用css制作星级评分

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原文:
Creating a Star Rater using css

链接:
http://komodomedia.com/blog/index.php/2005/08/24/creating-a-star-rater-using-css/

版权:
版权归原作者所有,翻译文档版权归本人|greengnn,和blueidea。

先看看效果

Step 1: XHTML

<ul class="star-rating">
<li><a href="#" title="Rate this 1 star out of 5" class="one-star">1</a></li>
<li><a href="#" title="Rate this 2 stars out of 5" class="two-stars">2</a></li>
<li><a href="#" title="Rate this 3 stars out of 5" class="three-stars">3</a></li>
<li><a href="#" title="Rate this 4 stars out of 5" class="four-stars">4</a></li>
<li><a href="#" title="Rate this 5 stars out of 5" class="five-stars">5</a></li>
</ul>

这里只介绍静态的技术,随后会给出系统的应用,你也是自己加程序来尝试一下,还可以采用ajax来做出绚丽的效果

Step 2:图像|Graphics

为了节省您的空间和宽带,我们采用gif图,这个图片就是打分的按钮。


Step 3:css

.star-rating{
list-style: none; /* turn off the default list image bullets*/
margin: 3px; /*I wan’t some space around this thing*/
padding: 0px; /* I’m anal. I’m pretty sure OL’s have a default padding of 0px, but we’ll set it to 0px just to be safe*/
width: 100px; /*This list is 5 stars, each star is 20px, therefore it should be 5 x 20px = 100px wide*/
height: 20px; /* The height of each star is 20px. Since this is a horizontal list, we will set the list height to the height of the star.*/
position: relative; /*Very important. We will be using absolute positioning later. We want to use relatively-absolute positioning.*/
background: url(star_rating.gif) top left repeat-x; /* By repeating this image horizontally, the list will appear to have five stars.*/
}

根据代码我们知道:
去掉了ul的margin和padding以及list-style,定义了高20px宽100px的一个区块

下来时按钮元素的制作,下面是css

.star-rating li{
padding:0px; /* no padding at all*/
margin:0px; /* no margin at all*/
/*/*/ /*Backslash hack, this causes IE5 Mac NOT to see this rule*/
float: left; /* for any other browser, we are going to float left, this makes a horizontal list*/
/* */ /* end the IE5 Backslash hack*/
}

这段代码让li实现横向排放,并解决IE5 MAC bug

继承上面的按钮元素样式,再定义鼠标动作,下面是css

.star-rating li a{
display:block; /* we want a block item, so that we can mess with its height and width*/
width:20px; /* easy stuff, we want the width to be the same as the star width*/
height: 20px; /* same as the width*/
text-decoration: none; /* remove the underline from the link*/
text-indent: -9000px; /* indent the text off the screen using a [url=http://www.mezzoblue.com/tests/revised-image-replacement/]image-replacement technique[/url], we dont want to see the text anymore.*/
z-index: 20; /*we’ll come back to this*/
position: absolute; /*we can now control the exact x and y coordinates of each star, relative to the parent UL*/
padding: 0px; /*once again, we don’t need any padding*/
background-image:none; /* we will not show the star*/
}

13. .star-rating li a:hover{
14. background: url(star_rating.gif) left bottom; /*this is where the magic is*/
15. z-index: 1; /*move this star to the bottom of the z-index stack*/
16. left: 0px; /*move this star all the way to the left, aligned with the side of the UL parent item*/
17. }

下来我们要考虑怎样才能显示不同的星级,三星?四星?原理是什么,我们继续将背景图片横向重复显示,然后定义a和a:hover的宽度来区分选择的星级。

下面是css

.star-rating a.one-star{
left: 0px;
}
.star-rating a.one-star:hover{
width:20px;
}
.star-rating a.two-stars{
left:20px;
}
.star-rating a.two-stars:hover{
width: 40px;
}
.star-rating a.three-stars{
left: 40px;
}
.star-rating a.three-stars:hover{
width: 60px;
}
.star-rating a.four-stars{
left: 60px;
}
.star-rating a.four-stars:hover{
width: 80px;
}
.star-rating a.five-stars{
left: 80px;
}
.star-rating a.five-stars:hover{
width: 100px;
}

到此,这个制作完成

第一个模型中忽视了半星级的情况和无初始的星级,下来我们就是要解决这个问题。

Step 1. 先看看效果|Check it in action


图1

看看效果

Step 2: The XHTML

<ul class="star-rating">
<li class="current-rating">Currently 3.5/5 Stars.</li>
<li><a href="#" title="1 star out of 5" class="one-star">1</a></li>
<li><a href="#" title="2 stars out of 5" class="two-stars">2</a></li>
<li><a href="#" title="3 stars out of 5" class="three-stars">3</a></li>
<li><a href="#" title="4 stars out of 5" class="four-stars">4</a></li>
<li><a href="#" title="5 stars out of 5" class="five-stars">5</a></li>
</ul>

和第一个模型的结构相似,唯一不同的是:

<li class="current-rating">Currently 3.5/5 Stars.</li>

定义初始值

Step 3: The Star Image

我们制作一个有三个星的图片,第一个星是空值,第二个是要选择的值,第三个是真实的值。


图2

Step 4: The css, the Magic

.star-rating li.current-rating{
background: url(star_rating.gif) left bottom;
position: absolute;
height: 30px;
display: block;
text-indent: -9000px;
z-index: 1;
}

他定义了初始值,为了避免继承容器ul的相对定位,采用position: absolute;每个星的高度为height:30px;别的就是隐藏文本和定义对齐方式。

空值css

.star-rating{

background: url(star_rating.gif) top left repeat-x;
}

选择值css

.star-rating li a:hover{
background: url(star_rating.gif) left center;

}

初始值当然会随着选择变动,那么怎样实现它的变化呢?

<li class="current-rating" style="width:105px;">Currently 3.5/5 Stars.</li>

看了这段代码相信你就知道是什么原因了!那这个width是怎样计算的呢?

Average Rating|平均值: 3.5
Each Star Width|每个星的宽度: 30px;
Set width to|将宽度设为: 3.5 * 30 = 105px

下面欣赏一下这个新模型吧
* Example 1: 150 x 30 star rating system
* Example 2: 125 x 25 star rating system
* Example 3: 25 x 125 vertical star rating system

我们用php来实现

首先是实现的原理

从上一个css实现星级评分I 、II,可是看出,只要能识别onclick和将数据记录至数据库中存储,然后从数据库中调用出数据进行计算就
可以得到当前的评分均值——当前的分值。

1.下面是建立数据库的sql

CREATE TABLE ratings(
id INT NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT PRIMARY KEY,
total_votes INT NOT NULL,
total_value INT NOT NULL,
which_id INT NOT NULL,
which_table VARCHAR(255),
used_ips LONGTEXT NULL
);

2.参数文件引用

<?php
require("connectDB.php");
require("closeDB.php");
require("tableName.php");
require("openDB.php");
?>

3.显示投票程序和更新投票数据程序

<?php
$rating_posted=$_GET['vote'];//pased variable by the the stars value
$id=$_GET['id'];
$query=mysql_query("SELECT total_votes, total_value, used_ips FROM $tableName WHERE id='".$id."' ")or die(" Error: ".mysql_error());
$numbers=mysql_fetch_assoc($query);
$checkIP=unserialize($numbers['used_ips']);
$count=$numbers['total_votes'];//how many votes total
$current_rating=$numbers['total_value'];//total number of rating added together and stored
$sum=$rating_posted $current_rating;// add together the current vote value and the total vote value
$tense=($count==1) ? "vote" : "votes";//plural form votes/vote
$voted=@mysql_fetch_assoc(@mysql_query("SELECT title FROM $tableName WHERE used_ips LIKE '%".$_SERVER['REMOTE_ADDR']."%' AND id='$id' ")); //Pattern match ip:suggested by Bramus! http://www.bram.us/ - this variable searches through the previous ip address that have voted and returns true or false

if($voted){
echo "<div class=/"rating/">".
"<ul class=/"star-rating/">".
"<li class=/"current-rating/" style=/"width:". @number_format($current_rating/$count,2)*20 ."px;/">Current rating.</li>".
"<li class=/"one-star/">1</li>".
"<li class=/"two-stars/" >2</li>".
"<li class=/"three-stars/">3</li>".
"<li class=/"four-stars/">4</li>".
"<li class=/"five-stars/">5</li>".
"</ul>".
"<p>Rating: <strong>".@number_format($current_rating/$count,2)."</strong> {".$count." ".$tense." cast} <br />You have previously voted.</p></div>";//show the current value of the vote with the current numbers
}else{

if(isset($_GET['vote'])){

if($sum==0){
$added=0;//checking to see if the first vote has been tallied
}else{
$added=$count 1;//increment the current number of votes
}

if(is_array($checkIP)){
array_push($checkIP,$_SERVER['REMOTE_ADDR']);//if it is an array i.e. already has entries the push in another value
}else{
$checkIP=array($_SERVER['REMOTE_ADDR']);//for the first entry
}

$insert=serialize($checkIP);
mysql_query("UPDATE $tableName SET total_votes='".$added."', total_value='".$sum."', used_ips='".$insert."' WHERE id='".$_GET['id']."'");

echo "<div class=/"rating/"><p>Rating: <strong>".@number_format($sum/$added,2)."</strong> {".$added." ".$tense." cast} <span>Thank you for your vote!</span></p></div>";//show the updated value of the vote
}else{
?>

4.访问者评分程序

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head>
<title>css: Star Rater Example</title>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8">
<link href="styles2-1.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" media="all">
</head>
<body>
<div class="rating">
<p>How clear was this tutorial?</p>
<ul class="star-rating">
<li class="current-rating" style="width:<?php echo @number_format($current_rating/$count,2)*20 ?>px;">Current rating</li>
<li><a href="<?php echo $_SERVER['PHP_SELF'] . "?" .$_GET['section'] . "&amp;id=" . $_GET['id'] . "&amp;vote=1";?>" title="Rate this 1 star out of 5" class="one-star">1</a></li>
<li><a href="<?php echo $_SERVER['PHP_SELF'] . "?" .$_GET['section'] . "&amp;id=" . $_GET['id'] . "&amp;vote=1";?>" title="Rate this 2 stars out of 5" class="two-stars" >2</a></li>
<li><a href="<?php echo $_SERVER['PHP_SELF'] . "?" .$_GET['section'] . "&amp;id=" . $_GET['id'] . "&amp;vote=1";?>" title="Rate this 3 stars out of 5" class="three-stars" >3</a></li>
<li><a href="<?php echo $_SERVER['PHP_SELF'] . "?" .$_GET['section'] . "&amp;id=" . $_GET['id'] . "&amp;vote=1";?>" title="Rate this 4 stars out of 5" class="four-stars" >4</a></li>
<li><a href="<?php echo $_SERVER['PHP_SELF'] . "?" .$_GET['section'] . "&amp;id=" . $_GET['id'] . "&amp;vote=1";?>" title="Rate this 5 stars out of 5" class="five-stars" >5</a></li>
</ul>
</body></html>

5.最新评分结果提示

<?php
echo "<p>Rating: <strong>".@number_format($sum/$count,2)."</strong> {".$count." ".$tense." cast}</p></div>";//show the current updated value of the vote
} // end isset get vote
} //end voted true, false
?>

下一步是将结果记入数据库,现在没有时间去研究了,请大家等待下一篇文章或者去原出处阅读!

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CSS实现星级评分III

zgqtxwd zgqtxwd

2008-04-30 18:47:00

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