理解requireJS原理,实现一个简单的模块加载器

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/xutongbao/article/details/78189667

1.目录结构

2.index.html

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>理解requireJS原理,实现一个简单的模块加载器</title>
</head>
<body>
<script src="myRequire.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
<script type="text/javascript">
    require(['myModule'], function (myModule) {
        var name = myModule.getName();
        console.log(name);
    });
</script>
</body>
</html>

2.myRequires.js

(function () {
    //存储已经加载好的模块
    var moduleCache = {};

    var require = function (deps, callback) {
        var params = [];
        var depCount = 0;
        var i, len, isEmpty = false, modName;

        //获取当前正在执行的js代码段,这个在onLoad事件之前执行
        modName = document.currentScript && document.currentScript.id || 'REQUIRE_MAIN';

        //简单实现,这里未做参数检查,只考虑数组的情况
        if (deps.length) {
            for (i = 0, len = deps.length; i < len; i++) {
                (function (i) {
                    //依赖加一
                    depCount++;
                    //这块回调很关键
                    loadMod(deps[i], function (param) {
                        params[i] = param;
                        depCount--;
                        if (depCount == 0) {
                            saveModule(modName, params, callback);
                        }
                    });
                })(i);
            }
        } else {
            isEmpty = true;
        }

        if (isEmpty) {
            setTimeout(function () {
                saveModule(modName, null, callback);
            }, 0);
        }
    };

    //考虑最简单逻辑即可
    var _getPathUrl = function (modName) {
        var url = modName;
        //不严谨
        if (url.indexOf('.js') == -1) url = url + '.js';
        return url;
    };

    //模块加载
    var loadMod = function (modName, callback) {
        var url = _getPathUrl(modName), fs, mod;

        //如果该模块已经被加载
        if (moduleCache[modName]) {
            mod = moduleCache[modName];
            if (mod.status == 'loaded') {
                setTimeout(callback(this.params), 0);
            } else {
                //如果未到加载状态直接往onLoad插入值,在依赖项加载好后会解除依赖
                mod.onload.push(callback);
            }
        } else {

            /*
             这里重点说一下Module对象
             status代表模块状态
             onLoad事实上对应requireJS的事件回调,该模块被引用多少次变化执行多少次回调,通知被依赖项解除依赖
             */
            mod = moduleCache[modName] = {
                modName: modName,
                status: 'loading',
                export: null,
                onload: [callback]
            };

            _script = document.createElement('script');
            _script.id = modName;
            _script.type = 'text/javascript';
            _script.charset = 'utf-8';
            _script.async = true;
            _script.src = url;

            //这段代码在这个场景中意义不大,注释了
            //      _script.onload = function (e) {};

            fs = document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0];
            fs.parentNode.insertBefore(_script, fs);

        }
    };

    var saveModule = function (modName, params, callback) {
        var mod, fn;

        if (moduleCache.hasOwnProperty(modName)) {
            mod = moduleCache[modName];
            mod.status = 'loaded';
            //输出项
            mod.export = callback ? callback(params) : null;

            //解除父类依赖,这里事实上使用事件监听较好
            while (fn = mod.onload.shift()) {
                fn(mod.export);
            }
        } else {
            callback && callback.apply(window, params);
        }
    };

    window.require = require;
    window.define = require;
})();
3.myModule.js
define([], function () {
    return {
        getName: function () {
            return '徐同保';
        }
    };
});

4.


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