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从零开始Windows Phone开发(四):第四个练习Stopwatch

标签: c#windows phone手机编程应用程序
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今天的任务是完成一个Stopwatch的练习,涉及到的知识点有:

  1. User Control的设计和使用
  2. 进度条的使用
  3. 网格视图
  4. 动态更改/添加控件

1 User Control的设计和使用

1.1 添加自己的User Control

右击解决方案,选择添加新建项,选择User Control,就得到了一个.xaml文件盒一个.cs文件,下面就开始设计这个自定义控件。

1.2 设计自己的User Control

<UserControl x:Class="Stopwatch.WindowsStopWatch"
    xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
    xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
    VerticalAlignment="Center">
    <StackPanel x:Name="LayoutRoot" Orientation="Horizontal"></StackPanel>
</UserControl>

去掉不必要的所有元素,为了将来放进主界面后能与主界面的风格保持一致。

using System;
using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Controls;
using System.ComponentModel;

namespace Stopwatch
{
    public partial class WindowsStopWatch : UserControl
    {
        TimeSpan time;
        int digitWidth;
        public WindowsStopWatch()
        {
            InitializeComponent();

            if (DesignerProperties.IsInDesignTool)
                this.LayoutRoot.Children.Add(new TextBlock { Text = "0:00.0"});
        }

        public int DigitWidth
        { 
            get { return this.digitWidth; }
            set
            {
                this.digitWidth = value;
                this.Time = this.time;
            }
        }

        public TimeSpan Time 
        {
            get { return this.time; }
            //在set中需要更新每次时间变化的界面
            set
            {
                //更新前先清除原先的内容
                this.LayoutRoot.Children.Clear();

                //分别解析出分钟,秒,和毫秒
                string strMinutes = value.Minutes.ToString();
                for (int i = 0; i < strMinutes.Length; i++)
                {
                    AddDigits(strMinutes[i].ToString());
                }

                this.LayoutRoot.Children.Add(new TextBlock { Text = ":" });

                AddDigits((value.Seconds / 10).ToString());
                AddDigits((value.Seconds % 10).ToString());

                this.LayoutRoot.Children.Add(new TextBlock { Text = "." });

                AddDigits((value.Milliseconds / 100).ToString());

                this.time = value;                
            }
        }

        //向StackPanel中添加数字
        public void AddDigits(string digitString)
        {
            TextBlock tb = new TextBlock { Text = digitString, HorizontalAlignment = System.Windows.HorizontalAlignment.Center };
            this.LayoutRoot.Children.Add(tb);
        }
    }
}

1.3 使用自己的User Control

在主页面的命名空间生命中添加对自身程序的引用(项目名称叫做Stopwatch)

    xmlns:local="clr-namespace:Stopwatch"

接下来就可以在代码中使用local域中的控件来使用了。

        <Grid x:Name="ContentPanel" Grid.Row="1" Margin="12,0,12,0">
            <local:WindowsStopWatch />
        </Grid>

2 设计主界面

    <Grid x:Name="LayoutRoot" Background="Transparent" ShowGridLines="True">
        <Grid.RowDefinitions>
            <RowDefinition Height="Auto"/>
            <RowDefinition Height="Auto"/>
            <RowDefinition Height="Auto"/>
            <RowDefinition Height="Auto"/>
            <RowDefinition Height="4*"/>
            <RowDefinition Height="Auto"/>
            <RowDefinition Height="3*"/>
        </Grid.RowDefinitions>
        <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
            <ColumnDefinition Width="*"/>
            <ColumnDefinition Width="*"/>
        </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
        
        <!--Title -->
        <TextBlock Grid.ColumnSpan="2" Text="STOPWATCH"  FontFamily="{StaticResource PhoneFontFamilySemiBold}"
                    FontSize="{StaticResource PhoneFontSizeMedium}"/>
        <!--Current lap -->
        <TextBlock Grid.Row="1" Grid.ColumnSpan="2" Text="Current Lap" TextAlignment="Right" FontFamily="{StaticResource PhoneFontFamilySemiBold}"
                    FontSize="{StaticResource PhoneFontSizeMedium}"/>
        
        <!--lap time-->
        <local:WindowsStopWatch x:Name="CurrentLapTimeDisplay" Grid.Row="2" Grid.ColumnSpan="2" FontSize="{StaticResource PhoneFontSizeLarge}" HorizontalAlignment="Right"
                                 DigitWidth="18"/> 
        
        <!--Progress Bar-->
        <ProgressBar x:Name="LapProgressBar" Grid.Row="3" Grid.ColumnSpan="2" IsIndeterminate="False" VerticalAlignment="Top" Foreground="{StaticResource PhoneAccentBrush}" />

        <!--Total time-->
        <local:WindowsStopWatch x:Name="TotalTimeDisplay" Grid.Row="4" Grid.ColumnSpan="2" FontSize="108" FontFamily="Segoe WP Black"  HorizontalAlignment="Center" Foreground="{StaticResource PhoneAccentBrush}"/>
        
        <!--four buttons-->
        <Button Name="StartButton" Grid.Row="5" Grid.Column="0"  Content="start" Foreground="White" Background="{StaticResource PhoneAccentBrush}" Click="StartButton_Click"/>
        <Button Name="StopButton" Grid.Row="5" Grid.Column="0"  Content="stop" Foreground="White" Background="{StaticResource PhoneAccentBrush}" Click="StartButton_Click" Visibility="Collapsed"/>
        <Button Name="LapButton" Grid.Row="5" Grid.Column="1"  Content="lap" Foreground="White" Background="{StaticResource PhoneAccentBrush}" Click="StartButton_Click"/>
        <Button Name="ResetButton" Grid.Row="5" Grid.Column="1"  Content="reset" Foreground="White" Background="{StaticResource PhoneAccentBrush}" Click="StartButton_Click" Visibility="Collapsed"/>
        
        <!--list of laps-->
        <ScrollViewer Grid.Row="6" Grid.ColumnSpan="2" FontSize="{StaticResource PhoneFontSizeLarge}">
            <StackPanel x:Name="ListStackPanel" />
        </ScrollViewer>
    </Grid>

效果是这样的:

3 实现动态替换应用栏图标

引入命名空间:

using Microsoft.Phone.Shell;
定义IApplicationBarIconButton对象:

IApplicationBarIconButton LockScreenButton;
使用该对象操作

this.LockScreenButton = this.ApplicationBar.Buttons[0] as IApplicationBarIconButton;

以及

            if (this.LockScreenButton.Text == "Unlock")
            {
                this.LockScreenButton.IconUri = new Uri("/Images/appbar.transport.pause.rest.png", UriKind.Relative);
                this.LockScreenButton.Text = "Lock";
            }

4 实现时间业务

        void timer_Tick(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            //throw new NotImplementedException();
            TimeSpan delta = DateTime.UtcNow - this.PreviousTick;
            this.PreviousTick += delta;

            this.TotalTime += delta;
            this.CurrentLapTime += delta;

            ShowCurrentTime();
        }

        public void InsertLapstoList()
        {
            int lapNumber = this.ListStackPanel.Children.Count + 1;
            Grid grid = new Grid();
            grid.Children.Add(new TextBlock { Text = "lap " + lapNumber, Margin = new Thickness( 24, 0, 0, 0 ) });

            WindowsStopWatch watch = new WindowsStopWatch { Time = this.CurrentLapTime, HorizontalAlignment = System.Windows.HorizontalAlignment.Right, DigitWidth = 18, Margin = new Thickness ( 0, 0, 24, 0 ) };
            grid.Children.Add(watch);

            this.ListStackPanel.Children.Insert(0, grid);
        }

        public void ShowCurrentTime()
        {
            this.TotalTimeDisplay.Time = this.TotalTime;
            this.CurrentLapTimeDisplay.Time = this.CurrentLapTime;

            this.LapProgressBar.Maximum = this.PreviousLapTime.TotalSeconds;
            this.LapProgressBar.Value = this.CurrentLapTime.TotalSeconds;
        }


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