poj 2226 Muddy Fields 最大匹配

题目

题目链接:http://poj.org/problem?id=2226

题目来源:http://www.cnblogs.com/vongang/archive/2012/02/21/2361882.html

题解

若没有限制dot不能覆盖,则直接按照横和纵坐标建二分图跑最大匹配转最小点覆盖。

限制了dot无法覆盖则需要从当中截断,把横向和纵向连续的*给缩点,建二分图跑最大匹配即可。

代码

#include <iostream>
#include <cstdio>
#include <cmath>
#include <algorithm>
#include <cstring>
#include <stack>
#include <queue>
#include <string>
#include <vector>
#include <set>
#include <map>
#define fi first
#define se second
using namespace std;
typedef long long LL;
typedef pair<int,int> PII;
// head
const int N = 1005;
const int M = N;
const int E = N * N;

struct Gragh {
    struct Edge {
        int to, nxt;
        Edge(int to, int nxt) : to(to), nxt(nxt) {}
        Edge() {}
    };

    Edge e[E];
    int head[N], match[M], ec;
    bool vis[N];

    void addEdge(int from, int to) {
        e[ec] = Edge(to, head[from]);
        head[from] = ec++;
    }
    void init(int n, int m) {
        ec = 0;
        for (int i = 0; i <= n; i++) head[i] = -1;
        for (int i = 0; i <= m; i++) match[i] = -1;
    }
    bool dfs(int x) {
        vis[x] = true;
        for (int i = head[x]; ~i; i = e[i].nxt) {
            int to = e[i].to, w = match[to];
            if (w == -1 || (!vis[w] && dfs(w))) {
                match[to] = x;
                return true;
            }
        }
        return false;
    }
    int bipatiteMatch(int n) {
        int ans = 0;
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
            memset(vis, 0, sizeof vis);
            if (dfs(i)) ans++;
        }
        return ans;
    }
};


Gragh g;
char s[N][N];
int r[N][N];
int c[N][N];

int main() {
    int n, m;
    while (scanf("%d%d", &n, &m) == 2) {
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
            scanf("%s", s[i]);
        }
        int rc = 0;
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
            int cur = 0;
            while (cur < m) {
                while (cur < m && s[i][cur] == '.') cur++;
                while (cur < m && s[i][cur] == '*') r[i][cur++] = rc;
                if (s[i][cur-1] == '*') rc++;
            }
        }
        int cc = 0;
        for (int j = 0; j < m; j++) {
            int cur = 0;
            while (cur < n) {
                while (cur < n && s[cur][j] == '.') cur++;
                while (cur < n && s[cur][j] == '*') c[cur++][j] = cc;
                if (s[cur-1][j] == '*') cc++;
            }
        }
        g.init(rc, cc);
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
            for (int j = 0; j < m; j++) {
                if (s[i][j] == '*') g.addEdge(r[i][j], c[i][j]);
            }
        }
        printf("%d\n", g.bipatiteMatch(rc));
    }
    return 0;
}
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