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HibernateTools实现pojo类 数据库schma mapping映射的相互转换

核心

利用HibernateTools,从POJOMapping映射文件数据库表有其中的一项,就能生成其他两项。


概述

在使用Hibernate开发系统持久层时,按照一般开发流程


1、分析业务

2、获得系统实体类

3、写Hibernatemapping映射文件

4、根据映射文件,生成数据库表


    以上这几步是Hibernate开发的起始。根据开发习惯的不同,有些项目组可能会先写POJO类,有的项目可能会先设计数据库,有的项目组可能先写映射文件,其实完成其中的一项时,类结构或者表结构就可以确定了。

既然已经能确定结构了,完全可以使用工具来代替手工完成剩余的工作。

 

前提

    安装Eclipse插件HibernateToolseclipse插件安装百度下教程非常多,建议采用copy安装或者link安装,再有就是HibernateTools的版本对应着特定的Eclipse版本,所以安装前请先检查自己的eclipse版本。

 

   然后建立项目,本文建立的是Dynamic Web Project,采用了mysql数据库,建立项目后,引入mysql的驱动jar,引入Hibernate(本文用了4.3.5版本)的包,即librequired文件夹中所有jar

 

   安装完了插件,首先利用tool生成Hibernate配置文件,项目右键-->new,安装完HibernateTools后,多了4种类型的文件,选择第一种:


根据使用的数据库,填入必须的属性:


生成hibernate.cfg.xml的代码:

<span style="font-family:KaiTi_GB2312;font-size:18px;"><?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE hibernate-configuration PUBLIC
"-//Hibernate/Hibernate Configuration DTD 3.0//EN"
"http://www.hibernate.org/dtd/hibernate-configuration-3.0.dtd">
<hibernate-configuration>
    <session-factory>
        <property name="hibernate.bytecode.use_reflection_optimizer">false</property>
        <property name="hibernate.connection.driver_class">com.mysql.jdbc.Driver</property>
        <property name="hibernate.connection.password">123456</property>
        <property name="hibernate.connection.url">jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/test</property>
        <property name="hibernate.connection.username">root</property>
        <property name="hibernate.dialect">org.hibernate.dialect.MySQLDialect</property>
        <property name="hibernate.search.autoregister_listeners">false</property>
       
        
    </session-factory>
</hibernate-configuration></span>

相互转换

接下可以进入正题了,本文分别从三项中的每一项入手,生成其他两项。 

思路一:由POJO类生成mapping映射文件和DDL

POJO类的代码写起来非常方便,因此首先介绍这种方法,个人认为这种方法效率最高。首先建立两个POJO

package org.hibernate.test;


public class Student implements java.io.Serializable {

	private int id;
	private String name;

	public Student() {
	}

	public Student(int id) {
		this.id = id;
	}

	public Student(int id, String name) {
		this.id = id;
		this.name = name;
	}

	public int getId() {
		return this.id;
	}

	public void setId(int id) {
		this.id = id;
	}

	public String getName() {
		return this.name;
	}

	public void setName(String name) {
		this.name = name;
	}

}

package org.hibernate.test;


import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;


public class Class implements java.io.Serializable {

	private int id;
	private String name;
	private List students = new ArrayList(0);

	public Class() {
	}

	public Class(int id) {
		this.id = id;
	}

	public Class(int id, String name, List students) {
		this.id = id;
		this.name = name;
		this.students = students;
	}

	public int getId() {
		return this.id;
	}

	public void setId(int id) {
		this.id = id;
	}

	public String getName() {
		return this.name;
	}

	public void setName(String name) {
		this.name = name;
	}

	public List getStudents() {
		return this.students;
	}

	public void setStudents(List students) {
		this.students = students;
	}

}

接下来一步一步生成另外两项,首先项目右键-->new,选择Hibernate下面的第四项,建立mapping映射文件,根据已存在的POJO类,生成Mapping文件


添加两个已经存在的POJO类


下一步,可以预先查看生成的hbm.xml文件,有特殊要求的可以再生成的文件基础上稍作修改。

生成代码:

<span style="font-family:KaiTi_GB2312;font-size:18px;"><?xml version="1.0"?>
<!DOCTYPE hibernate-mapping PUBLIC "-//Hibernate/Hibernate Mapping DTD 3.0//EN"
"http://www.hibernate.org/dtd/hibernate-mapping-3.0.dtd">
<!-- Generated 2014-5-30 21:29:20 by Hibernate Tools 4.0.0 -->
<hibernate-mapping>
    <class name="org.hibernate.test.Student" table="STUDENT">
        <id name="id" type="int">
            <column name="ID" />
            <generator class="assigned"></generator>
        </id>
        <property name="name" type="java.lang.String">
            <column name="NAME" />
        </property>
    </class>
</hibernate-mapping></span>

<span style="font-family:KaiTi_GB2312;font-size:18px;"><?xml version="1.0"?>
<!DOCTYPE hibernate-mapping PUBLIC "-//Hibernate/Hibernate Mapping DTD 3.0//EN"
"http://www.hibernate.org/dtd/hibernate-mapping-3.0.dtd">
<!-- Generated 2014-5-30 21:29:20 by Hibernate Tools 4.0.0 -->
<hibernate-mapping>
    <class name="org.hibernate.test.Class" table="CLASS">
        <id name="id" type="int">
            <column name="ID" />
            <generator class="assigned"></generator>
        </id>
        <property name="name" type="java.lang.String">
            <column name="NAME" />
        </property>
        <list name="students" inverse="false" table="STUDENT" lazy="true">
            <key>
                <column name="ID" />
            </key>
            <list-index>
                <column name="idx" />
            </list-index>
            <one-to-many class="org.hibernate.test.Student" />
        </list>
    </class>
</hibernate-mapping></span>

mapping映射文件生成了,接下来生成ddl,项目右键-->new,选择Hibernate Console  Configuration



选择好对应的项后,finish,然后需要在工具栏添加Hibernate code Generation,Windows-->Customer Perspective


然后工具栏多了一个很像运行按钮的图标,单击下拉按钮,选第二项




单击Exporters选项卡,可以看到HibernateTools工具能导出和生成的项很多,可以根据配置有针对性的选择自己想要的项,这里我们勾选Schema Export,然后单击图标1下面的Properties的Add,后出现图标2所示的窗体


选择第二项,这就是要生成我们想要的ddl,如图,当然上图还勾选了DAO Code,生成了操作试题的DAO代码(HibernateTools确实很贴心)


这是生成后的图片

ddl的建表语句:

<span style="font-family:KaiTi_GB2312;font-size:18px;">create table CLASS (ID integer not null, NAME varchar(255), primary key (ID));
create table STUDENT (ID integer not null, NAME varchar(255), idx integer, primary key (ID));
alter table STUDENT add index FKBACA0E1BE081A5FD (ID), add constraint FKBACA0E1BE081A5FD foreign key (ID) references CLASS (ID);
</span>


DAO代码如下:

<span style="font-family:KaiTi_GB2312;font-size:18px;">package org.hibernate.test;

// Generated 2014-5-30 23:18:05 by Hibernate Tools 4.0.0

import java.util.List;
import javax.naming.InitialContext;
import org.apache.commons.logging.Log;
import org.apache.commons.logging.LogFactory;
import org.hibernate.LockMode;
import org.hibernate.SessionFactory;
import org.hibernate.criterion.Example;

/**
 * Home object for domain model class Class.
 * @see org.hibernate.test.Class
 * @author Hibernate Tools
 */
public class ClassHome {

	private static final Log log = LogFactory.getLog(ClassHome.class);

	private final SessionFactory sessionFactory = getSessionFactory();

	protected SessionFactory getSessionFactory() {
		try {
			return (SessionFactory) new InitialContext()
					.lookup("SessionFactory");
		} catch (Exception e) {
			log.error("Could not locate SessionFactory in JNDI", e);
			throw new IllegalStateException(
					"Could not locate SessionFactory in JNDI");
		}
	}

	public void persist(Class transientInstance) {
		log.debug("persisting Class instance");
		try {
			sessionFactory.getCurrentSession().persist(transientInstance);
			log.debug("persist successful");
		} catch (RuntimeException re) {
			log.error("persist failed", re);
			throw re;
		}
	}

	public void attachDirty(Class instance) {
		log.debug("attaching dirty Class instance");
		try {
			sessionFactory.getCurrentSession().saveOrUpdate(instance);
			log.debug("attach successful");
		} catch (RuntimeException re) {
			log.error("attach failed", re);
			throw re;
		}
	}

	public void attachClean(Class instance) {
		log.debug("attaching clean Class instance");
		try {
			sessionFactory.getCurrentSession().lock(instance, LockMode.NONE);
			log.debug("attach successful");
		} catch (RuntimeException re) {
			log.error("attach failed", re);
			throw re;
		}
	}

	public void delete(Class persistentInstance) {
		log.debug("deleting Class instance");
		try {
			sessionFactory.getCurrentSession().delete(persistentInstance);
			log.debug("delete successful");
		} catch (RuntimeException re) {
			log.error("delete failed", re);
			throw re;
		}
	}

	public Class merge(Class detachedInstance) {
		log.debug("merging Class instance");
		try {
			Class result = (Class) sessionFactory.getCurrentSession().merge(
					detachedInstance);
			log.debug("merge successful");
			return result;
		} catch (RuntimeException re) {
			log.error("merge failed", re);
			throw re;
		}
	}

	public Class findById(int id) {
		log.debug("getting Class instance with id: " + id);
		try {
			Class instance = (Class) sessionFactory.getCurrentSession().get(
					"org.hibernate.test.Class", id);
			if (instance == null) {
				log.debug("get successful, no instance found");
			} else {
				log.debug("get successful, instance found");
			}
			return instance;
		} catch (RuntimeException re) {
			log.error("get failed", re);
			throw re;
		}
	}

	public List findByExample(Class instance) {
		log.debug("finding Class instance by example");
		try {
			List results = sessionFactory.getCurrentSession()
					.createCriteria("org.hibernate.test.Class")
					.add(Example.create(instance)).list();
			log.debug("find by example successful, result size: "
					+ results.size());
			return results;
		} catch (RuntimeException re) {
			log.error("find by example failed", re);
			throw re;
		}
	}
}</span>

到此,我们就由POJO类,生成了hbm.xml文件和DDL


思路二:由hbm.xml生成POJO类和DDL

...

思路三:由数据库表(或DDL)生成POJO类和hbm.xml

...


思路二三请见下一博客


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文章标签: HibernateTools hbm 数
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