CentOS安装redis过程

Redis 专栏收录该内容
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我的系统版本

[root@insurance ~]# cat /etc/redhat-release 
CentOS release 6.9 (Final)

1,下载

wget http://download.redis.io/releases/redis-5.0.3.tar.gz

[root@insurance ~]# wget http://download.redis.io/releases/redis-5.0.3.tar.gz
--2019-01-07 11:46:08--  http://download.redis.io/releases/redis-5.0.3.tar.gz
Resolving download.redis.io... 109.74.203.151
Connecting to download.redis.io|109.74.203.151|:80... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 1959445 (1.9M) [application/x-gzip]
Saving to: “redis-5.0.3.tar.gz”

100%[====================================================================================================================================================================================================================================>] 1,959,445    989K/s   in 1.9s    

2019-01-07 11:46:11 (989 KB/s) - “redis-5.0.3.tar.gz” saved [1959445/1959445]

2,解压,编译, 编译执行的过程 最好熟悉一下,可以了解redis的配置以及文件路径

[root@insurance ~]# cd redis-5.0.3
[root@insurance redis-5.0.3]# make
cd src && make all
make[1]: Entering directory `/root/redis-5.0.3/src'
    CC Makefile.dep
make[1]: Leaving directory `/root/redis-5.0.3/src'
make[1]: Entering directory `/root/redis-5.0.3/src'
rm -rf redis-server redis-sentinel redis-cli redis-benchmark redis-check-rdb redis-check-aof *.o *.gcda *.gcno *.gcov redis.info lcov-html Makefile.dep dict-benchmark
(cd ../deps && make distclean)
make[2]: Entering directory `/root/redis-5.0.3/deps'
(cd hiredis && make clean) > /dev/null || true
(cd linenoise && make clean) > /dev/null || true
(cd lua && make clean) > /dev/null || true
(cd jemalloc && [ -f Makefile ] && make distclean) > /dev/null || true
(rm -f .make-*)
make[2]: Leaving directory `/root/redis-5.0.3/deps'
(rm -f .make-*)
echo STD=-std=c99 -pedantic -DREDIS_STATIC='' >> .make-settings
echo WARN=-Wall -W -Wno-missing-field-initializers >> .make-settings
echo OPT=-O2 >> .make-settings
echo MALLOC=jemalloc >> .make-settings
echo CFLAGS= >> .make-settings
echo LDFLAGS= >> .make-settings
echo REDIS_CFLAGS= >> .make-settings
echo REDIS_LDFLAGS= >> .make-settings
echo PREV_FINAL_CFLAGS=-std=c99 -pedantic -DREDIS_STATIC='' -Wall -W -Wno-missing-field-initializers -O2 -g -ggdb   -I../deps/hiredis -I../deps/linenoise -I../deps/lua/src -DUSE_JEMALLOC -I../deps/jemalloc/include >> .make-settings
echo PREV_FINAL_LDFLAGS=  -g -ggdb -rdynamic >> .make-settings
(cd ../deps && make hiredis linenoise lua jemalloc)
make[2]: Entering directory `/root/redis-5.0.3/deps'
(cd hiredis && make clean) > /dev/null || true
(cd linenoise && make clean) > /dev/null || true
(cd lua && make clean) > /dev/null || true
(cd jemalloc && [ -f Makefile ] && make distclean) > /dev/null || true
(rm -f .make-*)
(echo "" > .make-ldflags)
(echo "" > .make-cflags)
MAKE hiredis
cd hiredis && make static
make[3]: Entering directory `/root/redis-5.0.3/deps/hiredis'
cc -std=c99 -pedantic -c -O3 -fPIC  -Wall -W -Wstrict-prototypes -Wwrite-strings -g -ggdb  net.c
cc -std=c99 -pedantic -c -O3 -fPIC  -Wall -W -Wstrict-prototypes -Wwrite-strings -g -ggdb  hiredis.c
cc -std=c99 -pedantic -c -O3 -fPIC  -Wall -W -Wstrict-prototypes -Wwrite-strings -g -ggdb  sds.c
cc -std=c99 -pedantic -c -O3 -fPIC  -Wall -W -Wstrict-prototypes -Wwrite-strings -g -ggdb  async.c
cc -std=c99 -pedantic -c -O3 -fPIC  -Wall -W -Wstrict-prototypes -Wwrite-strings -g -ggdb  read.c
ar rcs libhiredis.a net.o hiredis.o sds.o async.o read.o
make[3]: Leaving directory `/root/redis-5.0.3/deps/hiredis'
MAKE linenoise
cd linenoise && make
make[3]: Entering directory `/root/redis-5.0.3/deps/linenoise'
cc  -Wall -Os -g  -c linenoise.c
make[3]: Leaving directory `/root/redis-5.0.3/deps/linenoise'
MAKE lua
cd lua/src && make all CFLAGS="-O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC='' " MYLDFLAGS="" AR="ar rcu"
make[3]: Entering directory `/root/redis-5.0.3/deps/lua/src'
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o lapi.o lapi.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o lcode.o lcode.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o ldebug.o ldebug.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o ldo.o ldo.c
ldo.c: In function ‘f_parser’:
ldo.c:496: warning: unused variable ‘c’
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o ldump.o ldump.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o lfunc.o lfunc.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o lgc.o lgc.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o llex.o llex.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o lmem.o lmem.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o lobject.o lobject.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o lopcodes.o lopcodes.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o lparser.o lparser.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o lstate.o lstate.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o lstring.o lstring.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o ltable.o ltable.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o ltm.o ltm.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o lundump.o lundump.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o lvm.o lvm.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o lzio.o lzio.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o strbuf.o strbuf.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o fpconv.o fpconv.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o lauxlib.o lauxlib.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o lbaselib.o lbaselib.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o ldblib.o ldblib.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o liolib.o liolib.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o lmathlib.o lmathlib.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o loslib.o loslib.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o ltablib.o ltablib.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o lstrlib.o lstrlib.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o loadlib.o loadlib.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o linit.o linit.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o lua_cjson.o lua_cjson.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o lua_struct.o lua_struct.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o lua_cmsgpack.o lua_cmsgpack.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o lua_bit.o lua_bit.c
ar rcu liblua.a lapi.o lcode.o ldebug.o ldo.o ldump.o lfunc.o lgc.o llex.o lmem.o lobject.o lopcodes.o lparser.o lstate.o lstring.o ltable.o ltm.o lundump.o lvm.o lzio.o strbuf.o fpconv.o lauxlib.o lbaselib.o ldblib.o liolib.o lmathlib.o loslib.o ltablib.o lstrlib.o loadlib.o linit.o lua_cjson.o lua_struct.o lua_cmsgpack.o lua_bit.o	# DLL needs all object files
ranlib liblua.a
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o lua.o lua.c
cc -o lua  lua.o liblua.a -lm 
liblua.a(loslib.o): In function `os_tmpname':
loslib.c:(.text+0x35): warning: the use of `tmpnam' is dangerous, better use `mkstemp'
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o luac.o luac.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o print.o print.c
cc -o luac  luac.o print.o liblua.a -lm 
make[3]: Leaving directory `/root/redis-5.0.3/deps/lua/src'
MAKE jemalloc
cd jemalloc && ./configure --with-version=5.1.0-0-g0 --with-lg-quantum=3 --with-jemalloc-prefix=je_ --enable-cc-silence CFLAGS="-std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops " LDFLAGS=""
configure: WARNING: unrecognized options: --enable-cc-silence
checking for xsltproc... /usr/bin/xsltproc
checking for gcc... gcc
checking whether the C compiler works... yes
checking for C compiler default output file name... a.out
checking for suffix of executables... 
checking whether we are cross compiling... no
checking for suffix of object files... o
checking whether we are using the GNU C compiler... yes
checking whether gcc accepts -g... yes
checking for gcc option to accept ISO C89... none needed
checking whether compiler is cray... no
checking whether compiler supports -std=gnu11... no
checking whether compiler supports -std=gnu99... yes
checking whether compiler supports -Wall... yes
checking whether compiler supports -Wshorten-64-to-32... no
checking whether compiler supports -Wsign-compare... yes
checking whether compiler supports -Wundef... yes
checking whether compiler supports -Wno-format-zero-length... yes
checking whether compiler supports -pipe... yes
checking whether compiler supports -g3... yes
checking how to run the C preprocessor... gcc -E
checking for g++... no
checking for c++... no
checking for gpp... no
checking for aCC... no
checking for CC... no
checking for cxx... no
checking for cc++... no
checking for cl.exe... no
checking for FCC... no
checking for KCC... no
checking for RCC... no
checking for xlC_r... no
checking for xlC... no
checking whether we are using the GNU C++ compiler... no
checking whether g++ accepts -g... no
checking whether g++ supports C++14 features by default... no
checking whether g++ supports C++14 features with -std=c++14... no
checking whether g++ supports C++14 features with -std=c++0x... no
checking whether g++ supports C++14 features with +std=c++14... no
checking whether g++ supports C++14 features with -h std=c++14... no
configure: No compiler with C++14 support was found
checking for grep that handles long lines and -e... /bin/grep
checking for egrep... /bin/grep -E
checking for ANSI C header files... yes
checking for sys/types.h... yes
checking for sys/stat.h... yes
checking for stdlib.h... yes
checking for string.h... yes
checking for memory.h... yes
checking for strings.h... yes
checking for inttypes.h... yes
checking for stdint.h... yes
checking for unistd.h... yes
checking whether byte ordering is bigendian... no
checking size of void *... 8
checking size of int... 4
checking size of long... 8
checking size of long long... 8
checking size of intmax_t... 8
checking build system type... x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
checking host system type... x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
checking whether pause instruction is compilable... yes
checking number of significant virtual address bits... 48
checking for ar... ar
checking for nm... nm
checking for gawk... gawk
checking malloc.h usability... yes
checking malloc.h presence... yes
checking for malloc.h... yes
checking whether malloc_usable_size definition can use const argument... no
checking for library containing log... -lm
checking whether __attribute__ syntax is compilable... yes
checking whether compiler supports -fvisibility=hidden... yes
checking whether compiler supports -fvisibility=hidden... no
checking whether compiler supports -Werror... yes
checking whether compiler supports -herror_on_warning... yes
checking whether tls_model attribute is compilable... yes
checking whether compiler supports -Werror... yes
checking whether compiler supports -herror_on_warning... yes
checking whether alloc_size attribute is compilable... yes
checking whether compiler supports -Werror... yes
checking whether compiler supports -herror_on_warning... yes
checking whether format(gnu_printf, ...) attribute is compilable... yes
checking whether compiler supports -Werror... yes
checking whether compiler supports -herror_on_warning... yes
checking whether format(printf, ...) attribute is compilable... yes
checking for a BSD-compatible install... /usr/bin/install -c
checking for ranlib... ranlib
checking for ld... /usr/bin/ld
checking for autoconf... false
checking for memalign... yes
checking for valloc... yes
checking whether compiler supports -O3... yes
checking whether compiler supports -O3... no
checking whether compiler supports -funroll-loops... yes
checking configured backtracing method... N/A
checking for sbrk... yes
checking whether utrace(2) is compilable... no
checking whether a program using __builtin_unreachable is compilable... yes
checking whether a program using __builtin_ffsl is compilable... yes
checking LG_PAGE... 12
checking pthread.h usability... yes
checking pthread.h presence... yes
checking for pthread.h... yes
checking for pthread_create in -lpthread... yes
checking dlfcn.h usability... yes
checking dlfcn.h presence... yes
checking for dlfcn.h... yes
checking for dlsym... no
checking for dlsym in -ldl... yes
checking whether pthread_atfork(3) is compilable... yes
checking whether pthread_setname_np(3) is compilable... yes
checking for library containing clock_gettime... -lrt
checking whether clock_gettime(CLOCK_MONOTONIC_COARSE, ...) is compilable... yes
checking whether clock_gettime(CLOCK_MONOTONIC, ...) is compilable... yes
checking whether mach_absolute_time() is compilable... no
checking whether compiler supports -Werror... yes
checking whether syscall(2) is compilable... yes
checking for secure_getenv... no
checking for sched_getcpu... yes
checking for sched_setaffinity... yes
checking for issetugid... no
checking for _malloc_thread_cleanup... no
checking for _pthread_mutex_init_calloc_cb... no
checking for TLS... yes
checking whether C11 atomics is compilable... no
checking whether GCC __atomic atomics is compilable... no
checking whether GCC __sync atomics is compilable... yes
checking whether Darwin OSAtomic*() is compilable... no
checking whether madvise(2) is compilable... yes
checking whether madvise(..., MADV_FREE) is compilable... no
checking whether madvise(..., MADV_DONTNEED) is compilable... yes
checking whether madvise(..., MADV_DO[NT]DUMP) is compilable... yes
checking whether madvise(..., MADV_[NO]HUGEPAGE) is compilable... no
checking whether to force 32-bit __sync_{add,sub}_and_fetch()... no
checking whether to force 64-bit __sync_{add,sub}_and_fetch()... no
checking for __builtin_clz... yes
checking whether Darwin os_unfair_lock_*() is compilable... no
checking whether Darwin OSSpin*() is compilable... no
checking whether glibc malloc hook is compilable... yes
checking whether glibc memalign hook is compilable... yes
checking whether pthreads adaptive mutexes is compilable... yes
checking whether compiler supports -D_GNU_SOURCE... yes
checking whether compiler supports -Werror... yes
checking whether compiler supports -herror_on_warning... yes
checking whether strerror_r returns char with gnu source is compilable... yes
checking for stdbool.h that conforms to C99... yes
checking for _Bool... yes
configure: creating ./config.status
config.status: creating Makefile
config.status: creating jemalloc.pc
config.status: creating doc/html.xsl
config.status: creating doc/manpages.xsl
config.status: creating doc/jemalloc.xml
config.status: creating include/jemalloc/jemalloc_macros.h
config.status: creating include/jemalloc/jemalloc_protos.h
config.status: creating include/jemalloc/jemalloc_typedefs.h
config.status: creating include/jemalloc/internal/jemalloc_preamble.h
config.status: creating test/test.sh
config.status: creating test/include/test/jemalloc_test.h
config.status: creating config.stamp
config.status: creating bin/jemalloc-config
config.status: creating bin/jemalloc.sh
config.status: creating bin/jeprof
config.status: creating include/jemalloc/jemalloc_defs.h
config.status: creating include/jemalloc/internal/jemalloc_internal_defs.h
config.status: creating test/include/test/jemalloc_test_defs.h
config.status: executing include/jemalloc/internal/public_symbols.txt commands
config.status: executing include/jemalloc/internal/private_symbols.awk commands
config.status: executing include/jemalloc/internal/private_symbols_jet.awk commands
config.status: executing include/jemalloc/internal/public_namespace.h commands
config.status: executing include/jemalloc/internal/public_unnamespace.h commands
config.status: executing include/jemalloc/internal/size_classes.h commands
config.status: executing include/jemalloc/jemalloc_protos_jet.h commands
config.status: executing include/jemalloc/jemalloc_rename.h commands
config.status: executing include/jemalloc/jemalloc_mangle.h commands
config.status: executing include/jemalloc/jemalloc_mangle_jet.h commands
config.status: executing include/jemalloc/jemalloc.h commands
configure: WARNING: unrecognized options: --enable-cc-silence
===============================================================================
jemalloc version   : 5.1.0-0-g0
library revision   : 2

CONFIG             : --with-version=5.1.0-0-g0 --with-lg-quantum=3 --with-jemalloc-prefix=je_ --enable-cc-silence 'CFLAGS=-std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops ' LDFLAGS=
CC                 : gcc
CONFIGURE_CFLAGS   : -std=gnu99 -Wall -Wsign-compare -Wundef -Wno-format-zero-length -pipe -g3 -fvisibility=hidden -O3 -funroll-loops
SPECIFIED_CFLAGS   : -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops 
EXTRA_CFLAGS       : 
CPPFLAGS           : -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT
CXX                : g++
CONFIGURE_CXXFLAGS : 
SPECIFIED_CXXFLAGS : 
EXTRA_CXXFLAGS     : 
LDFLAGS            : 
EXTRA_LDFLAGS      : 
DSO_LDFLAGS        : -shared -Wl,-soname,$(@F)
LIBS               : -lrt -lm  -lpthread -ldl
RPATH_EXTRA        : 

XSLTPROC           : /usr/bin/xsltproc
XSLROOT            : 

PREFIX             : /usr/local
BINDIR             : /usr/local/bin
DATADIR            : /usr/local/share
INCLUDEDIR         : /usr/local/include
LIBDIR             : /usr/local/lib
MANDIR             : /usr/local/share/man

srcroot            : 
abs_srcroot        : /root/redis-5.0.3/deps/jemalloc/
objroot            : 
abs_objroot        : /root/redis-5.0.3/deps/jemalloc/

JEMALLOC_PREFIX    : je_
JEMALLOC_PRIVATE_NAMESPACE
                   : je_
install_suffix     : 
malloc_conf        : 
autogen            : 0
debug              : 0
stats              : 1
prof               : 0
prof-libunwind     : 0
prof-libgcc        : 0
prof-gcc           : 0
fill               : 1
utrace             : 0
xmalloc            : 0
log                : 0
lazy_lock          : 0
cache-oblivious    : 1
cxx                : 0
===============================================================================
cd jemalloc && make CFLAGS="-std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops " LDFLAGS="" lib/libjemalloc.a
make[3]: Entering directory `/root/redis-5.0.3/deps/jemalloc'
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -DJEMALLOC_NO_PRIVATE_NAMESPACE -o src/jemalloc.sym.o src/jemalloc.c
nm -a src/jemalloc.sym.o | gawk -f include/jemalloc/internal/private_symbols.awk > src/jemalloc.sym
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -DJEMALLOC_NO_PRIVATE_NAMESPACE -o src/arena.sym.o src/arena.c
src/arena.c: In function ‘arena_decay_impl’:
src/arena.c:866: warning: ‘npages_new’ may be used uninitialized in this function
nm -a src/arena.sym.o | gawk -f include/jemalloc/internal/private_symbols.awk > src/arena.sym
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -DJEMALLOC_NO_PRIVATE_NAMESPACE -o src/background_thread.sym.o src/background_thread.c
nm -a src/background_thread.sym.o | gawk -f include/jemalloc/internal/private_symbols.awk > src/background_thread.sym
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -DJEMALLOC_NO_PRIVATE_NAMESPACE -o src/base.sym.o src/base.c
nm -a src/base.sym.o | gawk -f include/jemalloc/internal/private_symbols.awk > src/base.sym
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -DJEMALLOC_NO_PRIVATE_NAMESPACE -o src/bin.sym.o src/bin.c
nm -a src/bin.sym.o | gawk -f include/jemalloc/internal/private_symbols.awk > src/bin.sym
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -DJEMALLOC_NO_PRIVATE_NAMESPACE -o src/bitmap.sym.o src/bitmap.c
nm -a src/bitmap.sym.o | gawk -f include/jemalloc/internal/private_symbols.awk > src/bitmap.sym
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -DJEMALLOC_NO_PRIVATE_NAMESPACE -o src/ckh.sym.o src/ckh.c
nm -a src/ckh.sym.o | gawk -f include/jemalloc/internal/private_symbols.awk > src/ckh.sym
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -DJEMALLOC_NO_PRIVATE_NAMESPACE -o src/ctl.sym.o src/ctl.c
nm -a src/ctl.sym.o | gawk -f include/jemalloc/internal/private_symbols.awk > src/ctl.sym
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -DJEMALLOC_NO_PRIVATE_NAMESPACE -o src/div.sym.o src/div.c
nm -a src/div.sym.o | gawk -f include/jemalloc/internal/private_symbols.awk > src/div.sym
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -DJEMALLOC_NO_PRIVATE_NAMESPACE -o src/extent.sym.o src/extent.c
nm -a src/extent.sym.o | gawk -f include/jemalloc/internal/private_symbols.awk > src/extent.sym
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -DJEMALLOC_NO_PRIVATE_NAMESPACE -o src/extent_dss.sym.o src/extent_dss.c
nm -a src/extent_dss.sym.o | gawk -f include/jemalloc/internal/private_symbols.awk > src/extent_dss.sym
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -DJEMALLOC_NO_PRIVATE_NAMESPACE -o src/extent_mmap.sym.o src/extent_mmap.c
nm -a src/extent_mmap.sym.o | gawk -f include/jemalloc/internal/private_symbols.awk > src/extent_mmap.sym
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -DJEMALLOC_NO_PRIVATE_NAMESPACE -o src/hash.sym.o src/hash.c
nm -a src/hash.sym.o | gawk -f include/jemalloc/internal/private_symbols.awk > src/hash.sym
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -DJEMALLOC_NO_PRIVATE_NAMESPACE -o src/hooks.sym.o src/hooks.c
nm -a src/hooks.sym.o | gawk -f include/jemalloc/internal/private_symbols.awk > src/hooks.sym
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -DJEMALLOC_NO_PRIVATE_NAMESPACE -o src/large.sym.o src/large.c
nm -a src/large.sym.o | gawk -f include/jemalloc/internal/private_symbols.awk > src/large.sym
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -DJEMALLOC_NO_PRIVATE_NAMESPACE -o src/log.sym.o src/log.c
nm -a src/log.sym.o | gawk -f include/jemalloc/internal/private_symbols.awk > src/log.sym
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -DJEMALLOC_NO_PRIVATE_NAMESPACE -o src/malloc_io.sym.o src/malloc_io.c
nm -a src/malloc_io.sym.o | gawk -f include/jemalloc/internal/private_symbols.awk > src/malloc_io.sym
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -DJEMALLOC_NO_PRIVATE_NAMESPACE -o src/mutex.sym.o src/mutex.c
nm -a src/mutex.sym.o | gawk -f include/jemalloc/internal/private_symbols.awk > src/mutex.sym
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -DJEMALLOC_NO_PRIVATE_NAMESPACE -o src/mutex_pool.sym.o src/mutex_pool.c
nm -a src/mutex_pool.sym.o | gawk -f include/jemalloc/internal/private_symbols.awk > src/mutex_pool.sym
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -DJEMALLOC_NO_PRIVATE_NAMESPACE -o src/nstime.sym.o src/nstime.c
nm -a src/nstime.sym.o | gawk -f include/jemalloc/internal/private_symbols.awk > src/nstime.sym
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -DJEMALLOC_NO_PRIVATE_NAMESPACE -o src/pages.sym.o src/pages.c
nm -a src/pages.sym.o | gawk -f include/jemalloc/internal/private_symbols.awk > src/pages.sym
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -DJEMALLOC_NO_PRIVATE_NAMESPACE -o src/prng.sym.o src/prng.c
nm -a src/prng.sym.o | gawk -f include/jemalloc/internal/private_symbols.awk > src/prng.sym
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -DJEMALLOC_NO_PRIVATE_NAMESPACE -o src/prof.sym.o src/prof.c
nm -a src/prof.sym.o | gawk -f include/jemalloc/internal/private_symbols.awk > src/prof.sym
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -DJEMALLOC_NO_PRIVATE_NAMESPACE -o src/rtree.sym.o src/rtree.c
nm -a src/rtree.sym.o | gawk -f include/jemalloc/internal/private_symbols.awk > src/rtree.sym
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -DJEMALLOC_NO_PRIVATE_NAMESPACE -o src/stats.sym.o src/stats.c
nm -a src/stats.sym.o | gawk -f include/jemalloc/internal/private_symbols.awk > src/stats.sym
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -DJEMALLOC_NO_PRIVATE_NAMESPACE -o src/sz.sym.o src/sz.c
nm -a src/sz.sym.o | gawk -f include/jemalloc/internal/private_symbols.awk > src/sz.sym
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -DJEMALLOC_NO_PRIVATE_NAMESPACE -o src/tcache.sym.o src/tcache.c
nm -a src/tcache.sym.o | gawk -f include/jemalloc/internal/private_symbols.awk > src/tcache.sym
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -DJEMALLOC_NO_PRIVATE_NAMESPACE -o src/ticker.sym.o src/ticker.c
nm -a src/ticker.sym.o | gawk -f include/jemalloc/internal/private_symbols.awk > src/ticker.sym
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -DJEMALLOC_NO_PRIVATE_NAMESPACE -o src/tsd.sym.o src/tsd.c
nm -a src/tsd.sym.o | gawk -f include/jemalloc/internal/private_symbols.awk > src/tsd.sym
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -DJEMALLOC_NO_PRIVATE_NAMESPACE -o src/witness.sym.o src/witness.c
nm -a src/witness.sym.o | gawk -f include/jemalloc/internal/private_symbols.awk > src/witness.sym
/bin/sh include/jemalloc/internal/private_namespace.sh src/jemalloc.sym src/arena.sym src/background_thread.sym src/base.sym src/bin.sym src/bitmap.sym src/ckh.sym src/ctl.sym src/div.sym src/extent.sym src/extent_dss.sym src/extent_mmap.sym src/hash.sym src/hooks.sym src/large.sym src/log.sym src/malloc_io.sym src/mutex.sym src/mutex_pool.sym src/nstime.sym src/pages.sym src/prng.sym src/prof.sym src/rtree.sym src/stats.sym src/sz.sym src/tcache.sym src/ticker.sym src/tsd.sym src/witness.sym > include/jemalloc/internal/private_namespace.gen.h
cp include/jemalloc/internal/private_namespace.gen.h include/jemalloc/internal/private_namespace.gen.h
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -o src/jemalloc.o src/jemalloc.c
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -o src/arena.o src/arena.c
src/arena.c: In function ‘arena_decay_impl’:
src/arena.c:866: warning: ‘npages_new’ may be used uninitialized in this function
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -o src/background_thread.o src/background_thread.c
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -o src/base.o src/base.c
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -o src/bin.o src/bin.c
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -o src/bitmap.o src/bitmap.c
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -o src/ckh.o src/ckh.c
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -o src/ctl.o src/ctl.c
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -o src/div.o src/div.c
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -o src/extent.o src/extent.c
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -o src/extent_dss.o src/extent_dss.c
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -o src/extent_mmap.o src/extent_mmap.c
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -o src/hash.o src/hash.c
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -o src/hooks.o src/hooks.c
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -o src/large.o src/large.c
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -o src/log.o src/log.c
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -o src/malloc_io.o src/malloc_io.c
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -o src/mutex.o src/mutex.c
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -o src/mutex_pool.o src/mutex_pool.c
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -o src/nstime.o src/nstime.c
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -o src/pages.o src/pages.c
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -o src/prng.o src/prng.c
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -o src/prof.o src/prof.c
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -o src/rtree.o src/rtree.c
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -o src/stats.o src/stats.c
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -o src/sz.o src/sz.c
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -o src/tcache.o src/tcache.c
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -o src/ticker.o src/ticker.c
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -o src/tsd.o src/tsd.c
gcc -std=gnu99 -Wall -pipe -g3 -O3 -funroll-loops  -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_REENTRANT -Iinclude -Iinclude -o src/witness.o src/witness.c
ar crus lib/libjemalloc.a src/jemalloc.o src/arena.o src/background_thread.o src/base.o src/bin.o src/bitmap.o src/ckh.o src/ctl.o src/div.o src/extent.o src/extent_dss.o src/extent_mmap.o src/hash.o src/hooks.o src/large.o src/log.o src/malloc_io.o src/mutex.o src/mutex_pool.o src/nstime.o src/pages.o src/prng.o src/prof.o src/rtree.o src/stats.o src/sz.o src/tcache.o src/ticker.o src/tsd.o src/witness.o
make[3]: Leaving directory `/root/redis-5.0.3/deps/jemalloc'
make[2]: Leaving directory `/root/redis-5.0.3/deps'
    CC adlist.o
    CC quicklist.o
    CC ae.o
    CC anet.o
anet.c: In function ‘anetSockName’:
anet.c:643: warning: dereferencing pointer ‘s’ does break strict-aliasing rules
anet.c:641: note: initialized from here
anet.c:647: warning: dereferencing pointer ‘s’ does break strict-aliasing rules
anet.c:645: note: initialized from here
anet.c: In function ‘anetPeerToString’:
anet.c:587: warning: dereferencing pointer ‘s’ does break strict-aliasing rules
anet.c:585: note: initialized from here
anet.c:591: warning: dereferencing pointer ‘s’ does break strict-aliasing rules
anet.c:589: note: initialized from here
anet.c: In function ‘anetTcpAccept’:
anet.c:558: warning: dereferencing pointer ‘s’ does break strict-aliasing rules
anet.c:556: note: initialized from here
anet.c:562: warning: dereferencing pointer ‘s’ does break strict-aliasing rules
anet.c:560: note: initialized from here
    CC dict.o
    CC server.o
    CC sds.o
    CC zmalloc.o
    CC lzf_c.o
    CC lzf_d.o
    CC pqsort.o
    CC zipmap.o
    CC sha1.o
    CC ziplist.o
    CC release.o
    CC networking.o
    CC util.o
    CC object.o
    CC db.o
    CC replication.o
    CC rdb.o
    CC t_string.o
    CC t_list.o
    CC t_set.o
    CC t_zset.o
    CC t_hash.o
    CC config.o
    CC aof.o
    CC pubsub.o
    CC multi.o
    CC debug.o
    CC sort.o
    CC intset.o
    CC syncio.o
    CC cluster.o
    CC crc16.o
    CC endianconv.o
    CC slowlog.o
    CC scripting.o
    CC bio.o
    CC rio.o
    CC rand.o
    CC memtest.o
    CC crc64.o
    CC bitops.o
    CC sentinel.o
    CC notify.o
    CC setproctitle.o
    CC blocked.o
    CC hyperloglog.o
    CC latency.o
    CC sparkline.o
    CC redis-check-rdb.o
    CC redis-check-aof.o
    CC geo.o
    CC lazyfree.o
    CC module.o
    CC evict.o
    CC expire.o
    CC geohash.o
    CC geohash_helper.o
    CC childinfo.o
    CC defrag.o
    CC siphash.o
    CC rax.o
    CC t_stream.o
    CC listpack.o
    CC localtime.o
    CC lolwut.o
    CC lolwut5.o
    LINK redis-server
    INSTALL redis-sentinel
    CC redis-cli.o
    LINK redis-cli
    CC redis-benchmark.o
    LINK redis-benchmark
    INSTALL redis-check-rdb
    INSTALL redis-check-aof

Hint: It's a good idea to run 'make test' ;)

make[1]: Leaving directory `/root/redis-5.0.3/src'

3,安装

[root@insurance redis-5.0.3]# make install
cd src && make install
make[1]: Entering directory `/root/redis-5.0.3/src'
    CC Makefile.dep
make[1]: Leaving directory `/root/redis-5.0.3/src'
make[1]: Entering directory `/root/redis-5.0.3/src'

Hint: It's a good idea to run 'make test' ;)

    INSTALL install
    INSTALL install
    INSTALL install
    INSTALL install
    INSTALL install
make[1]: Leaving directory `/root/redis-5.0.3/src'

安装完成,在/usr/local/bin目录中可以找到刚刚安装的redis可执行文件

[root@insurance redis-5.0.3]# cd /usr/local/bin/
[root@insurance bin]# ll
total 54272
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  9202923 Jan  7 12:00 redis-benchmark
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 12260055 Jan  7 12:00 redis-check-aof
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 12260055 Jan  7 12:00 redis-check-rdb
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  9578318 Jan  7 12:00 redis-cli
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root       12 Jan  7 12:00 redis-sentinel -> redis-server
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 12260055 Jan  7 12:00 redis-server

启动方式一,常规 启动redis,在/usr/local/bin 目录下 直接运行redis-server即可启动Redis

[root@insurance bin]# redis-server
4668:C 07 Jan 2019 12:04:00.878 # oO0OoO0OoO0Oo Redis is starting oO0OoO0OoO0Oo
4668:C 07 Jan 2019 12:04:00.878 # Redis version=5.0.3, bits=64, commit=00000000, modified=0, pid=4668, just started
4668:C 07 Jan 2019 12:04:00.878 # Warning: no config file specified, using the default config. In order to specify a config file use redis-server /path/to/redis.conf
4668:M 07 Jan 2019 12:04:00.880 # Not listening to IPv6: unsupproted
                _._                                                  
           _.-``__ ''-._                                             
      _.-``    `.  `_.  ''-._           Redis 5.0.3 (00000000/0) 64 bit
  .-`` .-```.  ```\/    _.,_ ''-._                                   
 (    '      ,       .-`  | `,    )     Running in standalone mode
 |`-._`-...-` __...-.``-._|'` _.-'|     Port: 6379
 |    `-._   `._    /     _.-'    |     PID: 4668
  `-._    `-._  `-./  _.-'    _.-'                                   
 |`-._`-._    `-.__.-'    _.-'_.-'|                                  
 |    `-._`-._        _.-'_.-'    |           http://redis.io        
  `-._    `-._`-.__.-'_.-'    _.-'                                   
 |`-._`-._    `-.__.-'    _.-'_.-'|                                  
 |    `-._`-._        _.-'_.-'    |                                  
  `-._    `-._`-.__.-'_.-'    _.-'                                   
      `-._    `-.__.-'    _.-'                                       
          `-._        _.-'                                           
              `-.__.-'                                               

4668:M 07 Jan 2019 12:04:00.880 # WARNING: The TCP backlog setting of 511 cannot be enforced because /proc/sys/net/core/somaxconn is set to the lower value of 128.
4668:M 07 Jan 2019 12:04:00.880 # Server initialized
4668:M 07 Jan 2019 12:04:00.880 # WARNING overcommit_memory is set to 0! Background save may fail under low memory condition. To fix this issue add 'vm.overcommit_memory = 1' to /etc/sysctl.conf and then reboot or run the command 'sysctl vm.overcommit_memory=1' for this to take effect.
4668:M 07 Jan 2019 12:04:00.880 # WARNING you have Transparent Huge Pages (THP) support enabled in your kernel. This will create latency and memory usage issues with Redis. To fix this issue run the command 'echo never > /sys/kernel/mm/transparent_hugepage/enabled' as root, and add it to your /etc/rc.local in order to retain the setting after a reboot. Redis must be restarted after THP is disabled.
4668:M 07 Jan 2019 12:04:00.880 * Ready to accept connections

启动方式二,通过初始化脚本启动Redis,在Redis源代码目录的utils文件夹中有一个名为redis_init_script的初始化脚本文件。需要配置Redis的运行方式和持久化文件、日志文件的存储位置。步骤如下:

 1、配置初始化脚本

首先将初始化脚本复制到/etc/init.d 目录中,文件名为 redis_端口号,其中端口号表示要让Redis监听的端口号,客户端通过该端口连接Redis。然后修改脚本第6行的REDISPORT变量的值为同样的端口号。

[root@insurance bin]# cd /root/redis-5.0.3/utils/
[root@insurance utils]# ll
total 76
-rw-rw-r-- 1 root root  593 Dec 12 20:25 build-static-symbols.tcl
-rw-rw-r-- 1 root root 1303 Dec 12 20:25 cluster_fail_time.tcl
-rw-rw-r-- 1 root root 1070 Dec 12 20:25 corrupt_rdb.c
drwxrwxr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 12 20:25 create-cluster
-rwxrwxr-x 1 root root 2149 Dec 12 20:25 generate-command-help.rb
drwxrwxr-x 3 root root 4096 Dec 12 20:25 graphs
drwxrwxr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 12 20:25 hashtable
drwxrwxr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 12 20:25 hyperloglog
-rwxrwxr-x 1 root root 9567 Dec 12 20:25 install_server.sh
drwxrwxr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 12 20:25 lru
-rw-rw-r-- 1 root root 1277 Dec 12 20:25 redis-copy.rb
-rwxrwxr-x 1 root root 1352 Dec 12 20:25 redis_init_script
-rwxrwxr-x 1 root root 1047 Dec 12 20:25 redis_init_script.tpl
-rw-rw-r-- 1 root root 1762 Dec 12 20:25 redis-sha1.rb
drwxrwxr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 12 20:25 releasetools
-rwxrwxr-x 1 root root 3787 Dec 12 20:25 speed-regression.tcl
-rwxrwxr-x 1 root root  693 Dec 12 20:25 whatisdoing.sh
[root@insurance utils]# cp redis_init_script /etc/init.d/
[root@insurance utils]# mv /etc/init.d/redis_init_script /etc/init.d/redis_6379
[root@insurance utils]# 

2、建立以下需要的文件夹。

目录名Value
/etc/redis存放Redis的配置文件
/var/redis/端口号存放Redis的持久化文件
[root@insurance redis]# mkdir /var/redis/
[root@insurance redis]# cd /var/redis/
[root@insurance redis]# mkdir 6379
[root@insurance redis]# ll
total 4
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Jan  7 12:12 6379
[root@insurance redis]# pwd
/var/redis
[root@insurance redis]# 

 3、修改配置文件

首先将配置文件模板(redis-4.0.2/redis.conf)复制到/etc/redis 目录中,以端口号命名(如“6379.conf”),

[root@insurance redis]# cp /root/redis-5.0.3/redis.conf /etc/red
redhat-lsb/     redhat-release  redis/          
[root@insurance redis]# cp /root/redis-5.0.3/redis.conf /etc/redis/6379.conf
[root@insurance redis]# ll /etc/redis/
total 64
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 62155 Jan  7 12:14 6379.conf
[root@insurance redis]# 

 然后按照下表对其中的部分参数进行编辑

参数说明
daemonizeyes使Redis以守护进程模式运行
pidfile/var/run/redis_端口号.pid设置Redis的PID文件位置
port端口号设置Redis监听的端口号
dir/var/redis/端口号设置持久化文件存放位置

现在也可以使用下面的命令来启动和关闭Redis了 

[root@insurance ~]# /etc/init.d/redis_6379 start
Starting Redis server...
4701:C 07 Jan 2019 12:21:00.464 # oO0OoO0OoO0Oo Redis is starting oO0OoO0OoO0Oo
4701:C 07 Jan 2019 12:21:00.464 # Redis version=5.0.3, bits=64, commit=00000000, modified=0, pid=4701, just started
4701:C 07 Jan 2019 12:21:00.464 # Configuration loaded
[root@insurance ~]# /etc/init.d/redis_6379 stop
Stopping ...
Redis stopped
[root@insurance ~]# 

启动方式三,最重要 的随系统自动启动,这还需要对Redis初始化脚本进行简单修改,执行命令:

vim /etc/init.d/redis_6379

在打开的redis初始化脚本文件头部第四行的位置,追加下面两句

# chkconfig: 2345 90 10

# description: Redis is a persistent key-value database

#!/bin/sh
#
# Simple Redis init.d script conceived to work on Linux systems
# chkconfig: 2345 90 10 
# description: Redis is a persistent key-value database
# as it does use of the /proc filesystem.

### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides:     redis_6379
# Default-Start:        2 3 4 5
# Default-Stop:         0 1 6
# Short-Description:    Redis data structure server
# Description:          Redis data structure server. See https://redis.io
### END INIT INFO

REDISPORT=6379
EXEC=/usr/local/bin/redis-server
CLIEXEC=/usr/local/bin/redis-cli

PIDFILE=/var/run/redis_${REDISPORT}.pid
CONF="/etc/redis/${REDISPORT}.conf"

case "$1" in
    start)
        if [ -f 

 即可通过下面的命令将Redis加入系统启动项里了

//设置开机执行redis脚本 chkconfig redis_6379 on

[root@insurance ~]# chkconfig redis_6379 on
[root@insurance ~]# 

通过上面的操作后,以后也可以直接用下面的命令对Redis进行启动和关闭了,如下

[root@insurance ~]# service redis_6379 start
Starting Redis server...
4720:C 07 Jan 2019 12:26:59.066 # oO0OoO0OoO0Oo Redis is starting oO0OoO0OoO0Oo
4720:C 07 Jan 2019 12:26:59.066 # Redis version=5.0.3, bits=64, commit=00000000, modified=0, pid=4720, just started
4720:C 07 Jan 2019 12:26:59.067 # Configuration loaded
[root@insurance ~]# service redis_6379 stop
Stopping ...
Redis stopped
[root@insurance ~]# 

经过上面的部署操作后,系统重启,Redis也会随着系统自动启动,并且上面的步骤里也配置了Redis持久化,下次启动系统或Redis时,有缓存数据不丢失的好处。

停止Redis

考虑到 Redis 有可能正在将内存中的数据同步到硬盘中,强行终止 Redis 进程可能会导致数据丢失。正确停止Redis的方式应该是向Redis发送SHUTDOWN命令,方法为:

redis-cli SHUTDOWN

[root@insurance ~]# redis-cli SHUTDOWN
[root@insurance ~]# 

当Redis收到SHUTDOWN命令后,会先断开所有客户端连接,然后根据配置执行持久化,最后完成退出。
Redis可以妥善处理 SIGTERM信号,所以使用 kill Redis 进程的 PID也可以正常结束Redis,效果与发送SHUTDOWN命令一样。

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