DICOM文件的读取显示和本地JPG格式的存储

最近项目要求解析dicom格式的影像文件,并将解析的图像本地保存jpg格式,将这几天查询的资料和个人实现代码共享给大家。

开发环境 win10 + vtk7.0 + itk4.11 + qt5.5 + vs2010

框架编译工具 cmake3.10.0

关于框架的编译以下链接可供参考:

VTK 编译参考:  http://qimo601.iteye.com/blog/1553222 http://blog.csdn.net/wanhongluli/article/details/77852843

ITK编译参考: https://wenku.baidu.com/view/99cfdb2559eef8c75fbfb3e3.html

在此默认已经配置好环境

	//设置输入类型
	typedef itk::Image<unsigned short,2> ImageType;
	typedef itk::ImageFileReader<ImageType> ReaderType;
	ReaderType::Pointer reader = ReaderType::New();

	//设置输出类型
	typedef unsigned char OutputPixelType;
	const unsigned int OutputDimension = 2;
	typedef itk::Image<OutputPixelType,OutputDimension> OutputImageType;

	//获取DICOM文件读取对象
	typedef itk::GDCMImageIO ImageIOType;
	ImageIOType::Pointer gdcmImageIO = ImageIOType::New();

	//ITK图像数据向VTK图像数据转换对象
	typedef itk::ImageToVTKImageFilter<ImageType> FilterType;
	FilterType::Pointer connector = FilterType::New();

	//获得DICOM文件名并读取DICOM文件
	char* fileName = "1.dcm";
	reader->SetFileName(fileName);
	reader->SetImageIO(gdcmImageIO);
	reader->Update();
	
	//像素灰度值反转
	ImageType::Pointer image = reader->GetOutput();
	ImageType::SizeType size = image->GetLargestPossibleRegion().GetSize();
	ImageType::IndexType index;
	for(int x = 0; x <size[0];x++)
		for(int y = 0;y < size[1];y++)
		{
			index[0] = x;
			index[1] = y;
			ImageType::PixelType value = image->GetPixel(index);
			unsigned short test = 4096 - value;
 			image->SetPixel(index,test);
		}
	image->Update();

	//设置窗位和窗宽
	typedef itk::IntensityWindowingImageFilter <ImageType, ImageType> IntensityWindowingImageFilterType;
	IntensityWindowingImageFilterType::Pointer intensityFilter=IntensityWindowingImageFilterType::New();
	intensityFilter->SetInput(image);
	intensityFilter->SetWindowMinimum(0);
	intensityFilter->SetWindowMaximum(4096);
	intensityFilter->SetOutputMinimum(0);
	intensityFilter->SetOutputMaximum(255);
	intensityFilter->Update();
	
	//dcm转JPG
	typedef itk::CastImageFilter<ImageType,OutputImageType> ImageCastType;  
	ImageCastType::Pointer imageCast = ImageCastType::New();  
	imageCast->SetInput(intensityFilter->GetOutput()); 

	//将JPG格式的图像存储在本地
	typedef itk::ImageFileWriter<OutputImageType> Writer1Type;  
	Writer1Type::Pointer writer1 = Writer1Type::New();  

	typedef itk::JPEGImageIO jpgType;  
	jpgType::Pointer jpgIO = jpgType::New();  
	writer1->SetImageIO(jpgIO);  
	writer1->SetFileName("tran.jpg");  
	writer1->SetInput(imageCast->GetOutput());  
	writer1->Update();

	//ITK到VTK转化
	connector->SetInput(image);
	connector->Update();

	//设置Y轴像素反转
	vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageFlip> flip = vtkSmartPointer<vtkImageFlip>::New();
	flip->SetInputData(connector->GetOutput());
	flip->SetFilteredAxis(1);
	flip->Update();

	//显示图像
	vtkImageViewer2  *viewer =  vtkImageViewer2::New();
	viewer->SetInputData(flip->GetOutput());
	viewer->SetColorWindow(4096);
	viewer->SetColorLevel(2048);
	viewer->SetRenderWindow(ui.qvtkWidget->GetRenderWindow());
	viewer->Render();

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DCM转jpg的库

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DICOM文件的读取显示和本地JPG格式的存储

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