EXCEL VBA常用代码集


1.显示活动工作簿名称
MsgBox " 当前活动工作簿是 " & ActiveWorkbook.Name
2. 保存活动工作簿
Activeworkbook.Save
3. 保存所有打开的工作簿关闭 EXCEL
For Each W in Application.Workbooks
W.Save
Next W
Application.Quit
4. 将网格线设置为蓝色
ActiveWindow.GridlineColorIndex = 5
5. 将工作表 sheet1 隐藏
Sheet1.Visible = xlSheetVeryHidden
6. 将工作表 Shtte1 显示
Sheet1.Visible = xlSheetVisible
7. 单击某单元格 , 该单元格所在的行以蓝色背景填充 , 字体颜色为白色
Private Sub Worksheet_SelectionChange(ByVal Target As Excel.Range)
  If Target.Row >= 2 Then 第二行以下的区域
     On Error Resume Next
     [ChangColor_With1].FormatConditions.Delete
     Target.EntireRow.Name = "ChangColor_With1"
     With [ChangColor_With1].FormatConditions
      .Delete
      .Add xlExpression, , "TRUE"
      .Item(1).Interior.ColorIndex = 5
      .Item(1).Font.ColorIndex = 2
     End With
  End If
End Sub
8. 使窗体在启动的时候自动最大化
Private Sub UserForm_Initialize()
   Application.WindowState = xlMaximized
   With Application
       Me.Top = .Top
       Me.Left = .Left
       Me.Height = .Height
       Me.Width = .Width
   End With
End Sub
9. 不保存工作簿退出 EXCEL
Application.DisplayAlerts = False
Application.Quit
10. 使窗体的关闭按纽不好用
Private Sub UserForm_QueryClose(Cancel As Integer, CloseMode As Integer)
If CloseMode = vbformcontrdmenu Then
MsgBox " 请用关闭按钮关闭窗口 !!", 64, " 提示 "
Cancel = True
End If
End Sub
11. 使窗体在 3 秒后自动关闭
Private Sub UserForm_Activate()
Application.Wait Now + TimeValue("00:00:03")
UserForm1.Hide
End Sub
12. 启动窗体的时候自动使 Label1 显示 Sheet1 工作表 3 ,8 行的内容
Private Sub UserForm_Activate()
Label1.Caption = Sheets("sheet1").Cells(3, 8)
End Sub
13. 让按纽 CommandButton1 在窗体上以不可用状态显示
CommandButton1.Enabled = False
14. 让按纽 Commandbutton1 在窗体上以隐藏方式存在
CommandButton10.Visible = False
15. 点击 Commandbutton1 按纽进入 工资 工作表
Sheets(" 工资 ").Select
16. Textbox1 中输入数据 , 窗体可显示出 工资 工作表中与输入内容关联的项
Private Sub TextBox1_Change()
 For X = 1 To Application.CountA(Sheets(" 工资 ").Range("a:a"))
If Sheets(" 工资 ").Cells(X, 1) = TextBox1.Text Then 在工资表第一列查找与 Textbox1 输入相符的项
    Label2.Caption = Sheets(" 工资 ").Cells(X, 2) Label2 中显示 Textbox1 数据所在的第二列的数据
    Label7.Caption = Sheets(" 工资 ").Cells(X, 3) Label2 中显示 Textbox1 数据所在的第三列的数据 End If
   Next
End Sub
17. 使 EXCEL 启动的时候自动最小化 / 最大化
Private Sub Workbook_Open()
Application.WindowState = xlMinimized 最小化
Application.WindowState = xlMaximized 最大化
End Sub
18. Label25 以数字的形式显示 TextBox12 × Label14 的结果
Label25.Caption = Val(TextBox12.Text) * Val(Label14.Caption)
19. 单选按纽名与 Sheet6 工作表名相同
OptionButton6.Caption = Sheet6.Name
20.” 登陆 窗体的显示 , 隐藏
登陆 .Show 显示
登陆 .Hide 隐藏



21. 使窗体的标题栏不显示
(1) 插入类模块 ” CFormChanger” 代码如下 :
Private Declare Function FindWindow Lib "user32" Alias "FindWindowA" (ByVal lpClassName As String, ByVal lpWindowName As String) As Long
Private Declare Function GetWindowLong Lib "user32" Alias "GetWindowLongA" (ByVal hWnd As Long, ByVal nIndex As Long) As Long
Private Declare Function SetWindowLong Lib "user32" Alias "SetWindowLongA" (ByVal hWnd As Long, ByVal nIndex As Long, ByVal dwNewLong As Long) As Long
Private Declare Function DrawMenuBar Lib "user32" (ByVal hWnd As Long) As Long
Private Const GWL_STYLE As Long = (-16)
Private Const WS_CAPTION As Long = &HC00000
Dim hWndForm As Long
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
Public Property Set Form(oForm As Object) '29
    If Val(Application.Version) < 9 Then
        hWndForm = FindWindow("ThunderXFrame", oForm.Caption)
    Else
        hWndForm = FindWindow("ThunderDFrame", oForm.Caption)
    End If
    SetFormStyle
End Property
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
Private Sub SetFormStyle()
Dim iStyle As Long, hMenu As Long, hID As Long, iItems As Integer
    iStyle = GetWindowLong(hWndForm, GWL_STYLE)
    iStyle = iStyle And Not WS_CAPTION
    iStyle = iStyle Or WS_THICKFRAME
    SetWindowLong hWndForm, GWL_STYLE, iStyle
    DrawMenuBar hWndForm
End Sub
(2) 在所在窗体代码里声明
Dim oFormChanger As New CFormChanger
(3). 在窗体的 Activate 事件中插入代码
Set oFormChanger.Form = Me
Me.SpecialEffect = fmspecia1EffectRaised

以上三步每一步都不可缺少 , 否则不能完成 .





22. 单击某单元格 , 该单元格所在的行与列都以蓝色背景填充
Private Sub Worksheet_SelectionChange(ByVal Target As Excel.Range)
  If Target.Row >= 2 Then 第二行以下的所有列
     On Error Resume Next
     [ChangColor_With2].FormatConditions.Delete
     [ChangColor_With3].FormatConditions.Delete
     Target.EntireRow.Name = "ChangColor_With2"
     Target.EntireColumn.Name = "ChangColor_With3"
     With [ChangColor_With2].FormatConditions
      .Delete
      .Add xlExpression, , "TRUE"
      .Item(1).Interior.ColorIndex = 5
     End With
     With [ChangColor_With3].FormatConditions
      .Delete
      .Add xlExpression, , "TRUE"
      .Item(1).Interior.ColorIndex = 5
     End With
  End If
End Sub
23. 显示动态时间
1 )插入窗体 Userform1 Label1 并在窗体声明中插入
Option Explicit
Public nextRun As Date
2 )在窗体 Activate 事件中插入
Showtime
3 )在窗体 QueryClose 事件中插入
Application.OnTime nextRun, "showtime", schedule:=False
4 )插入模块 Module1 并输入
    Option Explicit
Sub showtime()
UserForm1.Label1 = Now
UserForm1.Repaint
DoEvents
UserForm1.nextRun = Now + 1 / 86400
Application.OnTime UserForm1.nextRun, "showtime"
End Sub
24. 加载 Combobox1 选项
ComboBox1.AddItem " 收入型 "
ComboBox1.Additem “ 支出型
25. 使 Textbox1 自动程输入状态显示 ( 有光标闪动 )
TextBox1.SetFocus
26. 打开 C 盘目录
Shell "explorer.exe  C:\", 1
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