springMVC(二)web.xml和springmvc-servlet.xml配置

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首先是配置web.xml

将请求交给spring的DispatcherServlet处理
代码如下

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_3_0.xsd"
    id="WebApp_ID" version="3.0">
    <display-name>springmvctest</display-name>
    <!-- 统一编码 -->
    <filter>
        <filter-name>charsetEncoding</filter-name>
        <filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-class>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>encoding</param-name>
            <param-value>UTF-8</param-value>
        </init-param>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>forceEncoding</param-name>
            <param-value>true</param-value>
        </init-param>
    </filter>
    <filter-mapping>
        <filter-name>charsetEncoding</filter-name>
        <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
    </filter-mapping>
    <!-- 前端控制器 -->
    <servlet>
        <servlet-name>springmvc</servlet-name>
        <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
        <!-- 加载/WEB-INF/[servlet-name]-servlet.xml -->
        <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
    </servlet>
    <servlet-mapping>
        <servlet-name>springmvc</servlet-name>
        <url-pattern>/</url-pattern>
    </servlet-mapping>
</web-app>

其次配置springmvc-servlet.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"  
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p" 
    xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context" 
    xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc" 
    xmlns:task="http://www.springframework.org/schema/task"
    xsi:schemaLocation="
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans 
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-4.2.xsd 
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context 
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-4.2.xsd 
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc 
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc-4.2.xsd 
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/task 
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/task/spring-task-4.2.xsd">

    <!-- 扫描路径 -->
    <context:component-scan base-package="com.test.controller" >
        <context:include-filter type="annotation" expression="org.springframework.stereotype.Controller"/>
    </context:component-scan>

    <!-- 配置根视图 -->
    <mvc:view-controller path="/" view-name="index"/>

    <!-- 激活基于注解的配置 @RequestMapping, @ExceptionHandler,数据绑定 ,@NumberFormat ,
    @DateTimeFormat ,@Controller ,@Valid ,@RequestBody ,@ResponseBody等  -->
    <mvc:annotation-driven />

    <!-- 静态资源配置 -->
    <mvc:resources location="/assets/" mapping="/assets/**"></mvc:resources>

    <!-- 视图层配置 -->
    <bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver">
        <property name="prefix" value="/WEB-INF/pages/"/>
        <property name="suffix" value=".jsp"/>
    </bean>

</beans>

根据DispatcherServlet的完整路径来看,我们需要加入

spring-core-4.x.x.RELEASE.jar
spring-beans-4.x.x.RELEASE.jar
spring-context-4.x.x.RELEASE.jar
spring-aop-4.x.x.RELEASE.jar
spring-expression-4.x.x.RELEASE.jar
spring-web-4.x.x.RELEASE.jar
spring-webmvc-4.x.x.RELEASE.jar

commons-logging-1.1.3.jar

然后开发Controller

写一个helloworld

package com.test.controller;

import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.ui.Model;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMethod;

@Controller
@RequestMapping(value="/hello")
public class HelloController {
    @RequestMapping(value="/world",method=RequestMethod.GET)
    public String hello(Model model){
        model.addAttribute("msg", "你好spring mvc");
        return "index";
    }
}

最后开发展示层

<%@ page language="java" contentType="text/html; charset=UTF-8"
    pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/loose.dtd">
<html>
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8">
<title>hello</title>
</head>
<body>
<h1>Hello Spring</h1>
${msg }
</body>
</html>

好了打开浏览器访问
http://localhost:8080/springmvctest/hello/world.html

这里写图片描述

项目结构

这里写图片描述


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