Linux-4.9.2内核在mini2440上的移植(九)——LCD驱动移植

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本篇目的:添加背光驱动,添加LCD驱动。

本篇参考:

(1)背光添加:http://singleboy.blog.163.com/blog/static/54900194201152183748863/

(2)LCD驱动:http://singleboy.blog.163.com/blog/static/54900194201152113914540/


9.1 背光驱动添加

LCD的背光控制引脚是GPG4,这里我们先用0/1的方式开关LCD背光,以后再修改为PWM控制。

(1)进入到Linux源码文件夹,并在drivers/video/backlight/下建立一个背光驱动。

root@ubuntu:~#cd linux-4.9.2/

root@ubuntu:~/linux-4.9.2#vim drivers/video/backlight/mini2440_backlight.c


(2)添加驱动源码

#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/input.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/serio.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/clk.h>
#include <linux/miscdevice.h>
#include <linux/gpio.h>
 
#include <asm/io.h>
#include <asm/irq.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <mach/regs-clock.h>
#include <mach/gpio-samsung.h>
#include <mach/regs-gpio.h>
#include <linux/cdev.h>
 
#define DEVICE_NAME "backlight"
#define DEVICE_MINOR 5
 
static long mini2440_backlight_ioctl(
                structfile *file,
               unsigned int cmd,
               unsigned long arg)
{
        switch(cmd)
        {
                case 0:
 
                       gpio_set_value(S3C2410_GPG(4), 0);
                        printk(DEVICE_NAME "turn off!\n");
                       return 0;
                case 1:
 
                       gpio_set_value(S3C2410_GPG(4), 1);
                       printk(DEVICE_NAME " turn on!\n");
                        return 0;
               default:
                       return -EINVAL;
        }
}
static struct file_operations dev_fops =
{
        .owner =THIS_MODULE,
        .unlocked_ioctl= mini2440_backlight_ioctl,
};
 
static struct miscdevice misc =
{
        .minor = DEVICE_MINOR,
        .name =DEVICE_NAME,
        .fops =&dev_fops,
};
 
static int __init dev_init(void)
{
        int ret;
        ret =misc_register(&misc);
        if(ret < 0)
        {
               printk("Register misc device fiald!");
                returnret;
        }
       gpio_direction_output(S3C2410_GPG(4), 1);
        return ret;
}
 
static void __exit dev_exit(void)
{
       misc_deregister(&misc);
}
 
module_init(dev_init);
module_exit(dev_exit);
 
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
MODULE_AUTHOR("ubuntu");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Backlight control formini2440");

注意,linux4.9的GPIO驱动与linux2.6的GPIO驱动不同,

初始化并设置IO输出模式是:gpio_direction_output(S3C2410_GPG(4), 1);

IO电平状态设置是:gpio_set_value(S3C2410_GPG(4),0);

 

(3)添加make menu菜单

root@ubuntu:~/linux-4.9.2#vim drivers/video/backlight/Kconfig

 

定位到第11行,添加红色部分代码

#

# Backlight& LCD drivers configuration

#

 

menuconfigBACKLIGHT_LCD_SUPPORT

        bool "Backlight & LCD devicesupport"

        help

          Enable this to be able to choose thedrivers for controlling the

          backlight and the LCD panel on someplatforms, for example on PDAs.

 

config BACKLIGHT_MINI2440

 tristate"Backlight support for mini2440 from FriendlyARM"

 depends onBACKLIGHT_LCD_SUPPORT

 help

 backlight driver forMINI2440 from FriendlyARM

 

if BACKLIGHT_LCD_SUPPORT

 

#

# LCD

#

configLCD_CLASS_DEVICE


(4)修改makefile

root@ubuntu:~/linux-4.9.2#vim drivers/video/backlight/Makefile

 

在第24行,加入红色部分

obj-$(CONFIG_BACKLIGHT_88PM860X) += 88pm860x_bl.o
obj-$(CONFIG_BACKLIGHT_AAT2870) += aat2870_bl.o
obj-$(CONFIG_BACKLIGHT_ADP5520) += adp5520_bl.o
obj-$(CONFIG_BACKLIGHT_MINI2440) += mini2440_backlight.o
obj-$(CONFIG_BACKLIGHT_ADP8860) += adp8860_bl.o
obj-$(CONFIG_BACKLIGHT_ADP8870) += adp8870_bl.o


(5)在menuconfig中开启背光驱动。

root@ubuntu:~/linux-4.9.2#make menuconfig

在界面中找到

DeviceDrivers --->

Graphicssupport --->

 [*] Backlight & LCD device support  --->


就可以找到该配置选项,如图

选中后,保存退出。

 

9.2 添加LCD驱动

(1)修改mach-mini2440.c

root@ubuntu:~/linux-4.9.2# vim arch/arm/mach-s3c24xx/mach-mini2440.c

将从第112行

taticstruct s3c2410fb_display mini2440_lcd_cfg __initdata = {

开始,到154行

        .lpcsel         = ((0xCE6) & ~7) | 1<<4,

};

的代码全部删除

 

添加如下代码

#if defined(CONFIG_FB_S3C2410_N240320)
 
#define LCD_WIDTH 240
#define LCD_HEIGHT 320
#define LCD_PIXCLOCK 100000
 
#define LCD_RIGHT_MARGIN 36
#define LCD_LEFT_MARGIN 19
#define LCD_HSYNC_LEN 5
 
#define LCD_UPPER_MARGIN 1
#define LCD_LOWER_MARGIN 5
#define LCD_VSYNC_LEN 1
 
#elif defined(CONFIG_FB_S3C2410_W320240)
#define LCD_WIDTH 320
#define LCD_HEIGHT 240
#define LCD_PIXCLOCK 170000
 
#define LCD_RIGHT_MARGIN 0x44
#define LCD_LEFT_MARGIN 0x04
#define LCD_HSYNC_LEN 0x01
 
#define LCD_UPPER_MARGIN 10
#define LCD_LOWER_MARGIN 4
#define LCD_VSYNC_LEN 1
 
#define LCD_CON5 (S3C2410_LCDCON5_FRM565 |S3C2410_LCDCON5_INVVFRAME | S3C2410_LCDCON5_INVVLINE | S3C2410_LCDCON5_HWSWP )
 
#elif defined(CONFIG_FB_S3C2410_N480272)
#define LCD_WIDTH 480
#define LCD_HEIGHT 272
#define LCD_PIXCLOCK 100000
 
#define LCD_RIGHT_MARGIN 36
#define LCD_LEFT_MARGIN 19
#define LCD_HSYNC_LEN 5
 
#define LCD_UPPER_MARGIN 1
#define LCD_LOWER_MARGIN 5
#define LCD_VSYNC_LEN 1
 
#elif defined(CONFIG_FB_S3C2410_TFT640480)
#define LCD_WIDTH 640
#define LCD_HEIGHT 480
#define LCD_PIXCLOCK 40000
 
#define LCD_RIGHT_MARGIN 67
#define LCD_LEFT_MARGIN 40
#define LCD_HSYNC_LEN 31
 
#define LCD_UPPER_MARGIN 5
#define LCD_LOWER_MARGIN 25
#define LCD_VSYNC_LEN 1
 
#elif defined(CONFIG_FB_S3C2410_T240320)
#define LCD_WIDTH 240
#define LCD_HEIGHT 320
#define LCD_PIXCLOCK 170000
#define LCD_RIGHT_MARGIN 25
#define LCD_LEFT_MARGIN 0
#define LCD_HSYNC_LEN 4
#define LCD_UPPER_MARGIN 1
#define LCD_LOWER_MARGIN 4
#define LCD_VSYNC_LEN 1
#define LCD_CON5 (S3C2410_LCDCON5_FRM565 |S3C2410_LCDCON5_INVVDEN | S3C2410_LCDCON5_INVVFRAME | S3C2410_LCDCON5_INVVLINE| S3C2410_LCDCON5_INVVCLK | S3C2410_LCDCON5_HWSWP )
 
#elif defined(CONFIG_FB_S3C2410_X240320)
#define LCD_WIDTH 240
#define LCD_HEIGHT 320
#define LCD_PIXCLOCK 170000
#define LCD_RIGHT_MARGIN 25
#define LCD_LEFT_MARGIN 0
#define LCD_HSYNC_LEN 4
#define LCD_UPPER_MARGIN 0
#define LCD_LOWER_MARGIN 4
#define LCD_VSYNC_LEN 9
#define LCD_CON5 (S3C2410_LCDCON5_FRM565 |S3C2410_LCDCON5_INVVDEN | S3C2410_LCDCON5_INVVFRAME | S3C2410_LCDCON5_INVVLINE| S3C2410_LCDCON5_INVVCLK | S3C2410_LCDCON5_HWSWP )
 
#elif defined(CONFIG_FB_S3C2410_TFT800480)
#define LCD_WIDTH 800
#define LCD_HEIGHT 480
#define LCD_PIXCLOCK 40000
 
#define LCD_RIGHT_MARGIN 67
#define LCD_LEFT_MARGIN 40
#define LCD_HSYNC_LEN 31
 
#define LCD_UPPER_MARGIN 25
#define LCD_LOWER_MARGIN 5
#define LCD_VSYNC_LEN 1
 
#elif defined(CONFIG_FB_S3C2410_VGA1024768)
#define LCD_WIDTH 1024
#define LCD_HEIGHT 768
#define LCD_PIXCLOCK 80000
 
#define LCD_RIGHT_MARGIN 15
#define LCD_LEFT_MARGIN 199
#define LCD_HSYNC_LEN 15
 
#define LCD_UPPER_MARGIN 1
#define LCD_LOWER_MARGIN 1
#define LCD_VSYNC_LEN 1
#define LCD_CON5 (S3C2410_LCDCON5_FRM565 |S3C2410_LCDCON5_HWSWP)
 
#endif
 


保存退出

 

(2)修改drivers/video/fbdev/Kconfig

root@ubuntu:~/linux-4.9.2# vim drivers/video/fbdev/Kconfig

 

在2073行附近加入红色部分代码

config FB_S3C2410_DEBUG
bool "S3C2410 lcddebug messages"
depends on FB_S3C2410
help
Turn on debuggingmessages. Note that you can set/unset at run time
through sysfs
choice
prompt "LCD select"
depends on FB_S3C2410
help
S3C24x0 LCD size select
config FB_S3C2410_W320240
boolean "3.5 inch 320X240 TFT Landscape LCD"
depends on FB_S3C2410
help
3.5 inch 320X240 TFT Landscape LCD
config FB_S3C2410_T240320
boolean "3.5 inch 240X320 Toppoly LCD"
depends on FB_S3C2410
help
3.5 inch 240X320 Toppoly LCD
config FB_S3C2410_X240320
boolean "3.5 inch 240X320 LCD(ACX502BMU)"
depends on FB_S3C2410
help
3.5 inch 240X320 LCD(ACX502BMU)
config FB_S3C2410_N240320
boolean "3.5 inch 240X320 NEC LCD"
depends on FB_S3C2410
help
3.5 inch 240x320 NEC LCD
config FB_S3C2410_N480272
boolean "4.3 inch 480X272 NEC LCD"
depends on FB_S3C2410
help
config FB_S3C2410_TFT640480
boolean "8 inch 640X480 L80 LCD"
depends on FB_S3C2410
help
8inch 640X480 LCD
config FB_S3C2410_TFT800480
boolean "7 inch 800x480 TFT LCD"
depends on FB_S3C2410
help
7inch 800x480 TFT LCD
config FB_S3C2410_VGA1024768
boolean "VGA 1024x768"
depends on FB_S3C2410
help
VGA 1024x768
endchoice
config FB_NUC900
tristate "NUC900LCD framebuffer support"
depends on FB&& ARCH_W90X900
select FB_CFB_FILLRECT
select FB_CFB_COPYAREA
selectFB_CFB_IMAGEBLIT
---help---
Frame buffer driverfor the built-in LCD controller in the Nuvoton
NUC900 processor



保存退出

 

(3)配置

root@ubuntu:~/linux-4.9.2# make menuconfig

现在,我们在命令行输入:makemenuconfig 进入内核配置,依次按下面的子菜单项选择:

 

Device Drivers --->

Graphics support --->

Frame buffer devices --->

        <*> Support forframe buffer devices --->  //这行选中,不用进入

            LCD select (3.5inch 240X320 Toppoly LCD) ---> //进入

                (X) 3.5 inch 240X320 LCD(ACX502BMU)    //根据自己开发板的屏幕型号选择,我的是X35

 

按空格或者回车键选择我们需要的 LCD 型号,然后退出保存内核配置。

 

9.3 编译测试

root@ubuntu:~/linux-4.9.2#make -j8

root@ubuntu:~/linux-4.9.2#./mkuImage.sh

 

重新启动开发板,可以看到屏幕上出现了小企鹅,并且下面打印了启动信息。


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