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ASP.NET TreeView级联选择问题

 

ASP.NET TreeView级联选择问题
关于ASP.NET TreeView控件级联选择问题,网上有不少的解决办法。个人觉得给TreeView注册onclick事件是最好的办法。下面是用于级联选择的一个JavaScript方法,将此方法注册到TreeViewonclick即可实现级联选择:
    function CheckSubNodes()
    {
         var obj = window.event.srcElement;
         var TreeNodeFound = false;
         var CheckedState;
         if(obj.tagName=="INPUT"&&obj.type=="checkbox")
         {
             var TreeNode = obj;
             CheckedState = obj.checked;
             do
             {
                 obj = obj.parentNode;
                 
             }
             while(obj.tagName!="TABLE")
             var parentTreeLevel = obj.rows[0].cells.length;
             var parentTreeNode = obj.rows[0].cells[0];
             var tables = obj.parentElement.getElementsByTagName("TABLE");
             var numTables = tables.length;
             if(numTables>=1)
             {
                  for(var i=0;i<=numTables;i++)
                  {
                      if(tables[i]==obj)
                      {
                           TreeNodeFound = true;
                           i++;
                           if(i==numTables)
                           {
                                return;
                           }
                      }
                      if(TreeNodeFound==true)
                      {
                           var childTreeLevel = tables[i].rows[0].cells.length;
                           if (childTreeLevel > parentTreeLevel)
                           {
                                 var cell = tables[i].rows[0].cells[childTreeLevel - 1];
                                 var inputs = cell.getElementsByTagName("INPUT");
                                 inputs[0].checked = CheckedState;
                            }
                            else
                            {
                                 return;
                            }
                      }
 
                  }
             }
        
         }
}
说实话,这段JavaScript代码是比较冗长的,我建了一个页面,里面包含一个TreeView,用于测试此方法:
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head runat="server">
    <title>TreeView级联选择</title>
<script language="javascript">
    function CheckSubNodes()
    {
         var obj = window.event.srcElement;
         var TreeNodeFound = false;
         var CheckedState;
         if(obj.tagName=="INPUT"&&obj.type=="checkbox")
         {
             var TreeNode = obj;
             CheckedState = obj.checked;
             do
             {
                 obj = obj.parentNode;
                
             }
             while(obj.tagName!="TABLE")
             var parentTreeLevel = obj.rows[0].cells.length;
             var parentTreeNode = obj.rows[0].cells[0];
             var tables = obj.parentElement.getElementsByTagName("TABLE");
             var numTables = tables.length;
             if(numTables>=1)
             {
                  for(var i=0;i<=numTables;i++)
                  {
                      if(tables[i]==obj)
                      {
                           TreeNodeFound = true;
                           i++;
                           if(i==numTables)
                           {
                                return;
                           }
                      }
                      if(TreeNodeFound==true)
                      {
                           var childTreeLevel = tables[i].rows[0].cells.length;
                           if (childTreeLevel > parentTreeLevel)
                           {
                                 var cell = tables[i].rows[0].cells[childTreeLevel - 1];
                                 var inputs = cell.getElementsByTagName("INPUT");
                                 inputs[0].checked = CheckedState;
                            }
                            else
                            {
                                 return;
                            }
                      }
 
                  }
             }
        
         }
}
</script>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
    <div>
        <asp:TreeView ID="TreeView1" runat="server" ShowCheckBoxes="All" ShowLines="True" onclick="CheckSubNodes()">
            <Nodes>
                <asp:TreeNode Text="新建节点1" Value="新建节点1">
                    <asp:TreeNode Text="新建节点1.1" Value="新建节点1.1">
                        <asp:TreeNode Text="新建节点1.1.1" Value="新建节点1.1.1"></asp:TreeNode>
                    </asp:TreeNode>
                </asp:TreeNode>
                <asp:TreeNode Text="新建节点2" Value="新建节点2">
                    <asp:TreeNode Text="新建节点2.1" Value="新建节点2.1"></asp:TreeNode>
                    <asp:TreeNode Text="新建节点2.2" Value="新建节点2.2"></asp:TreeNode>
                </asp:TreeNode>
                <asp:TreeNode Text="新建节点3" Value="新建节点3">
                    <asp:TreeNode Text="新建节点3.1" Value="新建节点3.1"></asp:TreeNode>
                </asp:TreeNode>
                <asp:TreeNode Text="新建节点4" Value="新建节点4"></asp:TreeNode>
            </Nodes>
        </asp:TreeView>
    </div>
    </form>
</body>
</html>
测试时,点击“新建节点1.1”会出错(但此方法还是实现了功能,尽管出错了),在开启IE调试功能时会弹出错误提示,若没有开启IE调试状态栏也会出现错误提示。下面是我的一个方法:
    function CheckSubNodes()
    {
          var obj = window.event.srcElement;      //获取事件对象的来源
          var CheckState; //定义一个变量,用于存储选中状态(true or false),以便于在子节点级联
          if(obj.tagName=="INPUT"&&obj.type=="checkbox")    //如果事件的来源是checkbox 
          {
               CheckState = obj.checked;            //获得该checkbox的选中状态
               do
               {
                  obj = obj.parentNode;           
               }
               while(obj.tagName!="TABLE")    
//获得包含该checkbox的table,由于每个节点都在一个table中,因此相当于获取到节点
               obj = obj.nextSibling;           //获得该节点的兄弟节点
               if(obj!=null&&obj.tagName=="DIV")  
//判断该节点是否为空以及是否为一棵子树,子树包含在DIV中(且在该节点的后一个节点中),
//而节点包含在table中
               {
                    var inputs = obj.getElementsByTagName("INPUT");   
//获得该节点子树中的checkbox
                    for(var i=0;i<inputs.length;i++)
                    {
                        inputs[i].checked = CheckState;     
//遍历inputs,使子树的所有checkbox状态与该节点一致
                    }
               }
          }
}   
与上一个方法比起来,这个方法比上一个简练(效率自然也高一些),且没有任何错误(在IE 7下测试)。要测试此方法,请将上述测试页面CheckSubNodes()方法替换为我的方法。
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TreeView Javascrip实现级联选择

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