings settings = new XmlWriterSettings();
            settings.Encoding = new UTF8Encoding(false);
            settings.Indent = true;
            XmlWriter xw = XmlWriter.Create(xmlPath,settings);
            xElement.Save(xw);
            //写入文件
            xw.Flush();
            xw.Close();
        }


        public void WriteXml(string xmlPath)
        {
            XElement xElement = new XElement(
                new XElement("Store",
                    new XElement("Book", "技术类",
                        new XElement("Name", "C#入门", new XAttribute("BookName", "C#")),
                        new XElement("Author", "Martin", new XAttribute("Name", "Zery")),
                        new XComment("以下为注释"),//xml注释
                        new XElement("Date", DateTime.Now.ToString(), new XAttribute("PublicDate", DateTime.Now.ToString()))
                        ))
                );
      
            XmlWriter xw = XmlWriter.Create(xmlPath);
            //保存到XmlWriter
            xElement.Save(xw);
            //写入文件
            xw.Flush();
            xw.Close();
        }

    }
}
阅读更多

没有更多推荐了,返回首页