【LeetCode】240. Search a 2D Matrix II

240. Search a 2D Matrix II

Description:
Write an efficient algorithm that searches for a value in an m x n matrix. This matrix has the following properties:
Integers in each row are sorted in ascending from left to right.
Integers in each column are sorted in ascending from top to bottom.
Difficulty:Medium
Example:

[
  [1,   4,  7, 11, 15],
  [2,   5,  8, 12, 19],
  [3,   6,  9, 16, 22],
  [10, 13, 14, 17, 24],
  [18, 21, 23, 26, 30]
]
Given target = 5, return true.
Given target = 20, return false.

方法:对角线

  • Time complexity : O ( m + n ) O\left ( m+n \right ) O(m+n)
  • Space complexity : O ( 1 ) O\left ( 1 \right ) O(1)
    思路:
    对比右上角元素与target大小,如果相等,返回true,如果target大,说明不在这一行,i++,反之说明不在这一列,j–。
class Solution {
public:
	bool searchMatrix(vector<vector<int>>& matrix, int target) {
        int m = matrix.size();
        if (m == 0) return false;
        int n = matrix[0].size();
        for(int i = 0, j = n-1; i < m && j >=0;){
            if(matrix[i][j] == target)
                return true;
            else if(matrix[i][j] < target)
                i++;
            else
                j--;
        }
        return false;
	}
};
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