音频的两种录制方式-AudioRecord,MediaRecorder的使用及播放

AudioRecord和MediaRecorder两种都可以录制音频,MediaRecorder已实现大量的封装,操作起来更加简单,而AudioRecord使用起来更加灵活,能实现更多的功能。

1.AudioRecord(基于字节流录音)
优点:可以实现语音的实时处理,进行边录边播,对音频的实时处理。
缺点:输出的是PCM的语音数据,如果保存成音频文件是不能被播放器播放的。要用到AudioTrack这个去进行处理。

2.MediaRecorder(基于文件录音)
已集成了录音,编码,压缩等,支持少量的音频格式文件。
优点:封装度很高,操作简单
缺点:无法实现实时处理音频,输出的音频格式少。

功能实现:MediaRecorder(这里需要注意,无论录制还是播放都是一个耗时操作,需要在非主线程中去操作)

//实现触摸录音,松开录音结束
tv_press_send.setOnTouchListener(new View.OnTouchListener() {
            @Override
            public boolean onTouch(View v, MotionEvent event) {
                switch (event.getAction()) {
                    case MotionEvent.ACTION_DOWN:
                        startRecorder();
                        break;

                    case MotionEvent.ACTION_UP:
                        stopRecorder();
                        break;

                    case MotionEvent.ACTION_CANCEL:

                        break;

                    default:
                        break;
                }
                return true;
            }
        });

开启一个单线程去实现录音功能,及失败操作:

/**
     * 开启录音
     */
    private void startRecorder() {
        tv_press_send.setText("正在说话...");
        //提交后台任务,开始录音
        mExecutorService.submit(new Runnable() {
            @Override
            public void run() {
                //释放上一次的录音
                releaseRecorder();

                //开始录音

                if (!doStart()) {
                    recorderFial();
                }
            }
        });
    }

启动录音,及MediaRecorder的配置:

/**
     * 启动录音
     *
     * @return
     */

    private boolean doStart() {

        try {
            //创建MediaRecorder
            mMediaRecorder = new MediaRecorder();
            //创建录音文件
            mRecorderFile = new File(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory().getAbsolutePath()
                    + "/recorderdemo/" + System.currentTimeMillis() + ".m4a");
            if (!mRecorderFile.getParentFile().exists()) mRecorderFile.getParentFile().mkdirs();
            mRecorderFile.createNewFile();


            //配置MediaRecorder

            //从麦克风采集
            mMediaRecorder.setAudioSource(MediaRecorder.AudioSource.MIC);

            //保存文件为MP4格式
            mMediaRecorder.setOutputFormat(MediaRecorder.OutputFormat.MPEG_4);

            //所有android系统都支持的适中采样的频率
            mMediaRecorder.setAudioSamplingRate(44100);

            //通用的AAC编码格式
            mMediaRecorder.setAudioEncoder(MediaRecorder.AudioEncoder.AAC);

            //设置音质频率
            mMediaRecorder.setAudioEncodingBitRate(96000);

            //设置文件录音的位置
            mMediaRecorder.setOutputFile(mRecorderFile.getAbsolutePath());


            //开始录音
            mMediaRecorder.prepare();
            mMediaRecorder.start();
            startRecorderTime = System.currentTimeMillis();

        } catch (Exception e) {
            Toast.makeText(FileActivity.this, "录音失败,请重试", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
            return false;
        }


        //记录开始录音时间,用于统计时长,小于3秒中,录音不发送

        return true;
    }

停止录音操作:

/**
     * 关闭录音
     *
     * @return
     */
    private boolean doStop() {
        try {
            mMediaRecorder.stop();
            stopRecorderTime = System.currentTimeMillis();
            final int second = (int) (stopRecorderTime - startRecorderTime) / 1000;
            //按住时间小于3秒钟,算作录取失败,不进行发送
            if (second < 3) return false;
            mHander.post(new Runnable() {
                @Override
                public void run() {
                    tv_sendmsg.setText("录制成功:" + second + "秒");
                }
            });

        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return true;
    }

释放MediaRecorder:

 /**
     * 释放上一次的录音
     */
    private void releaseRecorder() {
        if (mMediaRecorder != null) {
            mMediaRecorder.release();
            mMediaRecorder = null;
        }
    }

录音的播放:使用MediaPlayer

开启一个单线程,去播放:

/**
     * 播放录音
     *
     * @param view
     */
    public void playrecorder(View view) {
        if (!mIsPlaying) {
            mExecutorService.submit(new Runnable() {
                @Override
                public void run() {
                    doPlay(mRecorderFile);
                }
            });

        } else {
            Toast.makeText(FileActivity.this, "正在播放", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
        }
    }

具体播放代码:

private void doPlay(File audioFile) {
        try {
            //配置播放器 MediaPlayer
            mediaPlayer = new MediaPlayer();
            //设置声音文件
            mediaPlayer.setDataSource(audioFile.getAbsolutePath());
            //配置音量,中等音量
            mediaPlayer.setVolume(1,1);
            //播放是否循环
            mediaPlayer.setLooping(false);

            //设置监听回调 播放完毕
            mediaPlayer.setOnCompletionListener(new MediaPlayer.OnCompletionListener() {
                @Override
                public void onCompletion(MediaPlayer mp) {
                    stopPlayer();
                }
            });

            mediaPlayer.setOnErrorListener(new MediaPlayer.OnErrorListener() {
                @Override
                public boolean onError(MediaPlayer mp, int what, int extra) {
                    stopPlayer();
                    Toast.makeText(FileActivity.this,"播放失败",Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                    return true;
                }
            });

            //设置播放
            mediaPlayer.prepare();
            mediaPlayer.start();

            //异常处理,防止闪退

        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            stopPlayer();
        }


    }

activity销毁后的onDestory的处理:

 @Override
    protected void onDestroy() {
        super.onDestroy();
        //当activity关闭时,停止这个线程,防止内存泄漏
        mExecutorService.shutdownNow();
        releaseRecorder();
    }

MediaRecord完整功能实现代码:

package com.example.amelon.myapplication;

import android.media.MediaPlayer;
import android.media.MediaRecorder;
import android.os.Environment;
import android.os.Handler;
import android.os.Looper;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.MotionEvent;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.TextView;
import android.widget.Toast;

import java.io.File;
import java.util.concurrent.ExecutorService;
import java.util.concurrent.Executors;

public class FileActivity extends AppCompatActivity {
    private TextView tv_sendmsg, tv_press_send;
    private ExecutorService mExecutorService;
    private MediaRecorder mMediaRecorder;
    private MediaPlayer mediaPlayer;
    private File mRecorderFile;
    private long startRecorderTime, stopRecorderTime;
    private Handler mHander = new Handler(Looper.getMainLooper());
    private boolean mIsPlaying = false;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_first);
        setTitle("文件录音");
        initView();
        //录音JNI函数不具有线程安全性,因此用单线程
        mExecutorService = Executors.newSingleThreadExecutor();
    }

    private void initView() {
        tv_sendmsg = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.tv_sendmsg);
        tv_press_send = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.tv_press_send);
        tv_press_send.setOnTouchListener(new View.OnTouchListener() {
            @Override
            public boolean onTouch(View v, MotionEvent event) {
                switch (event.getAction()) {
                    case MotionEvent.ACTION_DOWN:
                        startRecorder();
                        break;

                    case MotionEvent.ACTION_UP:
                        stopRecorder();
                        break;

                    case MotionEvent.ACTION_CANCEL:

                        break;

                    default:
                        break;
                }
                return true;
            }
        });
    }

    /**
     * 开启录音
     */
    private void startRecorder() {
        tv_press_send.setText("正在说话...");
        //提交后台任务,开始录音
        mExecutorService.submit(new Runnable() {
            @Override
            public void run() {
                //释放上一次的录音
                releaseRecorder();

                //开始录音

                if (!doStart()) {
                    recorderFial();
                }
            }
        });
    }


    /**
     * 释放上一次的录音
     */
    private void releaseRecorder() {
        if (mMediaRecorder != null) {
            mMediaRecorder.release();
            mMediaRecorder = null;
        }
    }

    /**
     * 启动录音
     *
     * @return
     */

    private boolean doStart() {

        try {
            //创建MediaRecorder
            mMediaRecorder = new MediaRecorder();
            //创建录音文件
            mRecorderFile = new File(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory().getAbsolutePath()
                    + "/recorderdemo/" + System.currentTimeMillis() + ".m4a");
            if (!mRecorderFile.getParentFile().exists()) mRecorderFile.getParentFile().mkdirs();
            mRecorderFile.createNewFile();


            //配置MediaRecorder

            //从麦克风采集
            mMediaRecorder.setAudioSource(MediaRecorder.AudioSource.MIC);

            //保存文件为MP4格式
            mMediaRecorder.setOutputFormat(MediaRecorder.OutputFormat.MPEG_4);

            //所有android系统都支持的适中采样的频率
            mMediaRecorder.setAudioSamplingRate(44100);

            //通用的AAC编码格式
            mMediaRecorder.setAudioEncoder(MediaRecorder.AudioEncoder.AAC);

            //设置音质频率
            mMediaRecorder.setAudioEncodingBitRate(96000);

            //设置文件录音的位置
            mMediaRecorder.setOutputFile(mRecorderFile.getAbsolutePath());


            //开始录音
            mMediaRecorder.prepare();
            mMediaRecorder.start();
            startRecorderTime = System.currentTimeMillis();

        } catch (Exception e) {
            Toast.makeText(FileActivity.this, "录音失败,请重试", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
            return false;
        }


        //记录开始录音时间,用于统计时长,小于3秒中,录音不发送

        return true;
    }

    /**
     * 关闭录音
     *
     * @return
     */
    private boolean doStop() {
        try {
            mMediaRecorder.stop();
            stopRecorderTime = System.currentTimeMillis();
            final int second = (int) (stopRecorderTime - startRecorderTime) / 1000;
            //按住时间小于3秒钟,算作录取失败,不进行发送
            if (second < 3) return false;
            mHander.post(new Runnable() {
                @Override
                public void run() {
                    tv_sendmsg.setText("录制成功:" + second + "秒");
                }
            });

        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return true;
    }


    /**
     * 录音失败逻辑
     */

    private void recorderFial() {
        mRecorderFile = null;
        mHander.post(new Runnable() {
            @Override
            public void run() {
                tv_press_send.setText("录音失败请重新录音");
            }
        });
    }


    /**
     * 停止录音
     */
    private void stopRecorder() {
        tv_press_send.setText("开始录音");
        //提交后台任务,停止录音
        mExecutorService.submit(new Runnable() {
            @Override
            public void run() {
                if (!doStop()) {
                    recorderFial();
                }
                releaseRecorder();

            }
        });
    }


    /**
     * 播放录音
     *
     * @param view
     */
    public void playrecorder(View view) {
        if (!mIsPlaying) {
            mExecutorService.submit(new Runnable() {
                @Override
                public void run() {
                    doPlay(mRecorderFile);
                }
            });

        } else {
            Toast.makeText(FileActivity.this, "正在播放", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
        }
    }


    private void doPlay(File audioFile) {
        try {
            //配置播放器 MediaPlayer
            mediaPlayer = new MediaPlayer();
            //设置声音文件
            mediaPlayer.setDataSource(audioFile.getAbsolutePath());
            //配置音量,中等音量
            mediaPlayer.setVolume(1,1);
            //播放是否循环
            mediaPlayer.setLooping(false);

            //设置监听回调 播放完毕
            mediaPlayer.setOnCompletionListener(new MediaPlayer.OnCompletionListener() {
                @Override
                public void onCompletion(MediaPlayer mp) {
                    stopPlayer();
                }
            });

            mediaPlayer.setOnErrorListener(new MediaPlayer.OnErrorListener() {
                @Override
                public boolean onError(MediaPlayer mp, int what, int extra) {
                    stopPlayer();
                    Toast.makeText(FileActivity.this,"播放失败",Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                    return true;
                }
            });

            //设置播放
            mediaPlayer.prepare();
            mediaPlayer.start();

            //异常处理,防止闪退

        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            stopPlayer();
        }


    }

    private void stopPlayer(){
        mIsPlaying=false;
        mediaPlayer.release();
        mediaPlayer=null;
    }


    @Override
    protected void onDestroy() {
        super.onDestroy();
        //当activity关闭时,停止这个线程,防止内存泄漏
        mExecutorService.shutdownNow();
        releaseRecorder();
    }
}

xml布局文件:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:id="@+id/activity_first"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    android:padding="2dp"
    tools:context="com.example.amelon.myapplication.FileActivity">

    <Button
        android:onClick="playrecorder"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="播放"
        android:paddingLeft="3dp"
        android:paddingRight="3dp"
        />

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/tv_sendmsg"
        android:layout_weight="8"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="0dp"
        android:layout_marginTop="30dp"
        android:onClick="filerecord"
        android:text="文件录音:" />


    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/tv_press_send"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_weight="1"
        android:background="@android:color/darker_gray"
        android:gravity="center"
        android:layout_height="0dp"
        android:textSize="24sp"
        android:textColor="#70ffffff"
        android:paddingLeft="10dp"
        android:paddingRight="10dp"
        android:text="按下说话" />


</LinearLayout>

AudioRecord的功能实现:
实现一个点击button进行录音,再次点击停止录音功能

开启录音和停止录音:

 public void recorderaudio(View view) {
        if (mIsRecording) {
            bt_stream_recorder.setText("开始录音");
            //在开始录音中如果这个值没有变false,则一直进行,当再次点击变false时,录音才停止
            mIsRecording = false;

            //执行停止录音逻辑,这块不用下面代码,只需上面变换mIsRecording这个状态就可以了,下面一直走while
          /*  mExecutorService.submit(new Runnable() {
                @Override
                public void run() {
                    stopRecorder();
                }
            });*/
        } else {

            bt_stream_recorder.setText("停止录音");
            //提交后台任务,执行录音逻辑
            mIsRecording = true;
            //提交后台任务,执行录音逻辑
            mExecutorService.submit(new Runnable() {
                @Override
                public void run() {

                    startRecorder();
                }
            });
        }
    }

开启录音:

    /**
     * 开始录音
     */
    private void startRecorder() {
        // realeseRecorder();
        if (!dostart()) recorderFail();

    }

AudioRecord的配置及功能实现具体代码:

private boolean dostart() {
        try {
            //记录开始录音时间
            startRecorderTime = System.currentTimeMillis();
            //创建录音文件
            mAudioRecordFile = new File(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory().getAbsolutePath() +
                    "/recorderdemo/" + System.currentTimeMillis() + ".pcm");
            if (!mAudioRecordFile.getParentFile().exists())
                mAudioRecordFile.getParentFile().mkdirs();
            mAudioRecordFile.createNewFile();
            //创建文件输出流
            mFileOutputStream = new FileOutputStream(mAudioRecordFile);
            //配置AudioRecord
            int audioSource = MediaRecorder.AudioSource.MIC;
            //所有android系统都支持
            int sampleRate = 44100;
            //单声道输入
            int channelConfig = AudioFormat.CHANNEL_IN_MONO;
            //PCM_16是所有android系统都支持的
            int autioFormat = AudioFormat.ENCODING_PCM_16BIT;
            //计算AudioRecord内部buffer最小
            int minBufferSize = AudioRecord.getMinBufferSize(sampleRate, channelConfig, autioFormat);
            //buffer不能小于最低要求,也不能小于我们每次我们读取的大小。
            mAudioRecord = new AudioRecord(audioSource, sampleRate, channelConfig, autioFormat, Math.max(minBufferSize, BUFFER_SIZE));


            //开始录音
            mAudioRecord.startRecording();

            //循环读取数据,写入输出流中
            while (mIsRecording) {
                //只要还在录音就一直读取
                int read = mAudioRecord.read(mBuffer, 0, BUFFER_SIZE);
                if(read<=0){
                    return false;
                }else {
                    mFileOutputStream.write(mBuffer, 0, read);
                }

            }

            //退出循环,停止录音,释放资源
            stopRecorder();

        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            return false;
        } finally {
            if (mAudioRecord != null) {
                mAudioRecord.release();
            }
        }
        return true;
    }

再次点击停止录音操作代码:

private boolean doStop() {
        //停止录音,关闭文件输出流
        mAudioRecord.stop();
        mAudioRecord.release();
        mAudioRecord = null;
        //记录结束时间,统计录音时长
        stopRecorderTime = System.currentTimeMillis();
        //大于3秒算成功,在主线程更新UI
        final int send = (int) (stopRecorderTime - startRecorderTime) / 1000;
        if (send > 3) {
            mHandler.post(new Runnable() {
                @Override
                public void run() {
                    tv_stream_msg.setText("录音成功:" + send + "秒");
                    bt_stream_recorder.setText("开始录音");
                }
            });
        } else {
            recorderFail();
            return false;
        }
        return true;
    }

录取失败,更新UI操作:

private boolean recorderFail() {
        mHandler.post(new Runnable() {
            @Override
            public void run() {
                bt_stream_recorder.setText("开始录音");
                tv_stream_msg.setText("录取失败,请重新录入");

                mIsRecording=false;
                Log.i("Tag8", "go here111111111");
            }
        });

        return false;
    }

播放录音代码:

 /**
     * 播放声音
     * @param view
     */
    public void player(View view){
        mExecutorService.submit(new Runnable() {
            @Override
            public void run() {
                if(!mIsPlaying){
                    Log.i("Tag8","go here");
                    mIsPlaying=true;
                    doPlay(mAudioRecordFile);
                }

            }
        });
    }

播放录音具体实现,AudioTrack的使用:

private void doPlay(File audioFile) {
        if(audioFile !=null){
            Log.i("Tag8","go there");
            //配置播放器
            //音乐类型,扬声器播放
            int streamType= AudioManager.STREAM_MUSIC;
            //录音时采用的采样频率,所以播放时同样的采样频率
            int sampleRate=44100;
            //单声道,和录音时设置的一样
            int channelConfig=AudioFormat.CHANNEL_OUT_MONO;
            //录音时使用16bit,所以播放时同样采用该方式
            int audioFormat=AudioFormat.ENCODING_PCM_16BIT;
            //流模式
            int mode= AudioTrack.MODE_STREAM;

            //计算最小buffer大小
            int minBufferSize=AudioTrack.getMinBufferSize(sampleRate,channelConfig,audioFormat);

            //构造AudioTrack  不能小于AudioTrack的最低要求,也不能小于我们每次读的大小
            AudioTrack audioTrack=new AudioTrack(streamType,sampleRate,channelConfig,audioFormat,
                    Math.max(minBufferSize,BUFFER_SIZE),mode);

            //从文件流读数据
            FileInputStream inputStream=null;
            try{
                //循环读数据,写到播放器去播放
                inputStream=new FileInputStream(audioFile);

                //循环读数据,写到播放器去播放
                int read;
                //只要没读完,循环播放
                while ((read=inputStream.read(mBuffer))>0){
                    Log.i("Tag8","read:"+read);
                    int ret=audioTrack.write(mBuffer,0,read);
                    //检查write的返回值,处理错误
                    switch (ret){
                        case AudioTrack.ERROR_INVALID_OPERATION:
                        case AudioTrack.ERROR_BAD_VALUE:
                        case AudioManager.ERROR_DEAD_OBJECT:
                            playFail();
                            return;
                        default:
                            break;
                    }
                }

            }catch (Exception e){
                e.printStackTrace();
                //读取失败
                playFail();
            }finally {
                mIsPlaying=false;
                //关闭文件输入流
                if(inputStream !=null){
                    closeStream(inputStream);
                }
                //播放器释放
                resetQuietly(audioTrack);
            }
        }
    }

播放失败:更新UI操作

/**
     * 播放失败
     */
    private void playFail() {
        mHandler.post(new Runnable() {
            @Override
            public void run() {
                tv_stream_msg.setText("播放失败");
            }
        });
    }

activity销毁处理代码:

//防止内存泄漏
@Override
    protected void onDestroy() {
        super.onDestroy();
        if (mExecutorService != null) {
            mExecutorService.shutdownNow();
        }
        if (mAudioRecord != null) {
            mAudioRecord.stop();
            mAudioRecord.release();
            mAudioRecord = null;
        }
    }

AudioRecord的功能实现完整代码:

package com.example.amelon.myapplication;

import android.media.AudioFormat;
import android.media.AudioManager;
import android.media.AudioRecord;
import android.media.AudioTrack;
import android.media.MediaRecorder;
import android.os.Environment;
import android.os.Handler;
import android.os.Looper;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.TextView;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.concurrent.ExecutorService;
import java.util.concurrent.Executors;


public class StreamActivity extends AppCompatActivity {
    private Button bt_stream_recorder;
    private TextView tv_stream_msg;
    private ExecutorService mExecutorService;
    private long startRecorderTime, stopRecorderTime;
    private volatile boolean mIsRecording = false;
    private AudioRecord mAudioRecord;
    private FileOutputStream mFileOutputStream;
    private File mAudioRecordFile;
    private byte[] mBuffer;
    //buffer值不能太大,避免OOM
    private static final int BUFFER_SIZE = 2048;
    private boolean mIsPlaying=false;
    private Handler mHandler = new Handler(Looper.getMainLooper());

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_stream);
        setTitle("字节流录音");
        initView();
        mExecutorService = Executors.newSingleThreadExecutor();
        mBuffer = new byte[BUFFER_SIZE];

    }

    private void initView() {
        bt_stream_recorder = (Button) findViewById(R.id.bt_stream_recorder);
        tv_stream_msg = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.tv_stream_msg);

    }

    public void recorderaudio(View view) {
        if (mIsRecording) {
            bt_stream_recorder.setText("开始录音");
            //在开始录音中如果这个值没有变false,则一直进行,当再次点击变false时,录音才停止
            mIsRecording = false;

            //执行停止录音逻辑,这块不用下面代码,只需上面变换mIsRecording这个状态就可以了,下面一直走while
          /*  mExecutorService.submit(new Runnable() {
                @Override
                public void run() {
                    stopRecorder();
                }
            });*/
        } else {

            bt_stream_recorder.setText("停止录音");
            //提交后台任务,执行录音逻辑
            mIsRecording = true;
            //提交后台任务,执行录音逻辑
            mExecutorService.submit(new Runnable() {
                @Override
                public void run() {

                    startRecorder();
                }
            });
        }
    }

    /**
     * 开始录音
     */
    private void startRecorder() {
        // realeseRecorder();
        if (!dostart()) recorderFail();

    }

    /**
     * 停止录音
     */
    private void stopRecorder() {
        mIsRecording=false;
        if (!doStop()) recorderFail();

    }


    private boolean dostart() {
        try {
            //记录开始录音时间
            startRecorderTime = System.currentTimeMillis();
            //创建录音文件
            mAudioRecordFile = new File(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory().getAbsolutePath() +
                    "/recorderdemo/" + System.currentTimeMillis() + ".pcm");
            if (!mAudioRecordFile.getParentFile().exists())
                mAudioRecordFile.getParentFile().mkdirs();
            mAudioRecordFile.createNewFile();
            //创建文件输出流
            mFileOutputStream = new FileOutputStream(mAudioRecordFile);
            //配置AudioRecord
            int audioSource = MediaRecorder.AudioSource.MIC;
            //所有android系统都支持
            int sampleRate = 44100;
            //单声道输入
            int channelConfig = AudioFormat.CHANNEL_IN_MONO;
            //PCM_16是所有android系统都支持的
            int autioFormat = AudioFormat.ENCODING_PCM_16BIT;
            //计算AudioRecord内部buffer最小
            int minBufferSize = AudioRecord.getMinBufferSize(sampleRate, channelConfig, autioFormat);
            //buffer不能小于最低要求,也不能小于我们每次我们读取的大小。
            mAudioRecord = new AudioRecord(audioSource, sampleRate, channelConfig, autioFormat, Math.max(minBufferSize, BUFFER_SIZE));


            //开始录音
            mAudioRecord.startRecording();

            //循环读取数据,写入输出流中
            while (mIsRecording) {
                //只要还在录音就一直读取
                int read = mAudioRecord.read(mBuffer, 0, BUFFER_SIZE);
                if(read<=0){
                    return false;
                }else {
                    mFileOutputStream.write(mBuffer, 0, read);
                }

            }

            //退出循环,停止录音,释放资源
            stopRecorder();

        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            return false;
        } finally {
            if (mAudioRecord != null) {
                mAudioRecord.release();
            }
        }
        return true;
    }

    private boolean recorderFail() {
        mHandler.post(new Runnable() {
            @Override
            public void run() {
                bt_stream_recorder.setText("开始录音");
                tv_stream_msg.setText("录取失败,请重新录入");

                mIsRecording=false;
                Log.i("Tag8", "go here111111111");
            }
        });

        return false;
    }

    private void realeseRecorder() {
        mAudioRecord.release();
    }

    private boolean doStop() {
        //停止录音,关闭文件输出流
        mAudioRecord.stop();
        mAudioRecord.release();
        mAudioRecord = null;
        Log.i("Tag8", "go here");
        //记录结束时间,统计录音时长
        stopRecorderTime = System.currentTimeMillis();
        //大于3秒算成功,在主线程更新UI
        final int send = (int) (stopRecorderTime - startRecorderTime) / 1000;
        if (send > 3) {
            mHandler.post(new Runnable() {
                @Override
                public void run() {
                    tv_stream_msg.setText("录音成功:" + send + "秒");
                    bt_stream_recorder.setText("开始录音");
                    Log.i("Tag8", "go there");
                }
            });
        } else {
            recorderFail();
            return false;
        }
        return true;
    }

    /**
     * 播放声音
     * @param view
     */
    public void player(View view){
        mExecutorService.submit(new Runnable() {
            @Override
            public void run() {
                if(!mIsPlaying){
                    Log.i("Tag8","go here");
                    mIsPlaying=true;
                    doPlay(mAudioRecordFile);
                }

            }
        });
    }

    private void doPlay(File audioFile) {
        if(audioFile !=null){
            Log.i("Tag8","go there");
            //配置播放器
            //音乐类型,扬声器播放
            int streamType= AudioManager.STREAM_MUSIC;
            //录音时采用的采样频率,所以播放时同样的采样频率
            int sampleRate=44100;
            //单声道,和录音时设置的一样
            int channelConfig=AudioFormat.CHANNEL_OUT_MONO;
            //录音时使用16bit,所以播放时同样采用该方式
            int audioFormat=AudioFormat.ENCODING_PCM_16BIT;
            //流模式
            int mode= AudioTrack.MODE_STREAM;

            //计算最小buffer大小
            int minBufferSize=AudioTrack.getMinBufferSize(sampleRate,channelConfig,audioFormat);

            //构造AudioTrack  不能小于AudioTrack的最低要求,也不能小于我们每次读的大小
            AudioTrack audioTrack=new AudioTrack(streamType,sampleRate,channelConfig,audioFormat,
                    Math.max(minBufferSize,BUFFER_SIZE),mode);

            //从文件流读数据
            FileInputStream inputStream=null;
            try{
                //循环读数据,写到播放器去播放
                inputStream=new FileInputStream(audioFile);

                //循环读数据,写到播放器去播放
                int read;
                //只要没读完,循环播放
                while ((read=inputStream.read(mBuffer))>0){
                    Log.i("Tag8","read:"+read);
                    int ret=audioTrack.write(mBuffer,0,read);
                    //检查write的返回值,处理错误
                    switch (ret){
                        case AudioTrack.ERROR_INVALID_OPERATION:
                        case AudioTrack.ERROR_BAD_VALUE:
                        case AudioManager.ERROR_DEAD_OBJECT:
                            playFail();
                            return;
                        default:
                            break;
                    }
                }

            }catch (Exception e){
                e.printStackTrace();
                //读取失败
                playFail();
            }finally {
                mIsPlaying=false;
                //关闭文件输入流
                if(inputStream !=null){
                    closeStream(inputStream);
                }
                //播放器释放
                resetQuietly(audioTrack);
            }

            //循环读数据,写到播放器去播放


            //错误处理,防止闪退

        }
    }

    /**
     * 关闭输入流
     * @param inputStream
     */
    private void closeStream(FileInputStream inputStream){
        try {
            inputStream.close();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    private void resetQuietly(AudioTrack audioTrack){
        try{
            audioTrack.stop();
            audioTrack.release();
        }catch (Exception e){
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }


    /**
     * 播放失败
     */
    private void playFail() {
        mHandler.post(new Runnable() {
            @Override
            public void run() {
                tv_stream_msg.setText("播放失败");
            }
        });
    }

    @Override
    protected void onDestroy() {
        super.onDestroy();
        if (mExecutorService != null) {
            mExecutorService.shutdownNow();
        }
        if (mAudioRecord != null) {
            mAudioRecord.stop();
            mAudioRecord.release();
            mAudioRecord = null;
        }
    }
}

xml布局文件:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:id="@+id/activity_stream"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:padding="2dp"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    tools:context="com.example.amelon.myapplication.StreamActivity">

    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="0dp"
        android:layout_weight="3"
        android:orientation="vertical"
        >
        <Button
            android:onClick="recorderaudio"
            android:id="@+id/bt_stream_recorder"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:background="#50000000"
            android:layout_margin="10dp"
            android:textSize="24sp"
            android:textColor="#fff"
            android:padding="10dp"
            android:text="开始录音"
            />

        <Button
            android:onClick="player"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:background="#50000000"
            android:layout_margin="10dp"
            android:textSize="24sp"
            android:textColor="#fff"
            android:padding="10dp"
            android:text="播   放"
            />

    </LinearLayout>

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/tv_stream_msg"
        android:layout_weight="7"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:textSize="24sp"
        android:padding="10dp"
        android:text="录音结果"
        />

</LinearLayout>

就整理到这里了,对了慕课网有这块对应视频课程,用到的童鞋们可以去看,一起进步,使用时最好用真机去测,demo稍后上传,有问题就拍砖,多多指教。

转载请标明:http://blog.csdn.net/zxyudia/article/details/68948751

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