iOS,Android,WP, .NET通用AES加密算法

这两天为移动App开发API,结果实现加密验证时碰到一大坑。这里不得不吐槽下又臭又硬的iOS,Windows Server无法解密出正确的结果,Android则可以,后来使用了通用的AES256加密算法才最终搞定。

搞服务器端小伙伴没有接触过iOS,所以也没料到过这种情形。他使用了AES128 with IV的加密算法,Android端可以顺利通过加密验证。

但是iOS端使用AES128算法后出现问题,虽然可以在本地加密解密,但是无法被服务器解密成功。

后来经过多方查找,才了解到一个蛋疼的事实,iOS只支持AES PKCS7Padding算法,在服务器端修改为相应算法后,顺利通过。

这里主要参考一篇博文,以下给出通用AES算法:


Objective-C:

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//头文件
#import
<Foundation/Foundation.h> @interface NSData (AES) - (NSData *)AES256EncryptWithKey:(NSString *)key; - (NSData *)AES256DecryptWithKey:(NSString *)key; @end
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实现代码:

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#import "NSData+AES256.h"
#import <CommonCrypto/CommonCryptor.h>


@implementation NSData (AES)

-(NSData *)AES256EncryptWithKey:(NSString *)key {
    // 'key' should be 32 bytes for AES256, will be null-padded otherwise
    char keyPtr[kCCKeySizeAES256+1]; // room for terminator (unused)
    bzero(keyPtr, sizeof(keyPtr)); // fill with zeroes (for padding)
    
    // fetch key data
    [key getCString:keyPtr maxLength:sizeof(keyPtr) encoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding];
    
    NSUInteger dataLength = [self length];
    
    //See the doc: For block ciphers, the output size will always be less than or
    //equal to the input size plus the size of one block.
    //That's why we need to add the size of one block here
    size_t bufferSize = dataLength + kCCBlockSizeAES128;
    void *buffer = malloc(bufferSize);
    
    size_t numBytesEncrypted = 0;
    CCCryptorStatus cryptStatus = CCCrypt(kCCEncrypt, kCCAlgorithmAES128, kCCOptionPKCS7Padding,
                                          keyPtr, kCCKeySizeAES256,
                                          NULL /* initialization vector (optional) */,
                                          [self bytes], dataLength, /* input */
                                          buffer, bufferSize, /* output */
                                          &numBytesEncrypted);
    if (cryptStatus == kCCSuccess) {
        //the returned NSData takes ownership of the buffer and will free it on deallocation
        return [NSData dataWithBytesNoCopy:buffer length:numBytesEncrypted];
    }
    
    free(buffer); //free the buffer;
    return nil;}

-(NSData *)AES256DecryptWithKey:(NSString *)key {
    // 'key' should be 32 bytes for AES256, will be null-padded otherwise
    char keyPtr[kCCKeySizeAES256+1]; // room for terminator (unused)
    bzero(keyPtr, sizeof(keyPtr)); // fill with zeroes (for padding)
    
    // fetch key data
    [key getCString:keyPtr maxLength:sizeof(keyPtr) encoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding];
    
    NSUInteger dataLength = [self length];
    
    //See the doc: For block ciphers, the output size will always be less than or
    //equal to the input size plus the size of one block.
    //That's why we need to add the size of one block here
    size_t bufferSize = dataLength + kCCBlockSizeAES128;
    void *buffer = malloc(bufferSize);
    
    size_t numBytesDecrypted = 0;
    CCCryptorStatus cryptStatus = CCCrypt(kCCDecrypt, kCCAlgorithmAES128, kCCOptionPKCS7Padding,
                                          keyPtr, kCCKeySizeAES256,
                                          NULL /* initialization vector (optional) */,
                                          [self bytes], dataLength, /* input */
                                          buffer, bufferSize, /* output */
                                          &numBytesDecrypted);
    
    if (cryptStatus == kCCSuccess) {
        //the returned NSData takes ownership of the buffer and will free it on deallocation
        return [NSData dataWithBytesNoCopy:buffer length:numBytesDecrypted];
    }
    
    free(buffer); //free the buffer;
    return nil;
}
@end
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C#:

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#region

        /// <summary>
        /// 256位AES加密
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="toEncrypt"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static string Encrypt(string toEncrypt)
        {
            // 256-AES key    
            byte[] keyArray = UTF8Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(key);
            byte[] toEncryptArray = UTF8Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(toEncrypt);

            RijndaelManaged rDel = new RijndaelManaged();
            rDel.Key = keyArray;
            rDel.Mode = CipherMode.ECB;
            rDel.Padding = PaddingMode.PKCS7;

            ICryptoTransform cTransform = rDel.CreateEncryptor();
            byte[] resultArray = cTransform.TransformFinalBlock(toEncryptArray, 0, toEncryptArray.Length);

            return Convert.ToBase64String(resultArray, 0, resultArray.Length);
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 256位AES解密
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="toDecrypt"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static string Decrypt(string toDecrypt)
        {
            // 256-AES key    
            byte[] keyArray = UTF8Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(key);
            byte[] toEncryptArray = Convert.FromBase64String(toDecrypt);

            RijndaelManaged rDel = new RijndaelManaged();
            rDel.Key = keyArray;
            rDel.Mode = CipherMode.ECB;
            rDel.Padding = PaddingMode.PKCS7;

            ICryptoTransform cTransform = rDel.CreateDecryptor();
            byte[] resultArray = cTransform.TransformFinalBlock(toEncryptArray, 0, toEncryptArray.Length);

            return UTF8Encoding.UTF8.GetString(resultArray);
        }

        #endregion
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Java

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import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;
import java.security.InvalidAlgorithmParameterException;
import java.security.InvalidKeyException;
import java.security.NoSuchAlgorithmException;
import java.util.Arrays;

import javax.crypto.BadPaddingException;
import javax.crypto.Cipher;
import javax.crypto.IllegalBlockSizeException;
import javax.crypto.NoSuchPaddingException;
import javax.crypto.spec.IvParameterSpec;
import javax.crypto.spec.SecretKeySpec;

import android.util.Base64;

public class AESUtils {
    /** 
     * 加密 
     * @param content 需要加密的内容 
     * @param password  加密密码 
     * @return 
     */  
    private static String Key="key";

    public static String encode(String stringToEncode) throws NullPointerException {

        try {
            SecretKeySpec skeySpec = getKey(Key);
            byte[] clearText = stringToEncode.getBytes("UTF8");
            final byte[] iv = new byte[16];
            Arrays.fill(iv, (byte) 0x00);
            IvParameterSpec ivParameterSpec = new IvParameterSpec(iv);
            Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance("AES/CBC/PKCS7Padding");
            cipher.init(Cipher.ENCRYPT_MODE, skeySpec, ivParameterSpec);
            String encrypedValue = Base64.encodeToString(cipher.doFinal(clearText), Base64.DEFAULT);
            return encrypedValue;
            
        } catch (InvalidKeyException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (BadPaddingException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (NoSuchPaddingException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (IllegalBlockSizeException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (InvalidAlgorithmParameterException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return "";
    }         
    
    private static SecretKeySpec getKey(String password) throws UnsupportedEncodingException {
        int keyLength = 256;
        byte[] keyBytes = new byte[keyLength / 8];
        Arrays.fill(keyBytes, (byte) 0x0);
        byte[] passwordBytes = password.getBytes("UTF-8");
        int length = passwordBytes.length < keyBytes.length ? passwordBytes.length : keyBytes.length;
        System.arraycopy(passwordBytes, 0, keyBytes, 0, length);
        SecretKeySpec key = new SecretKeySpec(keyBytes, "AES");
        return key;
    }    
    
}
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 Windows Phone&Windows Store:

 

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 public static string Encrypt(string toEncrypt)
        {
           
             //创建算法提供器
            var symmetricAlgorithm = SymmetricKeyAlgorithmProvider.OpenAlgorithm(SymmetricAlgorithmNames.AesEcbPkcs7);
            //key处理
            IBuffer tempKey = CryptographicBuffer.ConvertStringToBinary(key, BinaryStringEncoding.Utf8);
            CryptographicKey cryptKey = symmetricAlgorithm.CreateSymmetricKey(tempKey);
            // 将需要加密的数据转换为 IBuffer 类型
            var dateBuffer = CryptographicBuffer.ConvertStringToBinary(toEncrypt, BinaryStringEncoding.Utf8);
            
            try
            {
                // 加密数据
                var encrypted = CryptographicEngine.Encrypt(cryptKey,dateBuffer,null);
               // Debug.WriteLine(encrypted);
               return CryptographicBuffer.EncodeToBase64String(encrypted);
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                Debug.WriteLine(ex.Message);
            }

            return null;
        }
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http://www.cnblogs.com/mantgh/p/4244891.html
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