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test pthread_cleanup_push、pthread_cleanup_pop and pthread_exit

/****************************************************************************/
 * Author  : Samson
 * Date    : 03/28/2012
 * Test platform:
 *               GNU Linux version 2.6.29.4
 *               gcc version 4.4.0 20090506 (Red Hat 4.4.0-4) (GCC)

 * Description:

 *This program is the details of the interaction between the test           *pthread_cleanup_push, pthread_cleanup_pop and pthread_exit method function

/****************************************************************************/


#include <pthread.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <errno.h>

#define handle_error_en(en, msg) \
       do { errno = en; perror(msg); exit(EXIT_FAILURE); } while (0)

static int cleanup_pop_arg = 0;
static int cnt = 0;

static void
cleanup_handler (void *arg)
{
   char *str = (char *)arg;

   printf ("Called clean-up handler, arg is %s\n", str);
   cnt = 0;
}

static void *
thread_start (void *arg)
{
   time_t start, curr;
   char *str;
   char strr[64] = {0};

   str = malloc (64);
   printf ("New thread started\n");
   sprintf (strr, "pusharg\n");
   //call pthread_cleanup_push register clean function that when called
   //pthread_exit or pthread_cancel function or when pthread_cleanup_pop arg is non-zero.
   pthread_cleanup_push (cleanup_handler, strr);

   curr = start = time (NULL);
   sprintf (str, "this thread: %d called pthread_exit\n", (int) pthread_self());
   pthread_exit (str);
   //if pthread_cleanup_pop arg is non-zero, execute clean function and pop clean function.
   //else only pop register clean function.
   pthread_cleanup_pop (cleanup_pop_arg);
   return NULL;
}

int
main (int argc, char *argv[])
{
   pthread_t thr;
   int s;
   void *res, *ret;

   if (argc > 1)
   {
    //argv[1]  is set pthread_cleanup_pop arg
       cleanup_pop_arg = atoi (argv[1]);
   }

   s = pthread_create (&thr, NULL, thread_start, NULL);
   if (s != 0)
       handle_error_en (s, "pthread_create");

   sleep (2);           

   s = pthread_join (thr, &res);
   if (s != 0)
   {
       handle_error_en (s, "pthread_join");
   }
   else
   {
       printf ("pthread_join velret is %s\n", (char *) res);
   }
   if (res == PTHREAD_CANCELED)
   {
       printf ("Thread was canceled; cnt = %d\n", cnt);
   }
   else
   {
       printf ("Thread terminated normally; cnt = %d\n", cnt);
   }
   exit (EXIT_SUCCESS);
}

compile and run:
# ./a.out
New thread started
Called clean-up handler, arg is pusharg

pthread_join velret is this thread: -1207649424 called pthread_exit

Thread terminated normally; cnt = 0

when Comment out that line of code contains pthread_exit compile and run the results as follows:
# ./a.out
New thread started
pthread_join velret is (null)
Thread terminated normally; cnt = 0

//when run with arg 1 to change pthread_cleanup_pop arg result as follows:
# ./a.out 1
New thread started
Called clean-up handler, arg is pusharg

pthread_join velret is (null)
Thread terminated normally; cnt = 0


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