06、环境-使用vagrant快速创建linux虚拟机、离线安装

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1. 下载安装virtualbox:

官方地址:

 https://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/Downloads

2.下载安装vagrant:

官方地址:

 https://www.vagrantup.com/downloads

查看是否安装成功:

C:\Users\dell>vagrant
Usage: vagrant [options] <command> [<args>]

    -v, --version                    Print the version and exit.
    -h, --help                       Print this help.

Common commands:
     box             manages boxes: installation, removal, etc.
     cloud           manages everything related to Vagrant Cloud
     destroy         stops and deletes all traces of the vagrant machine
     global-status   outputs status Vagrant environments for this user
     halt            stops the vagrant machine
     help            shows the help for a subcommand
     init            initializes a new Vagrant environment by creating a Vagrantfile
     login
     package         packages a running vagrant environment into a box
     plugin          manages plugins: install, uninstall, update, etc.
     port            displays information about guest port mappings
     powershell      connects to machine via powershell remoting
     provision       provisions the vagrant machine
     push            deploys code in this environment to a configured destination
     rdp             connects to machine via RDP
     reload          restarts vagrant machine, loads new Vagrantfile configuration
     resume          resume a suspended vagrant machine
     snapshot        manages snapshots: saving, restoring, etc.
     ssh             connects to machine via SSH
     ssh-config      outputs OpenSSH valid configuration to connect to the machine
     status          outputs status of the vagrant machine
     suspend         suspends the machine
     up              starts and provisions the vagrant environment
     upload          upload to machine via communicator
     validate        validates the Vagrantfile
     version         prints current and latest Vagrant version
     winrm           executes commands on a machine via WinRM
     winrm-config    outputs WinRM configuration to connect to the machine

For help on any individual command run `vagrant COMMAND -h`

Additional subcommands are available, but are either more advanced
or not commonly used. To see all subcommands, run the command
`vagrant list-commands`.

vagrant镜像仓库官方地址

https://app.vagrantup.com/boxes/search

手动下载centos/7

https://vagrantcloud.com/centos/boxes/7/versions/2004.01/providers/virtualbox.box

3. 安装centos

C:\Users\Administrator>vagrant init centos/7
==> vagrant: A new version of Vagrant is available: 2.2.9 (installed version: 2.2.5)!
==> vagrant: To upgrade visit: https://www.vagrantup.com/downloads.html

A `Vagrantfile` has been placed in this directory. You are now
ready to `vagrant up` your first virtual environment! Please read
the comments in the Vagrantfile as well as documentation on
`vagrantup.com` for more information on using Vagrant.

执行完上面的命令后,会在用户的目录下生成Vagrantfile文件
下载并启动centos7

C:\Users\Administrator>vagrant up
Bringing machine 'default' up with 'virtualbox' provider...
==> default: Box 'centos/7' could not be found. Attempting to find and install...
    default: Box Provider: virtualbox
    default: Box Version: >= 0
==> default: Loading metadata for box 'centos/7'
    default: URL: https://vagrantcloud.com/centos/7
==> default: Adding box 'centos/7' (v2004.01) for provider: virtualbox
    default: Downloading: https://vagrantcloud.com/centos/boxes/7/versions/2004.01/providers/virtualbox.box
==> default: Box download is resuming from prior download progress
    default: Download redirected to host: cloud.centos.org
    default:
    default: Calculating and comparing box checksum...
==> default: Successfully added box 'centos/7' (v2004.01) for 'virtualbox'!
==> default: Importing base box 'centos/7'...
==> default: Matching MAC address for NAT networking...
==> default: Checking if box 'centos/7' version '2004.01' is up to date...
==> default: Setting the name of the VM: Administrator_default_1596839051564_71105
==> default: Vagrant has detected a configuration issue which exposes a
==> default: vulnerability with the installed version of VirtualBox. The
==> default: current guest is configured to use an E1000 NIC type for a
==> default: network adapter which is vulnerable in this version of VirtualBox.
==> default: Ensure the guest is trusted to use this configuration or update
==> default: the NIC type using one of the methods below:
==> default:
==> default:   https://www.vagrantup.com/docs/virtualbox/configuration.html#default-nic-type
==> default:   https://www.vagrantup.com/docs/virtualbox/networking.html#virtualbox-nic-type
==> default: Clearing any previously set network interfaces...
==> default: Preparing network interfaces based on configuration...
    default: Adapter 1: nat
==> default: Forwarding ports...
    default: 22 (guest) => 2222 (host) (adapter 1)
==> default: Booting VM...
==> default: Waiting for machine to boot. This may take a few minutes...
    default: SSH address: 127.0.0.1:2222
    default: SSH username: vagrant
    default: SSH auth method: private key
    default:
    default: Vagrant insecure key detected. Vagrant will automatically replace
    default: this with a newly generated keypair for better security.
    default:
    default: Inserting generated public key within guest...
    default: Removing insecure key from the guest if it's present...
    default: Key inserted! Disconnecting and reconnecting using new SSH key...
==> default: Machine booted and ready!
==> default: Checking for guest additions in VM...
    default: No guest additions were detected on the base box for this VM! Guest
    default: additions are required for forwarded ports, shared folders, host only
    default: networking, and more. If SSH fails on this machine, please install
    default: the guest additions and repackage the box to continue.
    default:
    default: This is not an error message; everything may continue to work properly,
    default: in which case you may ignore this message.
==> default: Rsyncing folder: /cygdrive/c/Users/Administrator/ => /vagrant


vagrant ssh 开启SSH,并登陆到centos7

C:\Users\dell>vagrant ssh
Last login: Tue Aug  4 07:41:04 2020 from 10.0.2.2
[vagrant@localhost ~]$ ip addr
1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN group default qlen 1000
    link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00
    inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet6 ::1/128 scope host
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
2: eth0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP group default qlen 1000
    link/ether 52:54:00:8a:fe:e6 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
    inet 10.0.2.15/24 brd 10.0.2.255 scope global noprefixroute dynamic eth0
       valid_lft 86091sec preferred_lft 86091sec
    inet6 fe80::5054:ff:fe8a:fee6/64 scope link
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

查看当前用户

[vagrant@localhost ~]$ whoami
vagrant

退出

[vagrant@localhost ~]$ exit
logout
Connection to 127.0.0.1 closed.

关机
关机图片
启动
方式一:
启动
方式二:需要注意cmd切换到Vagrantfile文件所在目录下

$  vagrant up

启动成功标示:
启动成功标示

4.默认创建帐号密码

帐号密码
rootvagrant
vagrantvagrant

5.vagrant安装问题

OpenSSL SSL_read: SSL_ERROR_SYSCALL, errno 10054

6离线安装

1.下载工具下载到本地
方地址

https://vagrantcloud.com/centos/boxes/7/versions/2004.01/providers/virtualbox.box

2.将下载的镜像添加到virtualBox中
cmd进入到virtualbox.box所在目录

$ vagrant box add centos/7 virtualbox.box
==> box: Box file was not detected as metadata. Adding it directly...
==> box: Adding box 'centos/7' (v0) for provider:
    box: Unpacking necessary files from: file:///E:/%D1%B8%C0%D7%CF%C2%D4%D8/CentOS-7-x86_64-Vagrant-1905_01.VirtualBox.box
    box:
==> box: Successfully added box 'centos/7' (v0) for 'virtualbox'!
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