poj3660——Cow Contest【最短路】

Cow Contest
Time Limit: 1000MS Memory Limit: 65536K
Total Submissions: 14262 Accepted: 7982

Description

N (1 ≤ N ≤ 100) cows, conveniently numbered 1..N, are participating in a programming contest. As we all know, some cows code better than others. Each cow has a certain constant skill rating that is unique among the competitors.

The contest is conducted in several head-to-head rounds, each between two cows. If cow A has a greater skill level than cow B (1 ≤ A ≤ N; 1 ≤ B ≤ NA ≠ B), then cow A will always beat cow B.

Farmer John is trying to rank the cows by skill level. Given a list the results of M (1 ≤ M ≤ 4,500) two-cow rounds, determine the number of cows whose ranks can be precisely determined from the results. It is guaranteed that the results of the rounds will not be contradictory.

Input

* Line 1: Two space-separated integers: N and M
* Lines 2..M+1: Each line contains two space-separated integers that describe the competitors and results (the first integer, A, is the winner) of a single round of competition: A and B

Output

* Line 1: A single integer representing the number of cows whose ranks can be determined
 

Sample Input

5 5
4 3
4 2
3 2
1 2
2 5

Sample Output

2

题目链接:点击打开链接

题目大意:有几头牛,每头牛都有不同的等级,先输入n和m两组数,n代表牛的数量,接下来的m行,每行两组数据,左边的牛的等级大于右边的牛的等级。问最后有几头牛可以确定等级。

这道题当时第一眼看到以为是并查集,后来发现不对,最后在算法竞赛入门经典上看到相关解法,这道题属于传递闭包问题,判断有多少条路是可以连通的,用floyd算法就可一些出来。

#include<cstdio>
#include<algorithm>
#include<cstring>
#include<iostream>
#include<vector>
using namespace std;
int map[105][105];
int main(){
	int n,m;
	while(~scanf("%d %d",&n,&m)){
		memset(map,0,sizeof(map));
		int i,j,k,a,b;
		for(i=1;i<=m;i++){
			scanf("%d %d",&a,&b);
			map[a][b]=1;//表示牛a和牛b之间可以联通 
		}
		//Floyd-Warshall算法的核心思想
		for(k=1;k<=n;k++){
			for(i=1;i<=n;i++){
				for(j=1;j<=n;j++){
					if(map[i][k]&&map[k][j]){
						map[i][j]=1;/*判断i号顶点和j号顶点之间是否
						可以联通 ,就需要判断i和j之间的k个顶点之间是否
						可以联通,如果其中有任意一个无法联通则i j之间就
						无法联通*/ 
					}
				}
			}
		}
		int sum;
		sum=0;
		for(i=1;i<=n;i++){
			int ans;
			ans=n-1;
			for(j=1;j<=n;j++){
				if(map[i][j]||map[j][i]){
					ans--;/*顶点i和顶点j之间有一个点可以联通 */ 
				}
			}
			if(!ans){
				sum++;
			}
		}
		printf("%d\n",sum); 
	}
	return 0;
}



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