mybatis_SQL映射(2)

1. sql的重用:定义一个sql片段,可在任何SQL语句中重用该片段。

<sql id="personColumns"> name, sex, updateTime</sql>
<select id="selectPerson" parameterType="int" resultType="hashmap">
	select id, <include refid="personColumns"/> from person where id =#{id};
</select>

2. javabean别名:不用每次写包路径

<!-- In Config XML file,定义 -->
<typeAlias type=”com.someapp.model.User” alias=”User”/>
<!-- In SQL Mapping XML file,使用 -->
<select id=”selectUsers” parameterType=”int” resultType=”User”>
	select id, username, hashedPassword from some_table where id = #{id}
</select>

3. 表与实体列名不匹配的解决

a) SQL的别名
<select id=”selectUsers” parameterType=”int” resultType=”User”>
select user_id as "id", user_name as userName, hashed_password as hashedPassword from some_table where id = #{id}
</select>
b)定义外部的resultMap
<resultMap id="userResult" type="User">
	<id property="id" column="_id" />
	<result property="name" column="_name" />
	<result property="password" column="_password" />
</resultMap>

<select id="selectUser" parameterType="int" resultMap="userResult">
	select _id, _name, _password from _user where _id =#{id};
</select>
c) 异常及解决:
Exception in thread "main" org.apache.ibatis.exceptions.PersistenceException: 
### Error building SqlSession.
### The error may exist in com/yjq/entity/User.xml
### The error occurred while processing mapper_resultMap[userResult]
### Cause: org.apache.ibatis.builder.BuilderException: Error parsing SQL Mapper Configuration. Cause: java.lang.RuntimeException: Error parsing Mapper XML. Cause: org.apache.ibatis.builder.BuilderException: Error resolving class . Cause: org.apache.ibatis.type.TypeException: Could not resolve type alias 'userResult'.  Cause: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: Cannot find class: userResult
	at org.apache.ibatis.exceptions.ExceptionFactory.wrapException(ExceptionFactory.java:8)
	at org.apache.ibatis.session.SqlSessionFactoryBuilder.build(SqlSessionFactoryBuilder.java:32)
	at org.apache.ibatis.session.SqlSessionFactoryBuilder.build(SqlSessionFactoryBuilder.java:16)
	at com.yjq.db.DbFactory.getInstance(DbFactory.java:23)
	at com.yjq.dao.UserDao.selectUserById(UserDao.java:22)
	at com.yjq.dao.UserDao.main(UserDao.java:36)
Caused by: org.apache.ibatis.builder.BuilderException: Error parsing SQL Mapper Configuration. Cause: java.lang.RuntimeException: Error parsing Mapper XML. Cause: org.apache.ibatis.builder.BuilderException: Error resolving class . Cause: org.apache.ibatis.type.TypeException: Could not resolve type alias 'userResult'.  Cause: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: Cannot find class: userResult
	at org.apache.ibatis.builder.xml.XMLConfigBuilder.parseConfiguration(XMLConfigBuilder.java:85)
	at org.apache.ibatis.builder.xml.XMLConfigBuilder.parse(XMLConfigBuilder.java:69)
	at org.apache.ibatis.session.SqlSessionFactoryBuilder.build(SqlSessionFactoryBuilder.java:30)
	... 4 more
Caused by: java.lang.RuntimeException: Error parsing Mapper XML. Cause: org.apache.ibatis.builder.BuilderException: Error resolving class . Cause: org.apache.ibatis.type.TypeException: Could not resolve type alias 'userResult'.  Cause: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: Cannot find class: userResult
	at org.apache.ibatis.builder.xml.XMLMapperBuilder.configurationElement(XMLMapperBuilder.java:97)
	at org.apache.ibatis.builder.xml.XMLMapperBuilder.parse(XMLMapperBuilder.java:73)
	at org.apache.ibatis.builder.xml.XMLConfigBuilder.mapperElement(XMLConfigBuilder.java:255)
	at org.apache.ibatis.builder.xml.XMLConfigBuilder.parseConfiguration(XMLConfigBuilder.java:83)
	... 6 more
Caused by: org.apache.ibatis.builder.BuilderException: Error resolving class . Cause: org.apache.ibatis.type.TypeException: Could not resolve type alias 'userResult'.  Cause: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: Cannot find class: userResult
	at org.apache.ibatis.builder.BaseBuilder.resolveClass(BaseBuilder.java:69)
	at org.apache.ibatis.builder.xml.XMLStatementBuilder.parseStatementNode(XMLStatementBuilder.java:40)
	at org.apache.ibatis.builder.xml.XMLMapperBuilder.buildStatementFromContext(XMLMapperBuilder.java:105)
	at org.apache.ibatis.builder.xml.XMLMapperBuilder.configurationElement(XMLMapperBuilder.java:95)
	... 9 more
Caused by: org.apache.ibatis.type.TypeException: Could not resolve type alias 'userResult'.  Cause: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: Cannot find class: userResult
	at org.apache.ibatis.type.TypeAliasRegistry.resolveAlias(TypeAliasRegistry.java:92)
	at org.apache.ibatis.builder.BaseBuilder.resolveAlias(BaseBuilder.java:93)
	at org.apache.ibatis.builder.BaseBuilder.resolveClass(BaseBuilder.java:67)
	... 12 more
Caused by: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: Cannot find class: userResult
	at org.apache.ibatis.io.ClassLoaderWrapper.classForName(ClassLoaderWrapper.java:173)
	at org.apache.ibatis.io.ClassLoaderWrapper.classForName(ClassLoaderWrapper.java:72)
	at org.apache.ibatis.io.Resources.classForName(Resources.java:235)
	at org.apache.ibatis.type.TypeAliasRegistry.resolveAlias(TypeAliasRegistry.java:88)
	... 14 more

<select id="selectUser" parameterType="int" resultType="userResult">  修改为resultMap

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