Android Studio百度地图路线规划以及POI搜索功能的实现

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/xuanwo11/article/details/77586866

       在Eclipse上开发百度地图的教程比较多,最近用的比较多的是Android Studio平台开发,本文主要是学习如何在Android Studio上进行百度地图的开发。

1.准备工作

这第一步网上说的很多了,就是关于百度地图的SDK下载以及Key的申请。具体教程可参考这篇博文:http://blog.csdn.net/chentravelling/article/details/50995524

2.功能实现

首先讲讲百度地图路线规划如何实现的。路线规划主要用到WalkingRouteOverlayTransitRouteOverlay 以及 DrivingRouteOverlay这三个功能类,通过类获得起点与终点的路线信息进行规划并在地图上显示。用以下代码获得起点与终点信息,即移动端输入text文本信息:

startBtn.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {

            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                // TODO Auto-generated method stub
                String start = startEt.getText().toString();
                String end = endEt.getText().toString();
                String city = cityEt.getText().toString();
                if (city == null || city.equals("")) {
                    city = GuideActivity.this.city;
                }
                routePlan(start, end, city);
            }
        });
然后发起路线规划:
/**
     * 发起路线规划
     */
    public void routePlan(String start, String end, String city) {
        mSearch = RoutePlanSearch.newInstance();
        mSearch.setOnGetRoutePlanResultListener(listener);
        // 起点与终点
        PlanNode stNode = PlanNode.withCityNameAndPlaceName(city, start);
        PlanNode enNode = PlanNode.withCityNameAndPlaceName(city, end);
        // 步行路线规划
        boolean res = mSearch.walkingSearch(new WalkingRoutePlanOption().from(
                stNode).to(enNode));
        //boolean res = mSearch.transitSearch(new TransitRoutePlanOption().from(
        //        stNode).city("杭州").to(enNode));
// 驾车路线规划 // mSearch.drivingSearch(new // DrivingRoutePlanOption().from(stNode).to(enNode)); } 最后获取结果:

/**
         * 步行
         */
        public void onGetWalkingRouteResult(WalkingRouteResult result) {
            // 获取步行线路规划结果
            if (result == null || result.error != SearchResult.ERRORNO.NO_ERROR) {
                Toast.makeText(GuideActivity.this, "抱歉,未找到结果",
                        Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
            }
            if (result.error == SearchResult.ERRORNO.AMBIGUOUS_ROURE_ADDR) {
                // 起终点或途经点地址有岐义,通过以下接口获取建议查询信息
                // result.getSuggestAddrInfo()
                return;
            }
            if (result.error == SearchResult.ERRORNO.NO_ERROR) {
                WalkingRouteOverlay overlay = new MyWalkingRouteOverlay(
                        mBaiduMap);
                mBaiduMap.setOnMarkerClickListener(overlay);
                overlay.setData(result.getRouteLines().get(0));
                overlay.addToMap();
                overlay.zoomToSpan();
                //Toast.makeText(GuideActivity.this,"点击图标会有指示哦~",
                //        Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
            }
        }

        public void onGetTransitRouteResult(TransitRouteResult result) {
            // 获取公交换乘路径规划结果
            if (result == null || result.error != SearchResult.ERRORNO.NO_ERROR) {
                Toast.makeText(GuideActivity.this, "抱歉,未找到结果",
                        Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
            }
            if (result.error == SearchResult.ERRORNO.AMBIGUOUS_ROURE_ADDR) {
                //起终点或途经点地址有岐义,通过以下接口获取建议查询信息
                //result.getSuggestAddrInfo()
                return;
            }
            if (result.error == SearchResult.ERRORNO.NO_ERROR) {
                TransitRouteOverlay overlay = new MyTransitRouteOverlay(mBaiduMap);
                mBaiduMap.setOnMarkerClickListener(overlay);
                overlay.setData(result.getRouteLines().get(0));
                overlay.addToMap();
                overlay.zoomToSpan();
                //Toast.makeText(GuideActivity.this,"点击图标会有指示哦~",
                //        Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
            }
        }
实现效果图:
接着讲讲POI搜索功能的实现。百度地图的POI点可以分有两种:地图中已经标记的点和通过关键词搜索得到的POI点。本文主要讲讲关键词搜索的实现,百度提供了一个POI
点击事件的接口 BaiduMap.OnMapClickListener,有关模块如下:
        //增加监听:长按地图
        baiduMap.setOnMapLongClickListener(new OnMapLongClickListener());
        //增加监听:map click listener ,主要监听poi点击
        baiduMap.setOnMapClickListener(new OnMapClickListener());
     
        //地理编码模块
        mSearch = GeoCoder.newInstance();
        //增加监听:地理编码查询结果
        mSearch.setOnGetGeoCodeResultListener(this);

        //POI搜索模块
        poiSearch = PoiSearch.newInstance();
        //增加监听:POI搜索结果
        poiSearch.setOnGetPoiSearchResultListener(new PoiSearchListener());
        //模糊搜索
        suggestionSearch = SuggestionSearch.newInstance();
        //增加监听:模糊搜索查询结果
        suggestionSearch.setOnGetSuggestionResultListener(new SuggestionResultListener());
接口 BaiduMap.OnMapClickListener的实现:
 private class OnMarkerClickListener implements BaiduMap.OnMarkerClickListener {
        @Override
        public boolean onMarkerClick(Marker marker) {
            BDLocation bdLocation = new BDLocation();
            bdLocation.setAddrStr(marker.getTitle());
            bdLocation.setLatitude(marker.getPosition().latitude);
            bdLocation.setLongitude(marker.getPosition().longitude);
            //弹出信息
            //poputInfo(bdLocation, marker.getTitle());
            return false;
        }
    }
获得搜索结果:
 @Override
        public void onGetPoiDetailResult(PoiDetailResult poiDetailResult) {

            if (poiDetailResult == null
                    || poiDetailResult.error == SearchResult.ERRORNO.RESULT_NOT_FOUND) {
                Toast.makeText(PoiActivity.this, "未找到结果", Toast.LENGTH_LONG)
                        .show();
                return;
            }
            if (poiDetailResult.error == SearchResult.ERRORNO.NO_ERROR) {
                //搜索到POI          
                baiduMap.clear();
                baiduMap.addOverlay(
                        new MarkerOptions()
                                .position(poiDetailResult.location)                                     //坐标位置
                                .icon(BitmapDescriptorFactory.fromResource(R.drawable.icon_gcoding))
                                .title(poiDetailResult.getAddress())                                         //标题

                );
                //将该POI点设置为地图中心
                baiduMap.setMapStatus(MapStatusUpdateFactory.newLatLng(poiDetailResult.location));
                Toast.makeText(PoiActivity.this, "搜索中...", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
                return;
            }
            if (poiDetailResult.error == SearchResult.ERRORNO.AMBIGUOUS_KEYWORD) {
            }
        }

        @Override
        public void onGetPoiIndoorResult(PoiIndoorResult poiIndoorResult) {

        }
    }
获得联想搜索结果:
 private class SuggestionResultListener implements OnGetSuggestionResultListener {
        @Override
        public void onGetSuggestionResult(final SuggestionResult suggestionResult) {
            if (suggestionResult == null || suggestionResult.getAllSuggestions() == null) {
                return;
            }
            List<String> suggest = new ArrayList<>();
            for (SuggestionResult.SuggestionInfo suggestionInfo : suggestionResult.getAllSuggestions()) {
                if (suggestionInfo.key != null) {
                    suggest.add(suggestionInfo.key);
                }
            }
            adapter = new ArrayAdapter<String>(PoiActivity.this, android.R.layout.simple_dropdown_item_1line, suggest);
            autoCompleteTextView.setAdapter(adapter);
            autoCompleteTextView.setOnItemClickListener(new AdapterView.OnItemClickListener() {
                @Override
                public void onItemClick(AdapterView<?> parent, View view, int position, long id) {
                    SuggestionResult.SuggestionInfo info = suggestionResult.getAllSuggestions().get(position);
                    poiSearch.searchPoiDetail(new PoiDetailSearchOption().poiUid(info.uid));
                }
            });
            adapter.notifyDataSetChanged();
        }
    }
实现的效果如下:
点击其中一个词条即可跳出地图位置:
3.问题的解决
开发过程中遇到的问题比较多,这里讲讲两个主要问题。
第一个问题:验证出错,错误码:230,请AndroidManifest.xml文件中检查 kye 设置。解决方法:在检查sha1值和包名,都无误,依然不能解决问题时,请:查看app
 module目录下的有没有debug.keystore,如果有,用自己电脑里的debug.keystore来将其替换掉,然后rebuild,运行即可。
第二个问题:百度地图SDK v3.6.0以上版本找不到PoiOverlay类。解决方法:将官方样例代码BaiduMap_AndroidMapSDK_v4.4.0_Sample\BaiduMapsApiDemo\src下的com.baidu.mapapi
(类PoiOverlay在com.baidu.mapapi.overlayutil包中)直接复制粘贴到自己项目相应的位置中,有时需要删除clusterutil这个包。








          
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