java 运用反射,模拟类似Struts2的参数注入

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java 运用反射,模拟类似Struts2的参数注入

在Struts2中,当你在页面中运用form 表单向后台传值是,可以采取以下形式:

<form action="login.do">
        <input name="user.id" type="text" />
        <input name="user.card.loacl.china" type="text" />
    </form>

以上 通过 user.id / user.card.loacl.china 直接将表单页面中的值,注入到action中的对象中 (User),创建一个类模拟此功能。

  1. 创建对象
package com.ziv.bean;

import java.util.Arrays;

public class User {
    private Integer id;
    private String name;
    private String[] hibbit;
    private Integer[] op;
    private Card card = new Card();

    public void setOp(Integer[] op) {
        this.op = op;
    }
    public Integer[] getOp() {
        return op;
    }
    public Integer getId() {
        return id;
    }
    public void setId(Integer id) {
        this.id = id;
    }
    public void setName(String name) {
        this.name = name;
    }
    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }
    public String[] getHibbit() {
        return hibbit;
    }
    public void setHibbit(String[] hibbit) {
        this.hibbit = hibbit;
    }
    public Card getCard() {
        return card;
    }
    public void setCard(Card card) {
        this.card = card;
    }
    @Override
    public String toString() {
        return "User [id=" + id + ", name=" + name + ", hibbit="
                + Arrays.toString(hibbit) + ", op=" + Arrays.toString(op)
                + ", card=" + card + "]";
    }
}
package com.ziv.bean;

import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.Date;
/*创建card 对象*/
public class Card {
private Integer id;
private String[] num;
private Date brith;
private Loacl loacl = new Loacl();

public void setNum(String[] num) {
this.num = num;
}
public String[] getNum() {
return num;
}
public Integer getId() {
return id;
}
public void setId(Integer id) {
this.id = id;
}
public Date getBrith() {
return brith;
}
public void setBrith(Date brith) {
this.brith = brith;
}
public Loacl getLoacl() {
return loacl;
}
public void setLoacl(Loacl loacl) {
this.loacl = loacl;
}
@Override
public String toString() {
return "Card [id=" + id + ", num=" + Arrays.toString(num) + ", brith="
+ brith + ", loacl=" + loacl + "]";
}
}kage com.ziv.bean;

import java.util.Arrays;

public class Loacl {
    private Integer id;
    private String[] china;

    public Integer getId() {
        return id;
    }
    public void setId(Integer id) {
        this.id = id;
    }
    public String[] getChina() {
        return china;
    }
    public void setChina(String[] china) {
        this.china = china;
    }
    @Override
    public String toString() {
        return "Loacl [id=" + id + ", china=" + Arrays.toString(china) + "]";
    }

}

2.编写参数注入对象

package self.ziv.servlet.refect.utils;

import java.lang.reflect.Field;
import java.lang.reflect.Method;

import com.ziv.bean.User;

/**
 * 
 * @author ziv
 *  封装自动注入参数的变懒
 */
public class ParameterInjection {
    /*  源对象对应action中要注入的实体类对象   */
    private Object obj;
    /*  对象的构建方法 */
    private Field field;
    /*  要注入的对象属性    */
    private String[] parms;
    /*  属性的值    */
    private Object valueParms;

    ParameterInjection(){}

    ParameterInjection(Object obj,String parm, Object valueParms){
        this.obj = obj;
        this.parms = parm.split("\\.");
        this.valueParms = valueParms;
        handleString();
    }
    /**
     * 创建参数对象
     */
    private void handleString(){
        try {
            for (int i = 1; i < parms.length; i++) {
                if(parms.length - 1 == i){                  
                    this.field = obj.getClass().getDeclaredField(this.parms[this.parms.length - 1]);
                    this.field.setAccessible(true);
                    this.field.set(this.obj, valueParms);
                }else{
                    Method getMet = this.obj.getClass().getMethod("get" + initcap(this.parms[i]));
                    this.obj = getMet.invoke(this.obj);
                }
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            System.out.println("ZIV -ERROR: Unknown Source -> maybe **" + this.parms[this.parms.length - 1] + "**  **get/set**");
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
    /**
     * 參數注入
     */
    public void startHandleString(){
        handleString();
    }

    /**
     * 将一个字符串的首字母大写
     * @param str
     * @return
     */
    private String initcap(String str){
        return str.toUpperCase().substring(0,1) + str.substring(1,str.length());
    }
    /**
     * 設置 屬性 
     * @param parms 屬性的值
     */
    public void setParm(String parm) {
        this.parms = parm.split("\\.");
    }
    /**
     * 設置 屬性的值
     * @param parms 屬性的值
     */
    public void setValueParms(Object valueParms) {
        this.valueParms = valueParms;
    }
    /**
     * 要注入值的對象
     * @param obj
     */
    public void setObj(Object obj) {
        this.obj = obj;
    }

    //  測試
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        String parms = "user.card.loacl.china";
        User user = new User();
        ParameterInjection parameterInjection = new ParameterInjection();
        parameterInjection.setObj(user);
        parameterInjection.setParm(parms);
        parameterInjection.setValueParms(new String[]{"sdf","揚州"});
        parameterInjection.startHandleString();
        System.out.println(user.getCard().getLoacl().toString());
    }

}
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