对yii2 扩展behavior理解(PinyinBehavior篇)

*PinyinBehavior: 自动填充指定的属性, 可把指定属性中的汉字翻译成拼音
PinyinBehavior行为类: 首先要 composer require "overtrue/pinyin:~3.0"

namespace common\behaviors;

use yii\base\InvalidConfigException;
use yii\behaviors\AttributeBehavior;
use yii\db\BaseActiveRecord;
use Overtrue\Pinyin\Pinyin;

/**
 * Class PinyinBehavior
 * @package common\behaviors
 */
class PinyinBehavior extends AttributeBehavior
{  
    /**
     * @var string 拼音音调:不带音调输出: mei hao
     */
    public const TONE_NONE = 'none';   
     /**
     * @var string 拼音音调:带数字式音调: mei3 hao3
     */
    public const TONE_ASCII = 'ascii';
    
    /**
     * @var string 拼音音调:UNICODE 式音调:měi hǎo
     */
    public const TONE_UNICODE = 'unicode';
    
    /**
     * $pinyin->permalink('带着希望去旅行'); // dai-zhe-xi-wang-qu-lv-xing
     * $pinyin->permalink('带着希望去旅行','.'); // dai.zhe.xi.wang.qu.lv.xing
     * @var string 转换方式:生成用于链接的拼音字符串
     */
    public const TYPE_PERMALINK = 'permalink';  
    /**
     * $pinyin->abbr('带着希望去旅行');  // dzxwqlx
     * $pinyin->abbr('带着希望去旅行', '-');  // d-z-x-w-q-l-x
     * @var string 转换方式:获取首字符字符串 
     */
    public const TYPE_ABBR = 'abbr';    
    /**
     * 没有音调: $pinyin->sentence('带着希望去旅行,比到达终点更美好!');  // dai zhe xi wang qu lv xing, bi dao da zhong dian geng mei hao!
     * 有音调: $pinyin->sentence('带着希望去旅行,比到达终点更美好!', true); // dài zhe xī wàng qù lǚ xíng, bǐ dào dá zhōng diǎn gèng měi hǎo!
     * @var string 转换方式:翻译整段文字为拼音:将会保留中文字符:,。 ! ? : “ ” ‘ ’ 并替换为对应的英文符号
     */
    public const TYPE_SENTENCE = 'sentence';    
     /**
     * $pinyin->name('单某某'); // ['shan', 'mou', 'mou']
     * @var string 转换方式:翻译姓名: 姓名的姓的读音有些与普通字不一样,比如 ‘单’ 常见的音为 dan,而作为姓的时候读 shan
     */
    public const TYPE_NAME = 'name';
    
    /**
     * @var string 将接收attribute值转换成拼音的属性
     */
    public $slugAttribute = 'slug';   
    /**
     * @var string|array 属性或属性列表,其值将被转换为拼音
     */
    public $attribute = 'name';   
    /**
     * @var string 转换方式
     */
    public $type = self::TYPE_ABBR;          
    /**
     * @var string 拼音音调
     */
    public $tone = self::TONE_NONE;
    /**
     * @var string 拼音之间的分隔符,默认为空
     */
    public $delimiter = '';    
    /**
     * @var callable|string|null the value that will be used as a slug. This can be an anonymous function
     * or an arbitrary value or null. If the former, the return value of the function will be used as a slug.
     * If `null` then the `$attribute` property will be used to generate a slug.
     * The signature of the function should be as follows,
     *
     * ```php
     * function ($event)
     * {
     *     // return slug
     * }
     * ```
     */
    public $value;     

    /**
     * @inheritdoc
     */
    public function init()
    {
        parent::init();
        if (empty($this->attributes)) {
            $this->attributes = [
                BaseActiveRecord::EVENT_BEFORE_INSERT => $this->slugAttribute,
                BaseActiveRecord::EVENT_BEFORE_UPDATE => $this->slugAttribute,
            ];
        }
        if ($this->attribute === null && $this->value === null) {
            throw new InvalidConfigException('Either "attribute" or "value" property must be specified.');
        }
    }

    /**
     * @inheritdoc
     */
    protected function getValue($event)
    {
        $pinyin = new Pinyin();
        switch ($this->type) {
            case self::TYPE_PERMALINK:
            default:
                return $pinyin->permalink($this->owner->{$this->attribute}, $this->delimiter);
                break;
            case self::TYPE_ABBR:
                return $pinyin->abbr($this->owner->{$this->attribute}, $this->delimiter);
                break;
            case self::TYPE_SENTENCE:
                return $pinyin->sentence($this->owner->{$this->attribute});
                break;
            case self::TYPE_NAME:
                return $pinyin->name($this->owner->{$this->attribute}, $this->tone);
                break;            
        }
    }
}

*Model中使用:

use common\behaviors\PinyinBehavior;

public function behavior()
{
    return [
             [
                // 汉字翻译成拼音
                'class' => PinyinBehavior::class,
                'attribute' => 'name',  // 要翻译的字段
                'slugAttribute' => 'slug_name',  // 翻译后所保存的字段
                'type' => PinyinBehavior::TYPE_PERMALINK,  // 转换方式
                'tone' => PinyinBehavior::TONE_UNICODE,  // 音调相关
                'delimiter' => '-',  // 拼音之间的连接符    
            ],
    ];
}

参考文章: overtrue/pinyin汉字拼音相关参考资料

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