SpringBoot集成Spring Security(1)——入门程序

版权声明:本文版权归Jitwxs所有,欢迎转载,但未经作者同意必须保留原文链接。 https://blog.csdn.net/yuanlaijike/article/details/80249235

因为项目需要,第一次接触Spring Security,早就听闻Spring Security强大但上手困难,今天学习了一天,翻遍了全网资料,才仅仅出入门道,特整理这篇文章来让后来者少踩一点坑(本文附带实例程序,请放心食用

本篇文章环境:SpringBoot 2.0 + Mybatis + Spring Security 5.0

源码地址:https://github.com/jitwxs/blog_sample


Step1 导入依赖

<dependency>
	<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
	<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
</dependency>

<dependency>
	<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
	<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
	<scope>test</scope>
</dependency>

<dependency>
	<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
	<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-security</artifactId>
</dependency>

<dependency>
	<groupId>org.mybatis.spring.boot</groupId>
	<artifactId>mybatis-spring-boot-starter</artifactId>
	<version>1.3.1</version>
</dependency>

<dependency>
	<groupId>mysql</groupId>
	<artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
</dependency>

Step2 创建数据库

一般权限控制有三层,即:用户<–>角色<–>权限,用户与角色是多对多,角色和权限也是多对多。这里我们先暂时不考虑权限,只考虑用户<–>角色

创建用户表sys_user

CREATE TABLE `sys_user` (
  `id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `name` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
  `password` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;

创建权限表sys_role

CREATE TABLE `sys_role` (
  `id` int(11) NOT NULL,
  `name` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;

创建用户-角色表sys_user_role

CREATE TABLE `sys_user_role` (
  `user_id` int(11) NOT NULL,
  `role_id` int(11) NOT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`user_id`,`role_id`),
  KEY `fk_role_id` (`role_id`),
  CONSTRAINT `fk_role_id` FOREIGN KEY (`role_id`) REFERENCES `sys_role` (`id`) ON DELETE CASCADE ON UPDATE CASCADE,
  CONSTRAINT `fk_user_id` FOREIGN KEY (`user_id`) REFERENCES `sys_user` (`id`) ON DELETE CASCADE ON UPDATE CASCADE
) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;

初始化一下数据:

INSERT INTO `sys_role` VALUES ('1', 'ROLE_ADMIN');
INSERT INTO `sys_role` VALUES ('2', 'ROLE_USER');

INSERT INTO `sys_user` VALUES ('1', 'admin', '123');
INSERT INTO `sys_user` VALUES ('2', 'jitwxs', '123');

INSERT INTO `sys_user_role` VALUES ('1', '1');
INSERT INTO `sys_user_role` VALUES ('2', '2');

博主有话说:

这里的权限格式为ROLE_XXX,是Spring Security规定的,不要乱起名字哦。

Step3 准备页面

因为是示例程序,页面越简单越好,只用于登陆的login.html以及用于登陆成功后的home.html

login.html:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>登陆</title>
</head>
<body>
<h1>登陆</h1>
<form method="post" action="/login">
    <div>
        用户名:<input type="text" name="username">
    </div>
    <div>
        密码:<input type="password" name="password">
    </div>
    <div>
        <button type="submit">立即登陆</button>
    </div>
</form>
</body>
</html>

博主有话说:

用户的登陆认证是由Spring Security进行处理的,请求路径默认为/login,用户名默认为username,密码默认为password

home.html:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>Title</title>
</head>
<body>
    <h1>登陆成功</h1>
    <a href="/admin">检测ROLE_ADMIN角色</a>
    <a href="/user">检测ROLE_USER角色</a>
    <button onclick="window.location.href='/logout'">退出登录</button>
</body>
</html>

Step4 配置application.properties

在配置文件中配置下数据库连接:

spring.datasource.driver-class-name=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
spring.datasource.url=jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/security?useUnicode=true&characterEncoding=utf-8&useSSL=true
spring.datasource.username=root
spring.datasource.password=root

#开启Mybatis下划线命名转驼峰命名
mybatis.configuration.map-underscore-to-camel-case=true

Step5 创建实体、Dao、Service和Controller

5.1 实体

(1)SysUser

public class SysUser implements Serializable{
    static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;

    private Integer id;

    private String name;

    private String password;

    // 省略getter/setter
}

(2)SysRole

public class SysRole implements Serializable {
    static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;

    private Integer id;

    private String name;

    // 省略getter/setter
}

(3)SysUserRole

public class SysUserRole implements Serializable {
    static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;

    private Integer userId;

    private Integer roleId;
	
    // 省略getter/setter
}

5.2 Dao

(1)SysUserMapper

@Mapper
public interface SysUserMapper {
    @Select("SELECT * FROM sys_user WHERE id = #{id}")
    SysUser selectById(Integer id);

    @Select("SELECT * FROM sys_user WHERE name = #{name}")
    SysUser selectByName(String name);
}

(2)SysRoleMapper

@Mapper
public interface SysRoleMapper {
    @Select("SELECT * FROM sys_role WHERE id = #{id}")
    SysRole selectById(Integer id);
}

(3)SysUserRoleMapper

@Mapper
public interface SysUserRoleMapper {
    @Select("SELECT * FROM sys_user_role WHERE user_id = #{userId}")
    List<SysUserRole> listByUserId(Integer userId);
}

5.3 Service

(1)SysUserService

@Service
public class SysUserService {
    @Autowired
    private SysUserMapper userMapper;

    public SysUser selectById(Integer id) {
        return userMapper.selectById(id);
    }

    public SysUser selectByName(String name) {
        return userMapper.selectByName(name);
    }
}

(2)SysRoleService

@Service
public class SysRoleService {
    @Autowired
    private SysRoleMapper roleMapper;

    public SysRole selectById(Integer id){
        return roleMapper.selectById(id);
    }
}

(3)SysUserRoleService

@Service
public class SysUserRoleService {
    @Autowired
    private SysUserRoleMapper userRoleMapper;

    public List<SysUserRole> listByUserId(Integer userId) {
        return userRoleMapper.listByUserId(userId);
    }
}

5.4 Controller

@Controller
public class LoginController {
    private Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(LoginController.class);

    @RequestMapping("/")
    public String showHome() {
        String name = SecurityContextHolder.getContext().getAuthentication().getName();
        logger.info("当前登陆用户:" + name);

        return "home.html";
    }

    @RequestMapping("/login")
    public String showLogin() {
        return "login.html";
    }

    @RequestMapping("/admin")
    @ResponseBody
    @PreAuthorize("hasRole('ROLE_ADMIN')")
    public String printAdmin() {
        return "如果你看见这句话,说明你有ROLE_ADMIN角色";
    }

    @RequestMapping("/user")
    @ResponseBody
    @PreAuthorize("hasRole('ROLE_USER')")
    public String printUser() {
        return "如果你看见这句话,说明你有ROLE_USER角色";
    }
}

博主有话说:

  • 如代码所示,获取当前登录用户:SecurityContextHolder.getContext().getAuthentication()
  • @PreAuthorize用于判断用户是否有指定权限,没有就不能访问

Step6 配置SpringSecurity

6.1 UserDetailsService

首先我们需要自定义UserDetailsService,将用户信息和权限注入进来。

我们需要重写loadUserByUsername方法,参数是用户输入的用户名。

返回值是UserDetails,这是一个接口,一般使用它的子类org.springframework.security.core.userdetails.User(当前你也可以自定义个UserDetails),它有三个参数,分别是用户名、密码和权限集。

/**
 * 自定义userDetailsService
 * @author jitwxs
 * @since 2018/5/9 9:36
 */
@Service("userDetailsService")
public class CustomUserDetailsService implements UserDetailsService {
    @Autowired
    private SysUserService userService;

    @Autowired
    private SysRoleService roleService;

    @Autowired
    private SysUserRoleService userRoleService;

    @Override
    public UserDetails loadUserByUsername(String username) throws UsernameNotFoundException {
        Collection<GrantedAuthority> authorities = new ArrayList<>();
        // 从数据库中取出用户信息
        SysUser user = userService.selectByName(username);

        // 判断用户是否存在
        if(user == null) {
            throw new UsernameNotFoundException("用户名不存在");
        }

        // 添加权限
        List<SysUserRole> userRoles = userRoleService.listByUserId(user.getId());
        for (SysUserRole userRole : userRoles) {
            SysRole role = roleService.selectById(userRole.getRoleId());
            authorities.add(new SimpleGrantedAuthority(role.getName()));
        }

        // 返回UserDetails实现类
        return new User(user.getName(), user.getPassword(), authorities);
    }
}

6.2 WebSecurityConfig

该类是Spring Security的配置类,该类的三个注解分别是标识该类是配置类、开启Security服务、开启全局Securtiy注解。

首先将我们自定义的userDetailsService注入进来,在configure()方法中使用auth.userDetailsService()方法替换默认的userDetailsService

这里我们还指定了密码的加密方式(Spring Security 5.0强制要求设置),因为我们数据库是明文存储的,所以无需加密,如下所示:

@Configuration
@EnableWebSecurity
@EnableGlobalMethodSecurity(prePostEnabled = true)
public class WebSecurityConfig extends WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter {
    @Autowired
    private CustomUserDetailsService userDetailsService;

    @Override
    protected void configure(AuthenticationManagerBuilder auth) throws Exception {
        auth.userDetailsService(userDetailsService).passwordEncoder(new PasswordEncoder() {
            @Override
            public String encode(CharSequence charSequence) {
                return charSequence.toString();
            }

            @Override
            public boolean matches(CharSequence charSequence, String s) {
                return s.equals(charSequence.toString());
            }
        });
    }

    @Override
    protected void configure(HttpSecurity http) throws Exception {
        http.authorizeRequests()
                // 如果有允许匿名的url,填在下面
//                .antMatchers().permitAll()
                .anyRequest().authenticated()
                .and()
                // 设置登陆页
                .formLogin().loginPage("/login")
                // 设置登陆成功页
                .defaultSuccessUrl("/").permitAll()
                // 自定义登陆用户名和密码参数,默认为username和password
//                .usernameParameter("username")
//                .passwordParameter("password")
                .and()
                .logout().permitAll();

        // 关闭CSRF跨域
        http.csrf().disable();
    }

    @Override
    public void configure(WebSecurity web) throws Exception {
        // 设置拦截忽略文件夹,可以对静态资源放行
        web.ignoring().antMatchers("/css/**", "/js/**");
    }
}

Step7 运行程序

运行结果

注:如果你想要使用密码加密功能的话,修改configure()方法如下:

@Override
protected void configure(AuthenticationManagerBuilder auth) throws Exception {
     auth.userDetailsService(userDetailsService)
         .passwordEncoder(new PasswordEncoder() {
             @Override
             public String encode(CharSequence rawPassword) {
                 return new BCryptPasswordEncoder().encode(rawPassword);
             }

             @Override
             public boolean matches(CharSequence rawPassword, String encodedPassword) {
                 return new BCryptPasswordEncoder().matches(rawPassword,encodedPassword);
             }
         });
 }
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