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PAT树 File Transfer——利用不相交集ADT求连通分图数目

标签: PAT连通分图不相交集数据结构
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题目描述:

We have a network of computers and a list of bi-directional connections. Each of these connections allows a file transfer from one computer to another. Is it possible to send a file from any computer on the network to any other?

Input Specification:

Each input file contains one test case. For each test case, the first line contains N (2N104), the total number of computers in a network. Each computer in the network is then represented by a positive integer between 1 and N. Then in the following lines, the input is given in the format:

I c1 c2

where I stands for inputting a connection between c1 and c2; or

C c1 c2

where C stands for checking if it is possible to transfer files between c1 and c2; or

S

where S stands for stopping this case.

Output Specification:

For each C case, print in one line the word "yes" or "no" if it is possible or impossible to transfer files between c1 and c2, respectively. At the end of each case, print in one line "The network is connected." if there is a path between any pair of computers; or "There are k components." where k is the number of connected components in this network.

Sample Input 1:

5
C 3 2
I 3 2
C 1 5
I 4 5
I 2 4
C 3 5
S

Sample Output 1:

no
no
yes
There are 2 components.

Sample Input 2:

5
C 3 2
I 3 2
C 1 5
I 4 5
I 2 4
C 3 5
I 1 3
C 1 5
S

Sample Output 2:

no
no
yes
yes
The network is connected.

 

 

也就是一个图里有很多点,输入I c1 c2代表把c1和c2连起来,输入C c1 c2代表询问c1与c2是否在一个连通分图里,需要输出yes或者no,最后再输出连通分图数目,如果整个图都连通那么就输出The network is connected.

由于某一个点只能属于一个连通分图,所以这里用不相交集ADT来做,即为用一个数组存储各个点之间的关系

a[c1]=c2表示c1指向c2,如果c2是一个正数,那么代表一个点,如果c2是一个负数,则代表当前这个连通分图所含点的数目

也就是每个连通分图都用一个“代表点”来表示,沿着一级级的关系可以最终找到这个连通分图的代表点

如果两个点对应的“代表点”相同,那么说明他们在同一个连通分图中。

而且这里合并两个连通分图的时候,为了防止过于倾斜,我们把较小的分图指向较大的分图。

代码如下:

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

void Initial(int * a, int N);
void Merge(int * a, int i, int j);
int Find(int * a, int n);

int main()
{
	int N, temp1, temp2, a[10001];
	char order;
	scanf("%d", &N);
	Initial(a, N);
	getchar();
	order = getchar();
	while(order != 'S'){
		scanf("%d%d", &temp1, &temp2);
		if(order == 'I')
			Merge(a, Find(a, temp1), Find(a, temp2));
		else if(order == 'C')
			if(Find(a, temp1) == Find(a, temp2))
				printf("yes\n");
			else
				printf("no\n");
		getchar();
		order = getchar();
	}
	if(a[0] == 1)
		printf("The network is connected.\n");
	else
		printf("There are %d components.\n", a[0]);
	return 0;
}

void Initial(int * a, int N)
{
	int i;
	a[0] = N;
	for(i = 1; i<= N; i++)
		a[i] = -1;
}

void Merge(int * a, int i, int j)
{
	if(i == j)
		return;
	if(a[i] < a[j]){
		a[i] += a[j];
		a[j] = i;
	}
	else{
		a[j] += a[i];
		a[i] = j;
	}
	a[0]--;
}

int Find(int * a, int n)
{
	while(a[n] > 0)
		n = a[n];
	return n;
}


 

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