python中%r和%s的区别

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%r用rper()方法处理对象

%s用str()方法处理对象

有些情况下,两者处理的结果是一样的,比如说处理int型对象。

例一:

print "I am %d years old." % 22
print "I am %s years old." % 22
print "I am %r years old." % 22

返回结果:

I am 22 years old.
I am 22 years old.
I am 22 years old.

另外一些情况两者就不同了

例二:

text = "I am %d years old." % 22
print "I said: %s." % text
print "I said: %r." % text

返回结果:

I said: I am 22 years old..
I said: 'I am 22 years old.'. // %r 给字符串加了单引号

再看一种情况

例三:

import datetime
d = datetime.date.today()
print "%s" % d
print "%r" % d


返回结果:
2014-04-14
datetime.date(2014, 4, 14)

可见,%r打印时能够重现它所代表的对象(rper() unambiguously recreate the object it represents)


参考:http://stackoverflow.com/questions/6005159/when-to-use-r-instead-of-s-in-python

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