web访问 FastDFS 方法思路

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/zonghua521/article/details/78200228
       由于余老师在 V4.05 以后的版本就把内置 HTTP服务去掉了,所以就算这篇你测试上传成功了,你也访问不了。
推荐大家结合 Nginx 使用 fastdfs-nginx-module 模块,

搭建好fastdfs 系统后 就可以搭建web访问功能了。

大体思路有以下两种

1.直接安装nginx关于fastdfs集合的扩展模块  fastdfs-nginx-module  
    或者直接安装apache
关于fastdfs集合的扩展模块  fastdfs-apache-module  
2.安装web软件后通过配置nginx实现了fastdfs-nginx-module的功能

第一种(推荐).
下载nginx  和   插件fastdfs-nginx-module-master.zip   这两个软件
(如果nginx已经安装好了,需要重新编译一遍,编译时把插件装上)
(如果nginx使用yum安装的,需要下载yum相同版本安装包,重新编译)

这里从头开始安装:
解压:
# tar -zxvf nginx-1.13.5.tar.gz
# unzip fastdfs-nginx-module-master.zip 

安装nginx和fastdfs插件:
 ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/nginx  --add-module=/home/packages/fastdfs-nginx-module-master/src

连续报错:
报错: the HTTP rewrite module requires the PCRE library.……
解决:
yum install pcre-devel.x86_64
报错: the HTTP gzip module requires the zlib library.……
解决:yum install zlib-devel.x86_64

编译成功:
adding module in /home/packages/fastdfs-nginx-module-master/src
 + ngx_http_fastdfs_module was configured

Configuration summary
  + using system PCRE library
  + OpenSSL library is not used
  + using system zlib library

  nginx path prefix: "/usr/local/nginx"
  nginx binary file: "/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx"
  nginx modules path: "/usr/local/nginx/modules"
  nginx configuration prefix: "/usr/local/nginx/conf"
  nginx configuration file: "/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf"
  nginx pid file: "/usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid"
  nginx error log file: "/usr/local/nginx/logs/error.log"
  nginx http access log file: "/usr/local/nginx/logs/access.log"
  nginx http client request body temporary files: "client_body_temp"
  nginx http proxy temporary files: "proxy_temp"
  nginx http fastcgi temporary files: "fastcgi_temp"
  nginx http uwsgi temporary files: "uwsgi_temp"
  nginx http scgi temporary files: "scgi_temp"

继续安装:
# make
# make install

进入nginx安装目录,修改其配置文件:
# cd /usr/local/nginx/conf
# vi nginx.conf
增加以下内容:
 location /M00 {
            root /home/yuqing/fastdfs/data;
            ngx_fastdfs_module;
        }


新建一个软连接:
# ln -s /home/yuqing/fastdfs/data  /home/yuqing/fastdfs/data/M00

复制并修改mod_fastdfs.conf文件:
# cp mod_fastdfs.conf /etc/fdfs/
# vi /etc/fdfs/mod_fastdfs.conf
修改了这里:
tracker_server=10.0.0.42:22122

(复制这两个文件到fdfs配置文件,要不无法访问nginx)
# cp /home/fastdfs-5.11/conf/http.conf /etc/fdfs/
# cp /home/fastdfs-5.11/conf/mime.types /etc/fdfs/


重启nginx:
# /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -s stop;
# /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx

报错:浏览器无法访问
查看nginx错误日志 如下
 ERROR - file: ini_file_reader.c, line: 631, include file "http.conf" not exists, line: "#include http.conf"
 ERROR - file: /home/packages/fastdfs-nginx-module-master/src/common.c, line: 163, load conf file "/etc/fdfs/mod_fastdfs.conf" fail, ret code: 2
解决:# cp /home/fastdfs-5.11/conf/http.conf /etc/fdfs/

 ERROR - file: shared_func.c, line: 968, file /etc/fdfs/mime.types not exist
解决:# cp /home/fastdfs-5.11/conf/mime.types /etc/fdfs/

访问nginx 成功



下面看一下 mod_fastdfs.conf文件:
# connect timeout in seconds
# default value is 30s
connect_timeout=2
连接超时时间

# network recv and send timeout in seconds
# default value is 30s
network_timeout=30
发送接受数据 超时时间

# the base path to store log files
base_path=/tmp
日志文件 位置

# if load FastDFS parameters from tracker server
# since V1.12
# default value is false
load_fdfs_parameters_from_tracker=true
是否从 tracket服务器读取信息

如果不从tracket服务器读取信息,以下三个参数生效
# storage sync file max delay seconds
# same as tracker.conf
# valid only when load_fdfs_parameters_from_tracker is false
# since V1.12
# default value is 86400 seconds (one day)
storage_sync_file_max_delay = 86400
      当load_fdfs_parameters_from_tracker设置为false时,本参数生效
同步文件最大延迟时间,与tracker.conf文件中参数相同
默认是一天

# if use storage ID instead of IP address
# same as tracker.conf
# valid only when load_fdfs_parameters_from_tracker is false
# default value is false
# since V1.13
use_storage_id = false
    是否使用storage_id 

# specify storage ids filename, can use relative or absolute path
# same as tracker.conf
# valid only when load_fdfs_parameters_from_tracker is false
# since V1.13
storage_ids_filename = storage_ids.conf
     storage_id的位置

# FastDFS tracker_server can ocur more than once, and tracker_server format is
#  "host:port", host can be hostname or ip address
# valid only when load_fdfs_parameters_from_tracker is true
tracker_server=10.0.0.42:22122
tracket服务器读取信息,这个参数生效
tracket服务器地址、端口

# the port of the local storage server
# the default value is 23000
storage_server_port=23000
    本storage server监听端口

# the group name of the local storage server
group_name=group1
      group组名

# if the url / uri including the group name
# set to false when uri like /M00/00/00/xxx
# set to true when uri like ${group_name}/M00/00/00/xxx, such as group1/M00/xxx
# default value is false
url_have_group_name = false
url链接中是否包含 组名
类似 /M00/00/00/xxx 和group1/M00/00/00/xxx
如果选择true 即包含组名,需要修改nginx配置文件
将  location /M00    改为     location /group1/M00 

# path(disk or mount point) count, default value is 1
# must same as storage.conf
store_path_count=1
      存储路径数量,必须和 storage.conf文件一致

# store_path#, based 0, if store_path0 not exists, it's value is base_path
# the paths must be exist
# must same as storage.conf
store_path0=/home/yuqing/fastdfs
#store_path1=/home/yuqing/fastdfs1
     存储路径地址、必须和 storage.conf文件一致

# standard log level as syslog, case insensitive, value list:
### emerg for emergency
### alert
### crit for critical
### error
### warn for warning
### notice
### info
### debug
log_level=info
    日志级别

# set the log filename, such as /usr/local/apache2/logs/mod_fastdfs.log
# empty for output to stderr (apache and nginx error_log file)
log_filename=
     设置日志的名称,为空则记录到 http服务的错误日志里

# response mode when the file not exist in the local file system
## proxy: get the content from other storage server, then send to client
## redirect: redirect to the original storage server (HTTP Header is Location)
response_mode=proxy
当文件在本地不存在时怎样回应
  • proxy 代理,从其它存储服务器获取内容,然后发送给客户
  • redirect  重定向原始存储服务器的http头

# the NIC alias prefix, such as eth in Linux, you can see it by ifconfig -a
# multi aliases split by comma. empty value means auto set by OS type
# this paramter used to get all ip address of the local host
# default values is empty
if_alias_prefix=
????
多种别名用逗号分隔,空值表示自动设置系统类型
这个参数用于得到本机的所有ip

# use "#include" directive to include HTTP config file
# NOTE: #include is an include directive, do NOT remove the # before include
#include http.conf
   使用#include指令 包含http配置文件
    注意:#include  这是一个包含指令,不要删除 include前面的 #

# if support flv
# default value is false
# since v1.15
flv_support = true
   是否支持flv文件,默认不支持

# flv file extension name
# default value is flv
# since v1.15
flv_extension = flv
    flv文件的扩展名,默认是flv

# set the group count
# set to none zero to support multi-group on this storage server
# set to 0  for single group only
# groups settings section as [group1], [group2], ..., [groupN]
# default value is 0
# since v1.14
group_count = 0
设置组的数量
设置没有0 ,支持多个group组在这个存储服务器上
设置0 为只有一个组
如果服务器上多个组,组的设置 就像这样 [group1], [group2], ..., [groupN]
默认是0,一组


# group settings for group #1
# since v1.14
# when support multi-group on this storage server, uncomment following section
#[group1]
#group_name=group1
#storage_server_port=23000
#store_path_count=2
#store_path0=/home/yuqing/fastdfs
#store_path1=/home/yuqing/fastdfs1
   组1的设置
   若本存储服务器支持多组,取消下面的注释


# group settings for group #2
# since v1.14
# when support multi-group, uncomment following section as neccessary
#[group2]
#group_name=group2
#storage_server_port=23000
#store_path_count=1
#store_path0=/home/yuqing/fastdfs
组2的设置
若本存储服务器支持多组,取消下面的注释



二、直接使用 web访问
这个比较简单,只需要把web根目录指定到 fastdfs的存储目录就可以了


三、web访问fastdfs 的几种思路

3.1  只使用 组名
适用于图片量大、group组多、每个group组都有备份
访问地址类似于   picture.xxx.com/groupx/M00/……jpg
只需要一个域名;
上传图片后 将返回的值 直接+域名  保存为图片名 :picture.xxx.com/groupx/M00/……jpg
前端使用一个nginx做反向代理+负载均衡  配置如下:
upstream group1{
   server group1_storage1:80;
   server group1_storage2:80;
}
upstream group2{
   server group2_storage1:80;
   server group2_storage2:80;
}

location /group1/M00{
proxy_pass http://group1;
}
location /group2/M00{
proxy_pass http://group2;
}

注意:group1 和 group2 中 机器要正确配置 nginx.conf  storage.conf 和 mod_fastdfs.conf 文件
nginx.conf中
 location /group1/M00 {
            root /home/yuqing/fastdfs/data;
            ngx_fastdfs_module;
        }

 特别注意  mod_fastdfs.conf文件中  这两项 组名、url是否包含group名
group_name=
url_have_group_name =


3.2 只使用 域名 (已部署生产环境)
适用于图片较少,每个group组都是单机跑,没有备份的情况
访问地址类似于   picturex.xxx.com/M00/……jpg
需要多个域名;
上传图片后 将返回的值分开后 结合域名 生成图片名   picturex.xxx.com/M00/……jpg
前端使用一个nginx做反向代理  配置如下:
upstream group1{
   server group1_storage1:80;
}
upstream group2{
   server group2_storage1:80;
}

location /group1/M00{
proxy_pass http://group1;
}
location /group2/M00{
proxy_pass http://group2;
}

注意:group1 和 group2 中 机器要正确配置 nginx.conf  storage.conf
由于每组没有备份, mod_fastdfs.conf 也不用安装了
nginx.conf中
 location /group1/M00 {
            root /home/yuqing/fastdfs/data;
        }


3.3 域名和组名同时使用  
适用于图片量大、业务量多、group组多、每个group组都有备份
访问地址类似于   picturex.xxx.com/groupx/M00/……jpg
只需要一个域名;
上传图片后 将返回的值+改动域名  保存为图片名 :picturex.xxx.com/groupx/M00/……jpg
使用多个域名对应一个nginx  做反向代理+负载均衡  配置如下:
 
upstream group1{
   server group1_storage1:80;
   server group1_storage2:80;
}
upstream group2{
   server group2_storage1:80;
   server group2_storage2:80;
}

server {
        listen       80;
        server_name  picture1.xxx.com;
       ……
location /group1/M00{
proxy_pass http://group1;
}
location /group2/M00{
proxy_pass http://group2;
}
}

server {
        listen       80;
        server_name  picture2.xxx.com;
       ……
}
注意:group1 和 group2 中 机器要正确配置 nginx.conf  storage.conf 和 mod_fastdfs.conf 文件
nginx.conf中
 location /group1/M00 {
            root /home/yuqing/fastdfs/data;
            ngx_fastdfs_module;
        }

 特别注意  mod_fastdfs.conf文件中  这两项 组名、url是否包含group名
group_name=
url_have_group_name =


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