串口+GPS定位软件 C#上位机代码解读(一)


本博文讲述一个问题:PC上位机如何将串口接收到的GPS数据解析,并把位置信息显示在百度地图上?


1.串口接收GPS模块发送的数据,并将其显示在接收区


        private string receiveData;


        //接收数据

        private void ReceiveData(object sender, System.IO.Ports.SerialDataReceivedEventArgs e)
        {
            receiveData = serial.ReadExisting();
            Dispatcher.Invoke(DispatcherPriority.Send, new UpdateTextDelegate(ShowData), receiveData);
            Dispatcher.Invoke(DispatcherPriority.Send, new UpdateTextDelegate(NMEADecodeGPS), receiveData);
        }

        //显示数据
        private void ShowData(string text)
        {
            string receiveText = text;

            try
            {
                    //更新接收字节数
                    receiveBytesCount += (UInt32)receiveText.Length;
                    statusReceiveByteTextBlock.Text = receiveBytesCount.ToString();


                    //没有关闭数据显示
                    if (stopShowingButton.IsChecked == false)
                    {
                        //字符串显示
                        if (hexadecimalDisplayCheckBox.IsChecked == false)
                        {
                            receiveTextBox.AppendText( receiveText);

                        }
                        else //16进制显示
                        {
                            foreach (byte str in receiveText)
                            {
                                receiveTextBox.AppendText(string.Format("{0:X2} ", str));
                            }
                        }
                    }
            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                MessageBox.Show(e.Message);
            }
           

        }

2.调用nmealib库解析GPS原始数据,并显示相关信息



        private void ReceiveData(object sender, System.IO.Ports.SerialDataReceivedEventArgs e)
        {
            receiveData = serial.ReadExisting();
            Dispatcher.Invoke(DispatcherPriority.Send, new UpdateTextDelegate(ShowData), receiveData);
            Dispatcher.Invoke(DispatcherPriority.Send, new UpdateTextDelegate(NMEADecodeGPS), receiveData);
        }

        //供串口接收到数据后调用,对接收到的品数据进行解码
        private void NMEADecodeGPS(string gpsData)
        {
         
            nmea_parse(ref gpsParser, gpsData, gpsData.Length, ref gpsInfo);

            UpdateInfo(ref gpsInfo);
        
        
        }

       #region nmea解码

        //根据解码结果更新gps信息
        private void UpdateInfo(ref nmeaINFO gpsInfo)
        {
            nmeaTIME beiJingTime = new nmeaTIME();

            //转换成北京时间
            GMTconvert(ref gpsInfo.utc,ref beiJingTime,8,1);
            timeLabel.Content = Convert.ToString(beiJingTime.year) + "年" + Convert.ToString(beiJingTime.mon) + "月" + Convert.ToString(beiJingTime.day) + "日" + Convert.ToString(beiJingTime.hour) + ":" + Convert.ToString(beiJingTime.min) + ":" + Convert.ToString(beiJingTime.sec);
            //经度
            longitudeLabel.Content = Convert.ToString(DegreeConvert(gpsInfo.lon))+" E";
            //纬度
            latitudeLabel.Content = Convert.ToString(DegreeConvert(gpsInfo.lat))+" N";
            

            elevatiionLabel.Content = Convert.ToString(gpsInfo.elv)+" 米";
            speedLabel.Content = Convert.ToString(gpsInfo.speed)+" km/h";
            directionLabel.Content = Convert.ToString(gpsInfo.declination);

            switch (gpsInfo.sig)
            {
                case 0:
                    signalLevalLabel.Content = "未定位";
                    break;
                case 1:
                    signalLevalLabel.Content = "标准GPS定位";
                    break;
                case 2:
                    signalLevalLabel.Content = "差分GPS定位";
                    break;
                default:
                    break; 
            }

            switch (gpsInfo.fix)
            {
                case 1:
                    operationModeLabel.Content = "未定位";
                    break;
                case 2:
                    operationModeLabel.Content = "2D定位";
                    break;
                case 3:
                    operationModeLabel.Content = "3D定位";
                    break;
                default:
                    break;
            }

            sateliteInView.Content = Convert.ToString(gpsInfo.satinfo.inview)+" 颗";
            sateliteInUse.Content = Convert.ToString(gpsInfo.satinfo.inuse) + " 颗";

            positionPrecisionLabel.Content = Convert.ToString(gpsInfo.PDOP);
            horizontalPrecisionLabel.Content = Convert.ToString(gpsInfo.HDOP);
            verticalPrecisionLabel.Content = Convert.ToString(gpsInfo.VDOP);

            if (baiDuMap.IsLoaded)
            {
                //非零时才作标注
                if(gpsInfo.lon!=0 &&gpsInfo.lat!=0)
                {
                    //调用javascritpt函数标注地图
                    WebBrowser mapWB = (WebBrowser)baiDuMap.Content;
                    mapWB.InvokeScript("theLocation", new object[] { DegreeConvert(gpsInfo.lon) , DegreeConvert(gpsInfo.lat) });

                }
            }
        
        
        }

        //对gps日志文件进行解码
        public void NMEADecodeGPSLog(string path)
        {
            string readbuf  = "";
            try
            {

                nmea_zero_INFO(ref gpsInfo);

                nmea_parser_init(ref gpsParser);

                gpsInfoTabControl.SelectedIndex = 1;


                foreach (string line in File.ReadLines(path))
                {

                    readbuf = line + "\r\n";
                    nmea_parse(ref gpsParser, readbuf, readbuf.Length, ref gpsInfo);

                    UpdateInfo(ref gpsInfo);

                }   

            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                MessageBox.Show(e.Message);
           }

        
        }


        //供串口接收到数据后调用,对接收到的品数据进行解码
        private void NMEADecodeGPS(string gpsData)
        {
         
            nmea_parse(ref gpsParser, gpsData, gpsData.Length, ref gpsInfo);

            UpdateInfo(ref gpsInfo);
        
        
        }
        #endregion

        private void GPSFrame_Navigated(object sender, NavigationEventArgs e)
        {
            //serialSettingBorder.IsEnabled = true;
            //serialPortControlBorder.IsEnabled = true;
        }



    }

gpsInfo结构体中存放着nmea解析后的所有GPS信息

nmeaINFO gpsInfo = new nmeaINFO();


        public struct nmeaINFO
        {
            public int smask;      /**< Mask specifying types of packages from which data have been obtained */

            public nmeaTIME utc;       /**< UTC of position */

            public int sig;        /**< GPS quality indicator (0 = Invalid; 1 = Fix; 2 = Differential, 3 = Sensitive) */
            public int fix;        /**< Operating mode, used for navigation (1 = Fix not available; 2 = 2D; 3 = 3D) */

            public double PDOP;       /**< Position Dilution Of Precision */
            public double HDOP;       /**< Horizontal Dilution Of Precision */
            public double VDOP;       /**< Vertical Dilution Of Precision */

            public double lat;        /**< Latitude in NDEG - +/-[degree][min].[sec/60] */
            public double lon;        /**< Longitude in NDEG - +/-[degree][min].[sec/60] */
            public double elv;        /**< Antenna altitude above/below mean sea level (geoid) in meters */
            public double speed;      /**< Speed over the ground in kilometers/hour */
            public double direction;  /**< Track angle in degrees True */
            public double declination; /**< Magnetic variation degrees (Easterly var. subtracts from true course) */

            public nmeaSATINFO satinfo; /**< Satellites information */

        }


3.调用百度地图,将经纬度信息显示在地图上


            if (baiDuMap.IsLoaded)
            {
                //非零时才作标注
                if(gpsInfo.lon!=0 &&gpsInfo.lat!=0)
                {
                    //调用javascritpt函数标注地图
                    WebBrowser mapWB = (WebBrowser)baiDuMap.Content;
                    mapWB.InvokeScript("theLocation", new object[] { DegreeConvert(gpsInfo.lon) , DegreeConvert(gpsInfo.lat) });

                }
            }
        


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