springboot全局日期格式转换:前端字符串转为Date,后端Date转为json字符串

Field error in object 'diskFileAO' on field 'regulationInputTime': rejected value [2020-08-27]; codes [typeMismatch.diskFileAO.regulationInputTime,typeMismatch.regulationInputTime,typeMismatch.java.util.Date,typeMismatch]; arguments [org.springframework.context.support.DefaultMessageSourceResolvable: codes [diskFileAO.regulationInputTime,regulationInputTime]; arguments []; default message [regulationInputTime]]; default message [Failed to convert property value of type 'java.lang.String' to required type 'java.util.Date' for property 'regulationInputTime'; nested exception is org.springframework.core.convert.ConversionFailedException: Failed to convert from type [java.lang.String] to type [java.util.Date] for value '2020-08-27'; nested exception is java.lang.IllegalArgumentException]

错误原因是前端传入的字符串不能直接转为Date类型。

1.后端接收前端string类型的日期字符串。


import org.springframework.core.convert.converter.Converter;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

import java.text.DateFormat;
import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Date;
import java.util.List;

/**
 * 全局日期统一处理
 * 前端传入string类型日期转为Date
 *
 * @author yangfeng
 * @date 2018/1/11
 */
@Component
public class DateConverterConfig implements Converter<String, Date> {

    private static final List<String> formarts = new ArrayList<>(4);

    static {
        formarts.add("yyyy-MM");
        formarts.add("yyyy-MM-dd");
        formarts.add("yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm");
        formarts.add("yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss");
    }

    @Override
    public Date convert(String source) {
        String value = source.trim();
        if ("".equals(value)) {
            return null;
        }
        if (source.matches("^\\d{4}-\\d{1,2}$")) {
            return parseDate(source, formarts.get(0));
        } else if (source.matches("^\\d{4}-\\d{1,2}-\\d{1,2}$")) {
            return parseDate(source, formarts.get(1));
        } else if (source.matches("^\\d{4}-\\d{1,2}-\\d{1,2} {1}\\d{1,2}:\\d{1,2}$")) {
            return parseDate(source, formarts.get(2));
        } else if (source.matches("^\\d{4}-\\d{1,2}-\\d{1,2} {1}\\d{1,2}:\\d{1,2}:\\d{1,2}$")) {
            return parseDate(source, formarts.get(3));
        } else {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("Invalid boolean value '" + source + "'");
        }
    }

    /**
     * 格式化日期
     *
     * @param dateStr String 字符型日期
     * @param format  String 格式
     * @return Date 日期
     */
    private Date parseDate(String dateStr, String format) {
        Date date = null;
        try {
            DateFormat dateFormat = new SimpleDateFormat(format);
            date = dateFormat.parse(dateStr);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return date;
    }
}

把这个转换类添加到WebMvcConfigurationSupport。 

2.后端查询的json数据包含日期,需要转换格式。

接口查询后端的返回的json数据,Date类型被自动转为long型:

转为我们需要的yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss格式,重新实现了WebMvcConfigurationSupport这个类之后,静态资源路径啥的会失效,swagger不能访问,出现404,需要配置静态资源路径。


import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.DeserializationFeature;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ObjectMapper;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.http.converter.HttpMessageConverter;
import org.springframework.http.converter.json.MappingJackson2HttpMessageConverter;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.config.annotation.WebMvcConfigurationSupport;

import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.List;

@Configuration
public class WebMvcConfig extends WebMvcConfigurationSupport {

    /**
     * 添加自定义的Converters和Formatters.
     */
    @Override
    protected void addFormatters(FormatterRegistry registry) {
        registry.addConverter(new DateConverterConfig());
    }

     @Override
    protected void addResourceHandlers(ResourceHandlerRegistry registry) {
        registry.addResourceHandler("doc.html")//swagger过滤防止404
                .addResourceLocations("classpath:/META-INF/resources/");
        registry.addResourceHandler("/webjars/**")
                .addResourceLocations("classpath:/META-INF/resources/webjars/");
    }

    //定义时间格式转换器
    @Bean
    public MappingJackson2HttpMessageConverter jackson2HttpMessageConverter() {
        MappingJackson2HttpMessageConverter converter = new MappingJackson2HttpMessageConverter();
        ObjectMapper mapper = new ObjectMapper();
        mapper.configure(DeserializationFeature.FAIL_ON_UNKNOWN_PROPERTIES, false);
        mapper.setDateFormat(new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss"));
        converter.setObjectMapper(mapper);
        return converter;
    }

    //添加转换器
    @Override
    public void configureMessageConverters(List<HttpMessageConverter<?>> converters) {
        //将我们定义的时间格式转换器添加到转换器列表中,
        //这样jackson格式化时候但凡遇到Date类型就会转换成我们定义的格式
        converters.add(jackson2HttpMessageConverter());
    }

}

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