在ASP.NET中实现多文件上传
 

在以前的Web应用中,上传文件是个很麻烦的事,现在有了.NET,文件上传变得轻而易举。下面的这个例子实现了多文件上传功能。可以动态添加输入表单,上传的文件数量没有限制。代码如下:

MultiUpload.aspx

<%@ Page Language="vb" AutoEventWireup="false" Codebehind="MultiUpload.aspx.vb"
Inherits="aspxWeb.MultiUpload" %>
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" >
<HTML>
  <HEAD>
    <title>多文件上传</title>
    <script language="JavaScript">
    function addFile()
    {
     var str = '<INPUT type="file" size="50" NAME="File">'
     document.getElementById('MyFile').insertAdjacentHTML("beforeEnd",str)
    }
    </script>
  </HEAD>
  <body>
    <form id="form1" method="post" runat="server" enctype="multipart/form-data">
      <center>
        <asp:Label Runat="server" ID="MyTitle"></asp:Label>
        <P id="MyFile"><INPUT type="file" size="50" NAME="File"></P>
        <P>
          <input type="button" value="增加(Add)" onclick="addFile()">
          <asp:Button Runat="server" Text="上传" ID="Upload"></asp:Button>
          <input onclick="this.form.reset()" type="button" value="重置(ReSet)">
        </P>
      </center>
      <P align="center">
        <asp:Label id="strStatus" runat="server" Font-Names="宋体" Font-Bold="True"
         Font-Size="9pt" Width="500px" BorderStyle="None" BorderColor="White"></asp:Label>
      </P>
    </form>
  </body>
</HTML>

后代码:MultiUpload.aspx.vb

Public Class MultiUpload
    Inherits System.Web.UI.Page
  Protected WithEvents Upload As System.Web.UI.WebControls.Button
  Protected WithEvents MyTitle As System.Web.UI.WebControls.Label
  Protected WithEvents strStatus As System.Web.UI.WebControls.Label

#Region " Web Form Designer Generated Code "

  'This call is required by the Web Form Designer.
  <System.Diagnostics.DebuggerStepThrough()> Private Sub InitializeComponent()

  End Sub

  Private Sub Page_Init(ByVal sender As System.Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles MyBase.Init
    'CODEGEN: This method call is required by the Web Form Designer
    'Do not modify it using the code editor.
    InitializeComponent()
  End Sub

#End Region

  Private Sub Page_Load(ByVal sender As System.Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles MyBase.Load
    MyTitle.Text = "<h3>多文件上传</h3>"
    Upload.Text = "开始上传"
    If (Me.IsPostBack) Then Me.SaveImages()
  End Sub

  Private Function SaveImages() As System.Boolean
    '遍历File表单元素
    Dim files As System.Web.HttpFileCollection = System.Web.HttpContext.Current.Request.Files

    '状态信息
    Dim strMsg As New System.Text.StringBuilder("上传的文件分别是:<hr color=red>")
    Dim iFile As System.Int32
    Try
      For iFile = 0 To files.Count - 1
        '检查文件扩展名字
        Dim postedFile As System.Web.HttpPostedFile = files(iFile)
        Dim fileName, fileExtension As System.String
        fileName = System.IO.Path.GetFileName(postedFile.FileName)
        If Not (fileName = String.Empty) Then
          fileExtension = System.IO.Path.GetExtension(fileName)
          strMsg.Append("上传的文件类型:" + postedFile.ContentType.ToString() + "<br>")
          strMsg.Append("客户端文件地址:" + postedFile.FileName + "<br>")
          strMsg.Append("上传文件的文件名:" + fileName + "<br>")
          strMsg.Append("上传文件的扩展名:" + fileExtension + "<br><hr>")
          '可根据扩展名字的不同保存到不同的文件夹
          postedFile.SaveAs(System.Web.HttpContext.Current.Request.MapPath("images/") + fileName)
        End If
      Next
      strStatus.Text = strMsg.ToString()
      Return True
    Catch Ex As System.Exception
      strStatus.Text = Ex.Message
      Return False
    End Try
  End Function
End Class 

C#版本

前台代码

<script language="Javascript">
function addFile()
{
var str = '<INPUT type="file" size="30" NAME="File"><br>'
document.getElementById('MyFile').insertAdjacentHTML("beforeEnd",str)

}
</script>

<form id="form1" method="post" runat="server" enctype="multipart/form-data">
<div align="center">
<h3>多文件上传</h3>
<P id="MyFile"><INPUT type="file" size="30" NAME="File"><br></P>
<P>
<input type="button" value="增加(Add)" onclick="addFile()"> <input onclick="this.form.reset()" type="button" value="重置(ReSet)">
<asp:Button Runat="server" Text="开始上传" ID="UploadButton">
</asp:Button>
</P>
<P>
<asp:Label id="strStatus" runat="server" Font-Names="宋体" Font-Bold="True" Font-Size="9pt" Width="500px"
BorderStyle="None" BorderColor="White"></asp:Label>
</P>
</div>
</form>

 

后台代码

 

protected System.Web.UI.WebControls.Button UploadButton;
protected System.Web.UI.WebControls.Label strStatus;

private void Page_Load(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
/// 在此处放置用户代码以初始化页面
if (this.IsPostBack) this.SaveImages();
}

private Boolean SaveImages()
{
///'遍历File表单元素
HttpFileCollection files = HttpContext.Current.Request.Files;

/// '状态信息
System.Text.StringBuilder strMsg = new System.Text.StringBuilder();
strMsg.Append("上传的文件分别是:<hr color=red>");
try
{
 for(int iFile = 0; iFile < files.Count; iFile++)
 {
  ///'检查文件扩展名字
  HttpPostedFile postedFile = files[iFile];
  string fileName,fileExtension,file_id;

  //取出精确到毫秒的时间做文件的名称
  int year = System.DateTime.Now.Year;
  int month = System.DateTime.Now.Month;
  int day = System.DateTime.Now.Day;
  int hour = System.DateTime.Now.Hour;
  int minute = System.DateTime.Now.Minute;
  int second = System.DateTime.Now.Second;
  int millisecond = System.DateTime.Now.Millisecond;
  string my_file_id = year.ToString() + month.ToString() + day.ToString() + hour.ToString() + minute.ToString() + second.ToString() + millisecond.ToString()+iFile.ToString();

  fileName = System.IO.Path.GetFileName(postedFile.FileName);
  fileExtension = System.IO.Path.GetExtension(fileName);
  file_id = my_file_id+fileExtension;
  if (fileName != "")
  {
   fileExtension = System.IO.Path.GetExtension(fileName);
   strMsg.Append("上传的文件类型:" + postedFile.ContentType.ToString() + "<br>");
   strMsg.Append("客户端文件地址:" + postedFile.FileName + "<br>");
   strMsg.Append("上传文件的文件名:" + file_id + "<br>");
   strMsg.Append("上传文件的扩展名:" + fileExtension + "<br><hr>");
   postedFile.SaveAs(System.Web.HttpContext.Current.Request.MapPath("images/") + file_id);
  }
 }
 strStatus.Text = strMsg.ToString();
 return true;
}
catch(System.Exception Ex)
{
 strStatus.Text = Ex.Message;
 return false;
}
}

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