Quartz学习——Spring和Quartz集成详解(三)

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Spring是一个很优秀的框架,它无缝的集成了Quartz,简单方便的让企业级应用更好的使用Quartz进行任务的调度。下面就对Spring集成Quartz进行简单的介绍和示例讲解!和上一节 Quartz学习——2、简单入门示例Demo
的流程相似,介绍Spring和Quartz集成存储方式使用的是RAM方式和JDBC方式!
:在企业级开发过程中,正常情况下不会使用RAM方式进行任务的存储,都是使用JDBC方式。方便学习,这两种方式都进行介绍!
本篇中的代码下载地址:spring_quartz demo

一. Jar包依赖
使用Maven进行Jar包的管理,使用的jar包如下:

<!-- quartz 的jar -->
    <dependency>
         <groupId>org.quartz-scheduler</groupId>
         <artifactId>quartz</artifactId>
         <version>2.2.1</version>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.quartz-scheduler</groupId>
        <artifactId>quartz-jobs</artifactId>
        <version>2.2.1</version>
    </dependency>
    <!-- spring相关jar -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-context</artifactId>
            <version>4.0.5.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-context-support</artifactId>
            <version>4.0.5.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-jdbc</artifactId>
            <version>4.0.5.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-orm</artifactId>
            <version>4.0.5.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-tx</artifactId>
            <version>4.0.5.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-aspects</artifactId>
            <version>3.2.3.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-test</artifactId>
            <version>4.0.5.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-oxm</artifactId>
            <version>4.0.5.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>

    <!-- 日志相关jar包 -->
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
        <artifactId>slf4j-api</artifactId>
        <version>1.7.5</version>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
        <artifactId>jcl-over-slf4j</artifactId>
        <version>1.7.5</version>
    </dependency>
    <dependency><!--   Failed to load class "org.slf4j.impl.StaticLoggerBinder". -->
        <groupId>ch.qos.logback</groupId>
        <artifactId>logback-classic</artifactId>
        <version>1.0.13</version>
    </dependency>
    <!-- MySql的包 -->
    <dependency>
        <groupId>mysql</groupId>
        <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
        <version>5.1.31</version>
    </dependency>

二.任务类Job

package com.dufy.spring.quartz.chapter01.job;

import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.Date;

import org.quartz.Job;
import org.quartz.JobExecutionContext;
import org.quartz.JobExecutionException;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;

/**
 * Spring 整合 Quartz 的  Hello World!
 * @author dufy
 * @date 2017.02.26
 *
 */
public class HelloWorldJob implements Job{

    private Logger log = LoggerFactory.getLogger(this.getClass());

    public void execute(JobExecutionContext arg0) throws JobExecutionException {
        log.info("This is a first spring combine quartz !");
        log.info("Welcome to Spring_Quartz World!"+ new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss").format(new Date()) );
        log.info("Let's begin ! \n \n");
    }

}

测试类:

package com.dufy.spring.quartz.chapter01.job;

import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext;

public class HWTest {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        ApplicationContext ac = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("spring_quartz.xml");


    }
}

三.配置文件 spring_quartz.xml和运行结果

1:RAM存储方式的xml配置文件

(1):配置文件

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
    xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context" xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"
    xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop" xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-4.0.xsd
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-4.0.xsd
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop-3.0.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx-3.0.xsd
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/util http://www.springframework.org/schema/util/spring-util-4.0.xsd">

    <!-- 
        Spring整合Quartz进行配置遵循下面的步骤:
        1:定义工作任务的Job
        2:定义触发器Trigger,并将触发器与工作任务绑定
        3:定义调度器,并将Trigger注册到Scheduler
     -->
    <!-- 1:定义任务的bean ,这里使用JobDetailFactoryBean,也可以使用MethodInvokingJobDetailFactoryBean ,配置类似-->
    <bean name="hwJob" class="org.springframework.scheduling.quartz.JobDetailFactoryBean">
        <!-- 指定job的名称 -->
        <property name="name" value="hw_job"/>
        <!-- 指定job的分组 -->
        <property name="group" value="hw_group"/>
        <!-- 指定具体的job类 -->
        <property name="jobClass" value="com.dufy.spring.quartz.chapter01.job.HelloWorldJob"/>
        <!-- 必须设置为true,如果为false,当没有活动的触发器与之关联时会在调度器中会删除该任务  -->
        <property name="durability" value="true"/>
        <!-- 指定spring容器的key,如果不设定在job中的jobmap中是获取不到spring容器的 -->
        <property name="applicationContextJobDataKey" value="applicationContext"/>
    </bean>
    <!-- 2.1:定义触发器的bean,定义一个Simple的Trigger,一个触发器只能和一个任务进行绑定 -->
    <!-- <bean name="simpleTrigger" class="org.springframework.scheduling.quartz.SimpleTriggerFactoryBean">
        指定Trigger的名称
        <property name="name" value="hw_trigger"/>
        指定Trigger的名称
        <property name="group" value="hw_trigger_group"/>
        指定Tirgger绑定的Job
        <property name="jobDetail" ref="hwJob"/>
        指定Trigger的延迟时间 1s后运行
        <property name="startDelay" value="1000"/>
        指定Trigger的重复间隔  5s
        <property name="repeatInterval" value="5000"/>
        指定Trigger的重复次数
        <property name="repeatCount" value="5"/>
    </bean> -->

    <!-- 2.2:定义触发器的bean,定义一个Cron的Trigger,一个触发器只能和一个任务进行绑定 -->
    <bean id="cronTrigger" class="org.springframework.scheduling.quartz.CronTriggerFactoryBean">
        <!-- 指定Trigger的名称 -->
        <property name="name" value="hw_trigger"/>
        <!-- 指定Trigger的名称 -->
        <property name="group" value="hw_trigger_group"/>
        <!-- 指定Tirgger绑定的Job -->
        <property name="jobDetail" ref="hwJob"/>
        <!-- 指定Cron 的表达式 ,当前是每隔1s运行一次 -->
        <property name="cronExpression" value="0/1 * * * * ?" />
    </bean>


    <!-- 3.定义调度器,并将Trigger注册到调度器中 -->
    <bean id="scheduler" class="org.springframework.scheduling.quartz.SchedulerFactoryBean">
        <property name="triggers">
            <list>
                <!-- <ref bean="simpleTrigger"/> -->
                <ref bean="cronTrigger"/>
            </list>
        </property>
        <!-- <property name="autoStartup" value="true" /> -->
    </bean>

</beans>

(2):运行结果

下图为Cron的Trigger运行结果,Simple的Trigger运行结果,可以自行进行查看:
这里写图片描述

2:JDBC存储方式的xml配置文件

(1):配置文件

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
    xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context" xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"
    xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop" xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-4.0.xsd
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-4.0.xsd
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop-3.0.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx-3.0.xsd
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/util http://www.springframework.org/schema/util/spring-util-4.0.xsd">


    <!-- =========JDBC版=========== -->
    <!-- 
        持久化数据配置,需要添加quartz.properties
     -->
    <bean name="scheduler" class="org.springframework.scheduling.quartz.SchedulerFactoryBean">
        <property name="applicationContextSchedulerContextKey" value="applicationContextKey"/>
        <property name="configLocation" value="classpath:quartz.properties"/>   
    </bean>

</beans>

(2):quartz.properties

# Default Properties file for use by StdSchedulerFactory
# to create a Quartz Scheduler Instance, if a different
# properties file is not explicitly specified.
#

#============================================================================
# Configure Main Scheduler Properties
#============================================================================
org.quartz.scheduler.instanceName: dufy_test
org.quartz.scheduler.instanceId = AUTO

org.quartz.scheduler.rmi.export: false
org.quartz.scheduler.rmi.proxy: false
org.quartz.scheduler.wrapJobExecutionInUserTransaction: false
#============================================================================
# Configure ThreadPool
#============================================================================
org.quartz.threadPool.class: org.quartz.simpl.SimpleThreadPool
org.quartz.threadPool.threadCount: 2
org.quartz.threadPool.threadPriority: 5
org.quartz.threadPool.threadsInheritContextClassLoaderOfInitializingThread: true

org.quartz.jobStore.misfireThreshold: 60000
#============================================================================
# Configure JobStore
#============================================================================

#default config
#org.quartz.jobStore.class: org.quartz.simpl.RAMJobStore
#持久化配置
org.quartz.jobStore.class:org.quartz.impl.jdbcjobstore.JobStoreTX
org.quartz.jobStore.driverDelegateClass:org.quartz.impl.jdbcjobstore.StdJDBCDelegate
org.quartz.jobStore.useProperties:true

#============================================================================
#havent cluster spring
#============================================================================
org.quartz.jobStore.isClustered = false  

#数据库表前缀
org.quartz.jobStore.tablePrefix:qrtz_
org.quartz.jobStore.dataSource:qzDS

#============================================================================
# Configure Datasources
#============================================================================
#JDBC驱动
org.quartz.dataSource.qzDS.driver:com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
org.quartz.dataSource.qzDS.URL:jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/quartz_test
org.quartz.dataSource.qzDS.user:root
org.quartz.dataSource.qzDS.password:root
org.quartz.dataSource.qzDS.maxConnection:10

(3):HelloWorldJob.java没有改动,HWTest.java修改如下

package com.dufy.spring.quartz.chapter01.job;

import org.quartz.CronScheduleBuilder;
import org.quartz.JobBuilder;
import org.quartz.JobDetail;
import org.quartz.Scheduler;
import org.quartz.SchedulerException;
import org.quartz.SimpleScheduleBuilder;
import org.quartz.Trigger;
import org.quartz.TriggerBuilder;
import org.quartz.impl.StdScheduler;
import org.quartz.impl.StdSchedulerFactory;
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext;

public class HWTest {

     private static Scheduler scheduler;

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        ApplicationContext ac = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("spring_quartz.xml");

         scheduler = (StdScheduler)ac.getBean("scheduler");

         startSchedule();
    }

    public static void startSchedule() {
        try {
            // 1、创建一个JobDetail实例,指定Quartz
            JobDetail jobDetail = JobBuilder.newJob(HelloWorldJob.class)
            // 任务执行类
                    .withIdentity("job1_1", "jGroup1")
                    // 任务名,任务组
                    .build();

            // 触发器类型
            //SimpleScheduleBuilder builder = SimpleScheduleBuilder
                    // 设置执行次数
                    //.repeatSecondlyForTotalCount(5);

            CronScheduleBuilder builder = CronScheduleBuilder.cronSchedule("0/2 * * * * ?");
            // 2、创建Trigger
            Trigger trigger = TriggerBuilder.newTrigger()
                    .withIdentity("trigger1_1", "tGroup1").startNow()
                    .withSchedule(builder)
                    .build();

            // 3、创建Scheduler
            scheduler = StdSchedulerFactory.getDefaultScheduler();
            scheduler.start();
            // 4、调度执行
            scheduler.scheduleJob(jobDetail, trigger);

        } catch (SchedulerException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

}

使用的Cron类型的触发进行存储,运行期间可以在数据库查看到指定的任务已经保存到数据库,并看到控制台打印的信息!

(4):输出的结果

这里写图片描述


Quartz专栏系列

1.Quartz学习——Quartz大致介绍(一)

2.Quartz学习——Quartz简单入门Demo(二)

3.Quartz学习——Spring和Quartz集成详解(三)

4.Quartz学习——SSMM(Spring+SpringMVC+Mybatis+Mysql)和Quartz集成详解(四)

5.Quartz源码——JobStore保存JonDetail和Trigger源码分析(一)

6.Quartz源码——scheduler.start()启动源码分析(二)

7.Quartz源码——QuartzSchedulerThread.run() 源码分析(三)

8.Quartz源码——Quartz调度器的Misfire处理规则(四)


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