Exception starting filter struts2 Unable to load configuration. - [unknown location]

把项目重新部署,出现这个错误

Exception starting filter struts2
Unable to load configuration. - [unknown location]
 at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:431)
 at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.InitOperations.initDispatcher(InitOperations.java:69)
 at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.filter.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.init(StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.java:51)
 at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.getFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:275)
 at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.setFilterDef(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:397)
 at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.<init>(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:108)
 at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.filterStart(StandardContext.java:3800)
 at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.start(StandardContext.java:4450)
 at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.checkResources(HostConfig.java:1173)
 at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.check(HostConfig.java:1271)
 at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.lifecycleEvent(HostConfig.java:296)
 at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleSupport.fireLifecycleEvent(LifecycleSupport.java:119)
 at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.backgroundProcess(ContainerBase.java:1337)
 at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase$ContainerBackgroundProcessor.processChildren(ContainerBase.java:1601)
 at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase$ContainerBackgroundProcessor.processChildren(ContainerBase.java:1610)
 at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase$ContainerBackgroundProcessor.run(ContainerBase.java:1590)
 at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:619)
Caused by: Unable to load configuration. - [unknown location]
 at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:58)
 at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init_PreloadConfiguration(Dispatcher.java:374)
 at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:418)
 ... 16 more
Caused by: Caught exception while loading file struts-default.xml - [unknown location]
 at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.loadConfigurationFiles(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:902)
 at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.loadDocuments(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:143)
 at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.init(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:110)
 at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.impl.DefaultConfiguration.reloadContainer(DefaultConfiguration.java:168)
 at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:55)
 ... 18 more
Caused by: java.lang.ClassCastException: org.apache.xerces.parsers.XML11Configuration cannot be cast to org.apache.xerces.xni.parser.XMLParserConfiguration
 at org.apache.xerces.parsers.DOMParser.<init>(Unknown Source)
 at org.apache.xerces.parsers.DOMParser.<init>(Unknown Source)
 at org.apache.xerces.jaxp.DocumentBuilderImpl.<init>(Unknown Source)
 at org.apache.xerces.jaxp.DocumentBuilderFactoryImpl.newDocumentBuilder(Unknown Source)
 at com.sun.org.apache.xalan.internal.xsltc.trax.SAX2DOM.createDocument(SAX2DOM.java:326)
 at com.sun.org.apache.xalan.internal.xsltc.trax.SAX2DOM.<init>(SAX2DOM.java:85)
 at com.sun.org.apache.xalan.internal.xsltc.runtime.output.TransletOutputHandlerFactory.getSerializationHandler(TransletOutputHandlerFactory.java:187)
 at com.sun.org.apache.xalan.internal.xsltc.trax.TransformerImpl.getOutputHandler(TransformerImpl.java:392)
 at com.sun.org.apache.xalan.internal.xsltc.trax.TransformerHandlerImpl.setResult(TransformerHandlerImpl.java:137)
 at com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.DomHelper$DOMBuilder.setup(DomHelper.java:205)
 at com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.DomHelper$DOMBuilder.<init>(DomHelper.java:190)
 at com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.DomHelper$DOMBuilder.<init>(DomHelper.java:181)
 at com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.DomHelper$DOMBuilder.<init>(DomHelper.java:167)
 at com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.DomHelper.parse(DomHelper.java:107)
 at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.loadConfigurationFiles(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:893)
 ... 22 more

 

后面一查,是xerces-2.6.2.jar惹的祸

把这个jar包删除就可以了!

原因:

jar包有冲突, 应该是XML解析包有冲突. 检查发布后的WEB-INF/lib有两个XML解析包:xml-apis.jar和xerces-2.6.2.jar 这种错误真正原因不是JDK 6和Struts 2冲突, 而是MyEclipse Hibernate 类库中多了两个包: xml-apis.jar和xerces-2.6.2.jar,这两个包的功能和JDK的冲突了. 解决办法: 1. 删除发布后目录的 WEB-INF/lib/ 下的xerces-2.6.2.jar这个文件; 2. 或者使用JDK1.5来启动Tomcat 6.

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