Here is a list of books which I have read and feel it is worth recommending to friends who are interested in computer science.
Pattern Recognition and Machine Learning
Christopher M. Bishop
A new treatment of classic machine learning topics, such as classification, regression, and time series analysis from a Bayesian perspective. It is a must read for people who intends to perform research on Bayesian learning and probabilistic inference.
Graphical Models, Exponential Families, and Variational Inference
Martin J. Wainwright and Michael I. Jordan
It is a comprehensive and brilliant presentation of three closely related subjects: graphical models, exponential families, and variational inference. This is the best manuscript that I have ever read on this subject. Strongly recommended to everyone interested
in graphical models. The connections between various inference algorithms and convex optimization is clearly explained. Note: pdf version of this book is freely available online.
Big Data: A Revolution That Will Transform How We Live, Work, and Think
Viktor Mayer-Schonberger, and Kenneth Cukier
A short but insightful manuscript that will motivate you to rethink how we should face the explosive growth of data in the new century.
Statistical Pattern Recognition (2nd/3rd Edition)
Andrew R. Webb, and Keith D. Copsey
A well written book on pattern recognition for beginners. It covers basic topics in this field, including discriminant analysis, decision trees, feature selection, and clustering -- all are basic knowledge that researchers in machine learning or pattern recognition
Learning with Kernels: Support Vector Machines, Regularization, Optimization, and Beyond
Bernhard Schlkopf and Alexander J. Smola
A comprehensive and in-depth treatment of kernel methods and support vector machine. It not only clearly develops the mathematical foundation, namely the reproducing kernel Hilbert space, but also gives a lot of practical guidance (e.g. how to choose or design
Topology (2nd Edition)
A classic on topology for beginners. It provides a clear introduction of important concepts in general topology, such as continuity, connectedness, compactness, and metric spaces, which are the fundamentals that you have to grasped before embarking on more
advanced subjects such as real analysis.
Introductory Functional Analysis with Applications
It is a very well written book on functional analysis that I would like to recommend to every one who would like to study this subject for the first time. Starting from simple notions such as metrics and norms, the book gradually unfolds the beauty of functional
analysis, exposing important topics including Banach spaces, Hilbert spaces, and spectral theory with a reasonable depth and breadth. Most important concepts needed in machine learning are covered by this book. The exercises are of great help to reinforce
Real Analysis and Probability (Cambridge Studies in Advanced Mathematics)
R. M. Dudley
This is a dense text that combines Real analysis and modern probability theory in 500+ pages. What I like about this book is its treatment that emphasizes the interplay between real analysis and probability theory. Also the exposition of measure theory based
on semi-rings gives a deep insight of the algebraic structure of measures.
Stephen Boyd, and Lieven Vandenberghe
A classic on convex optimization. Everyone that I knew who had read this book liked it. The presentation style is very comfortable and inspiring, and it assumes only minimal prerequisite on linear algebra and calculus. Strongly recommended for any beginners
on optimization. Note: the pdf of this book is freely available on the Prof. Boyd's website.
Nonlinear Programming (2nd Edition)
Dimitri P. Bersekas
A thorough treatment of nonlinear optimization. It covers gradient-based techniques, Lagrange multiplier theory, and convex programming. Part of this book overlaps with Boyd's. Overall, it goes deeper and takes more efforts to read.
Introduction to Smooth Manifolds
John M. Lee
This is the book that I used to learn differential geometry and Lie group theory. It provides a detailed introduction to basics of modern differential geometry -- manifolds, tangent spaces, and vector bundles. The connections between manifold theory and Lie
group theory is also clearly explained. It also covers De Rham Cohomology and Lie algebra, where audience is invited to discover the beauty by linking geometry with algebra.
Modern Graph Theory
It is a modern treatment of this classical theory, which emphasizes the connections with other mathematical subjects -- for example, random walks and electrical networks. I found some messages conveyed by this book is enlightening for my research on machine
Probability Theory: A Comprehensive Course (Universitext)
This is a complete coverage of modern probability theory -- not only including traditional topics, such as measure theory, independence, and convergence theorems, but also introducing topics that are typically in textbooks on stochastic processes, such as Martingales,
Markov chains, and Brownian motion, Poisson processes, and Stochastic differential equations. It is recommended as the main textbook on probability theory.
A First Course in Stochastic Processes (2nd Edition)
Samuel Karlin, and Howard M. Taylor
A classic textbook on stochastic process which I think are particularly suitable for beginners without much background on measure theory. It provides a complete coverage of many important stochastic processes in an intuitive way. Its development of Markov processes
and renewal processes is enlightening.
Poisson Processes (Oxford Studies in Probability)
J. F. C. Kingman
If you are interested in Bayesian nonparametrics, this is the book that you should definitely check out. This manuscript provides an unparalleled introduction to random point processes, including Poisson and Cox processes, and their deep theoretical connections
with complete randomness.
Structure and Interpretation of Computer Programs (2nd Edition)
Harold Abelson, Gerald Jay Sussman, and Julie Sussman
Timeless classic that must be read by all computer science majors. While some topics and the use of Scheme as the teaching language seems odd at first glance, the presentation of fundamental concepts such as abstraction, recursion, and modularity is so beautiful
and insightful that you would never experienced elsewhere.
Thinking in C++: Introduction to Standard C++ (2nd Edition)
While it is kind of old (written in 2000), I still recommend this book to all beginners to learn C++. The thoughts underlying object-oriented programming is very clearly explained. It also provides a comprehensive coverage of C++ in a well-tuned pace.
Effective C++: 55 Specific Ways to Improve Your Programs and Designs (3rd Edition)
The Effective C++ series by Scott Meyers is a must for anyone who is serious about C++ programming. The items (rules) listed in this book conveys the author's deep understanding of both C++ itself and modern software engineering principles. This edition reflects
latest updates in C++ development, including generic programming the use of TR1 library.
Advanced C++ Metaprogramming
Davide Di Gennaro
Like it or hate it, meta-programming has played an increasingly important role in modern C++ development. If you asked what is the key aspects that distinguishes C++ from all other languages, I would say it is the unparalleled generic programming capability
based on C++ templates. This book summarizes the latest advancement of metaprogramming in the past decade. I believe it will take the place of Loki's "Modern C++ Design" to become the bible for C++ meta-programming.
Introduction to Algorithms (2nd/3rd Edition)
Thomas H. Cormen, Charles E. Leiserson, Ronald L. Rivest, and Clifford Stein
If you know nothing about algorithms, you never understand computer science. This is book is definitely a classic on algorithms and data structures that everyone who is serious about computer science must read. This contents of this book ranges from elementary
topics such as classic sorting algorithms and hash table to advanced topics such as maximum flow, linear programming, and computational geometry. It is a book for everyone. Everytime I read it, I learned something new.
Design Patterns: Elements of Reusable Object-Oriented Software
Erich Gamma, Richard Helm, Ralph Johnson, and John Vlissides
Textbooks on C++, Java, or other languages typically use toy examples (animals, students, etc) to illustrate the concept of OOP. This way, however, does not reflect the full strength of object oriented programming. This book, which has been widely acknowledged
as a classic in software engineering, shows you, via compelling examples distilled from real world projects, how specific OOP patterns can vastly improve your code's reusability and extensibility.
Structured Parallel Programming: Patterns for Efficient Computation
Michael McCool, James Reinders, and Arch Robison
Recent trends of hardware advancement has switched from increasing CPU frequencies to increasing the number of cores. A significant implication of this change is that "free lunch has come to an end" -- you have to explicitly parallelize your codes in order
to benefit from the latest progress on CPU/GPUs. This book summarizes common patterns used in parallel programming, such as mapping, reduction, and pipelining -- all are very useful in writing parallel codes.
Introduction to High Performance Computing for Scientists and Engineers
Georg Hager and Gerhard Wellein
This book covers important topics that you should know in developing high performance computing programs. Particularly, it introduces SIMD, memory hierarchies, OpenMP, and MPI. With these knowledges in mind, you understand what are the factors that might influence
the run-time performance of your codes.
CUDA Programming: A Developer's Guide to Parallel Computing with GPUs
This book provides an in-depth coverage of important aspects related to CUDA programming -- a programming technique that can unleash the unparalleled power of GPU computation. With CUDA and an affordable GPU card, you can run your data analysis program in the
matter of minutes which may otherwise require multiple servers to run for hours.