源码为k8s v1.3.0稳定版本


(1) 代码起始位置


(2) 业务逻辑代码

二 、初始化启动过程

(1) main函数的处理

main函数的过程,基本属于k8s的统一风格,代码位于 kubernetes\cmd\kubelet\kubelet.go中


// NewKubeletServer will create a new KubeletServer with default values.
func NewKubeletServer() *KubeletServer {
       glog.Errorf("NewKubeletServer is called")
       config := componentconfig.KubeletConfiguration{}
       api.Scheme.Convert(&v1alpha1.KubeletConfiguration{}, &config)
       return &KubeletServer{
              AuthPath:             util.NewStringFlag("/var/lib/kubelet/kubernetes_auth"), // deprecated
              KubeConfig:           util.NewStringFlag("/var/lib/kubelet/kubeconfig"),
              KubeletConfiguration: config,

// KubeletServer encapsulates all of the parameters necessary for starting up
// a kubelet. These can either be set via command line or directly.
type KubeletServer struct {

       AuthPath      util.StringFlag // Deprecated -- use KubeConfig instead
       KubeConfig    util.StringFlag
       APIServerList []string

       RunOnce bool

       // Insert a probability of random errors during calls to the master.
       ChaosChance float64
       // Crash immediately, rather than eating panics.
       ReallyCrashForTesting bool


type KubeletConfiguration struct {

       // config is the path to the config file or directory of files
       Config string `json:"config"`
       // syncFrequency is the max period between synchronizing running
       // containers and config
       SyncFrequency unversioned.Duration `json:"syncFrequency"`
       // fileCheckFrequency is the duration between checking config files for
       // new data
       FileCheckFrequency unversioned.Duration `json:"fileCheckFrequency"`
       // httpCheckFrequency is the duration between checking http for new data
       HTTPCheckFrequency unversioned.Duration `json:"httpCheckFrequency"`
       // manifestURL is the URL for accessing the container manifest
       ManifestURL string `json:"manifestURL"`
       // manifestURLHeader is the HTTP header to use when accessing the manifest
       // URL, with the key separated from the value with a ':', as in 'key:value'
       ManifestURLHeader string `json:"manifestURLHeader"`
       // enableServer enables the Kubelet's server
       EnableServer bool `json:"enableServer"`
       // address is the IP address for the Kubelet to serve on (set to
       // for all interfaces)
       Address string `json:"address"`
       // port is the port for the Kubelet to serve on.
       Port int32 `json:"port"`
       // readOnlyPort is the read-only port for the Kubelet to serve on with
       // no authentication/authorization (set to 0 to disable)
       ReadOnlyPort int32 `json:"readOnlyPort"`
       // tlsCertFile is the file containing x509 Certificate for HTTPS.  (CA cert,
       // if any, concatenated after server cert). If tlsCertFile and
       // tlsPrivateKeyFile are not provided, a self-signed certificate
       // and key are generated for the public address and saved to the directory
       // passed to certDir.
       TLSCertFile string `json:"tlsCertFile"`
       // tlsPrivateKeyFile is the ile containing x509 private key matching
       // tlsCertFile.
       TLSPrivateKeyFile string `json:"tlsPrivateKeyFile"`
       // certDirectory is the directory where the TLS certs are located (by
       // default /var/run/kubernetes). If tlsCertFile and tlsPrivateKeyFile
       // are provided, this flag will be ignored.
       CertDirectory string `json:"certDirectory"`
       // hostnameOverride is the hostname used to identify the kubelet instead
       // of the actual hostname.
       HostnameOverride string `json:"hostnameOverride"`
       // podInfraContainerImage is the image whose network/ipc namespaces
       // containers in each pod will use.
       PodInfraContainerImage string `json:"podInfraContainerImage"`
       // dockerEndpoint is the path to the docker endpoint to communicate with.
       DockerEndpoint string `json:"dockerEndpoint"`
       // rootDirectory is the directory path to place kubelet files (volume
       // mounts,etc).
       RootDirectory string `json:"rootDirectory"`
       // seccompProfileRoot is the directory path for seccomp profiles.
       SeccompProfileRoot string `json:"seccompProfileRoot"`
       // allowPrivileged enables containers to request privileged mode.
       // Defaults to false.
       AllowPrivileged bool `json:"allowPrivileged"`
       // hostNetworkSources is a comma-separated list of sources from which the
       // Kubelet allows pods to use of host network. Defaults to "*". Valid
       // options are "file", "http", "api", and "*" (all sources).
       HostNetworkSources []string `json:"hostNetworkSources"`
       // hostPIDSources is a comma-separated list of sources from which the
       // Kubelet allows pods to use the host pid namespace. Defaults to "*".
       HostPIDSources []string `json:"hostPIDSources"`
       // hostIPCSources is a comma-separated list of sources from which the
       // Kubelet allows pods to use the host ipc namespace. Defaults to "*".
       HostIPCSources []string `json:"hostIPCSources"`
       // registryPullQPS is the limit of registry pulls per second. If 0,
       // unlimited. Set to 0 for no limit. Defaults to 5.0.
       RegistryPullQPS int32 `json:"registryPullQPS"`
       // registryBurst is the maximum size of a bursty pulls, temporarily allows
       // pulls to burst to this number, while still not exceeding registryQps.
       // Only used if registryQPS > 0.
       RegistryBurst int32 `json:"registryBurst"`
       // eventRecordQPS is the maximum event creations per second. If 0, there
       // is no limit enforced.
       EventRecordQPS int32 `json:"eventRecordQPS"`
       // eventBurst is the maximum size of a bursty event records, temporarily
       // allows event records to burst to this number, while still not exceeding
       // event-qps. Only used if eventQps > 0
       EventBurst int32 `json:"eventBurst"`
       // enableDebuggingHandlers enables server endpoints for log collection
       // and local running of containers and commands
       EnableDebuggingHandlers bool `json:"enableDebuggingHandlers"`
       // minimumGCAge is the minimum age for a finished container before it is
       // garbage collected.
       MinimumGCAge unversioned.Duration `json:"minimumGCAge"`
       // maxPerPodContainerCount is the maximum number of old instances to
       // retain per container. Each container takes up some disk space.
       MaxPerPodContainerCount int32 `json:"maxPerPodContainerCount"`
       // maxContainerCount is the maximum number of old instances of containers
       // to retain globally. Each container takes up some disk space.
       MaxContainerCount int32 `json:"maxContainerCount"`
       // cAdvisorPort is the port of the localhost cAdvisor endpoint
       CAdvisorPort int32 `json:"cAdvisorPort"`
       // healthzPort is the port of the localhost healthz endpoint
       HealthzPort int32 `json:"healthzPort"`
       // healthzBindAddress is the IP address for the healthz server to serve
       // on.
       HealthzBindAddress string `json:"healthzBindAddress"`
       // oomScoreAdj is The oom-score-adj value for kubelet process. Values
       // must be within the range [-1000, 1000].
       OOMScoreAdj int32 `json:"oomScoreAdj"`
       // registerNode enables automatic registration with the apiserver.
       RegisterNode bool `json:"registerNode"`
       // clusterDomain is the DNS domain for this cluster. If set, kubelet will
       // configure all containers to search this domain in addition to the
       // host's search domains.
       ClusterDomain string `json:"clusterDomain"`
       // masterServiceNamespace is The namespace from which the kubernetes
       // master services should be injected into pods.
       MasterServiceNamespace string `json:"masterServiceNamespace"`
       // clusterDNS is the IP address for a cluster DNS server.  If set, kubelet
       // will configure all containers to use this for DNS resolution in
       // addition to the host's DNS servers
       ClusterDNS string `json:"clusterDNS"`
       // streamingConnectionIdleTimeout is the maximum time a streaming connection
       // can be idle before the connection is automatically closed.
       StreamingConnectionIdleTimeout unversioned.Duration `json:"streamingConnectionIdleTimeout"`
       // nodeStatusUpdateFrequency is the frequency that kubelet posts node
       // status to master. Note: be cautious when changing the constant, it
       // must work with nodeMonitorGracePeriod in nodecontroller.
       NodeStatusUpdateFrequency unversioned.Duration `json:"nodeStatusUpdateFrequency"`
       // imageMinimumGCAge is the minimum age for a unused image before it is
       // garbage collected.
       ImageMinimumGCAge unversioned.Duration `json:"imageMinimumGCAge"`
       // imageGCHighThresholdPercent is the percent of disk usage after which
       // image garbage collection is always run.
       ImageGCHighThresholdPercent int32 `json:"imageGCHighThresholdPercent"`
       // imageGCLowThresholdPercent is the percent of disk usage before which
       // image garbage collection is never run. Lowest disk usage to garbage
       // collect to.
       ImageGCLowThresholdPercent int32 `json:"imageGCLowThresholdPercent"`
       // lowDiskSpaceThresholdMB is the absolute free disk space, in MB, to
       // maintain. When disk space falls below this threshold, new pods would
       // be rejected.
       LowDiskSpaceThresholdMB int32 `json:"lowDiskSpaceThresholdMB"`
       // How frequently to calculate and cache volume disk usage for all pods
       VolumeStatsAggPeriod unversioned.Duration `json:"volumeStatsAggPeriod"`
       // networkPluginName is the name of the network plugin to be invoked for
       // various events in kubelet/pod lifecycle
       NetworkPluginName string `json:"networkPluginName"`
       // networkPluginDir is the full path of the directory in which to search
       // for network plugins
       NetworkPluginDir string `json:"networkPluginDir"`
       // volumePluginDir is the full path of the directory in which to search
       // for additional third party volume plugins
       VolumePluginDir string `json:"volumePluginDir"`
       // cloudProvider is the provider for cloud services.
       CloudProvider string `json:"cloudProvider,omitempty"`
       // cloudConfigFile is the path to the cloud provider configuration file.
       CloudConfigFile string `json:"cloudConfigFile,omitempty"`
       // KubeletCgroups is the absolute name of cgroups to isolate the kubelet in.
       KubeletCgroups string `json:"kubeletCgroups,omitempty"`
       // Enable QoS based Cgroup hierarchy: top level cgroups for QoS Classes
       // And all Burstable and BestEffort pods are brought up under their
       // specific top level QoS cgroup.
       CgroupsPerQOS bool `json:"CgroupsPerQOS,omitempty"`
       // Cgroups that container runtime is expected to be isolated in.
       RuntimeCgroups string `json:"runtimeCgroups,omitempty"`
       // SystemCgroups is absolute name of cgroups in which to place
       // all non-kernel processes that are not already in a container. Empty
       // for no container. Rolling back the flag requires a reboot.
       SystemCgroups string `json:"systemCgroups,omitempty"`
       // CgroupRoot is the root cgroup to use for pods.
       // If CgroupsPerQOS is enabled, this is the root of the QoS cgroup hierarchy.
       CgroupRoot string `json:"cgroupRoot,omitempty"`
       // containerRuntime is the container runtime to use.
       ContainerRuntime string `json:"containerRuntime"`
       // runtimeRequestTimeout is the timeout for all runtime requests except long running
       // requests - pull, logs, exec and attach.
       RuntimeRequestTimeout unversioned.Duration `json:"runtimeRequestTimeout,omitempty"`
       // rktPath is the path of rkt binary. Leave empty to use the first rkt in
       // $PATH.
       RktPath string `json:"rktPath,omitempty"`
       // rktApiEndpoint is the endpoint of the rkt API service to communicate with.
       RktAPIEndpoint string `json:"rktAPIEndpoint,omitempty"`
       // rktStage1Image is the image to use as stage1. Local paths and
       // http/https URLs are supported.
       RktStage1Image string `json:"rktStage1Image,omitempty"`
       // lockFilePath is the path that kubelet will use to as a lock file.
       // It uses this file as a lock to synchronize with other kubelet processes
       // that may be running.
       LockFilePath string `json:"lockFilePath"`
       // ExitOnLockContention is a flag that signifies to the kubelet that it is running
       // in "bootstrap" mode. This requires that 'LockFilePath' has been set.
       // This will cause the kubelet to listen to inotify events on the lock file,
       // releasing it and exiting when another process tries to open that file.
       ExitOnLockContention bool `json:"exitOnLockContention"`
       // configureCBR0 enables the kublet to configure cbr0 based on
       // Node.Spec.PodCIDR.
       ConfigureCBR0 bool `json:"configureCbr0"`
       // How should the kubelet configure the container bridge for hairpin packets.
       // Setting this flag allows endpoints in a Service to loadbalance back to
       // themselves if they should try to access their own Service. Values:
       //   "promiscuous-bridge": make the container bridge promiscuous.
       //   "hairpin-veth":       set the hairpin flag on container veth interfaces.
       //   "none":               do nothing.
       // Setting --configure-cbr0 to false implies that to achieve hairpin NAT
       // one must set --hairpin-mode=veth-flag, because bridge assumes the
       // existence of a container bridge named cbr0.
       HairpinMode string `json:"hairpinMode"`
       // The node has babysitter process monitoring docker and kubelet.
       BabysitDaemons bool `json:"babysitDaemons"`
       // maxPods is the number of pods that can run on this Kubelet.
       MaxPods int32 `json:"maxPods"`
       // nvidiaGPUs is the number of NVIDIA GPU devices on this node.
       NvidiaGPUs int32 `json:"nvidiaGPUs"`
       // dockerExecHandlerName is the handler to use when executing a command
       // in a container. Valid values are 'native' and 'nsenter'. Defaults to
       // 'native'.
       DockerExecHandlerName string `json:"dockerExecHandlerName"`
       // The CIDR to use for pod IP addresses, only used in standalone mode.
       // In cluster mode, this is obtained from the master.
       PodCIDR string `json:"podCIDR"`
       // ResolverConfig is the resolver configuration file used as the basis
       // for the container DNS resolution configuration."), []
       ResolverConfig string `json:"resolvConf"`
       // cpuCFSQuota is Enable CPU CFS quota enforcement for containers that
       // specify CPU limits
       CPUCFSQuota bool `json:"cpuCFSQuota"`
       // containerized should be set to true if kubelet is running in a container.
       Containerized bool `json:"containerized"`
       // maxOpenFiles is Number of files that can be opened by Kubelet process.
       MaxOpenFiles int64 `json:"maxOpenFiles"`
       // reconcileCIDR is Reconcile node CIDR with the CIDR specified by the
       // API server. No-op if register-node or configure-cbr0 is false.
       ReconcileCIDR bool `json:"reconcileCIDR"`
       // registerSchedulable tells the kubelet to register the node as
       // schedulable. No-op if register-node is false.
       RegisterSchedulable bool `json:"registerSchedulable"`
       // contentType is contentType of requests sent to apiserver.
       ContentType string `json:"contentType"`
       // kubeAPIQPS is the QPS to use while talking with kubernetes apiserver
       KubeAPIQPS int32 `json:"kubeAPIQPS"`
       // kubeAPIBurst is the burst to allow while talking with kubernetes
       // apiserver
       KubeAPIBurst int32 `json:"kubeAPIBurst"`
       // serializeImagePulls when enabled, tells the Kubelet to pull images one
       // at a time. We recommend *not* changing the default value on nodes that
       // run docker daemon with version  < 1.9 or an Aufs storage backend.
       // Issue #10959 has more details.
       SerializeImagePulls bool `json:"serializeImagePulls"`
       // experimentalFlannelOverlay enables experimental support for starting the
       // kubelet with the default overlay network (flannel). Assumes flanneld
       // is already running in client mode.
       ExperimentalFlannelOverlay bool `json:"experimentalFlannelOverlay"`
       // outOfDiskTransitionFrequency is duration for which the kubelet has to
       // wait before transitioning out of out-of-disk node condition status.
       OutOfDiskTransitionFrequency unversioned.Duration `json:"outOfDiskTransitionFrequency,omitempty"`
       // nodeIP is IP address of the node. If set, kubelet will use this IP
       // address for the node.
       NodeIP string `json:"nodeIP,omitempty"`
       // nodeLabels to add when registering the node in the cluster.
       NodeLabels map[string]string `json:"nodeLabels"`
       // nonMasqueradeCIDR configures masquerading: traffic to IPs outside this range will use IP masquerade.
       NonMasqueradeCIDR string `json:"nonMasqueradeCIDR"`
       // enable gathering custom metrics.
       EnableCustomMetrics bool `json:"enableCustomMetrics"`
       // Comma-delimited list of hard eviction expressions.  For example, 'memory.available<300Mi'.
       EvictionHard string `json:"evictionHard,omitempty"`
       // Comma-delimited list of soft eviction expressions.  For example, 'memory.available<300Mi'.
       EvictionSoft string `json:"evictionSoft,omitempty"`
       // Comma-delimeted list of grace periods for each soft eviction signal.  For example, 'memory.available=30s'.
       EvictionSoftGracePeriod string `json:"evictionSoftGracePeriod,omitempty"`
       // Duration for which the kubelet has to wait before transitioning out of an eviction pressure condition.
       EvictionPressureTransitionPeriod unversioned.Duration `json:"evictionPressureTransitionPeriod,omitempty"`
       // Maximum allowed grace period (in seconds) to use when terminating pods in response to a soft eviction threshold being met.
       EvictionMaxPodGracePeriod int32 `json:"evictionMaxPodGracePeriod,omitempty"`
       // Maximum number of pods per core. Cannot exceed MaxPods
       PodsPerCore int32 `json:"podsPerCore"`
       // enableControllerAttachDetach enables the Attach/Detach controller to
       // manage attachment/detachment of volumes scheduled to this node, and
       // disables kubelet from executing any attach/detach operations
       EnableControllerAttachDetach bool `json:"enableControllerAttachDetach"`
       // A set of ResourceName=ResourceQuantity (e.g. cpu=200m,memory=150G) pairs
       // that describe resources reserved for non-kubernetes components.
       // Currently only cpu and memory are supported. [default=none]
       // See http://releases.k8s.io/HEAD/docs/user-guide/compute-resources.md for more detail.
       SystemReserved utilconfig.ConfigurationMap `json:"systemReserved"`
       // A set of ResourceName=ResourceQuantity (e.g. cpu=200m,memory=150G) pairs
       // that describe resources reserved for kubernetes system components.
       // Currently only cpu and memory are supported. [default=none]
       // See http://releases.k8s.io/HEAD/docs/user-guide/compute-resources.md for more detail.
       KubeReserved utilconfig.ConfigurationMap `json:"kubeReserved"`

(2) 进入到Run函数中:

// Run runs the specified KubeletServer for the given KubeletConfig.  This should never exit.
// The kcfg argument may be nil - if so, it is initialized from the settings on KubeletServer.
// Otherwise, the caller is assumed to have set up the KubeletConfig object and all defaults
// will be ignored.
func Run(s *options.KubeletServer, kcfg *KubeletConfig) error {
       glog.Errorf(" begin to KubeletServer Run.")
       err := run(s, kcfg)
       if err != nil {
              glog.Errorf("Failed running kubelet: %v", err)
       }else {
              glog.Errorf(" running kubelet succeed.")
       return err

func run(s *options.KubeletServer, kcfg *KubeletConfig) (err error) {
       if s.ExitOnLockContention && s.LockFilePath == "" {
              return errors.New("cannot exit on lock file contention: no lock file specified")

       done := make(chan struct{})
       if s.LockFilePath != "" {
              glog.Infof("aquiring lock on %q", s.LockFilePath)
              if err := flock.Acquire(s.LockFilePath); err != nil {
                     return fmt.Errorf("unable to aquire file lock on %q: %v", s.LockFilePath, err)
              if s.ExitOnLockContention {
                     glog.Infof("watching for inotify events for: %v", s.LockFilePath)
                     if err := watchForLockfileContention(s.LockFilePath, done); err != nil {
                            return err
       if c, err := configz.New("componentconfig"); err == nil {
       } else {
              glog.Errorf("unable to register configz: %s", err)
       if kcfg == nil {
              cfg, err := UnsecuredKubeletConfig(s)
              if err != nil {
                     return err
              kcfg = cfg

              clientConfig, err := CreateAPIServerClientConfig(s)
              if err == nil {
                     kcfg.KubeClient, err = clientset.NewForConfig(clientConfig)

                     // make a separate client for events
                     eventClientConfig := *clientConfig
                     eventClientConfig.QPS = float32(s.EventRecordQPS)
                     eventClientConfig.Burst = int(s.EventBurst)
                     kcfg.EventClient, err = clientset.NewForConfig(&eventClientConfig)
              if err != nil && len(s.APIServerList) > 0 {
                     glog.Warningf("No API client: %v", err)

              if s.CloudProvider == kubeExternal.AutoDetectCloudProvider {
                     kcfg.AutoDetectCloudProvider = true
              } else {
                     cloud, err := cloudprovider.InitCloudProvider(s.CloudProvider, s.CloudConfigFile)
                     if err != nil {
                            return err
                     glog.V(2).Infof("Successfully initialized cloud provider: %q from the config file: %q\n", s.CloudProvider, s.CloudConfigFile)
                     kcfg.Cloud = cloud

       if kcfg.CAdvisorInterface == nil {
              kcfg.CAdvisorInterface, err = cadvisor.New(uint(s.CAdvisorPort), kcfg.ContainerRuntime)
              if err != nil {
                     return err

       if kcfg.ContainerManager == nil {
              if kcfg.SystemCgroups != "" && kcfg.CgroupRoot == "" {
                     return fmt.Errorf("invalid configuration: system container was specified and cgroup root was not specified")
              kcfg.ContainerManager, err = cm.NewContainerManager(kcfg.Mounter, kcfg.CAdvisorInterface, cm.NodeConfig{
                     RuntimeCgroupsName: kcfg.RuntimeCgroups,
                     SystemCgroupsName:  kcfg.SystemCgroups,
                     KubeletCgroupsName: kcfg.KubeletCgroups,
                     ContainerRuntime:   kcfg.ContainerRuntime,
                     CgroupsPerQOS:      kcfg.CgroupsPerQOS,
                     CgroupRoot:         kcfg.CgroupRoot,
              if err != nil {
                     return err

       runtime.ReallyCrash = s.ReallyCrashForTesting

       // TODO(vmarmol): Do this through container config.
       oomAdjuster := kcfg.OOMAdjuster
       if err := oomAdjuster.ApplyOOMScoreAdj(0, int(s.OOMScoreAdj)); err != nil {

       if err := RunKubelet(kcfg); err != nil {
              return err

       if s.HealthzPort > 0 {
              go wait.Until(func() {
                     err := http.ListenAndServe(net.JoinHostPort(s.HealthzBindAddress, strconv.Itoa(int(s.HealthzPort))), nil)
                     if err != nil {
                            glog.Errorf("Starting health server failed: %v", err)
              }, 5*time.Second, wait.NeverStop)

       if s.RunOnce {
              return nil

       return nil


step1: 创建一个done的channel,实现主Goroutine的运行


step3:  UnsecuredKubeletConfig调用,里面创建KubeletConfig(重点)


step5: CloudProvider的初始化

step6:   cadvisor对象的初始化

step7:  NewContainerManager

step8: oomAdjuster对象的初始化

step9: RunKubelet (下一级的执行函数)

step10: healthz.DefaultHealthz (这里启动了一个协程)

(3) UnsecuredKubeletConfig分析

// UnsecuredKubeletConfig returns a KubeletConfig suitable for being run, or an error if the server setup
// is not valid.  It will not start any background processes, and does not include authentication/authorization
func UnsecuredKubeletConfig(s *options.KubeletServer) (*KubeletConfig, error) {
       hostNetworkSources, err := kubetypes.GetValidatedSources(s.HostNetworkSources)
       if err != nil {
              return nil, err

       hostPIDSources, err := kubetypes.GetValidatedSources(s.HostPIDSources)
       if err != nil {
              return nil, err

       hostIPCSources, err := kubetypes.GetValidatedSources(s.HostIPCSources)
       if err != nil {
              return nil, err

       mounter := mount.New()
       var writer io.Writer = &io.StdWriter{}
       if s.Containerized {
              glog.V(2).Info("Running kubelet in containerized mode (experimental)")
              mounter = mount.NewNsenterMounter()
              writer = &io.NsenterWriter{}

       tlsOptions, err := InitializeTLS(s)
       if err != nil {
              return nil, err

       var dockerExecHandler dockertools.ExecHandler
       switch s.DockerExecHandlerName {
       case "native":
              dockerExecHandler = &dockertools.NativeExecHandler{}
       case "nsenter":
              dockerExecHandler = &dockertools.NsenterExecHandler{}
              glog.Warningf("Unknown Docker exec handler %q; defaulting to native", s.DockerExecHandlerName)
              dockerExecHandler = &dockertools.NativeExecHandler{}

       imageGCPolicy := kubelet.ImageGCPolicy{
              MinAge:               s.ImageMinimumGCAge.Duration,
              HighThresholdPercent: int(s.ImageGCHighThresholdPercent),
              LowThresholdPercent:  int(s.ImageGCLowThresholdPercent),

       diskSpacePolicy := kubelet.DiskSpacePolicy{
              DockerFreeDiskMB: int(s.LowDiskSpaceThresholdMB),
              RootFreeDiskMB:   int(s.LowDiskSpaceThresholdMB),

       manifestURLHeader := make(http.Header)
       if s.ManifestURLHeader != "" {
              pieces := strings.Split(s.ManifestURLHeader, ":")
              if len(pieces) != 2 {
                     return nil, fmt.Errorf("manifest-url-header must have a single ':' key-value separator, got %q", s.ManifestURLHeader)
              manifestURLHeader.Set(pieces[0], pieces[1])

       reservation, err := parseReservation(s.KubeReserved, s.SystemReserved)
       if err != nil {
              return nil, err

       thresholds, err := eviction.ParseThresholdConfig(s.EvictionHard, s.EvictionSoft, s.EvictionSoftGracePeriod)
       if err != nil {
              return nil, err
       evictionConfig := eviction.Config{
              PressureTransitionPeriod: s.EvictionPressureTransitionPeriod.Duration,
              MaxPodGracePeriodSeconds: int64(s.EvictionMaxPodGracePeriod),
              Thresholds:               thresholds,

       return &KubeletConfig{
              Address:                      net.ParseIP(s.Address),
              AllowPrivileged:              s.AllowPrivileged,
              Auth:                         nil, // default does not enforce auth[nz]
              CAdvisorInterface:            nil, // launches background processes, not set here
              VolumeStatsAggPeriod:         s.VolumeStatsAggPeriod.Duration,
              CgroupRoot:                   s.CgroupRoot,
              Cloud:                        nil, // cloud provider might start background processes
              ClusterDNS:                   net.ParseIP(s.ClusterDNS),
              ClusterDomain:                s.ClusterDomain,
              ConfigFile:                   s.Config,
              ConfigureCBR0:                s.ConfigureCBR0,
              ContainerManager:             nil,
              ContainerRuntime:             s.ContainerRuntime,
              RuntimeRequestTimeout:        s.RuntimeRequestTimeout.Duration,
              CPUCFSQuota:                  s.CPUCFSQuota,
              DiskSpacePolicy:              diskSpacePolicy,
              DockerClient:                 dockertools.ConnectToDockerOrDie(s.DockerEndpoint, s.RuntimeRequestTimeout.Duration), // TODO(random-liu): Set RuntimeRequestTimeout for rkt.
              RuntimeCgroups:               s.RuntimeCgroups,
              DockerExecHandler:            dockerExecHandler,
              EnableControllerAttachDetach: s.EnableControllerAttachDetach,
              EnableCustomMetrics:          s.EnableCustomMetrics,
              EnableDebuggingHandlers:      s.EnableDebuggingHandlers,
              CgroupsPerQOS:                s.CgroupsPerQOS,
              EnableServer:                 s.EnableServer,
              EventBurst:                   int(s.EventBurst),
              EventRecordQPS:               float32(s.EventRecordQPS),
              FileCheckFrequency:           s.FileCheckFrequency.Duration,
              HostnameOverride:             s.HostnameOverride,
              HostNetworkSources:           hostNetworkSources,
              HostPIDSources:               hostPIDSources,
              HostIPCSources:               hostIPCSources,
              HTTPCheckFrequency:           s.HTTPCheckFrequency.Duration,
              ImageGCPolicy:                imageGCPolicy,
              KubeClient:                   nil,
              ManifestURL:                  s.ManifestURL,
              ManifestURLHeader:            manifestURLHeader,
              MasterServiceNamespace:       s.MasterServiceNamespace,
              MaxContainerCount:            int(s.MaxContainerCount),
              MaxOpenFiles:                 uint64(s.MaxOpenFiles),
              MaxPerPodContainerCount:      int(s.MaxPerPodContainerCount),
              MaxPods:                      int(s.MaxPods),
              NvidiaGPUs:                   int(s.NvidiaGPUs),
              MinimumGCAge:                 s.MinimumGCAge.Duration,
              Mounter:                      mounter,
              NetworkPluginName:            s.NetworkPluginName,
              NetworkPlugins:               ProbeNetworkPlugins(s.NetworkPluginDir),
              NodeLabels:                   s.NodeLabels,
              NodeStatusUpdateFrequency:    s.NodeStatusUpdateFrequency.Duration,
              NonMasqueradeCIDR:            s.NonMasqueradeCIDR,
              OOMAdjuster:                  oom.NewOOMAdjuster(),
              OSInterface:                  kubecontainer.RealOS{},
              PodCIDR:                      s.PodCIDR,
              ReconcileCIDR:                s.ReconcileCIDR,
              PodInfraContainerImage:       s.PodInfraContainerImage,
              Port:                           uint(s.Port),
              ReadOnlyPort:                   uint(s.ReadOnlyPort),
              RegisterNode:                   s.RegisterNode,
              RegisterSchedulable:            s.RegisterSchedulable,
              RegistryBurst:                  int(s.RegistryBurst),
              RegistryPullQPS:                float64(s.RegistryPullQPS),
              ResolverConfig:                 s.ResolverConfig,
              Reservation:                    *reservation,
              KubeletCgroups:                 s.KubeletCgroups,
              RktPath:                        s.RktPath,
              RktAPIEndpoint:                 s.RktAPIEndpoint,
              RktStage1Image:                 s.RktStage1Image,
              RootDirectory:                  s.RootDirectory,
              SeccompProfileRoot:             s.SeccompProfileRoot,
              Runonce:                        s.RunOnce,
              SerializeImagePulls:            s.SerializeImagePulls,
              StandaloneMode:                 (len(s.APIServerList) == 0),
              StreamingConnectionIdleTimeout: s.StreamingConnectionIdleTimeout.Duration,
              SyncFrequency:                  s.SyncFrequency.Duration,
              SystemCgroups:                  s.SystemCgroups,
              TLSOptions:                     tlsOptions,
              Writer:                         writer,
              VolumePlugins:                  ProbeVolumePlugins(s.VolumePluginDir),
              OutOfDiskTransitionFrequency:   s.OutOfDiskTransitionFrequency.Duration,
              HairpinMode:                    s.HairpinMode,
              BabysitDaemons:                 s.BabysitDaemons,
              ExperimentalFlannelOverlay:     s.ExperimentalFlannelOverlay,
              NodeIP:         net.ParseIP(s.NodeIP),
              EvictionConfig: evictionConfig,
              PodsPerCore:    int(s.PodsPerCore),
       }, nil

step1: 根据配置创建hostNetworkSources,hostPIDSources,hostIPCSources对象,该函数后面会用到

step2: mounter,writer,tlsOptions对象的创建

step3: dockerExecHandler的初始化


step5: diskSpacePolicy初始化

step6:  manifestURLHeader,reservation,thresholds,evictionConfig对象的初始化

step7: 构建KubeletConfig对象,在这个构建函数中,同时构建了几个关键的对象;


dockertools.ConnectToDockerOrDie(s.DockerEndpoint, s.RuntimeRequestTimeout.Duration)

(4) ConnectToDockerOrDie分析

// ConnectToDockerOrDie creates docker client connecting to docker daemon.
// If the endpoint passed in is "fake://", a fake docker client
// will be returned. The program exits if error occurs. The requestTimeout
// is the timeout for docker requests. If timeout is exceeded, the request
// will be cancelled and throw out an error. If requestTimeout is 0, a default
// value will be applied.
func ConnectToDockerOrDie(dockerEndpoint string, requestTimeout time.Duration) DockerInterface {
       if dockerEndpoint == "fake://" {
              return NewFakeDockerClient()
       client, err := getDockerClient(dockerEndpoint)
       if err != nil {
              glog.Fatalf("Couldn't connect to docker: %v", err)
       glog.Infof("Start docker client with request timeout=%v", requestTimeout)
       return newKubeDockerClient(client, requestTimeout)

// newKubeDockerClient creates an kubeDockerClient from an existing docker client. If requestTimeout is 0,
// defaultTimeout will be applied.
func newKubeDockerClient(dockerClient *dockerapi.Client, requestTimeout time.Duration) DockerInterface {
       if requestTimeout == 0 {
              requestTimeout = defaultTimeout
       return &kubeDockerClient{
              client:  dockerClient,
              timeout: requestTimeout,

// DockerInterface is an abstract interface for testability.  It abstracts the interface of docker client.
type DockerInterface interface {
       ListContainers(options dockertypes.ContainerListOptions) ([]dockertypes.Container, error)
       InspectContainer(id string) (*dockertypes.ContainerJSON, error)
       CreateContainer(dockertypes.ContainerCreateConfig) (*dockertypes.ContainerCreateResponse, error)
       StartContainer(id string) error
       StopContainer(id string, timeout int) error
       RemoveContainer(id string, opts dockertypes.ContainerRemoveOptions) error
       InspectImage(image string) (*dockertypes.ImageInspect, error)
       ListImages(opts dockertypes.ImageListOptions) ([]dockertypes.Image, error)
       PullImage(image string, auth dockertypes.AuthConfig, opts dockertypes.ImagePullOptions) error
       RemoveImage(image string, opts dockertypes.ImageRemoveOptions) ([]dockertypes.ImageDelete, error)
       ImageHistory(id string) ([]dockertypes.ImageHistory, error)
       Logs(string, dockertypes.ContainerLogsOptions, StreamOptions) error
       Version() (*dockertypes.Version, error)
       Info() (*dockertypes.Info, error)
       CreateExec(string, dockertypes.ExecConfig) (*dockertypes.ContainerExecCreateResponse, error)
       StartExec(string, dockertypes.ExecStartCheck, StreamOptions) error
       InspectExec(id string) (*dockertypes.ContainerExecInspect, error)
       AttachToContainer(string, dockertypes.ContainerAttachOptions, StreamOptions) error
       ResizeContainerTTY(id string, height, width int) error
       ResizeExecTTY(id string, height, width int) error


(5)  RunKubelet 函数分析

// RunKubelet is responsible for setting up and running a kubelet.  It is used in three different applications:
//   1 Integration tests
//   2 Kubelet binary
//   3 Standalone 'kubernetes' binary
// Eventually, #2 will be replaced with instances of #3
func RunKubelet(kcfg *KubeletConfig) error {
       kcfg.Hostname = nodeutil.GetHostname(kcfg.HostnameOverride)

       if len(kcfg.NodeName) == 0 {
              // Query the cloud provider for our node name, default to Hostname
              nodeName := kcfg.Hostname
              if kcfg.Cloud != nil {
                     var err error
                     instances, ok := kcfg.Cloud.Instances()
                     if !ok {
                            return fmt.Errorf("failed to get instances from cloud provider")

                     nodeName, err = instances.CurrentNodeName(kcfg.Hostname)
                     if err != nil {
                            return fmt.Errorf("error fetching current instance name from cloud provider: %v", err)

                     glog.V(2).Infof("cloud provider determined current node name to be %s", nodeName)

              kcfg.NodeName = nodeName

       eventBroadcaster := record.NewBroadcaster()
       kcfg.Recorder = eventBroadcaster.NewRecorder(api.EventSource{Component: "kubelet", Host: kcfg.NodeName})
       if kcfg.EventClient != nil {
              glog.V(4).Infof("Sending events to api server.")
              eventBroadcaster.StartRecordingToSink(&unversionedcore.EventSinkImpl{Interface: kcfg.EventClient.Events("")})
       } else {
              glog.Warning("No api server defined - no events will be sent to API server.")

       privilegedSources := capabilities.PrivilegedSources{
              HostNetworkSources: kcfg.HostNetworkSources,
              HostPIDSources:     kcfg.HostPIDSources,
              HostIPCSources:     kcfg.HostIPCSources,
       capabilities.Setup(kcfg.AllowPrivileged, privilegedSources, 0)

       glog.V(2).Infof("Using root directory: %v", kcfg.RootDirectory)

       builder := kcfg.Builder
       if builder == nil {
              builder = CreateAndInitKubelet
       if kcfg.OSInterface == nil {
              kcfg.OSInterface = kubecontainer.RealOS{}
       k, podCfg, err := builder(kcfg)
       if err != nil {
              return fmt.Errorf("failed to create kubelet: %v", err)


       // TODO(dawnchen): remove this once we deprecated old debian containervm images.
       // This is a workaround for issue: https://github.com/opencontainers/runc/issues/726
       // The current chosen number is consistent with most of other os dist.
       const maxkeysPath = "/proc/sys/kernel/keys/root_maxkeys"
       const minKeys uint64 = 1000000
       key, err := ioutil.ReadFile(maxkeysPath)
       if err != nil {
              glog.Errorf("Cannot read keys quota in %s", maxkeysPath)
       } else {
              fields := strings.Fields(string(key))
              nkey, _ := strconv.ParseUint(fields[0], 10, 64)
              if nkey < minKeys {
                     glog.Infof("Setting keys quota in %s to %d", maxkeysPath, minKeys)
                     err = ioutil.WriteFile(maxkeysPath, []byte(fmt.Sprintf("%d", uint64(minKeys))), 0644)
                     if err != nil {
                            glog.Warningf("Failed to update %s: %v", maxkeysPath, err)
       const maxbytesPath = "/proc/sys/kernel/keys/root_maxbytes"
       const minBytes uint64 = 25000000
       bytes, err := ioutil.ReadFile(maxbytesPath)
       if err != nil {
              glog.Errorf("Cannot read keys bytes in %s", maxbytesPath)
       } else {
              fields := strings.Fields(string(bytes))
              nbyte, _ := strconv.ParseUint(fields[0], 10, 64)
              if nbyte < minBytes {
                     glog.Infof("Setting keys bytes in %s to %d", maxbytesPath, minBytes)
                     err = ioutil.WriteFile(maxbytesPath, []byte(fmt.Sprintf("%d", uint64(minBytes))), 0644)
                     if err != nil {
                            glog.Warningf("Failed to update %s: %v", maxbytesPath, err)

       // process pods and exit.
       if kcfg.Runonce {
              if _, err := k.RunOnce(podCfg.Updates()); err != nil {
                     return fmt.Errorf("runonce failed: %v", err)
              glog.Infof("Started kubelet %s as runonce", version.Get().String())
       } else {
              startKubelet(k, podCfg, kcfg)
              glog.Errorf("Started kubelet %s", version.Get().String())
       return nil

step1: KubeletConfig中NodeName的设置

step2: NewBroadcaster与API Server交互(待验证)

step3: privilegedSources capabilities初始化

step4: SetPreferredDockercfgPath设置

step5: CreateAndInitKubelet,该函数的作用从名字中就可以看出,创建并初始化kubelet(重要)

step6: ApplyRLimitForSelf

step7: 中间的代码,好像是是修改了系统的某些参数,解决一个debug

step8: startKubelet进入下一级的初始化过程

(6)  CreateAndInitKubelet函数分析


func CreateAndInitKubelet(kc *KubeletConfig) (k KubeletBootstrap, pc *config.PodConfig, err error) {
       // TODO: block until all sources have delivered at least one update to the channel, or break the sync loop
       // up into "per source" synchronizations
       // TODO: KubeletConfig.KubeClient should be a client interface, but client interface misses certain methods
       // used by kubelet. Since NewMainKubelet expects a client interface, we need to make sure we are not passing
       // a nil pointer to it when what we really want is a nil interface.
       var kubeClient clientset.Interface
       if kc.KubeClient != nil {
              kubeClient = kc.KubeClient
              // TODO: remove this when we've refactored kubelet to only use clientset.

       gcPolicy := kubecontainer.ContainerGCPolicy{
              MinAge:             kc.MinimumGCAge,
              MaxPerPodContainer: kc.MaxPerPodContainerCount,
              MaxContainers:      kc.MaxContainerCount,

       daemonEndpoints := &api.NodeDaemonEndpoints{
              KubeletEndpoint: api.DaemonEndpoint{Port: int32(kc.Port)},

       pc = kc.PodConfig
       if pc == nil {
              pc = makePodSourceConfig(kc)
       k, err = kubelet.NewMainKubelet(

       if err != nil {
              return nil, nil, err



       return k, pc, nil

step1: kubecontainer.ContainerGCPolicy对象创建

step2: api.NodeDaemonEndpoints赋值

step3:NewMainKubelet函数调用,并返回一个Kubelet对象  (重要,该函数类创建了大多数kubelet需要用到的对象)




step6:   Kubelet对象返回C:





文章标签: k8s
个人分类: k8s
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