Spring原理(三)bean实例化

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本文链接:https://blog.csdn.net/wutian713/article/details/52780375
  1. bean的实例化

  2. 依赖注入的相关配置

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
    xsi:schemaLocation="
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-4.1.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-4.1.xsd"
    default-lazy-init="true">
    <description>Spring公共配置 </description>
    <!-- <context:component-scan
        base-package="com.sjj.controller,com.sjj.service,com.sjj.dao" /> -->

    <bean id="moneyService" class="com.sjj.service.MoneyService" init-method="initMethod" >  
        <property name="name"  value="人民币" />
    </bean>

    <!--init-method 方法是用户定义的初始化方法,在bean被实例化之后执行,bean实例化有两种方式  -->

    <bean id="bankService" class="com.sjj.service.BankService" init-method="initMethod"  scope = "singleton">
        <property name="moneyService" ref="moneyService" />
        <property name="bankNames">
         <list>
          <value>ICBC</value>
          <value>CYBC</value>
         </list>
        </property>
    </bean>

    <bean id ="myBeanFactoryPostProcessor" class = "com.sjj.postProcessor.MyBeanFactoryPostProcessor"></bean>
    <bean id ="myBeanPostProcessor" class = "com.sjj.postProcessor.MyBeanPostProcessor"></bean>

</beans>    

default-lazy-init=”true” 配置了全局的延迟加载,延迟加载的含义spring上下文环境初始化时并不会实例化所有的bean,只有当真正使用时才会去初始化,何时才算真正使用呢?比如调用getBean方法时就会实例化指定的bean,这个全局配置灵活性不高。一般情况会在bean定义上配置各自的lazy-init=”true”属性。

注意:如果被引用bean moneyService配置的延迟加载,引用bean bankService配置的非延迟加载,此时由于bankService要用到moneyService,这种情况也符合真正用到的意思,所以moneyService也会被实例化。

  1. bean实例化的源码分析

    方法getBean是bean实例化的入口,FileSystemXmlApplicationContext的父类AbstractRefreshableApplicationContext默认持有DefaultListableBeanFactory的实例,bean实例化的主要逻辑都在其方法doGetBean中。

FileSystemXmlApplicationContext ctx = new FileSystemXmlApplicationContext("D:/workspace/demo_spring_standalone/src/main/resources/applicationContext.xml");    
ctx.getBean("bankService")
protected <T> T doGetBean(
            final String name, final Class<T> requiredType, final Object[] args, boolean typeCheckOnly)
            throws BeansException {

        final String beanName = transformedBeanName(name);
        Object bean;

        // Eagerly check singleton cache for manually registered singletons.
        /*
         * 如果指定的bean设置了非延迟加载,那么这时的bean应该是已经被实例化了,也就是说sharedInstance不为null,
         * 这时走到方法getObjectForBeanInstance,该方法主要是判断指定bean是否FactoryBean,是则进行相应处理得到FactoryBean代表的            
         * bean的实例
         */
        Object sharedInstance = getSingleton(beanName);
        if (sharedInstance != null && args == null) {
            if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
                if (isSingletonCurrentlyInCreation(beanName)) {
                    logger.debug("Returning eagerly cached instance of singleton bean '" + beanName +
                            "' that is not fully initialized yet - a consequence of a circular reference");
                }
                else {
                    logger.debug("Returning cached instance of singleton bean '" + beanName + "'");
                }
            }
            bean = getObjectForBeanInstance(sharedInstance, name, beanName, null);
        }

        else {
            // Fail if we're already creating this bean instance:
            // We're assumably within a circular reference.
            /*
             *这里判断指定bean在当前线程中是不是正在被创建,这里有一个重要的限定词“当前线程”,为什么要限定当前线程呢?
             *因为else分支说明指定bean不是单例的,即使原型的,原型是指每次使用都创建新的实例,在考虑到应用可能运行在多线程环境中,
             *每个线程都可以创建自己的bean的实例而互不干扰,这是可以理解的合理状况。
             *在AbstractBeanFactoryTh中用ThreadLocal来保存正在被创建的原型模式的bean的名称。
             */
            if (isPrototypeCurrentlyInCreation(beanName)) {
                throw new BeanCurrentlyInCreationException(beanName);
            }

            // Check if bean definition exists in this factory.
            BeanFactory parentBeanFactory = getParentBeanFactory();
            /*
             *这里判断指定bean是否存在于当前的beanFactory中,DefaultListableBeanFactory使用了
             *ConcurrentHashMap 来持有当前beanFactory所有的beanDefinition,用ConcurrentHashMap的目的就是要保证高的并发性能,
             *因为
             */
            if (parentBeanFactory != null && !containsBeanDefinition(beanName)) {
                // Not found -> check parent.
                String nameToLookup = originalBeanName(name);
                if (args != null) {
                    // Delegation to parent with explicit args.
                    return (T) parentBeanFactory.getBean(nameToLookup, args);
                }
                else {
                    // No args -> delegate to standard getBean method.
                    return parentBeanFactory.getBean(nameToLookup, requiredType);
                }
            }

            if (!typeCheckOnly) {
                markBeanAsCreated(beanName);
            }

            try {
                final RootBeanDefinition mbd = getMergedLocalBeanDefinition(beanName);
                checkMergedBeanDefinition(mbd, beanName, args);

                // Guarantee initialization of beans that the current bean depends on.
                String[] dependsOn = mbd.getDependsOn();
                if (dependsOn != null) {
                    for (String dependsOnBean : dependsOn) {
                        if (isDependent(beanName, dependsOnBean)) {
                            throw new BeanCreationException(mbd.getResourceDescription(), beanName,
                                    "Circular depends-on relationship between '" + beanName + "' and '" + dependsOnBean + "'");
                        }
                        registerDependentBean(dependsOnBean, beanName);
                        getBean(dependsOnBean);
                    }
                }

                // Create bean instance.
                /*
                 *如果是单例,则走当前分支。
                 *这里有一个回调,创建了一个匿名类ObjectFactory的实例,重写了getObject方法,调用了    
                 *AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory的createBean方法,也就是方法getSingleton里面会回调这里的createBean方法
                 */
                if (mbd.isSingleton()) {
                    sharedInstance = getSingleton(beanName, new ObjectFactory<Object>() {
                        @Override
                        public Object getObject() throws BeansException {
                            try {
                                return createBean(beanName, mbd, args);
                            }
                            catch (BeansException ex) {
                                // Explicitly remove instance from singleton cache: It might have been put there
                                // eagerly by the creation process, to allow for circular reference resolution.
                                // Also remove any beans that received a temporary reference to the bean.
                                destroySingleton(beanName);
                                throw ex;
                            }
                        }
                    });
                    bean = getObjectForBeanInstance(sharedInstance, name, beanName, mbd);
                }
                /*
                 *如果是原型,则走当前分支
                 */
                else if (mbd.isPrototype()) {
                    // It's a prototype -> create a new instance.
                    Object prototypeInstance = null;
                    try {
                        beforePrototypeCreation(beanName);
                        prototypeInstance = createBean(beanName, mbd, args);
                    }
                    finally {
                        afterPrototypeCreation(beanName);
                    }
                    bean = getObjectForBeanInstance(prototypeInstance, name, beanName, mbd);
                }

                else {
                    String scopeName = mbd.getScope();
                    final Scope scope = this.scopes.get(scopeName);
                    if (scope == null) {
                        throw new IllegalStateException("No Scope registered for scope '" + scopeName + "'");
                    }
                    try {
                        /*
                         *这里也是一个回调,不论是原型、单例关键的方法都是createBean
                         */
                        Object scopedInstance = scope.get(beanName, new ObjectFactory<Object>() {
                            @Override
                            public Object getObject() throws BeansException {
                                beforePrototypeCreation(beanName);
                                try {
                                    return createBean(beanName, mbd, args);
                                }
                                finally {
                                    afterPrototypeCreation(beanName);
                                }
                            }
                        });
                        bean = getObjectForBeanInstance(scopedInstance, name, beanName, mbd);
                    }
                    catch (IllegalStateException ex) {
                        throw new BeanCreationException(beanName,
                                "Scope '" + scopeName + "' is not active for the current thread; " +
                                "consider defining a scoped proxy for this bean if you intend to refer to it from a singleton",
                                ex);
                    }
                }
            }
            catch (BeansException ex) {
                cleanupAfterBeanCreationFailure(beanName);
                throw ex;
            }
        }

        // Check if required type matches the type of the actual bean instance.
        /*
         *判断指定bean是否需要类型转换,requiredType是用户传入的目标类型
         */
        if (requiredType != null && bean != null && !requiredType.isAssignableFrom(bean.getClass())) {
            try {
                return getTypeConverter().convertIfNecessary(bean, requiredType);
            }
            catch (TypeMismatchException ex) {
                if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
                    logger.debug("Failed to convert bean '" + name + "' to required type [" +
                            ClassUtils.getQualifiedName(requiredType) + "]", ex);
                }
                throw new BeanNotOfRequiredTypeException(name, requiredType, bean.getClass());
            }
        }
        return (T) bean;
    }

这里对于FactoryBean的实例化后面会深入分析,这里不再继续。

    protected Object getObjectForBeanInstance(
            Object beanInstance, String name, String beanName, RootBeanDefinition mbd) {

        // Don't let calling code try to dereference the factory if the bean isn't a factory.
        if (BeanFactoryUtils.isFactoryDereference(name) && !(beanInstance instanceof FactoryBean)) {
            throw new BeanIsNotAFactoryException(transformedBeanName(name), beanInstance.getClass());
        }

        // Now we have the bean instance, which may be a normal bean or a FactoryBean.
        // If it's a FactoryBean, we use it to create a bean instance, unless the
        // caller actually wants a reference to the factory.
        /*
         *判断beanInstance是否FactoryBean,或者用户是否想要获取的是FactoryBean本身的实例,即name有“&”前缀
         *满足以上其中一个条件,直接返回beanInstance,否则继续作为FactoryBean处理
         */
        if (!(beanInstance instanceof FactoryBean) || BeanFactoryUtils.isFactoryDereference(name)) {
            return beanInstance;
        }

        Object object = null;
        /*
         *首先去缓存里取,缓存里没有再继续下面的逻辑
         */
        if (mbd == null) {
            object = getCachedObjectForFactoryBean(beanName);
        }
        if (object == null) {
            // Return bean instance from factory.
            FactoryBean<?> factory = (FactoryBean<?>) beanInstance;
            // Caches object obtained from FactoryBean if it is a singleton.
            if (mbd == null && containsBeanDefinition(beanName)) {
                mbd = getMergedLocalBeanDefinition(beanName);
            }
            boolean synthetic = (mbd != null && mbd.isSynthetic());
            object = getObjectFromFactoryBean(factory, beanName, !synthetic);
        }
        return object;
    }

下面是AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory的createBean方法

    protected Object createBean(final String beanName, final RootBeanDefinition mbd, final Object[] args)
            throws BeanCreationException {

        if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
            logger.debug("Creating instance of bean '" + beanName + "'");
        }
        // Make sure bean class is actually resolved at this point.
        resolveBeanClass(mbd, beanName);

        // Prepare method overrides.
        try {
            mbd.prepareMethodOverrides();
        }
        catch (BeanDefinitionValidationException ex) {
            throw new BeanDefinitionStoreException(mbd.getResourceDescription(),
                    beanName, "Validation of method overrides failed", ex);
        }

        try {
            // Give BeanPostProcessors a chance to return a proxy instead of the target bean instance.
            Object bean = resolveBeforeInstantiation(beanName, mbd);
            if (bean != null) {
                return bean;
            }
        }
        catch (Throwable ex) {
            throw new BeanCreationException(mbd.getResourceDescription(), beanName,
                    "BeanPostProcessor before instantiation of bean failed", ex);
        }

        Object beanInstance = doCreateBean(beanName, mbd, args);
        if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
            logger.debug("Finished creating instance of bean '" + beanName + "'");
        }
        return beanInstance;
    }

创建指定bean的实例的逻辑在方法doCreateBean中

    protected Object doCreateBean(final String beanName, final RootBeanDefinition mbd, final Object[] args) {
        // Instantiate the bean.
        BeanWrapper instanceWrapper = null;
        if (mbd.isSingleton()) {
            instanceWrapper = this.factoryBeanInstanceCache.remove(beanName);
        }
        /*
         *如果指定bean没有被实例化过,即缓存中不存在指定bean的实例,调用方法createBeanInstance创建bean的实例
         */
        if (instanceWrapper == null) {
            instanceWrapper = createBeanInstance(beanName, mbd, args);
        }
        final Object bean = (instanceWrapper != null ? instanceWrapper.getWrappedInstance() : null);
        Class<?> beanType = (instanceWrapper != null ? instanceWrapper.getWrappedClass() : null);

        // Allow post-processors to modify the merged bean definition.
        synchronized (mbd.postProcessingLock) {
            if (!mbd.postProcessed) {
                applyMergedBeanDefinitionPostProcessors(mbd, beanType, beanName);
                mbd.postProcessed = true;
            }
        }

        // Eagerly cache singletons to be able to resolve circular references
        // even when triggered by lifecycle interfaces like BeanFactoryAware.
        boolean earlySingletonExposure = (mbd.isSingleton() && this.allowCircularReferences &&
                isSingletonCurrentlyInCreation(beanName));
        if (earlySingletonExposure) {
            if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
                logger.debug("Eagerly caching bean '" + beanName +
                        "' to allow for resolving potential circular references");
            }
            addSingletonFactory(beanName, new ObjectFactory<Object>() {
                @Override
                public Object getObject() throws BeansException {
                    return getEarlyBeanReference(beanName, mbd, bean);
                }
            });
        }

        // Initialize the bean instance.
        Object exposedObject = bean;
        try {
            /*
             *填充指定bean的注入属性,
             */
            populateBean(beanName, mbd, instanceWrapper);
            if (exposedObject != null) {
                exposedObject = initializeBean(beanName, exposedObject, mbd);
            }
        }
        catch (Throwable ex) {
            if (ex instanceof BeanCreationException && beanName.equals(((BeanCreationException) ex).getBeanName())) {
                throw (BeanCreationException) ex;
            }
            else {
                throw new BeanCreationException(mbd.getResourceDescription(), beanName, "Initialization of bean failed", ex);
            }
        }

        if (earlySingletonExposure) {
            Object earlySingletonReference = getSingleton(beanName, false);
            if (earlySingletonReference != null) {
                if (exposedObject == bean) {
                    exposedObject = earlySingletonReference;
                }
                else if (!this.allowRawInjectionDespiteWrapping && hasDependentBean(beanName)) {
                    String[] dependentBeans = getDependentBeans(beanName);
                    Set<String> actualDependentBeans = new LinkedHashSet<String>(dependentBeans.length);
                    for (String dependentBean : dependentBeans) {
                        if (!removeSingletonIfCreatedForTypeCheckOnly(dependentBean)) {
                            actualDependentBeans.add(dependentBean);
                        }
                    }
                    if (!actualDependentBeans.isEmpty()) {
                        throw new BeanCurrentlyInCreationException(beanName,
                                "Bean with name '" + beanName + "' has been injected into other beans [" +
                                StringUtils.collectionToCommaDelimitedString(actualDependentBeans) +
                                "] in its raw version as part of a circular reference, but has eventually been " +
                                "wrapped. This means that said other beans do not use the final version of the " +
                                "bean. This is often the result of over-eager type matching - consider using " +
                                "'getBeanNamesOfType' with the 'allowEagerInit' flag turned off, for example.");
                    }
                }
            }
        }

        // Register bean as disposable.
        try {
            registerDisposableBeanIfNecessary(beanName, bean, mbd);
        }
        catch (BeanDefinitionValidationException ex) {
            throw new BeanCreationException(mbd.getResourceDescription(), beanName, "Invalid destruction signature", ex);
        }

        return exposedObject;
    }
    /*
     *方法invokeInitMethods主要作用是调用bean的初始化方法,bean初始化有两种方式:
     *(1)在bean的定义里指定 init-method="methodName"
     *(2) bean的class继承InitializingBean接口,实现afterPropertiesSet方法,这个方法和(1)中的init-method指定的方法作用   
     *    相同。
     * 有下面的代码可知,这两种方式是可以同时存在的,只不过执行顺序方法(2)在方法(1)之前
     */
    protected void invokeInitMethods(String beanName, final Object bean, RootBeanDefinition mbd)
            throws Throwable {

        boolean isInitializingBean = (bean instanceof InitializingBean);
        if (isInitializingBean && (mbd == null || !mbd.isExternallyManagedInitMethod("afterPropertiesSet"))) {
            if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
                logger.debug("Invoking afterPropertiesSet() on bean with name '" + beanName + "'");
            }
            if (System.getSecurityManager() != null) {
                try {
                    AccessController.doPrivileged(new PrivilegedExceptionAction<Object>() {
                        @Override
                        public Object run() throws Exception {
                            ((InitializingBean) bean).afterPropertiesSet();
                            return null;
                        }
                    }, getAccessControlContext());
                }
                catch (PrivilegedActionException pae) {
                    throw pae.getException();
                }
            }
            else {
                ((InitializingBean) bean).afterPropertiesSet();
            }
        }

        if (mbd != null) {
            String initMethodName = mbd.getInitMethodName();
            if (initMethodName != null && !(isInitializingBean && "afterPropertiesSet".equals(initMethodName)) &&
                    !mbd.isExternallyManagedInitMethod(initMethodName)) {
                invokeCustomInitMethod(beanName, bean, mbd);
            }
        }
    }
    protected BeanWrapper createBeanInstance(String beanName, RootBeanDefinition mbd, Object[] args) {
        // Make sure bean class is actually resolved at this point.
        Class<?> beanClass = resolveBeanClass(mbd, beanName);

        if (beanClass != null && !Modifier.isPublic(beanClass.getModifiers()) && !mbd.isNonPublicAccessAllowed()) {
            throw new BeanCreationException(mbd.getResourceDescription(), beanName,
                    "Bean class isn't public, and non-public access not allowed: " + beanClass.getName());
        }

        /*
         *工厂方法不为null,即在bean的定义中使用了工厂方法的实例化方式,使用定义的工厂方法实例化指定bean。配置工厂方式实例化的例子如下:
         *     <bean id="moneyFactory" class="com.sjj.service.MoneyFactory" ></bean>
         *     <bean id="moneyService" class="com.sjj.service.MoneyService"  factory-method="getMoney" factory-bean="moneyFactory" 
         *           lazy-init="true">  
         *        <constructor-arg>  
         *           <value>美元</value>
         *        </constructor-arg>  
         *     </bean>
         */
        if (mbd.getFactoryMethodName() != null)  {
            return instantiateUsingFactoryMethod(beanName, mbd, args);
        }

        // Shortcut when re-creating the same bean...
        boolean resolved = false;
        boolean autowireNecessary = false;
        if (args == null) {
            synchronized (mbd.constructorArgumentLock) {
                /*
                 * 至于哪种情况下会走到这个分支,目前还不清楚
                 */
                if (mbd.resolvedConstructorOrFactoryMethod != null) {
                    resolved = true;
                    autowireNecessary = mbd.constructorArgumentsResolved;
                }
            }
        }
        if (resolved) {
            if (autowireNecessary) {
                return autowireConstructor(beanName, mbd, null, null);
            }
            else {
                return instantiateBean(beanName, mbd);
            }
        }

        // Need to determine the constructor...
        Constructor<?>[] ctors = determineConstructorsFromBeanPostProcessors(beanClass, beanName);
        if (ctors != null ||
                mbd.getResolvedAutowireMode() == RootBeanDefinition.AUTOWIRE_CONSTRUCTOR ||
                mbd.hasConstructorArgumentValues() || !ObjectUtils.isEmpty(args))  {
            return autowireConstructor(beanName, mbd, ctors, args);
        }

        // No special handling: simply use no-arg constructor.
        return instantiateBean(beanName, mbd);
    }
    protected BeanWrapper instantiateBean(final String beanName, final RootBeanDefinition mbd) {
        try {
            Object beanInstance;
            final BeanFactory parent = this;
            if (System.getSecurityManager() != null) {
                beanInstance = AccessController.doPrivileged(new PrivilegedAction<Object>() {
                    @Override
                    public Object run() {
                        return getInstantiationStrategy().instantiate(mbd, beanName, parent);
                    }
                }, getAccessControlContext());
            }
            else {
                /*
                 *默认的实例化策略是cglib
                 */
                beanInstance = getInstantiationStrategy().instantiate(mbd, beanName, parent);
            }
            BeanWrapper bw = new BeanWrapperImpl(beanInstance);
            initBeanWrapper(bw);
            return bw;
        }
        catch (Throwable ex) {
            throw new BeanCreationException(mbd.getResourceDescription(), beanName, "Instantiation of bean failed", ex);
        }
    }

下面是SimpleInstantiationStrategy的方法instantiate,SimpleInstantiationStrategy是CglibSubclassingInstantiationStrategy的父类

    public Object instantiate(RootBeanDefinition bd, String beanName, BeanFactory owner) {
        // Don't override the class with CGLIB if no overrides.
        if (bd.getMethodOverrides().isEmpty()) {
            Constructor<?> constructorToUse;
            synchronized (bd.constructorArgumentLock) {
                constructorToUse = (Constructor<?>) bd.resolvedConstructorOrFactoryMethod;
                if (constructorToUse == null) {
                    final Class<?> clazz = bd.getBeanClass();
                    if (clazz.isInterface()) {
                        throw new BeanInstantiationException(clazz, "Specified class is an interface");
                    }
                    try {
                        if (System.getSecurityManager() != null) {
                            constructorToUse = AccessController.doPrivileged(new PrivilegedExceptionAction<Constructor<?>>() {
                                @Override
                                public Constructor<?> run() throws Exception {
                                    return clazz.getDeclaredConstructor((Class[]) null);
                                }
                            });
                        }
                        else {
                            /*
                             *这里会获取指定bean的类的默认无参构造器,同时也解释了如果bean的类定义了带参的构造器,那就需要显式的把无参的构造器定义出来,否则就 
                             *会报找不到构造器的异常,这个异常就是在这里报出来的。这仅限于bean的实例化方法未指定为静态工厂方法或者实例工厂方法时,即使用默认的
                             *构造器实例化(bean定义未显式指定上述两种实例化方式),如果是前两种实例化方式,要视具体情况而定,看工厂方法里实例化bean时调用的是
                             *哪个构造方法(是否带参数)。
                             */
                            constructorToUse =  clazz.getDeclaredConstructor((Class[]) null);
                        }
                        bd.resolvedConstructorOrFactoryMethod = constructorToUse;
                    }
                    catch (Exception ex) {
                        throw new BeanInstantiationException(clazz, "No default constructor found", ex);
                    }
                }
            }
            return BeanUtils.instantiateClass(constructorToUse);
        }
        else {
            // Must generate CGLIB subclass.
            return instantiateWithMethodInjection(bd, beanName, owner);
        }
    }

下面是BeanUtils的方法instantiateClass,默认情况下spring是用类的的默认无参构造器来实例化指定bean的。

    public static <T> T instantiateClass(Constructor<T> ctor, Object... args) throws BeanInstantiationException {
        Assert.notNull(ctor, "Constructor must not be null");
        try {
            ReflectionUtils.makeAccessible(ctor);
            /*
             *这里是通过方法newInstance来生产指定bean的实例的
             */
            return ctor.newInstance(args);
        }
        catch (InstantiationException ex) {
            throw new BeanInstantiationException(ctor.getDeclaringClass(),
                    "Is it an abstract class?", ex);
        }
        catch (IllegalAccessException ex) {
            throw new BeanInstantiationException(ctor.getDeclaringClass(),
                    "Is the constructor accessible?", ex);
        }
        catch (IllegalArgumentException ex) {
            throw new BeanInstantiationException(ctor.getDeclaringClass(),
                    "Illegal arguments for constructor", ex);
        }
        catch (InvocationTargetException ex) {
            throw new BeanInstantiationException(ctor.getDeclaringClass(),
                    "Constructor threw exception", ex.getTargetException());
        }
    }

下面是AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory的方法populateBean

    protected void populateBean(String beanName, RootBeanDefinition mbd, BeanWrapper bw) {
        PropertyValues pvs = mbd.getPropertyValues();

        if (bw == null) {
            if (!pvs.isEmpty()) {
                throw new BeanCreationException(
                        mbd.getResourceDescription(), beanName, "Cannot apply property values to null instance");
            }
            else {
                // Skip property population phase for null instance.
                return;
            }
        }

        // Give any InstantiationAwareBeanPostProcessors the opportunity to modify the
        // state of the bean before properties are set. This can be used, for example,
        // to support styles of field injection.
        boolean continueWithPropertyPopulation = true;

        if (!mbd.isSynthetic() && hasInstantiationAwareBeanPostProcessors()) {
            for (BeanPostProcessor bp : getBeanPostProcessors()) {
                if (bp instanceof InstantiationAwareBeanPostProcessor) {
                    InstantiationAwareBeanPostProcessor ibp = (InstantiationAwareBeanPostProcessor) bp;
                    if (!ibp.postProcessAfterInstantiation(bw.getWrappedInstance(), beanName)) {
                        continueWithPropertyPopulation = false;
                        break;
                    }
                }
            }
        }

        if (!continueWithPropertyPopulation) {
            return;
        }

        /*
         *根据配置的自动注入方式查找或者实例化指定的bean,三种情况下会走到当前分支:
         *(1)如果在<beans> 标签里定义了 default-autowire="byName" 或者 default-autowire="byType",那么所有的bean的非简单属性的注入都默认采用这种方式
         *(2)在<bean>标签里定义了autowire="byName" 或者 autowire="byType"
         *(3)在bean的类里使用了@AutoWire注解
         */
        if (mbd.getResolvedAutowireMode() == RootBeanDefinition.AUTOWIRE_BY_NAME ||
                mbd.getResolvedAutowireMode() == RootBeanDefinition.AUTOWIRE_BY_TYPE) {
            MutablePropertyValues newPvs = new MutablePropertyValues(pvs);

            // Add property values based on autowire by name if applicable.
            if (mbd.getResolvedAutowireMode() == RootBeanDefinition.AUTOWIRE_BY_NAME) {
                autowireByName(beanName, mbd, bw, newPvs);
            }

            // Add property values based on autowire by type if applicable.
            if (mbd.getResolvedAutowireMode() == RootBeanDefinition.AUTOWIRE_BY_TYPE) {
                autowireByType(beanName, mbd, bw, newPvs);
            }

            pvs = newPvs;
        }

        boolean hasInstAwareBpps = hasInstantiationAwareBeanPostProcessors();
        boolean needsDepCheck = (mbd.getDependencyCheck() != RootBeanDefinition.DEPENDENCY_CHECK_NONE);

        if (hasInstAwareBpps || needsDepCheck) {
            PropertyDescriptor[] filteredPds = filterPropertyDescriptorsForDependencyCheck(bw, mbd.allowCaching);
            if (hasInstAwareBpps) {
                for (BeanPostProcessor bp : getBeanPostProcessors()) {
                    if (bp instanceof InstantiationAwareBeanPostProcessor) {
                        InstantiationAwareBeanPostProcessor ibp = (InstantiationAwareBeanPostProcessor) bp;
                        pvs = ibp.postProcessPropertyValues(pvs, filteredPds, bw.getWrappedInstance(), beanName);
                        if (pvs == null) {
                            return;
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
            if (needsDepCheck) {
                checkDependencies(beanName, mbd, filteredPds, pvs);
            }
        }
        /*
         *把指定的bean需要注入的属性的值设置到bean的相关属性里去
         */
        applyPropertyValues(beanName, mbd, bw, pvs);
    }
    protected void applyPropertyValues(String beanName, BeanDefinition mbd, BeanWrapper bw, PropertyValues pvs) {
        if (pvs == null || pvs.isEmpty()) {
            return;
        }

        MutablePropertyValues mpvs = null;
        List<PropertyValue> original;

        if (System.getSecurityManager() != null) {
            if (bw instanceof BeanWrapperImpl) {
                ((BeanWrapperImpl) bw).setSecurityContext(getAccessControlContext());
            }
        }
        /*
         *
         */
        if (pvs instanceof MutablePropertyValues) {
            mpvs = (MutablePropertyValues) pvs;
            if (mpvs.isConverted()) {
                // Shortcut: use the pre-converted values as-is.
                try {
                    bw.setPropertyValues(mpvs);
                    return;
                }
                catch (BeansException ex) {
                    throw new BeanCreationException(
                            mbd.getResourceDescription(), beanName, "Error setting property values", ex);
                }
            }
            original = mpvs.getPropertyValueList();
        }
        else {
            original = Arrays.asList(pvs.getPropertyValues());
        }

        TypeConverter converter = getCustomTypeConverter();
        if (converter == null) {
            converter = bw;
        }
        BeanDefinitionValueResolver valueResolver = new BeanDefinitionValueResolver(this, beanName, mbd, converter);

        // Create a deep copy, resolving any references for values.
        List<PropertyValue> deepCopy = new ArrayList<PropertyValue>(original.size());
        boolean resolveNecessary = false;
        for (PropertyValue pv : original) {
            if (pv.isConverted()) {
                deepCopy.add(pv);
            }
            else {
                /*
                 *resolveValueIfNecessary方法解决指定bean的依赖(如果有),
                 *(1)依赖其他bean,返回一个解决了所有依赖的bean的实例
                 *(2)集合类型,根据不同的类型解析出配置的属性值
                 */
                String propertyName = pv.getName();
                Object originalValue = pv.getValue();
                Object resolvedValue = valueResolver.resolveValueIfNecessary(pv, originalValue);
                Object convertedValue = resolvedValue;
                boolean convertible = bw.isWritableProperty(propertyName) &&
                        !PropertyAccessorUtils.isNestedOrIndexedProperty(propertyName);
                if (convertible) {
                    /*
                     *方法convertForProperty根据指定bean属性的类型把上一步得到的属性值设置到bean的实例的相应的属性中去
                     *比如属性类型有简单字符串类型,集合类型:List,Set,Map等等。
                     */
                    convertedValue = convertForProperty(resolvedValue, propertyName, bw, converter);
                }
                // Possibly store converted value in merged bean definition,
                // in order to avoid re-conversion for every created bean instance.
                if (resolvedValue == originalValue) {
                    if (convertible) {
                        pv.setConvertedValue(convertedValue);
                    }
                    deepCopy.add(pv);
                }
                else if (convertible && originalValue instanceof TypedStringValue &&
                        !((TypedStringValue) originalValue).isDynamic() &&
                        !(convertedValue instanceof Collection || ObjectUtils.isArray(convertedValue))) {
                    pv.setConvertedValue(convertedValue);
                    deepCopy.add(pv);
                }
                else {
                    resolveNecessary = true;
                    deepCopy.add(new PropertyValue(pv, convertedValue));
                }
            }
        }
        if (mpvs != null && !resolveNecessary) {
            mpvs.setConverted();
        }

        // Set our (possibly massaged) deep copy.
        try {
            bw.setPropertyValues(new MutablePropertyValues(deepCopy));
        }
        catch (BeansException ex) {
            throw new BeanCreationException(
                    mbd.getResourceDescription(), beanName, "Error setting property values", ex);
        }
    }
    protected void autowireByName(
            String beanName, AbstractBeanDefinition mbd, BeanWrapper bw, MutablePropertyValues pvs) {

        String[] propertyNames = unsatisfiedNonSimpleProperties(mbd, bw);
        for (String propertyName : propertyNames) {
            if (containsBean(propertyName)) {
                /*
                 *这里的getBean方法会产生递归调用,出发指定bean的实例化。
                 *把指定bean的实例添加到依赖bean的属性里去,然后检查这对bean的依赖关系有没有添加到
                 *保存依赖关系的map中去,否则添加进去。
                 *(有一个map专门维护bean之间的依赖关系dependentBeanMap,
                 * Map<String, Set<String>> dependentBeanMap = new ConcurrentHashMap<String, Set<String>>(64)
                 *依赖的bean的名字作为key,被依赖的bean作value,如果依赖多个bean,放在一个Set里面
                 */
                Object bean = getBean(propertyName);
                pvs.add(propertyName, bean);
                registerDependentBean(propertyName, beanName);
                if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
                    logger.debug("Added autowiring by name from bean name '" + beanName +
                            "' via property '" + propertyName + "' to bean named '" + propertyName + "'");
                }
            }
            else {
                if (logger.isTraceEnabled()) {
                    logger.trace("Not autowiring property '" + propertyName + "' of bean '" + beanName +
                            "' by name: no matching bean found");
                }
            }
        }
    }
    4.
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