Intellij IDEA搭建maven+注解SpringMVC框架

本文主要介绍了简单搭建SpringMVC的框架,并未涉及一些原理的讲解,以后会陆续补全,希望可以和大家一起交流进步

本文用到的环境相关版本介绍

本文的tomcat会以maven插件的形式集成至maven

  • maven3.2.5
  • Intellij IDEA 15
  • jdk1.8
  • *Spring3.2.4
  • tomcat-maven-plugin2.1

一、用maven+Intellij IDEA创建web项目

1.首先新打开IDEA,新建一个project

创建web项目

2.next之后填写一些名称,此处略掉,建完项目之后maven会下载一些依赖,完成之后工程目录如下图:

工程目录

二、添加jar包依赖

1.在maven仓库中添加一些jar包依赖

<dependencies>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-context</artifactId>
            <version>3.2.4.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-orm</artifactId>
            <version>3.2.4.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-context-support</artifactId>
            <version>3.2.4.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-aspects</artifactId>
            <version>3.2.4.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-test</artifactId>
            <version>3.2.4.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-core</artifactId>
            <version>3.2.4.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-web</artifactId>
            <version>3.2.4.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-webmvc</artifactId>
            <version>3.2.4.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-aop</artifactId>
            <version>3.2.4.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-beans</artifactId>
            <version>3.2.4.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
        <!--spring framework end-->

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.tomcat</groupId>
            <artifactId>tomcat-catalina</artifactId>
            <version>7.0.39</version>
            <scope>provided</scope>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.tomcat</groupId>
            <artifactId>tomcat-coyote</artifactId>
            <version>7.0.39</version>
            <scope>provided</scope>
        </dependency>

    </dependencies>

2.将tomcat作为插件放到build节点中

<build>
        <finalName>test</finalName>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
                <artifactId>maven-war-plugin</artifactId>
                <version>2.1.1</version>
            </plugin>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.apache.tomcat.maven</groupId>
                <artifactId>tomcat7-maven-plugin</artifactId>
                <version>2.1</version>
                <configuration>
                    <port>80</port>
                    <path>/</path>
                </configuration>
            </plugin>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
                <artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
                <version>3.1</version>
                <configuration>
                    <target>1.7</target>
                    <source>1.7</source>
                    <encoding>UTF-8</encoding>
                    <compilerArguments>
                        <verbose/>
                        <bootclasspath>${java.home}\lib\rt.jar</bootclasspath>
                    </compilerArguments>
                </configuration>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>

三、进行SpringMVC配置

1.首先在resource目录下新建一个spring的配置文件springmvc.xml,文件图片和内容如下

这里写图片描述

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd">

    <!-- 扫描指定包带@Controller注解的类-->
    <context:component-scan base-package="com.myspring.test.controller"></context:component-scan>
    <!--视图解析器-->
    <bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver"/>
</beans>

2.在web.xml配置前端控制器,并加载springmvc.xml的配置文件,内容如下

<!DOCTYPE web-app PUBLIC
        "-//Sun Microsystems, Inc.//DTD Web Application 2.3//EN"
        "http://java.sun.com/dtd/web-app_2_3.dtd" >

<web-app>
    <display-name>Archetype Created Web Application</display-name>


    <!--springMvc前端控制器-->
    <servlet>
        <servlet-name>SpringMVC</servlet-name>
        <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
        <!--contextConfigLocation配置springmvc加载的配置文件(配置处理器迎射器、适配器等)-->
        <!--如果不配置,则默认加载/WEB-INFO/servlet名称-servlet.xml(springmvc-servlet.xml)-->
        <init-param>
            <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
            <param-value>classpath:springmvc.xml</param-value>
        </init-param>
    </servlet>

    <servlet-mapping>
        <servlet-name>SpringMVC</servlet-name>
        <url-pattern>/</url-pattern>
    </servlet-mapping>



</web-app>

3.至此,文件配置完毕,下面我们用注解写一个方法测试一下,测试类放在springmvc.xml配置的扫描的包中,此处包名要与配置文件中扫描的包名一致
这里写图片描述

测试类中的代码:

@Controller
public class TestController {
    @RequestMapping(value = "/admin")
    @ResponseBody
    public String testSpring(){
        return "My testSpring";
    }
}

在maven插件中启动tomcat
这里写图片描述

在浏览器中访问方法上面的映射地址(@RequestMapping(value = “/admin”)),发现了我们返回的字符串!
这里写图片描述

至此,用Intellij IDEA搭建maven+注解开发SpringMVC的简单框架已经构建完成!

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