python 编写简单网页服务器

IDE:Pycharm

sever.py

#!/bin/python
#-*- coding: UTF-8 -*-
#文件名:server.py
#create by wzh 2017/10/26

import socket   #导入socket模块
import re
from multiprocessing import Process #导入进程模块

#设置静态文件根目录
HTML_ROOT_DIR='./html'
def handle_client(client_socket):
    """处理客户端连接请求"""
    request_data=client_socket.recv(1024)
    print(request_data)
    request_lines=request_data.splitlines()
    for line in request_lines:
        print(line)
    #'GET / HTTP/1.1'
    request_start_line=request_lines[0].decode("utf-8")

    print("*"*10)
    print(request_start_line)

    #提取用户请求的文件名
    file_name=re.match(r"\w+ +(/[^ ]*) ",str(request_start_line)).group(1)
    if "/" == file_name:
        file_name='/index.html'
    #打开文件,读取内容
    try:
        file=open(HTML_ROOT_DIR+file_name,"rb")
    except IOError:
        response_start_line="HTTP/1.1 404 Not Found\r\n"
        response_heads="Server: My server\r\n"
        response_body="The file not found!"
    else:
        file_data=file.read()
        file.close()


        response_start_line="HTTP/1.1 200 ok\r\n"
        response_heads="Server: My server\r\n"
        response_body=file_data.decode("utf-8")
    response=response_start_line+response_heads+"\r\n"+response_body
    print("response data:",response)
    client_socket.send(bytes(response,"utf-8"))
    client_socket.close()

if __name__=="__main__":         #如果直接运行本文件,那么__name__为__main__(此时才运行下面的程序),否则为对应包名
    s = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET,socket.SOCK_STREAM)  # 创建socket对象
    s.setsockopt(socket.SOL_SOCKET,socket.SO_REUSEADDR,1)
    #host = socket.gethostname()  # 获取本地主机名
    port = 1212  #
    #print(host)
    s.bind(("", port))  # 绑定端口
    s.listen(5)

    while True:
        c,addr=s.accept()   #建立客户端连接
        print('连接地址',addr)
        handle_client_process=Process(target=handle_client,args=(c,))   #ALT+ENTER快捷键生成函数
        handle_client_process.start()
        c.close()


index.html

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>My Web</title>
</head>
<h1 align="center">welcome!</h1>
<p align="center">这是一个神奇的网站!</p>
<body>

</body>
</html>

运行server.py

在浏览器中输入localhost:1212


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