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HDU 1025 Constructing Roads In JGShining's Kingdom(LIS)

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Question:
Description
JGShining’s kingdom consists of 2n(n is no more than 500,000) small cities which are located in two parallel lines.

Half of these cities are rich in resource (we call them rich cities) while the others are short of resource (we call them poor cities). Each poor city is short of exactly one kind of resource and also each rich city is rich in exactly one kind of resource. You may assume no two poor cities are short of one same kind of resource and no two rich cities are rich in one same kind of resource.

With the development of industry, poor cities wanna import resource from rich ones. The roads existed are so small that they’re unable to ensure the heavy trucks, so new roads should be built. The poor cities strongly BS each other, so are the rich ones. Poor cities don’t wanna build a road with other poor ones, and rich ones also can’t abide sharing an end of road with other rich ones. Because of economic benefit, any rich city will be willing to export resource to any poor one.

Rich citis marked from 1 to n are located in Line I and poor ones marked from 1 to n are located in Line II.

The location of Rich City 1 is on the left of all other cities, Rich City 2 is on the left of all other cities excluding Rich City 1, Rich City 3 is on the right of Rich City 1 and Rich City 2 but on the left of all other cities … And so as the poor ones.

But as you know, two crossed roads may cause a lot of traffic accident so JGShining has established a law to forbid constructing crossed roads.

For example, the roads in Figure I are forbidden.

In order to build as many roads as possible, the young and handsome king of the kingdom - JGShining needs your help, please help him. ^_^
Input
Each test case will begin with a line containing an integer n(1 ≤ n ≤ 500,000). Then n lines follow. Each line contains two integers p and r which represents that Poor City p needs to import resources from Rich City r. Process to the end of file.
Output
For each test case, output the result in the form of sample.
You should tell JGShining what’s the maximal number of road(s) can be built.
Sample Input
2
1 2
2 1
3
1 2
2 3
3 1
Sample Output
Case 1:
My king, at most 1 road can be built.

Case 2:
My king, at most 2 roads can be built.

Hint

Huge input, scanf is recommended.

题目大意:有2n个城市,n个贫穷,n个富有,富有的向贫穷的之间建路,路之间不能交叉,问最多建多少条路
解题思路:(完全读不懂题,读懂了也完全想不到这是LIS,理解能力至关重要啊)现将贫穷的升序排序,在对富有的LIS
(http://acm.hust.edu.cn/vjudge/contest/125402#problem/J)

#include <iostream>
#include <cstdio>
#include <algorithm>
#include <cstring>
using namespace std;
const int INF=0x3f3f3f3f;
const int MAX=5e6+5;
int g[MAX];
struct node
{
    int x,y;
}a[MAX];
bool cmp(node y,node z)
{
    return y.x<z.x;
}
int main()
{
    int n,ncase=0;
    while (~scanf("%d",&n))
    {
        for(int i=1;i<=n;i++)
            scanf("%d%d",&a[i].x,&a[i].y);
        printf("Case %d:\n",++ncase);
        sort(a+1,a+1+n,cmp);
        g[1]=a[1].y;
        int len=1;
        for(int i=2;i<=n;i++) //这样做的优点复杂度低,缺点找不到起始结束位置
        {
            if(g[len]<a[i].y)
                g[++len]=a[i].y;
            else
            {
                int k=lower_bound(g+1,g+1+len,a[i].y)-g;
                g[k]=a[i].y;
            }
        }
        printf("My king, at most %d road%scan be built.\n\n",len,len>1?"s ":" ");
    } // 一定要注意输出格式,套路太深。
}

体会:好好学习英语吧,理解能力不足,读不懂题意

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