Abstract Factory Patterns

using System;

// "AbstractFactory"

abstract class ContinentFactory
{
    // Methods
    abstract public Herbivore CreateHerbivore();
    abstract public Carnivore CreateCarnivore();
}

// "ConcreteFactory1"

class AfricaFactory : ContinentFactory
{
    // Methods
    override public Herbivore CreateHerbivore()
    {
        return new Wildebeest();
    }
    override public Carnivore CreateCarnivore()
    {
        return new Lion();
    }
}

// "ConcreteFactory2"

class AmericaFactory : ContinentFactory
{
    // Methods
    override public Herbivore CreateHerbivore()
    {
        return new Bison();
    }
    override public Carnivore CreateCarnivore()
    {
        return new Wolf();
    }
}

// "AbstractProductA"

abstract class Herbivore
{
    abstract public void Eat();
}

// "AbstractProductB"

abstract class Carnivore
{
    // Methods
    abstract public void Eat( Herbivore h );
}

// "ProductA1"

class Wildebeest : Herbivore
{
    override public void Eat()
    {
        Console.WriteLine(this + "eats Africa's Glass");
    }
}

// "ProductB1"

class Lion : Carnivore
{
    // Methods
    override public void Eat( Herbivore h )
    {
        // eat wildebeest
        Console.WriteLine( this + " eats " + h );
    }
}

// "ProductA2"

class Bison : Herbivore
{
    override public void Eat()
    {
        Console.WriteLine(this + "eats American's Glass");
    }
}

// "ProductB2"

class Wolf : Carnivore
{
    // Methods
    override public void Eat( Herbivore h )
    {
        // Eat bison
        Console.WriteLine( this + " eats " + h );
    }
}

// "Client"

class AnimalWorld
{
    // Fields
    private Herbivore herbivore;
    private Carnivore carnivore;

    // Constructors
    public AnimalWorld( ContinentFactory factory )
    {
        carnivore = factory.CreateCarnivore();
        herbivore = factory.CreateHerbivore();
    }

    // Methods
    public void RunFoodChain()
    {
        herbivore.Eat();
        carnivore.Eat( herbivore );
    }
}

/// <summary>
///  GameApp test class
/// </summary>

class GameApp
{
    public static void Main( string[] args )
    {
        // Create and run the Africa animal world
        ContinentFactory africa = new AfricaFactory();
        AnimalWorld world = new AnimalWorld( africa );
        world.RunFoodChain();

        // Create and run the America animal world
        ContinentFactory america = new AmericaFactory();
        world = new AnimalWorld( america );
        world.RunFoodChain();

        Console.Read();
    }
}

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