lua中使用json格式

原创 2015年11月18日 12:02:27

近期接触了一些lua中使用json的需求。

整体来说,分为两种

  1. cjson这种,将代码和lua一起编译。
  2. 直接引用一些json.lua的源文件来支持json

这里要使用的是第二种,相对第一种的优势是,非常简易

json.lua来自 http://regex.info/blog/lua/json

使用方法非常简单

引用

JSON = (loadfile "JSON.lua")() 

table转到json文本

json_str = JSON:encode({ "中文测试", "two", "three", SOMESTRING = "some string" })

json文本转到table

json_table = JSON:decode('[{"SOMESTRING":"some string","1":"中文","2":"two","3":"three"}]')
print(json_table["1"])
print(json_table["SOMESTRING"])
-------
json_table = JSON:decode('{"SOMESTRING":"some string","1":"中文","2":"two","3":"three"}')
print(json_table[1]["1"])
print(json_table[1]["SOMESTRING"])

完整代码
json.lua

-- -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
--
-- Simple JSON encoding and decoding in pure Lua.
--
-- Copyright 2010-2014 Jeffrey Friedl
-- http://regex.info/blog/
--
-- Latest version: http://regex.info/blog/lua/json
--
-- This code is released under a Creative Commons CC-BY "Attribution" License:
-- http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/deed.en_US
--
-- It can be used for any purpose so long as the copyright notice above,
-- the web-page links above, and the 'AUTHOR_NOTE' string below are
-- maintained. Enjoy.
--
local VERSION = 20141223.14 -- version history at end of file
local AUTHOR_NOTE = "-[ JSON.lua package by Jeffrey Friedl (http://regex.info/blog/lua/json) version 20141223.14 ]-"

--
-- The 'AUTHOR_NOTE' variable exists so that information about the source
-- of the package is maintained even in compiled versions. It's also
-- included in OBJDEF below mostly to quiet warnings about unused variables.
--
local OBJDEF = {
   VERSION      = VERSION,
   AUTHOR_NOTE  = AUTHOR_NOTE,
}


--
-- Simple JSON encoding and decoding in pure Lua.
-- http://www.json.org/
--
--
--   JSON = assert(loadfile "JSON.lua")() -- one-time load of the routines
--
--   local lua_value = JSON:decode(raw_json_text)
--
--   local raw_json_text    = JSON:encode(lua_table_or_value)
--   local pretty_json_text = JSON:encode_pretty(lua_table_or_value) -- "pretty printed" version for human readability
--
--
--
-- DECODING (from a JSON string to a Lua table)
--
--
--   JSON = assert(loadfile "JSON.lua")() -- one-time load of the routines
--
--   local lua_value = JSON:decode(raw_json_text)
--
--   If the JSON text is for an object or an array, e.g.
--     { "what": "books", "count": 3 }
--   or
--     [ "Larry", "Curly", "Moe" ]
--
--   the result is a Lua table, e.g.
--     { what = "books", count = 3 }
--   or
--     { "Larry", "Curly", "Moe" }
--
--
--   The encode and decode routines accept an optional second argument,
--   "etc", which is not used during encoding or decoding, but upon error
--   is passed along to error handlers. It can be of any type (including nil).
--
--
--
-- ERROR HANDLING
--
--   With most errors during decoding, this code calls
--
--      JSON:onDecodeError(message, text, location, etc)
--
--   with a message about the error, and if known, the JSON text being
--   parsed and the byte count where the problem was discovered. You can
--   replace the default JSON:onDecodeError() with your own function.
--
--   The default onDecodeError() merely augments the message with data
--   about the text and the location if known (and if a second 'etc'
--   argument had been provided to decode(), its value is tacked onto the
--   message as well), and then calls JSON.assert(), which itself defaults
--   to Lua's built-in assert(), and can also be overridden.
--
--   For example, in an Adobe Lightroom plugin, you might use something like
--
--          function JSON:onDecodeError(message, text, location, etc)
--             LrErrors.throwUserError("Internal Error: invalid JSON data")
--          end
--
--   or even just
--
--          function JSON.assert(message)
--             LrErrors.throwUserError("Internal Error: " .. message)
--          end
--
--   If JSON:decode() is passed a nil, this is called instead:
--
--      JSON:onDecodeOfNilError(message, nil, nil, etc)
--
--   and if JSON:decode() is passed HTML instead of JSON, this is called:
--
--      JSON:onDecodeOfHTMLError(message, text, nil, etc)
--
--   The use of the fourth 'etc' argument allows stronger coordination
--   between decoding and error reporting, especially when you provide your
--   own error-handling routines. Continuing with the the Adobe Lightroom
--   plugin example:
--
--          function JSON:onDecodeError(message, text, location, etc)
--             local note = "Internal Error: invalid JSON data"
--             if type(etc) = 'table' and etc.photo then
--                note = note .. " while processing for " .. etc.photo:getFormattedMetadata('fileName')
--             end
--             LrErrors.throwUserError(note)
--          end
--
--            :
--            :
--
--          for i, photo in ipairs(photosToProcess) do
--               :             
--               :             
--               local data = JSON:decode(someJsonText, { photo = photo })
--               :             
--               :             
--          end
--
--
--
--
--
-- DECODING AND STRICT TYPES
--
--   Because both JSON objects and JSON arrays are converted to Lua tables,
--   it's not normally possible to tell which original JSON type a
--   particular Lua table was derived from, or guarantee decode-encode
--   round-trip equivalency.
--
--   However, if you enable strictTypes, e.g.
--
--      JSON = assert(loadfile "JSON.lua")() --load the routines
--      JSON.strictTypes = true
--
--   then the Lua table resulting from the decoding of a JSON object or
--   JSON array is marked via Lua metatable, so that when re-encoded with
--   JSON:encode() it ends up as the appropriate JSON type.
--
--   (This is not the default because other routines may not work well with
--   tables that have a metatable set, for example, Lightroom API calls.)
--
--
-- ENCODING (from a lua table to a JSON string)
--
--   JSON = assert(loadfile "JSON.lua")() -- one-time load of the routines
--
--   local raw_json_text    = JSON:encode(lua_table_or_value)
--   local pretty_json_text = JSON:encode_pretty(lua_table_or_value) -- "pretty printed" version for human readability
--   local custom_pretty    = JSON:encode(lua_table_or_value, etc, { pretty = true, indent = "|  ", align_keys = false })
--
--   On error during encoding, this code calls:
--
--     JSON:onEncodeError(message, etc)
--
--   which you can override in your local JSON object.
--
--   The 'etc' in the error call is the second argument to encode()
--   and encode_pretty(), or nil if it wasn't provided.
--
--
-- PRETTY-PRINTING
--
--   An optional third argument, a table of options, allows a bit of
--   configuration about how the encoding takes place:
--
--     pretty = JSON:encode(val, etc, {
--                                       pretty = true,      -- if false, no other options matter
--                                       indent = "   ",     -- this provides for a three-space indent per nesting level
--                                       align_keys = false, -- see below
--                                     })
--
--   encode() and encode_pretty() are identical except that encode_pretty()
--   provides a default options table if none given in the call:
--
--       { pretty = true, align_keys = false, indent = "  " }
--
--   For example, if
--
--      JSON:encode(data)
--
--   produces:
--
--      {"city":"Kyoto","climate":{"avg_temp":16,"humidity":"high","snowfall":"minimal"},"country":"Japan","wards":11}
--
--   then
--
--      JSON:encode_pretty(data)
--
--   produces:
--
--      {
--        "city": "Kyoto",
--        "climate": {
--          "avg_temp": 16,
--          "humidity": "high",
--          "snowfall": "minimal"
--        },
--        "country": "Japan",
--        "wards": 11
--      }
--
--   The following three lines return identical results:
--       JSON:encode_pretty(data)
--       JSON:encode_pretty(data, nil, { pretty = true, align_keys = false, indent = "  " })
--       JSON:encode       (data, nil, { pretty = true, align_keys = false, indent = "  " })
--
--   An example of setting your own indent string:
--
--     JSON:encode_pretty(data, nil, { pretty = true, indent = "|    " })
--
--   produces:
--
--      {
--      |    "city": "Kyoto",
--      |    "climate": {
--      |    |    "avg_temp": 16,
--      |    |    "humidity": "high",
--      |    |    "snowfall": "minimal"
--      |    },
--      |    "country": "Japan",
--      |    "wards": 11
--      }
--
--   An example of setting align_keys to true:
--
--     JSON:encode_pretty(data, nil, { pretty = true, indent = "  ", align_keys = true })
--  
--   produces:
--   
--      {
--           "city": "Kyoto",
--        "climate": {
--                     "avg_temp": 16,
--                     "humidity": "high",
--                     "snowfall": "minimal"
--                   },
--        "country": "Japan",
--          "wards": 11
--      }
--
--   which I must admit is kinda ugly, sorry. This was the default for
--   encode_pretty() prior to version 20141223.14.
--
--
--  AMBIGUOUS SITUATIONS DURING THE ENCODING
--
--   During the encode, if a Lua table being encoded contains both string
--   and numeric keys, it fits neither JSON's idea of an object, nor its
--   idea of an array. To get around this, when any string key exists (or
--   when non-positive numeric keys exist), numeric keys are converted to
--   strings.
--
--   For example, 
--     JSON:encode({ "one", "two", "three", SOMESTRING = "some string" }))
--   produces the JSON object
--     {"1":"one","2":"two","3":"three","SOMESTRING":"some string"}
--
--   To prohibit this conversion and instead make it an error condition, set
--      JSON.noKeyConversion = true
--




--
-- SUMMARY OF METHODS YOU CAN OVERRIDE IN YOUR LOCAL LUA JSON OBJECT
--
--    assert
--    onDecodeError
--    onDecodeOfNilError
--    onDecodeOfHTMLError
--    onEncodeError
--
--  If you want to create a separate Lua JSON object with its own error handlers,
--  you can reload JSON.lua or use the :new() method.
--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

local default_pretty_indent  = "  "
local default_pretty_options = { pretty = true, align_keys = false, indent = default_pretty_indent }

local isArray  = { __tostring = function() return "JSON array"  end }    isArray.__index  = isArray
local isObject = { __tostring = function() return "JSON object" end }    isObject.__index = isObject


function OBJDEF:newArray(tbl)
   return setmetatable(tbl or {}, isArray)
end

function OBJDEF:newObject(tbl)
   return setmetatable(tbl or {}, isObject)
end

local function unicode_codepoint_as_utf8(codepoint)
   --
   -- codepoint is a number
   --
   if codepoint <= 127 then
      return string.char(codepoint)

   elseif codepoint <= 2047 then
      --
      -- 110yyyxx 10xxxxxx         <-- useful notation from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Utf8
      --
      local highpart = math.floor(codepoint / 0x40)
      local lowpart  = codepoint - (0x40 * highpart)
      return string.char(0xC0 + highpart,
                         0x80 + lowpart)

   elseif codepoint <= 65535 then
      --
      -- 1110yyyy 10yyyyxx 10xxxxxx
      --
      local highpart  = math.floor(codepoint / 0x1000)
      local remainder = codepoint - 0x1000 * highpart
      local midpart   = math.floor(remainder / 0x40)
      local lowpart   = remainder - 0x40 * midpart

      highpart = 0xE0 + highpart
      midpart  = 0x80 + midpart
      lowpart  = 0x80 + lowpart

      --
      -- Check for an invalid character (thanks Andy R. at Adobe).
      -- See table 3.7, page 93, in http://www.unicode.org/versions/Unicode5.2.0/ch03.pdf#G28070
      --
      if ( highpart == 0xE0 and midpart < 0xA0 ) or
         ( highpart == 0xED and midpart > 0x9F ) or
         ( highpart == 0xF0 and midpart < 0x90 ) or
         ( highpart == 0xF4 and midpart > 0x8F )
      then
         return "?"
      else
         return string.char(highpart,
                            midpart,
                            lowpart)
      end

   else
      --
      -- 11110zzz 10zzyyyy 10yyyyxx 10xxxxxx
      --
      local highpart  = math.floor(codepoint / 0x40000)
      local remainder = codepoint - 0x40000 * highpart
      local midA      = math.floor(remainder / 0x1000)
      remainder       = remainder - 0x1000 * midA
      local midB      = math.floor(remainder / 0x40)
      local lowpart   = remainder - 0x40 * midB

      return string.char(0xF0 + highpart,
                         0x80 + midA,
                         0x80 + midB,
                         0x80 + lowpart)
   end
end

function OBJDEF:onDecodeError(message, text, location, etc)
   if text then
      if location then
         message = string.format("%s at char %d of: %s", message, location, text)
      else
         message = string.format("%s: %s", message, text)
      end
   end

   if etc ~= nil then
      message = message .. " (" .. OBJDEF:encode(etc) .. ")"
   end

   if self.assert then
      self.assert(false, message)
   else
      assert(false, message)
   end
end

OBJDEF.onDecodeOfNilError  = OBJDEF.onDecodeError
OBJDEF.onDecodeOfHTMLError = OBJDEF.onDecodeError

function OBJDEF:onEncodeError(message, etc)
   if etc ~= nil then
      message = message .. " (" .. OBJDEF:encode(etc) .. ")"
   end

   if self.assert then
      self.assert(false, message)
   else
      assert(false, message)
   end
end

local function grok_number(self, text, start, etc)
   --
   -- Grab the integer part
   --
   local integer_part = text:match('^-?[1-9]%d*', start)
                     or text:match("^-?0",        start)

   if not integer_part then
      self:onDecodeError("expected number", text, start, etc)
   end

   local i = start + integer_part:len()

   --
   -- Grab an optional decimal part
   --
   local decimal_part = text:match('^%.%d+', i) or ""

   i = i + decimal_part:len()

   --
   -- Grab an optional exponential part
   --
   local exponent_part = text:match('^[eE][-+]?%d+', i) or ""

   i = i + exponent_part:len()

   local full_number_text = integer_part .. decimal_part .. exponent_part
   local as_number = tonumber(full_number_text)

   if not as_number then
      self:onDecodeError("bad number", text, start, etc)
   end

   return as_number, i
end


local function grok_string(self, text, start, etc)

   if text:sub(start,start) ~= '"' then
      self:onDecodeError("expected string's opening quote", text, start, etc)
   end

   local i = start + 1 -- +1 to bypass the initial quote
   local text_len = text:len()
   local VALUE = ""
   while i <= text_len do
      local c = text:sub(i,i)
      if c == '"' then
         return VALUE, i + 1
      end
      if c ~= '\\' then
         VALUE = VALUE .. c
         i = i + 1
      elseif text:match('^\\b', i) then
         VALUE = VALUE .. "\b"
         i = i + 2
      elseif text:match('^\\f', i) then
         VALUE = VALUE .. "\f"
         i = i + 2
      elseif text:match('^\\n', i) then
         VALUE = VALUE .. "\n"
         i = i + 2
      elseif text:match('^\\r', i) then
         VALUE = VALUE .. "\r"
         i = i + 2
      elseif text:match('^\\t', i) then
         VALUE = VALUE .. "\t"
         i = i + 2
      else
         local hex = text:match('^\\u([0123456789aAbBcCdDeEfF][0123456789aAbBcCdDeEfF][0123456789aAbBcCdDeEfF][0123456789aAbBcCdDeEfF])', i)
         if hex then
            i = i + 6 -- bypass what we just read

            -- We have a Unicode codepoint. It could be standalone, or if in the proper range and
            -- followed by another in a specific range, it'll be a two-code surrogate pair.
            local codepoint = tonumber(hex, 16)
            if codepoint >= 0xD800 and codepoint <= 0xDBFF then
               -- it's a hi surrogate... see whether we have a following low
               local lo_surrogate = text:match('^\\u([dD][cdefCDEF][0123456789aAbBcCdDeEfF][0123456789aAbBcCdDeEfF])', i)
               if lo_surrogate then
                  i = i + 6 -- bypass the low surrogate we just read
                  codepoint = 0x2400 + (codepoint - 0xD800) * 0x400 + tonumber(lo_surrogate, 16)
               else
                  -- not a proper low, so we'll just leave the first codepoint as is and spit it out.
               end
            end
            VALUE = VALUE .. unicode_codepoint_as_utf8(codepoint)

         else

            -- just pass through what's escaped
            VALUE = VALUE .. text:match('^\\(.)', i)
            i = i + 2
         end
      end
   end

   self:onDecodeError("unclosed string", text, start, etc)
end

local function skip_whitespace(text, start)

   local _, match_end = text:find("^[ \n\r\t]+", start) -- [http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc4627.txt] Section 2
   if match_end then
      return match_end + 1
   else
      return start
   end
end

local grok_one -- assigned later

local function grok_object(self, text, start, etc)
   if text:sub(start,start) ~= '{' then
      self:onDecodeError("expected '{'", text, start, etc)
   end

   local i = skip_whitespace(text, start + 1) -- +1 to skip the '{'

   local VALUE = self.strictTypes and self:newObject { } or { }

   if text:sub(i,i) == '}' then
      return VALUE, i + 1
   end
   local text_len = text:len()
   while i <= text_len do
      local key, new_i = grok_string(self, text, i, etc)

      i = skip_whitespace(text, new_i)

      if text:sub(i, i) ~= ':' then
         self:onDecodeError("expected colon", text, i, etc)
      end

      i = skip_whitespace(text, i + 1)

      local new_val, new_i = grok_one(self, text, i)

      VALUE[key] = new_val

      --
      -- Expect now either '}' to end things, or a ',' to allow us to continue.
      --
      i = skip_whitespace(text, new_i)

      local c = text:sub(i,i)

      if c == '}' then
         return VALUE, i + 1
      end

      if text:sub(i, i) ~= ',' then
         self:onDecodeError("expected comma or '}'", text, i, etc)
      end

      i = skip_whitespace(text, i + 1)
   end

   self:onDecodeError("unclosed '{'", text, start, etc)
end

local function grok_array(self, text, start, etc)
   if text:sub(start,start) ~= '[' then
      self:onDecodeError("expected '['", text, start, etc)
   end

   local i = skip_whitespace(text, start + 1) -- +1 to skip the '['
   local VALUE = self.strictTypes and self:newArray { } or { }
   if text:sub(i,i) == ']' then
      return VALUE, i + 1
   end

   local VALUE_INDEX = 1

   local text_len = text:len()
   while i <= text_len do
      local val, new_i = grok_one(self, text, i)

      -- can't table.insert(VALUE, val) here because it's a no-op if val is nil
      VALUE[VALUE_INDEX] = val
      VALUE_INDEX = VALUE_INDEX + 1

      i = skip_whitespace(text, new_i)

      --
      -- Expect now either ']' to end things, or a ',' to allow us to continue.
      --
      local c = text:sub(i,i)
      if c == ']' then
         return VALUE, i + 1
      end
      if text:sub(i, i) ~= ',' then
         self:onDecodeError("expected comma or '['", text, i, etc)
      end
      i = skip_whitespace(text, i + 1)
   end
   self:onDecodeError("unclosed '['", text, start, etc)
end


grok_one = function(self, text, start, etc)
   -- Skip any whitespace
   start = skip_whitespace(text, start)

   if start > text:len() then
      self:onDecodeError("unexpected end of string", text, nil, etc)
   end

   if text:find('^"', start) then
      return grok_string(self, text, start, etc)

   elseif text:find('^[-0123456789 ]', start) then
      return grok_number(self, text, start, etc)

   elseif text:find('^%{', start) then
      return grok_object(self, text, start, etc)

   elseif text:find('^%[', start) then
      return grok_array(self, text, start, etc)

   elseif text:find('^true', start) then
      return true, start + 4

   elseif text:find('^false', start) then
      return false, start + 5

   elseif text:find('^null', start) then
      return nil, start + 4

   else
      self:onDecodeError("can't parse JSON", text, start, etc)
   end
end

function OBJDEF:decode(text, etc)
   if type(self) ~= 'table' or self.__index ~= OBJDEF then
      OBJDEF:onDecodeError("JSON:decode must be called in method format", nil, nil, etc)
   end

   if text == nil then
      self:onDecodeOfNilError(string.format("nil passed to JSON:decode()"), nil, nil, etc)
   elseif type(text) ~= 'string' then
      self:onDecodeError(string.format("expected string argument to JSON:decode(), got %s", type(text)), nil, nil, etc)
   end

   if text:match('^%s*$') then
      return nil
   end

   if text:match('^%s*<') then
      -- Can't be JSON... we'll assume it's HTML
      self:onDecodeOfHTMLError(string.format("html passed to JSON:decode()"), text, nil, etc)
   end

   --
   -- Ensure that it's not UTF-32 or UTF-16.
   -- Those are perfectly valid encodings for JSON (as per RFC 4627 section 3),
   -- but this package can't handle them.
   --
   if text:sub(1,1):byte() == 0 or (text:len() >= 2 and text:sub(2,2):byte() == 0) then
      self:onDecodeError("JSON package groks only UTF-8, sorry", text, nil, etc)
   end

   local success, value = pcall(grok_one, self, text, 1, etc)

   if success then
      return value
   else
      -- if JSON:onDecodeError() didn't abort out of the pcall, we'll have received the error message here as "value", so pass it along as an assert.
      if self.assert then
         self.assert(false, value)
      else
         assert(false, value)
      end
      -- and if we're still here, return a nil and throw the error message on as a second arg
      return nil, value
   end
end

local function backslash_replacement_function(c)
   if c == "\n" then
      return "\\n"
   elseif c == "\r" then
      return "\\r"
   elseif c == "\t" then
      return "\\t"
   elseif c == "\b" then
      return "\\b"
   elseif c == "\f" then
      return "\\f"
   elseif c == '"' then
      return '\\"'
   elseif c == '\\' then
      return '\\\\'
   else
      return string.format("\\u%04x", c:byte())
   end
end

local chars_to_be_escaped_in_JSON_string
   = '['
   ..    '"'    -- class sub-pattern to match a double quote
   ..    '%\\'  -- class sub-pattern to match a backslash
   ..    '%z'   -- class sub-pattern to match a null
   ..    '\001' .. '-' .. '\031' -- class sub-pattern to match control characters
   .. ']'

local function json_string_literal(value)
   local newval = value:gsub(chars_to_be_escaped_in_JSON_string, backslash_replacement_function)
   return '"' .. newval .. '"'
end

local function object_or_array(self, T, etc)
   --
   -- We need to inspect all the keys... if there are any strings, we'll convert to a JSON
   -- object. If there are only numbers, it's a JSON array.
   --
   -- If we'll be converting to a JSON object, we'll want to sort the keys so that the
   -- end result is deterministic.
   --
   local string_keys = { }
   local number_keys = { }
   local number_keys_must_be_strings = false
   local maximum_number_key

   for key in pairs(T) do
      if type(key) == 'string' then
         table.insert(string_keys, key)
      elseif type(key) == 'number' then
         table.insert(number_keys, key)
         if key <= 0 or key >= math.huge then
            number_keys_must_be_strings = true
         elseif not maximum_number_key or key > maximum_number_key then
            maximum_number_key = key
         end
      else
         self:onEncodeError("can't encode table with a key of type " .. type(key), etc)
      end
   end

   if #string_keys == 0 and not number_keys_must_be_strings then
      --
      -- An empty table, or a numeric-only array
      --
      if #number_keys > 0 then
         return nil, maximum_number_key -- an array
      elseif tostring(T) == "JSON array" then
         return nil
      elseif tostring(T) == "JSON object" then
         return { }
      else
         -- have to guess, so we'll pick array, since empty arrays are likely more common than empty objects
         return nil
      end
   end

   table.sort(string_keys)

   local map
   if #number_keys > 0 then
      --
      -- If we're here then we have either mixed string/number keys, or numbers inappropriate for a JSON array
      -- It's not ideal, but we'll turn the numbers into strings so that we can at least create a JSON object.
      --

      if self.noKeyConversion then
         self:onEncodeError("a table with both numeric and string keys could be an object or array; aborting", etc)
      end

      --
      -- Have to make a shallow copy of the source table so we can remap the numeric keys to be strings
      --
      map = { }
      for key, val in pairs(T) do
         map[key] = val
      end

      table.sort(number_keys)

      --
      -- Throw numeric keys in there as strings
      --
      for _, number_key in ipairs(number_keys) do
         local string_key = tostring(number_key)
         if map[string_key] == nil then
            table.insert(string_keys , string_key)
            map[string_key] = T[number_key]
         else
            self:onEncodeError("conflict converting table with mixed-type keys into a JSON object: key " .. number_key .. " exists both as a string and a number.", etc)
         end
      end
   end

   return string_keys, nil, map
end

--
-- Encode
--
-- 'options' is nil, or a table with possible keys:
--    pretty            -- if true, return a pretty-printed version
--    indent            -- a string (usually of spaces) used to indent each nested level
--    align_keys        -- if true, align all the keys when formatting a table
--
local encode_value -- must predeclare because it calls itself
function encode_value(self, value, parents, etc, options, indent)

   if value == nil then
      return 'null'

   elseif type(value) == 'string' then
      return json_string_literal(value)

   elseif type(value) == 'number' then
      if value ~= value then
         --
         -- NaN (Not a Number).
         -- JSON has no NaN, so we have to fudge the best we can. This should really be a package option.
         --
         return "null"
      elseif value >= math.huge then
         --
         -- Positive infinity. JSON has no INF, so we have to fudge the best we can. This should
         -- really be a package option. Note: at least with some implementations, positive infinity
         -- is both ">= math.huge" and "<= -math.huge", which makes no sense but that's how it is.
         -- Negative infinity is properly "<= -math.huge". So, we must be sure to check the ">="
         -- case first.
         --
         return "1e+9999"
      elseif value <= -math.huge then
         --
         -- Negative infinity.
         -- JSON has no INF, so we have to fudge the best we can. This should really be a package option.
         --
         return "-1e+9999"
      else
         return tostring(value)
      end

   elseif type(value) == 'boolean' then
      return tostring(value)

   elseif type(value) ~= 'table' then
      self:onEncodeError("can't convert " .. type(value) .. " to JSON", etc)

   else
      --
      -- A table to be converted to either a JSON object or array.
      --
      local T = value

      if type(options) ~= 'table' then
         options = {}
      end
      if type(indent) ~= 'string' then
         indent = ""
      end

      if parents[T] then
         self:onEncodeError("table " .. tostring(T) .. " is a child of itself", etc)
      else
         parents[T] = true
      end

      local result_value

      local object_keys, maximum_number_key, map = object_or_array(self, T, etc)
      if maximum_number_key then
         --
         -- An array...
         --
         local ITEMS = { }
         for i = 1, maximum_number_key do
            table.insert(ITEMS, encode_value(self, T[i], parents, etc, options, indent))
         end

         if options.pretty then
            result_value = "[ " .. table.concat(ITEMS, ", ") .. " ]"
         else
            result_value = "["  .. table.concat(ITEMS, ",")  .. "]"
         end

      elseif object_keys then
         --
         -- An object
         --
         local TT = map or T

         if options.pretty then

            local KEYS = { }
            local max_key_length = 0
            for _, key in ipairs(object_keys) do
               local encoded = encode_value(self, tostring(key), parents, etc, options, indent)
               if options.align_keys then
                  max_key_length = math.max(max_key_length, #encoded)
               end
               table.insert(KEYS, encoded)
            end
            local key_indent = indent .. tostring(options.indent or "")
            local subtable_indent = key_indent .. string.rep(" ", max_key_length) .. (options.align_keys and "  " or "")
            local FORMAT = "%s%" .. string.format("%d", max_key_length) .. "s: %s"

            local COMBINED_PARTS = { }
            for i, key in ipairs(object_keys) do
               local encoded_val = encode_value(self, TT[key], parents, etc, options, subtable_indent)
               table.insert(COMBINED_PARTS, string.format(FORMAT, key_indent, KEYS[i], encoded_val))
            end
            result_value = "{\n" .. table.concat(COMBINED_PARTS, ",\n") .. "\n" .. indent .. "}"

         else

            local PARTS = { }
            for _, key in ipairs(object_keys) do
               local encoded_val = encode_value(self, TT[key],       parents, etc, options, indent)
               local encoded_key = encode_value(self, tostring(key), parents, etc, options, indent)
               table.insert(PARTS, string.format("%s:%s", encoded_key, encoded_val))
            end
            result_value = "{" .. table.concat(PARTS, ",") .. "}"

         end
      else
         --
         -- An empty array/object... we'll treat it as an array, though it should really be an option
         --
         result_value = "[]"
      end

      parents[T] = false
      return result_value
   end
end


function OBJDEF:encode(value, etc, options)
   if type(self) ~= 'table' or self.__index ~= OBJDEF then
      OBJDEF:onEncodeError("JSON:encode must be called in method format", etc)
   end
   return encode_value(self, value, {}, etc, options or nil)
end

function OBJDEF:encode_pretty(value, etc, options)
   if type(self) ~= 'table' or self.__index ~= OBJDEF then
      OBJDEF:onEncodeError("JSON:encode_pretty must be called in method format", etc)
   end
   return encode_value(self, value, {}, etc, options or default_pretty_options)
end

function OBJDEF.__tostring()
   return "JSON encode/decode package"
end

OBJDEF.__index = OBJDEF

function OBJDEF:new(args)
   local new = { }

   if args then
      for key, val in pairs(args) do
         new[key] = val
      end
   end

   return setmetatable(new, OBJDEF)
end

return OBJDEF:new()

--
-- Version history:
--
--   20141223.14   The encode_pretty() routine produced fine results for small datasets, but isn't really
--                 appropriate for anything large, so with help from Alex Aulbach I've made the encode routines
--                 more flexible, and changed the default encode_pretty() to be more generally useful.
--
--                 Added a third 'options' argument to the encode() and encode_pretty() routines, to control
--                 how the encoding takes place.
--
--                 Updated docs to add assert() call to the loadfile() line, just as good practice so that
--                 if there is a problem loading JSON.lua, the appropriate error message will percolate up.
--
--   20140920.13   Put back (in a way that doesn't cause warnings about unused variables) the author string,
--                 so that the source of the package, and its version number, are visible in compiled copies.
--
--   20140911.12   Minor lua cleanup.
--                 Fixed internal reference to 'JSON.noKeyConversion' to reference 'self' instead of 'JSON'.
--                 (Thanks to SmugMug's David Parry for these.)
--
--   20140418.11   JSON nulls embedded within an array were being ignored, such that
--                     ["1",null,null,null,null,null,"seven"],
--                 would return
--                     {1,"seven"}
--                 It's now fixed to properly return
--                     {1, nil, nil, nil, nil, nil, "seven"}
--                 Thanks to "haddock" for catching the error.
--
--   20140116.10   The user's JSON.assert() wasn't always being used. Thanks to "blue" for the heads up.
--
--   20131118.9    Update for Lua 5.3... it seems that tostring(2/1) produces "2.0" instead of "2",
--                 and this caused some problems.
--
--   20131031.8    Unified the code for encode() and encode_pretty(); they had been stupidly separate,
--                 and had of course diverged (encode_pretty didn't get the fixes that encode got, so
--                 sometimes produced incorrect results; thanks to Mattie for the heads up).
--
--                 Handle encoding tables with non-positive numeric keys (unlikely, but possible).
--
--                 If a table has both numeric and string keys, or its numeric keys are inappropriate
--                 (such as being non-positive or infinite), the numeric keys are turned into
--                 string keys appropriate for a JSON object. So, as before,
--                         JSON:encode({ "one", "two", "three" })
--                 produces the array
--                         ["one","two","three"]
--                 but now something with mixed key types like
--                         JSON:encode({ "one", "two", "three", SOMESTRING = "some string" }))
--                 instead of throwing an error produces an object:
--                         {"1":"one","2":"two","3":"three","SOMESTRING":"some string"}
--
--                 To maintain the prior throw-an-error semantics, set
--                      JSON.noKeyConversion = true
--                 
--   20131004.7    Release under a Creative Commons CC-BY license, which I should have done from day one, sorry.
--
--   20130120.6    Comment update: added a link to the specific page on my blog where this code can
--                 be found, so that folks who come across the code outside of my blog can find updates
--                 more easily.
--
--   20111207.5    Added support for the 'etc' arguments, for better error reporting.
--
--   20110731.4    More feedback from David Kolf on how to make the tests for Nan/Infinity system independent.
--
--   20110730.3    Incorporated feedback from David Kolf at http://lua-users.org/wiki/JsonModules:
--
--                   * When encoding lua for JSON, Sparse numeric arrays are now handled by
--                     spitting out full arrays, such that
--                        JSON:encode({"one", "two", [10] = "ten"})
--                     returns
--                        ["one","two",null,null,null,null,null,null,null,"ten"]
--
--                     In 20100810.2 and earlier, only up to the first non-null value would have been retained.
--
--                   * When encoding lua for JSON, numeric value NaN gets spit out as null, and infinity as "1+e9999".
--                     Version 20100810.2 and earlier created invalid JSON in both cases.
--
--                   * Unicode surrogate pairs are now detected when decoding JSON.
--
--   20100810.2    added some checking to ensure that an invalid Unicode character couldn't leak in to the UTF-8 encoding
--
--   20100731.1    initial public release
--
版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。

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