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随机数字 浮点数 字符串产生

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JSP中经常用到随机数字或字符(如密码产生 sessionid产生)可以使用taglib标签产生,本人使用bean产生随机数:

1.可以产生10000000 和 99999999之间随机数

2.可以产生规定数字之间的随机数,如25 100之间

3.可以使用algorithm 和 provider产生一个SecureRandom随机数字或字符串
object instead of a Random object: 71

4.可以产生浮点浮点随机数;

5.可以产生a-zA-Z0-9之间的规定长度个字符串

6.可以产生规定长度的小写字母字符串

7.可以产生任意字符串.

以下jsp bean 在Tomcat Win2000 下调试通过:

/*
*
* 随机数字bean
*/

package mycollect;

import java.util.*;
import java.security.SecureRandom;
import java.security.NoSuchAlgorithmException;
import java.security.NoSuchProviderException;


public class RandomNum {

private Long randomnum = null;
private Float randomfloat = null;
private boolean floatvalue = false;
private long upper = 100;
private long lower = 0;
private String algorithm = null;
private String provider = null;
private boolean secure = false;
private Random random = null;
private SecureRandom secrandom = null;

private final float getFloat() {
if (random == null)
return secrandom.nextFloat();
else
return random.nextFloat();
}

public final void generateRandomObject() throws Exception {

// check to see if the object is a SecureRandom object
if (secure) {
try {
// get an instance of a SecureRandom object
if (provider != null)
// search for algorithm in package provider
secrandom = SecureRandom.getInstance(algorithm, provider);
else
secrandom = SecureRandom.getInstance(algorithm);
} catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException ne) {
throw new Exception(ne.getMessage());
} catch (NoSuchProviderException pe) {
throw new Exception(pe.getMessage());
}
} else
random = new Random();
}

/**
* generate the random number
*
*/
private final void generaterandom() {

int tmprandom = 0; // temp storage for random generated number
Integer rand;

// check to see if float value is expected
if (floatvalue)
randomfloat = new Float(getFloat());
else
randomnum = new Long(lower + (long) ((getFloat() * (upper - lower))));
}

public final Number getRandom() {
generaterandom();
if (floatvalue)
return randomfloat;
else
return randomnum;
}

public final void setRange(long low, long up) {

// set the upper and lower bound of the range
lower = low;
upper = up;

// check to see if a float value is expected
if ((lower == 0) && (upper == 1))
floatvalue = true;
}

/**
* set the algorithm name
*
* @param value name of the algorithm to use for a SecureRandom object
*
*/
public final void setAlgorithm(String value) {
algorithm = value;
secure = true; // a SecureRandom object is to be used
}

public final void setProvider(String value)
{
provider = value;
}

public final void setRange(String value) throws Exception
{
try
{
upper = new Integer(value.substring(value.indexOf('-') + 1)).longValue();
} catch (Exception ex) {
throw new Exception("upper attribute could not be" +
" turned into an Integer default value was used");
}

try
{
lower = new Integer(value.substring(0, value.indexOf('-'))).longValue();
} catch (Exception ex) {
throw new Exception("lower attribute could not be" +
" turned into an Integer default value was used");
}

if ((lower == 0) && (upper == 1))
floatvalue = true;

if (upper < lower)
throw new Exception("You can't have a range where the lowerbound" +
" is higher than the upperbound.");

}

}

//随机字符串bean


package mycollect;

import java.util.*;
import java.security.SecureRandom;
import java.security.NoSuchAlgorithmException;
import java.security.NoSuchProviderException;

public class RandomStrg {

private String randomstr;
private boolean allchars = false;
//欠缺是8位字符串
private Integer length = new Integer(8);
private HashMap hmap;
private ArrayList lower = null;
private ArrayList upper = null;
private char[] single = null;
private int singlecount = 0;
private boolean singles = false;
private String algorithm = null;
private String provider = null;
private boolean secure = false;
private Random random = null;
private SecureRandom secrandom = null;

private final float getFloat() {
if (random == null)
return secrandom.nextFloat();
else
return random.nextFloat();
}

/**
* generate the Random object that will be used for this random number
* generator
*
*/
public final void generateRandomObject() throws Exception {

// check to see if the object is a SecureRandom object
if (secure) {
try {
// get an instance of a SecureRandom object
if (provider != null)
// search for algorithm in package provider
random = SecureRandom.getInstance(algorithm, provider);
else
random = SecureRandom.getInstance(algorithm);
} catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException ne) {
throw new Exception(ne.getMessage());
} catch (NoSuchProviderException pe) {
throw new Exception(pe.getMessage());
}
} else
random = new Random();
}

/**
* generate the random string
*
*/
private final void generaterandom() {

if (allchars)
for (int i = 0; i < length.intValue(); i++)
randomstr = randomstr + new Character((char)((int) 34 +
((int)(getFloat() * 93)))).toString();
else if (singles) {
// check if there are single chars to be included

if (upper.size() == 3) {
// check for the number of ranges max 3 uppercase lowercase digits

// build the random string
for (int i = 0; i < length.intValue(); i++) {
// you have four groups to choose a random number from, to make
// the choice a little more random select a number out of 100

// get a random number even or odd
if (((int) (getFloat() * 100)) % 2 == 0) {

// the number was even get another number even or odd
if (((int) (getFloat() * 100)) % 2 == 0)
// choose a random char from the single char group
randomstr = randomstr + randomSingle().toString();
else
// get a random char from the first range
randomstr = randomstr + randomChar((Character)lower.get(2),
(Character)upper.get(2)).toString();
} else {
// the number was odd

if (((int) (getFloat() * 100)) % 2 == 0)
// choose a random char from the second range
randomstr = randomstr + randomChar((Character)lower.get(1),
(Character)upper.get(1)).toString();
else
// choose a random char from the third range
randomstr = randomstr + randomChar((Character)lower.get(0),
(Character)upper.get(0)).toString();
}
}
} else if (upper.size() == 2) {
// single chars are to be included choose a random char from
// two different ranges

// build the random char from single chars and two ranges
for (int i = 0; i < length.intValue(); i++) {
// select the single chars or a range to get each random char
// from

if (((int)(getFloat() * 100)) % 2 == 0) {

// get random char from the single chars
randomstr = randomstr + randomSingle().toString();
} else if (((int) (getFloat() * 100)) % 2 == 0) {

// get the random char from the first range
randomstr = randomstr + randomChar((Character)lower.get(1),
(Character)upper.get(1)).toString();
} else {

// get the random char from the second range
randomstr = randomstr + randomChar((Character)lower.get(0),
(Character)upper.get(0)).toString();
}
}
} else if (upper.size() == 1) {

// build the random string from single chars and one range
for (int i = 0; i < length.intValue(); i++) {
if (((int) getFloat() * 100) % 2 == 0)
// get a random single char
randomstr = randomstr + randomSingle().toString();
else
// get a random char from the range
randomstr = randomstr + randomChar((Character)lower.get(0),
(Character)upper.get(0)).toString();
}
} else {
// build the rand string from single chars
for (int i = 0; i < length.intValue(); i++)
randomstr = randomstr + randomSingle().toString();
}
} else {

// no single chars are to be included in the random string
if (upper.size() == 3) {

// build random strng from three ranges
for (int i = 0; i < length.intValue(); i++) {

if (((int) (getFloat() * 100)) % 2 == 0) {

// get random char from first range
randomstr = randomstr + randomChar((Character)lower.get(2),
(Character)upper.get(2)).toString();
} else if (((int) (getFloat() * 100)) % 2 == 0) {

// get random char form second range
randomstr = randomstr + randomChar((Character)lower.get(1),
(Character)upper.get(1)).toString();
} else {

// get random char from third range
randomstr = randomstr + randomChar((Character)lower.get(0),
(Character)upper.get(0)).toString();
}
}
} else if (upper.size() == 2) {

// build random string from two ranges
for (int i = 0; i < length.intValue(); i++) {
if (((int) (getFloat() * 100)) % 2 == 0)
// get random char from first range
randomstr = randomstr + randomChar((Character)lower.get(1),
(Character)upper.get(1)).toString();
else
// get random char from second range
randomstr = randomstr + randomChar((Character)lower.get(0),
(Character)upper.get(0)).toString();
}
} else

// build random string
for (int i = 0; i < length.intValue(); i++)
// get random char from only range
randomstr = randomstr + randomChar((Character)lower.get(0),
(Character)upper.get(0)).toString();
}
}

/**
* generate a random char from the single char list
*
* @returns - a randomly selscted character from the single char list
*
*/
private final Character randomSingle() {

return (new Character(single[(int)((getFloat() * singlecount) - 1)]));
}

/**
* generate a random character
*
* @param lower lower bound from which to get a random char
* @param upper upper bound from which to get a random char
*
* @returns - a randomly generated character
*
*/
private final Character randomChar(Character lower, Character upper) {
int tempval;
char low = lower.charValue();
char up = upper.charValue();

// get a random number in the range lowlow - lowup
tempval = (int)((int)low + (getFloat() * ((int)(up - low))));

// return the random char
return (new Character((char) tempval));
}

/**
* get the randomly created string for use with the
* &lt;jsp:getProperty name=<i>"id"</i> property="randomstr"/&gt;
*
* @return - randomly created string
*
*/
public final String getRandom() {

randomstr = new String();

generaterandom(); // generate the first random string

if (hmap != null) {

while (hmap.containsKey(randomstr)) {
// random string has already been created generate a different one
generaterandom();
}

hmap.put(randomstr, null); // add the new random string
}

return randomstr;
}

/**
* set the ranges from which to choose the characters for the random string
*
* @param low set of lower ranges
* @param up set of upper ranges
*
*/
public final void setRanges(ArrayList low, ArrayList up) {
lower = low;
upper = up;
}


/**
* set the hashmap that is used to check the uniqueness of random strings
*
* @param map hashmap whose keys are used to insure uniqueness of random strgs
*
*/
public final void setHmap(HashMap map) {
hmap = map;
}

/**
* set the length of the random string
*
* @param value length of the random string
*
*/
public final void setLength(String value) {
length = new Integer(value);

}

/**
* set the algorithm name
*
* @param value name of the algorithm to use for a SecureRandom object
*
*/
public final void setAlgorithm(String value) {
algorithm = value;
secure = true; // a SecureRandom object is to be used
}

/**
* set the provider name
*
* @param value name of the package to check for the algorithm
*
*/
public final void setProvider(String value) {
provider = value;
}

/**
* set the allchars flag
*
* @param value boolean value of the allchars flag
*
*/
public final void setAllchars(boolean value) {
allchars = value;
}

/**
* set the array of single chars to choose from for this random string and the
* number of chars in the array
*
* @param chars the array of single chars
* @param value the number of single chars
*
*/
public final void setSingle(char[] chars, int value) {
single = chars; // set the array of chars
singlecount = value; // set the number of chars in array single
singles = true; // set flag that single chars are in use
}

public final void setCharset(String value)
{
// values tells the method whether or not to check for single chars
boolean more = true;

// create the arraylists to hold the upper and lower bounds for the char
// ranges
lower = new ArrayList(3);
upper = new ArrayList(3);

// user has chosen to use all possible characters in the random string
if (value.compareTo("all") == 0) {
allchars = true; // set allchars flag
// all chars are to be used so there are no single chars to sort
// through
more = false;
}else if ((value.charAt(1) == '-') && (value.charAt(0) != '//')) {
// run through the ranges at most 3
while (more && (value.charAt(1) == '-')){

// check to make sure that the dash is not the single char
if (value.charAt(0) == '//')
break;
else {
// add upper and lower ranges to there list
lower.add(new Character(value.charAt(0)));
upper.add(new Character(value.charAt(2)));
}

// check to see if there is more to the charset
if (value.length() <= 3)
more = false;
else
// create a new string so that the next range if there is one
// starts it
value = value.substring(3);
}
}

// if more = false there are no single chars in the charset
if (more) {

single = new char[30]; // create single

// create a set of tokens from the string of single chars
StringTokenizer tokens = new StringTokenizer(value);

while (tokens.hasMoreTokens()) {
// get the next token from the string
String token = tokens.nextToken();

if (token.length() > 1)
// char is a - add it to the list
single[singlecount++] = '-';

// add the current char to the list
single[singlecount++] = token.charAt(0);
}
}
if ((lower == null) && (single == null))
setCharset("a-zA-Z0-9");
}
}

JSP调用语句:

<%@ page contentType="text/html;charset=ISO8859_1" %>
<%@ page import="java.util.*" %>

<jsp:useBean id="RNUM" scope="page" class="mycollect.RandomNum" />
<jsp:useBean id="RSTR" scope="page" class="mycollect.RandomStrg" />

<html>
<head>
<title>随机数字 浮点数 字符串</title>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=gb2312">
</head>

<body>
<h3>随机数字 浮点数 字符串</h3>
<%
//Random generator = new Random();
//int limit = 10;
//int randomNumber = (int)(generator.nextDouble() * limit);


out.println("<p>创建在10000000 和 99999999之间的随机数:");
RNUM.setRange("10000000-99999999");
RNUM.generateRandomObject();
out.println("<b>"+RNUM.getRandom().intValue()+"</b>");

out.println("<p>在n 25 和 100之间创建一个随机数:");
RNUM.setRange("25-100");
RNUM.generateRandomObject();
out.println("<b>"+RNUM.getRandom().intValue()+"</b>");

%>
<p>Create the same random number between 25 and 100, only use the <br>
algorithm and provider attributes to indicate the use of a SecureRandom<br>
object instead of a Random object:
<%
RNUM.setRange("25-100");
RNUM.setAlgorithm("SHA1PRNG");
RNUM.setProvider("SUN");
RNUM.generateRandomObject();
out.println("<b>"+RNUM.getRandom().intValue()+"</b>");

out.println("<p>Create a random float value:");
RNUM.setRange("0-1");
RNUM.generateRandomObject();
String radio= new java.text.DecimalFormat("###.##########").format(RNUM.getRandom());
out.println("<b>"+radio+"</b>");

out.println("<p>===========================================");

out.println("<p>在a-zA-Z0-9之间,也就是数字和26个字母混合的随机字符串,(欠缺是8位,该功能适合创建随机密码和sessionid)");
RSTR.setCharset("a-zA-Z0-9");
RSTR.generateRandomObject();
out.println("<b>"+RSTR.getRandom()+"</b>");


out.println("<p>Create a random string 15 lowercase letters long:");
RSTR.setCharset("a-z");
RSTR.setLength("15");
RSTR.generateRandomObject();
out.println("<b>"+RSTR.getRandom()+"</b>");

out.println("<p>Create a random string with only caps:");
RSTR.setCharset("A-Z");
RSTR.generateRandomObject();
out.println("<b>"+RSTR.getRandom()+"</b>");

out.println("<p>Create a random string 10 characters long with the charset a-fF-K ! // $ % # ^ - * ? notice that the - and had to be escaped with a :");
RSTR.setCharset("a-fF-K!//$%#^-*?");
RSTR.setLength("10");
RSTR.generateRandomObject();
out.println("<b>"+RSTR.getRandom()+"</b>");


out.println("<p>Create a random string of all the characters and digits:");
RSTR.setCharset("all");
RSTR.generateRandomObject();
out.println("<b>"+RSTR.getRandom()+" </b>");

%><p>
Create the same random string of all the characters and digits, only use<br>
the algorithm and provider attributes to indicate the use of a SecureRandom<br>
object instead of a Random object:
<%
RSTR.setCharset("all");
RSTR.setAlgorithm("SHA1PRNG");
RSTR.setProvider("SUN");
RSTR.generateRandomObject();
out.println("<b>"+RSTR.getRandom()+"</b>");

%>

</body>
</html>

随机字符串javabean源代码下载

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